• Title/Summary/Keyword: STORM

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Effects of the rainfall-rewetted paddy on the quality of the milledrice (벼의 재흡습이 도정미의 품질에 미치는 영향)

  • Chung, Chang-Joo;Jeon, Yong-Woon
    • Journal of Biosystems Engineering
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    • v.4 no.1
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    • pp.75-75
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    • 1979
  • This study was conducted to find out the effects of rainfall occurring during the paddy sun-during process of traditional paddy harvesting operations on the quality of milld rice. Rice varieties used for the experiment were MINEHIJARI variety a japonica and SUWEON 264 vareity , a sister-line of TONG-IL . Sun-drying days after the paddy cutting, times of storm occurrance during sun-drying period, and storm duration were treated as variables. The results is summarised as follows : 1. Brown rice recovery exposed to rainfall during the sun-druing period were ranged 81.6-82.1% and 79.4-80.2% for MINEHIKARI and SUWEON 264 varieties, respectively. which showed negligible effect by rainfall. 2. Milling recovery of MINEHIKARI variety was not affected by storm duration but by the by the sun-drying days after cutting as the sun-drying days increased to eight and four days when the variety met the rainfall one and two times, respectively. The range of milling recoveries of MINEHIKARI variety were 75.18-74.07% and 75.24-73.46% as the variety met the rainfall one and two times, respectively, and it were estimated that up to 0.9% and 1.5% of milling recovery would be reduced by one and two times of rainfall during sun-drying period. 3. The milling recovery of SUWEON 264 variety was affected only by the increase of drying days after cutting when it met one time of rainfall during the sun-drying period, while it was begun to reduce by the storm duration more than 11hours as the drying paddy met two times of rainfall. The milling reveries of the paddy met one and two times of rainfall were ranged 74.24-73.21% and 74.02-72.36% which were estimated to be reduced up to 0.9 % and 1.8% by the increase of the drying days after cutting and storm duration , respectively. 4. The head rice recovery of MINEHIKARI rice variety showed notable decrease as the drying days after cutting increased, and also it was greatly reduced even by the five hours of storm duration when one time of rainfall occurred but it was not affected by storm duration when the rainfall occurred two times. Head rice recoveries of MINEHIKARI met one and two times of rainfall during the sun-drying period were 65. 15 -40.85% and 61.86 - 30.03 %, which showed terrible reduction as much as up to 25% and 35% compared to that which did not met rainfall during the sun-drying process. 5. Head rice recovery or SUWEON 264 variety was very much reduced as the sum-drying days after cutting increased. Storm duration less than five hours during the sun-drying process did not affect on the decrease of head rice recovery when the variety was exposed to one time of rainfall, while storm duration affected considerably on the reduction of head rice recovery of SUWEON 264 variety exposed to two times of rainfall. The range of head rice recovery, 56.43 - 33.94% and 51.28 - 21.03% , for the paddy exposed to rainfall one and two times were evaluated that up to 24% and 37% of reduction in head rice recovery would be brought about compared to the head rice recovery of the sundriedpaddy that did not met the rainfall.

A Study on Analysis of Damaged Facilities in Rural Area by Storm and Flood Hazard (풍수해에 의한 농촌지역 피해시설 현황 분석)

  • Lim, Chang-Su;Oh, Yun-Kyung;Lee, Seung Chul;Kim, Eun-Ja;Choi, Jin-Ah
    • Journal of Korean Society of Rural Planning
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    • v.22 no.2
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    • pp.19-29
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    • 2016
  • Disasters that occur most frequently in rural areas are drought, flood, damages from wind and cold weather. Among these, damages from storm and flood and drought are the main disasters and recently, these are occurring on a large scale due to unusual weather conditions. Under such circumstances, projects and researches on disasters in rural areas are under way but they are mostly targeting one area or making approaches focusing on repair facilities, maintenance project of facilities in small streams, and disaster management, so there have not been enough studies on the current status of overall damaged facilities in the rural areas. Against this backdrop, through the analysis of the current status of damaged facilities due to storm and flood in rural areas, this study aims to provide base data for policies needed for disaster recovery planning and maintenance work of rural areas. For the analysis of damaged facilities due to storm and flood in rural areas, using the annual report on disasters issued by Ministry of Public Safety and Security and based on the occurrence rate of estimated damage in each city and district for the past 10 years(2004~2013), 8 areas with the highest number of occurrence and cost of damage were found from each province and target areas were selected. Then, regarding the selected target areas, the General Plan for Reducing Damages from Storm and Flood, which is the report on top-level plan for preventing disasters, was secured and the current status of damaged facilities were analyzed. After organizing the analysis of current status, the tendency of damaged facilities due to storm and flood in rural areas, the items of damaged facilities depending on the types of storm and flood damages, and risk factors were suggested. Based on this result, in order to generalize the results of follow-up researches, it is thought that disaster recovery planning and establishing the system of remodeling items necessary for maintenance work would be possible by analyzing damage investigation items recorded in additional researches on rural areas, researches on natural disasters, and recovery plan instructions and by conducting on-site investigation on the damaged villages from storm and flood in rural areas.

Variation of Magnetic Field (By, Bz) Polarity and Statistical Analysis of Solar Wind Parameters during the Magnetic Storm Period

  • Moon, Ga-Hee
    • Journal of Astronomy and Space Sciences
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    • v.28 no.2
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    • pp.123-132
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    • 2011
  • It is generally believed that the occurrence of a magnetic storm depends upon the solar wind conditions, particularly the southward interplanetary magnetic field (IMF) component. To understand the relationship between solar wind parameters and magnetic storms, variations in magnetic field polarity and solar wind parameters during magnetic storms are examined. A total of 156 storms during the period of 1997~2003 are used. According to the interplanetary driver, magnetic storms are divided into three types, which are coronal mass ejection (CME)-driven storms, co-rotating interaction region (CIR)-driven storms, and complicated type storms. Complicated types were not included in this study. For this purpose, the manner in which the direction change of IMF $B_y$ and $B_z$ components (in geocentric solar magnetospheric coordinate system coordinate) during the main phase is related with the development of the storm is examined. The time-integrated solar wind parameters are compared with the time-integrated disturbance storm time (Dst) index during the main phase of each magnetic storm. The time lag with the storm size is also investigated. Some results are worth noting: CME-driven storms, under steady conditions of $B_z$ < 0, represent more than half of the storms in number. That is, it is found that the average number of storms for negative sign of IMF $B_z$ (T1~T4) is high, at 56.4%, 53.0%, and 63.7% in each storm category, respectively. However, for the CIR-driven storms, the percentage of moderate storms is only 29.2%, while the number of intense storms is more than half (60.0%) under the $B_z$ < 0 condition. It is found that the correlation is highest between the time-integrated IMF $B_z$ and the time-integrated Dst index for the CME-driven storms. On the other hand, for the CIR-driven storms, a high correlation is found, with the correlation coefficient being 0.93, between time-integrated Dst index and time-integrated solar wind speed, while a low correlation, 0.51, is found between timeintegrated $B_z$ and time-integrated Dst index. The relationship between storm size and time lag in terms of hours from $B_z$ minimum to Dst minimum values is investigated. For the CME-driven storms, time lag of 26% of moderate storms is one hour, whereas time lag of 33% of moderate storms is two hours for the CIR-driven storms. The average values of solar wind parameters for the CME and CIR-driven storms are also examined. The average values of ${\mid}Dst_{min}{\mid}$ and ${\mid}B_{zmin}{\mid}$ for the CME-driven storms are higher than those of CIR-driven storms, while the average value of temperature is lower.

A Study on Improving the Storm and Wind Damage Management System of Coastal Cities (연안도시 풍수해 관리체계 개선방안에 관한 연구)

  • Oh, Sang-Baeg;Lee, Han-Seok
    • Journal of Navigation and Port Research
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    • v.43 no.3
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    • pp.209-218
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    • 2019
  • Coastal cities suffer a great deal of storm and wind damage. The storm and wind characteristics vary between cities. Therefore, a storm and wind damage management system suited for specific characteristics is required for each coastal city. In this study, we analyze the current situation and establish the problem of storm and wind damage management system in regards to urban management, coastal management and disaster management. We also review the storm and wind damage management system for the USA and Japan. We consequently propose a plan to improve the storm and wind damage management system. As a result of the study, in terms of city management, we recommend the compulsory identification of disaster prevention districts, implementation of the integrated coastal city management plan, designation of natural disaster risk mitigation area as disaster prevention district, the division of disaster prevention district into wind damage prevention district, storm damage prevention district, erosion damage prevention district, the building of restrictions at the disaster prevention district by ordinance, etc. In regards to coastal management, we suggest the delegation of authority to delegate coastal erosion management area to the local government, the subdivision of coastal erosion management area into erosion serious area, erosion progress area, erosion concern area, the building restrictions at coastal erosion management area by ordinance, development of erosion prediction chart, etc. In relation to disaster management, we recommend the integration of "countermeasures against natural disasters act" and "disasters and safety management basic act", the local government-led disaster prevention system, the local disaster management network, and the customized local disaster prevention plan, etc.

Storm-Based Dynamic Tag Cloud for Real-Time SNS Data (실시간 SNS 데이터를 위한 Storm 기반 동적 태그 클라우드)

  • Son, Siwoon;Kim, Dasol;Lee, Sujeong;Gil, Myeong-Seon;Moon, Yang-Sae
    • KIPS Transactions on Software and Data Engineering
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    • v.6 no.6
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    • pp.309-314
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    • 2017
  • In general, there are many difficulties in collecting, storing, and analyzing SNS (social network service) data, since those data have big data characteristics, which occurs very fast with the mixture form of structured and unstructured data. In this paper, we propose a new data visualization framework that works on Apache Storm, and it can be useful for real-time and dynamic analysis of SNS data. Apache Storm is a representative big data software platform that processes and analyzes real-time streaming data in the distributed environment. Using Storm, in this paper we collect and aggregate the real-time Twitter data and dynamically visualize the aggregated results through the tag cloud. In addition to Storm-based collection and aggregation functionalities, we also design and implement a Web interface that a user gives his/her interesting keywords and confirms the visualization result of tag cloud related to the given keywords. We finally empirically show that this study makes users be able to intuitively figure out the change of the interested subject on SNS data and the visualized results be applied to many other services such as thematic trend analysis, product recommendation, and customer needs identification.

Hindcast of Storm Surge in the Southeastern Coast Using a Three-Dimensional Numerical Model (3차원 수치모형을 이용한 남동해안 폭풍해일 산정)

  • Kim, Cha-Kyum;Lee, Jong Tae
    • KSCE Journal of Civil and Environmental Engineering Research
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    • v.31 no.4B
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    • pp.369-376
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    • 2011
  • A three and two dimensional (3D and 2D) numerical models were established to study the storm surge induced by Typoon Maemi in Masan and Pusan Ports. The typhoon landed on the southern coast of Korean Peninsula at 21:00, September 12, 2003 with a central pressure of 950 hPa. The observed maximum storm surge in Masan Port was 230 cm, and the computed peak storm surge using the 3D and the 2D models were 238 cm and 208 cm, respectively. The observed maximum storm surge in Pusan Port was 89 cm, and the peak storm surge of the 3D and the 2D models were 91 cm and 79 cm, respectively. The hindcasted storm surge using 3D model was in good agreement with the observed data, and the 3D model at peak time was more accurate than the 2D. The storm-induced currents were computed using the 3D model. The currents in the surface layer of Masan Bay went into the inner bay with 30~60 cm/sec, while the currents in the bottom layer flowed out with 20~40 cm/sec.

Characteristics of Storm Surge by Forward Speed of Typhoon in the South Coast of Korea (태풍의 이동속도에 따른 한국 남해안 폭풍해일고의 특성)

  • Park, Young Hyun;Park, Woo-Sun
    • Journal of Korean Society of Coastal and Ocean Engineers
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    • v.33 no.5
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    • pp.187-194
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    • 2021
  • The damage caused by typhoons is gradually increasing due to the climate change recently. Hence, many studies have been conducted over a long period of time on various factors that determine the characteristics of storm surge, and most of relationships have been discovered. Because storm surge is complexly determined by various factors, it often show different results and draw different conclusions. For this reason, this study was conducted to understand the various characteristics of storm surge caused by changes in the forward speed of typhoons. This study was carried out with a numerical model, and the effect of forward speed could be analyzed by simplifying other factors as much as possible. When forward speed is increased, storm surges caused by typhoons tended to increase gradually. The storm surge showed a wide and gentle increase at a slow speed, but a narrow and steep one at a fast speed. In the case of the same forward speed, it was found that the storm surge was significantly influenced by the water depth of actual sea area. It was confirmed that the change in forward speed after passing Jeju Island did not significant affect on the storm surge in the south coast of Korea.

The Distribution Characteristics and Long-term Trend of Carbonaceous Species in Airborne Particulate in Seoul between 1986 and 1996

  • Hwang, Kyung-Chul;Ma, Chang-Jin
    • Journal of Korean Society for Atmospheric Environment
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    • v.19 no.E1
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    • pp.11-20
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    • 2003
  • To characterize airborne particulate carbon and its temporal variation in the heavily industrialized metropolitan city, Seoul in South Korea, aerosol sampling was performed from 1986 to 1996. Correlation coefficients of elemental carbon (EC) and organic carbon (OC) with mass concentration of fine particles ($\underline{\leq}$2.1 ${\mu}m$) are 0.73 and 0.51, respectively. EC concentrations of the fine particle mode are 10.1, 5.9, 4.5, and 7.4 ${\mu}g\;m^{-3}$ in winter, spring, summer, and autumn, respectively. On the other hand, OC concentration shows maximum value in winter and followed by autumn, summer, and spring. A seasonal peak in the ratio of OC to EC in fine particles was observed during the summer photochemical season from June to August. Concentrations of EC and OC in Asian dust storm events are generally higher than in non- Asian dust storm events except in 1990. The difference of EC concentrations between Asian dust storm periods and non-Asian dust storm periods are much larger than those of OC concentrations. There are slight increases of EC concentration between 1987 and 1990 and a gradual decrease between 1990 and 1996.

Proposal for application of spatial data and quality check criteria for estimating damage from storm and flood (풍수해 피해 추정을 위한 공간정보 DB의 활용방안 및 품질 점검 기준 제안)

  • Won, Seok-Hwan;Kim, Hyeon-Deok;Kim, Sang-Min
    • Journal of Cadastre & Land InformatiX
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    • v.50 no.2
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    • pp.81-100
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    • 2020
  • The purpose of this study was to propose applicability of spatial data and quality check criteria for estimating damage from storm and flood. Using the data from the National Disaster Management System and National Spatial Data Infrastructure, spatial database for estimation of storm and flood damage has been mapped to each type of damage. This was proposed as the quality check criteria for damage analysis. Through this study, it is possible to utilize the spatial database for estimating storm and flood damage. The reliability of analysis results are ensured through the quality check criteria.

Estimation of radial spectrum for rainfall (호우의 환상스펙트럼 추정)

  • Lee, Jae-Hyeong;Lee, Dong-Ju;Park, Yeong-Gi
    • Water for future
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    • v.22 no.2
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    • pp.201-211
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    • 1989
  • Using the storm data which was augmented by the stochastic correlation with it's neighbors, the multiquadric equation of random surface of total storm depth is constructed. And to separate the local components from it's regionals and find the regional characteristics, a double Fourier analysis was applied to the total depths of storm data. The local components, storm residuals of each storm was assumed to be homogeneous random field and investigated with it's autocorrelation function. For the practical application, isotropic was assumed and that was identified with emprical data. Coefficients of normalized autocorrelation for all storms showed similar apperance. Using this emprical result, an example of the radial spectral distribution function which represints the spatial characteristics of rainfall over Han River Basin during 1975-1983 is presented.

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