• Title/Summary/Keyword: STORM

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Proposal for application of spatial data and quality check criteria for estimating damage from storm and flood (풍수해 피해 추정을 위한 공간정보 DB의 활용방안 및 품질 점검 기준 제안)

  • Won, Seok-Hwan;Kim, Hyeon-Deok;Kim, Sang-Min
    • Journal of Cadastre & Land InformatiX
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    • v.50 no.2
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    • pp.81-100
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    • 2020
  • The purpose of this study was to propose applicability of spatial data and quality check criteria for estimating damage from storm and flood. Using the data from the National Disaster Management System and National Spatial Data Infrastructure, spatial database for estimation of storm and flood damage has been mapped to each type of damage. This was proposed as the quality check criteria for damage analysis. Through this study, it is possible to utilize the spatial database for estimating storm and flood damage. The reliability of analysis results are ensured through the quality check criteria.

Estimation of radial spectrum for rainfall (호우의 환상스펙트럼 추정)

  • Lee, Jae-Hyeong;Lee, Dong-Ju;Park, Yeong-Gi
    • Water for future
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    • v.22 no.2
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    • pp.201-211
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    • 1989
  • Using the storm data which was augmented by the stochastic correlation with it's neighbors, the multiquadric equation of random surface of total storm depth is constructed. And to separate the local components from it's regionals and find the regional characteristics, a double Fourier analysis was applied to the total depths of storm data. The local components, storm residuals of each storm was assumed to be homogeneous random field and investigated with it's autocorrelation function. For the practical application, isotropic was assumed and that was identified with emprical data. Coefficients of normalized autocorrelation for all storms showed similar apperance. Using this emprical result, an example of the radial spectral distribution function which represints the spatial characteristics of rainfall over Han River Basin during 1975-1983 is presented.

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A Study on the Calculation of Storage Volume of Storm-Water Detention Basins for Small Urban Catchments (도심지 소유역에 적용 가능한 우수저류조의 용량 산정에 관한 연구)

  • Kim, Dae Geun;Koh, Young Chan
    • Journal of Korean Society of Water and Wastewater
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    • v.19 no.5
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    • pp.619-624
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    • 2005
  • This work is for examining a simplified equation based on the rational formula, which can easily decide storm-water detention volume in small urban catchments. The storm-water detention volume is determined by the inflow hydrograph flowing to detention basin and the outflow hydrograph discharged from the detention basin. The ratio of average outflow over the period of rainfall duration against allowable discharge was 0.5 in former simplified equation. But this research has found that the average outflow ratio depends on the storage methodology. In the case of the on-line storage method, the average outflow ratio is a function of the time of concentration of the catchments and rainfall duration, which ranged from 0.5~1.0. In the case of the off-line storage method, the average ratio is a function of peak discharge and allowable discharge except above time of concentration and rainfall duration, where its function value ranged from 1.0~2.0. When applying this equation to small catchment in Mokpo city, South Korea, we could easily calculate the relation curve between the storm-water detention volume and allowable discharge.

Inundation Analysis Considering Water Waves and Storm Surge in the Coastal Zone (연안역에서 고파랑과 폭풍해일을 고려한 침수해석)

  • Kim, Do-Sam;Kim, Ji-Min;Lee, Gwang-Ho;Lee, Seong-Dae
    • Journal of Ocean Engineering and Technology
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    • v.21 no.2 s.75
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    • pp.35-41
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    • 2007
  • In general, coastal damage is mostly occurred by the action of complex factors, like severe water waves. If the maximum storm surge height combines with high tide, severe water waves will overflow coastal structures. Consequently, it can be the cause of lost lives and severe property damage. In this study, using the numerical model, the storm surge was simulated to examine its fluctuation characteristics at the coast in front of Noksan industrial complex, Korea. Moreover, the shallow water wave is estimated by applying wind field, design water level considering storm surge height for typhoon Maemi to SWAN model. Under the condition of shallow water wave, obtained by the SWAN model, the wave overtopping rate for the dike in front of Noksan industrial complex is calculated a hydraulic model test. Finally, based on the calculated wave-overtopping rate, the inundation regime for Noksan industrial complex was predicted. And, numerically predicted inundation regimes and depths are compared with results in a field survey, and the results agree fairly well. Therefore, the inundation modelthis study is a useful tool for predicting inundation regime, due to the coastal flood of severe water wave.

Risk analysis of road cave-in of storm sewer lateral using zoom camera (줌카메라를 활용한 빗물받이 연결관의 도로함몰 리스크 분석)

  • Han, Sangjong;Hwang, Hwankook
    • Journal of Korean Society of Water and Wastewater
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    • v.28 no.6
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    • pp.681-690
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    • 2014
  • It is known that sewer problems are the major causes of road cave-in. The objective of this study is to analyze the risk of road cave-in due to storm sewer laterals. We investigated 174 storm sewer laterals using a zoom camera at O-dong area in Seoul. The causes of road cave-in were classified into five cases: breakage of rigid pipe, deformation of flexible pipe, out of pipeline alignment, changing pipe material or changing pipe diameter, and a poor linkage between lateral and sewer. In addition, all defects were sorted into five grades based on the severity rating at storm sewer laterals. In this study, the most fragile pipe materials were found to be concrete pipe and polyethylene pipe, which recorded 2.3 and 1.69 defect rates. With regard to the causes of road cave-in, deformation of flexible pipe has a large influence on road cave-in at present. On a long-term basis, the two causes, out of pipeline alignment and a poor linkage between lateral and sewer, could have more influence on road cave-in.

Design of InfiniBand RDMA-based Network Structure of Apache Storm (InfiniBand RDMA 기반 Apache Storm의 네트워크 구조 설계)

  • Yang, Seokwoo;Son, Siwoon;Choi, Seong-Yun;Choi, Mi-Jung;Moon, Yang-Sae
    • Proceedings of the Korea Information Processing Society Conference
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    • 2017.11a
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    • pp.679-681
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    • 2017
  • Apache Storm은 대용량 데이터 스트림을 처리하기 위한 실시간 분산 병렬 처리 프레임워크이며, 이를 사용해 다수의 프로세스 및 스레드를 동시에 동작시킬 수 있다. 하지만, 이러한 멀티 프로세스 및 스레드 환경을 제공하는 Storm은 많은 네트워크 시스템 호출을 수행하고, 이는 잦은 문맥 전환(context switch), 운영체제로의 버퍼 복사, 운영체제 내의 버퍼 복사 등으로 인해 CPU 과부하 문제를 발생시킬 수 있다. 이러한 문제는 고성능 네트워크 장비인 InfiniBand의 IPoIB(IP over InfiniBand) 통신을 사용할 때, InfiniBand가 지원하는 대역폭(bandwidth) 대비 저용량 데이터의 송수신으로 인해 더 잦은 문맥 전환과 버퍼 복사가 발생하여 CPU 과부하 문제가 더욱 심각해진다. 따라서, 본 논문에서는 InfiniBand의 RDMA(Remote Direct Memory Access)를 Storm에 적용하는 설계안을 제시함으로써 CPU 과부하 문제를 해결한다.

Grid-Based KlneMatic Wave STOrm Funoff Yoncheon Dam watershed. (격자기반의 운동파 강우유출모형 개발(II) - 적용 예(연천댐 유역을 대상으로) -)

  • Kim, Seong-Jun;Chae, Hyo-Seok;Sin, Sa-Cheol
    • Journal of Korea Water Resources Association
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    • v.31 no.3
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    • pp.309-315
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    • 1998
  • The grid-based KIneMatic wave STOrm Runoff Model (KIMSTORM) was applied to YoncheonDam watershed (1,875km2) located in the Imjin river basin of the Korea. Six maps which are DEM(Digital Elevation Model), stream, flow path, soil, land use and Thiessen network, were used for input data. The simulated streamflows resulting from two selected storm events agreed well with the observed flows at the watershed outlet. The results of temporal variations and spatial distributions are presented by using GRASS. Keyword : grid-based, storm-runoff model, GRASS-GIS, Yoncheon dam watershed.

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Runoff Analysis due to the Moving Storm (이동강우에 의한 유출영향분석)

  • Han, Kun-Yeun;Jeon, Min-Woo;Choi, Kyu-Hyun
    • Journal of Korea Water Resources Association
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    • v.37 no.10
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    • pp.823-836
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    • 2004
  • Using the simple geometry for the idealized catchment consisting of two plane surfaces and a stream between them, runoff was analysed for the moving storms based on the kinematic wave equation. The storm velocity applied in this study was 0.25∼2.0 m/s moving up, down and cross direction of catchment. Applied rainfall distribution types are uniform, advanced, delayed, intermediate type. The results indicate that the moving storms of cross direction generate the largest peak runoff, and the smallest runoff appears in the case of up stream direction. The sensitivity of runoff to rainfall distribution types decreases as storm velocity increases. It is clear that faster storm velocity generates faster peak time and becomes thin hydrographs rapidly.

Simulation of Moving Storm in a Watershed Using Distributed Models

  • Choi, Gye-Woon;Lee, Hee-Seung;Ahn, Sang-Jin
    • Korean Journal of Hydrosciences
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    • v.5
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    • pp.1-16
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    • 1994
  • In this paper distributed models for simulating spatially and temporally varied moving storm in a watershed were developed. The complete simulation in a watershed is achieved through two sequential flow simulations which are overland flow simulation and channel network flow simulation. Two dimensional continuity equation and momentum equation of kinematic approximation were used in the overland flow simulation. On the other hand, in the channel network simulation two types of governing equations which are one dimensional continuity and momentum equations between two adjacent sections in a channel, and continuity and energy equations at a channel junction were applied. The finite difference formulations were used in the channel network model. Macks Creek Experimental Watershed in Idaho, USA was selected as a target watershed and the moving storm on August 23, 1965, which continued from 3:30 P.M. to 5:30 P.M., was utilized. The rainfall intensity fo the moving storm in the watershed was temporally varied and the storm was continuously moved from one place to the other place in a watershed. Furthermore, runoff parameters, which are soil types, vegetation coverages, overland plane slopes, channel bed slopes and so on, are spatially varied. The good agreement between the hydrograph simulated using distributed models and the hydrograph observed by ARS are Shown. Also, the conservations of mass between upstreams and downstreams at channel junctions are well indicated and the wpatial and temporal vaiability in a watershed is well simulated using suggested distributed models.

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Regional Extension of the Neural Network Model for Storm Surge Prediction Using Cluster Analysis (군집분석을 이용한 국지해일모델 지역확장)

  • Lee, Da-Un;Seo, Jang-Won;Youn, Yong-Hoon
    • Atmosphere
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    • v.16 no.4
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    • pp.259-267
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    • 2006
  • In the present study, the neural network (NN) model with cluster analysis method was developed to predict storm surge in the whole Korean coastal regions with special focuses on the regional extension. The model used in this study is NN model for each cluster (CL-NN) with the cluster analysis. In order to find the optimal clustering of the stations, agglomerative method among hierarchical clustering methods was used. Various stations were clustered each other according to the centroid-linkage criterion and the cluster analysis should stop when the distances between merged groups exceed any criterion. Finally the CL-NN can be constructed for predicting storm surge in the cluster regions. To validate model results, predicted sea level value from CL-NN model was compared with that of conventional harmonic analysis (HA) and of the NN model in each region. The forecast values from NN and CL-NN models show more accuracy with observed data than that of HA. Especially the statistics analysis such as RMSE and correlation coefficient shows little differences between CL-NN and NN model results. These results show that cluster analysis and CL-NN model can be applied in the regional storm surge prediction and developed forecast system.