• 제목/요약/키워드: Rye

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호밀의 부속염색체에 관한 연구(IV) 한국산 호밀의 부속염색체의 출현빈도 (속보) (On accessory chromosomes in Secale cereale (IV) Further study on ferquency and geographical distribution of rye with accessory chromosomes in Korea)

  • 이웅직
    • Journal of Plant Biology
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    • v.11 no.2
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    • pp.31-35
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    • 1968
  • Further study on the frequency and geographical distribution of rye with accessory chromosomes in Korea was carried out in 1996. All of the 15 populations of rye investigated were found to have accessory chromosomes and the frequencies of accessories were ranged from 15 to 54%. The study from 1963 to 1966 shows that the frequency of accessory ranging from 30 to 40% is predominant.

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호밀의 부속염색체의 유전 (ON ACCESSORY CHROMOSOMES IN SECALE CEREALE (II) The inheritance of accessory chromosomes in rye.)

  • 이웅직
    • Journal of Plant Biology
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    • v.9 no.1_2
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    • pp.22-24
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    • 1966
  • 1. Number of accessory chromosomes in the progenies of rye which were obtained from mother plants having 2, 4, and 6 accessory chromosomes by open pollination were observed. The result was shown in the Table 1. 2. Cross between the plant with 14 ordinary chromosomes having chromsome breakage and normal plant with 14 ordinary chromosomes was carried out. A plant among the progeny of this cross was found to have two accessory chromosomes in addition to 14 ordinary chromosomes. This phenomenon may be useful to postulzte the possible origin of accessory chromosome in rye.

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호밀의 부속염색체에 관한 연구 (제3보)호밀의 부속염색체의 빈도와 토양성분과의 상관관계 (On Accessory Chromosomes in Secale cereate. III Relationship between the frequency of accessory chromosomes in rye and soil properties)

  • 이웅직
    • Journal of Plant Biology
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    • v.9 no.3_4
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    • pp.1-6
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    • 1966
  • The study was carried out to analyse the relationship between the frequency of accessory chromosomes in rye and soil property, such as pH, water content, P, N, K, Mg, and Ca. It was apparant that frequency of accessory chromosomes in rye was found to be higher in acidic soil than they are in basic soil. Chromosomal aberraton including translocation hetrozygote and broken centromere were found in the meiosis in PMC. It seems to be that more translocation heterozygote occurs in the plots of Paldang and Sinjangri where pH of soil shows high pH value.

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Development of tetraploid rye (Secale cereale L.) cultivar in Korea

  • Ku, Ja Hwan;Han, Ouk Kyu;Ahn, Jong Woong;Kweon, Soon Jong
    • 한국작물학회:학술대회논문집
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    • pp.75-75
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    • 2017
  • Rye is cultivated on about 30,000ha domestically for forage and green-manure production in Korea. 'Daegokgreen' has been developed as a good quality rye cultivar for forage and green-manure, which was doubled-chromosome by colchicine treatment of diploid rye cultivar 'Gogu' in 2010. By the colchicine treatment with 0.05% for 12 hours at $2^{nd}$ leaf stage of 'Gogu', 31 tetraploid plants were obtained and they produced 2,470 seeds with 135 spikes. There was 4.4 in the number of spikes per plant, 18.3 in grain number per spike, and 37.6 g in the1,000-grain weight. The heading date of 'Daegokgreen' was April 11, which was two days later on average compared with 'Gogu'. The biomass (fresh weight) of 'Daegokgreen' was 3,701kg, which was similar to 'Gogu'. The average crude protein content of 'Daegokgreen' was 8.9%, which was 1.0% point higher than 'Gogu'. 'Daegokgreen' was found to be strong resistant to winter-kill and can be adapted to before maize cultivation.

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Effect of Cover Crop Species and Liquid Manure Application Rate on Green Manure Production, Leaf Mineral Content, Fruit Quality and Soil Chemical Properties in Pear Orchard

  • Lee, Seong Eun;Park, Jin Myeon;Park, Young Eun;Choi, Dong Geun
    • 한국토양비료학회지
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    • v.47 no.6
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    • pp.558-562
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    • 2014
  • Cover cropping and liquid manure application are considered as effective ways to replace the use of chemical fertilizer in orchard. This study was conducted to investigate the effect of cover crop species and liquid manure application rate on green manure production, leaf mineral content, fruit quality and soil chemical properties in pear orchard. The treatments include rye and hairy vetch as cover crops, two liquid manure application levels based on N and $K_2O$ requirement on each cover crop species, and chemical fertilizer as control. Green manure production was higher in hairy vetch than in rye. K content of pear leaves and soil exchangeable K content increased in N based liquid manure application treatments. The yield was higher in rye + liquid manure and fertilizer treatments, and fruit quality was not different between the treatments. Taking all of these into account, rye + $K_2O$ requirement-based liquid manure application is recommended in pear orchard for not only sufficient nutrient supply but also prevention of any problem related with soil $K_2O$ accumulation in pear orchard in long-term perspective.

녹비작물을 이용한 윤작이 잡초 제어에 미치는 영향 (Effect of Green-Manure Crop Rotation on Weed Control)

  • 이상민;이병모;이연;이용환;성좌경;윤홍배;최현석
    • 한국유기농업학회지
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    • v.20 no.2
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    • pp.201-209
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    • 2012
  • 본 시험은 유기농업 파 및 고추재배를 위하여 호밀과 헤어리베치를 겨울에 윤작하여 잡초 발생량 억제에 미치는 효과를 검토하기 위하여 수행되었다. 파 재배구에서 호밀을 토양에 환원하지 않은 처리구에 비해 호밀을 환원하였을 경우 잡초발생량을 52% 경감시켰다. 고추 재배구에서는 그러한 효과가 뚜렷하게 관찰되지 않았다. 파 재배시 어저귀, 참방동사니, 바랭이와 같은 초종은 호밀뿌리 분비물에 의해 발아가 억제되는 경향이었으나 헤어리베치는 그러한 발생억제 효과가 크지 않았다. 파 재배시 호밀 환원은 잡초발생량을 경감시켰고 잡초의 종 다양성 지수를 증가시켰다.

고랭지에 적합한 사료작물 2모작 작부체계에 관한 연구 (Effect of the Double Cropping at High Altitude Area Which was Cultivated Suitable Forage Crop)

  • 한성윤;김대진
    • 한국초지조사료학회지
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    • v.20 no.3
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    • pp.147-154
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    • 2000
  • This study was conducted to increase the utility and productivity of forage crops at high altitued areas. For that purpose, 21 cultivars of corn and 2 cultivars of rye were cultivated for 3 years using a randomized block designed with 3 replications. The results obtained were as follows. 1. In the Taekwallyong area (800m above sea level) which has a short frostless period, all the seeding and harvest of corn must be finished within about 135 days between mid May, the time of the last frost, and late September, the time of the first frost 2. It was relatively safe for the early maturity cultivar(ll0days) and the medium maturity cultivar(l20days), compared to the late maturity cultivar(l30days) which might have had the possibility of an overlapping period between the time of harvest and the first frost in high altitude areas 3. The productivity of forage corn, which is the most efficient crop for capturing solar energy, varied significantly with the climate circumstances but the productivity of Taekwallyong showed similar results of 19 M/T/ha, compared with 20 M/T/ha in Suwon from the '96-'98 study 4. Rye could be cultivated in high altitude areas and when corn was raised as a second crop after rye in the same year, it was possible to increase the productivity of dry matter yield by 20% through double cropping(P < 0.05). (Key words : Cropping system, Corn, Rye, Forage production)

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Effect of addition of lactic acid bacteria on quality of rye silage harvested at early heading stage

  • Kuppusamy, Palaniselvam;Choi, Ki-Choon;Srigopalram, Srisesharam;Ilavenil, Soundharrajan;Park, Hyung-Su;Jung, Jeong Sung
    • 한국작물학회:학술대회논문집
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    • pp.285-285
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    • 2017
  • This study is aimed to analyze the effect of lactic acid bacteria inoculants (LAB) on quality of rye silage fermentation, harvested at early heading stage. The nutritive values were similar between the control and LAB inoculated silages. The pH of rye silage in LAB inoculation significantly decreased as compared to control (p<0.05). In addition, the content of lactic acid in LAB inoculation significantly increased (p<0.05), but the content of acetic acid in LAB treatments decreased. In addition, lactic acid bacterial counts in LAB inoculation significantly increased as compared to control (p<0.05). Therefore, we suggest that rye silage could be improved by novel lactic acid inoculation.

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한국산 호밀의 부속염색체의 출현빈도와 지리적 분포 (ON ACCESSORY CHROMOSOMES IN SECALE CEREALE I. Frequency and geographical distribution of plants with accessory chromosomes in Korea)

  • 이웅직
    • Journal of Plant Biology
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    • v.8 no.4
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    • pp.1-6
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    • 1965
  • Cytological observations were carried out to investigate the frequencies and geographical distribution of accessory chromosomes in rye in Korea. (1) All the 41 strains of rye investigated were found to have accessory chromosomes and the frequencies of accessories are ranged from 2 to 73.3%. (2) The frequency ranging from 30 to 40% was predominant and it included 13 different strains. (3) The edaphic factor seemed to play more marked role than the climatic factor in determining geographical distribution of accessories in rye in Korea. (4) Breakages of A-chromosomes into two fragments were observed in 11 plants. This phenomenon may throw some light on possible orgin of accessory chromosomes in rye.

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Differences in Nutrient Quality among Wheat, Barley and Rye for Forage

  • Kwon Byung-Sun
    • Plant Resources
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    • v.8 no.1
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    • pp.75-79
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    • 2005
  • TO select the most suitable crop and variety of forage for nutrient quality at the southern part of Korea, the crop of wheat, barley and rye were grown from Oct. 1999 to June 2000. Paldanghomil variety of rye crop was shown to have the highest chemical components in comparison to other varieties of crops used in this experiment. It showed relatively high content of crude protein and in vitro dry matter digestibility (IVDMD) and low content of NDF, ADF, cellulose and lignin. Therefore, it was concluded that paldanghomil of rye crop was the most suitable variety with high weight and high nutrient quality for forage in the southern part of Korea. The heritabilities of all nutrient quality characters were estimated to be high.

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