• Title/Summary/Keyword: Rose Bengal test

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Seroprevalence of Brucellosis and Isolation of Yersinia enterocolitica O:9 in Pigs (돼지에서 브루셀라병 항체조사 및 Yersinia enterocolitica O:9의 분리)

  • Jung, Byeong-Yeal;Byun, Jae-Won;Kim, Ha-Young;Shin, Dong-Ho;Park, Choi-Kyu;Jung, Suk-Chan
    • Journal of Life Science
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    • v.20 no.5
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    • pp.697-702
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    • 2010
  • Ten farrow-finish farms participated in this seromonitoring that was conducted to investigate the porcine brucellosis situation in Korea. In total, eight (80.0%) of the 10 farms and 139 (24.0%) of 578 pigs tested showed a positive response in the Rose Bengal test (RBT). Seroprevalence levels were determined using RBT according to age; 35 (14.6%) of 239 piglets, 36 (31.3%) of 115 growing pigs, and 68 (30.4%) of 224 finishing pigs and sows were positive, respectively. All positive samples in RBT were tested with the tube agglutination test (TAT) and competitive ELISA (C-ELISA), simultaneously. Although 48 samples came up positive in the TAT, all samples tested with C-ELISA were negative. Among 26 rectal swab samples from the TAT positive-pigs, Yersinia enterocolitica O:9 was isolated from seven samples (26.9%). Therefore, we speculated that the positive reaction of RBT and TAT in this study might be induced by the serologically cross-reacting bacteria with Brucella abortus.

Serosurvey for antibodies against brucellosis in pigs (돼지 brucellosis에 대한 항체가 조사)

  • Hur, Jin;Baek, Byeong-Kirl
    • Korean Journal of Veterinary Service
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    • v.34 no.2
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    • pp.153-157
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    • 2011
  • In order to investigate serum antibodies for detection of brucellosis in pigs, a total of 1208 sera were tested by Rose Bengal test (RBT), the standard tube agglutination test (STAT) and competitive ELISA (cELISA). The sera were collected from pigs of Gyeonggi, Chungnam, Chungbuk, Jeonnam and Jeonbuk, provinces during the period 2002 to 2004. All the sera were screened by RBT, and were confirmed by STAT and cELISA. Among 1208 sera, 26 sera (2.2%) were positive in screening test. All the 26 positive sera were positive by STAT, while all the sera were negative by cELISA. On the basis of this study, farmed pigs may be exposed to Brucella species. Furthermore, these results suggest that establishment of diagnoses for detection of porcine brucellosis is necessary.

Seroprevalence of brucellosis in cattle in selected area of Bangladesh and comparison between Rose Bengal test and i-ELISA used for the screening of brucellosis

  • Rahman, Md. Siddiqur;Chakrabartty, Amitavo;Islam, Md. Taohidul;Sarker, Roma Rani;Alam, M.E.;Uddin, Muhammad Jasim;Akther, Laila;Song, Hee-Jong
    • Korean Journal of Veterinary Service
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    • v.35 no.2
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    • pp.133-137
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    • 2012
  • Brucellosis, a bacterial zoonoses caused by the genus Brucella is responsible for abortion and infertility in cow. Brucellosis is causing economic loss in dairy industries and prevalent worldwide including Bangladesh but limited studies are devoted to determine the prevalence and its association with reproductive factors of dairy cows in Bangladesh. Therefore, the present study was conducted to determine the seroprevalence of brucellosis in dairy cattle using screening test Rose Bengal test (RBT) and the positive sera were further confirmed by indirect- ELISA. For this purpose, a total of 400 serum samples from dairy cows with history of abortion and various reproductive disorders were collected from the Kurigram district of Bangladesh for the detection of Brucella antibody. The overall prevalence of brucellosis in dairy cattle was 2.25%. Brucellosis in cases of abortion and repeat breeding was 8.3% and 2.8%, respectively. The results shows higher prevalence of brucellosis in cases of abortion followed by repeat breeding, while there was no seropositive cases from other reproductive disorders. Age-wise sero-prevalence was found 3.0% in 2~3 years age group and 2.0% in 4~8 years age group. The prevalence of brucellosis in indigenous and cross-bred cattle was 3.6% and 1.7%, respectively. All the animals detected positive to brucellosis by RBT were not found to be positive by i-ELISA. However, the RBT might be a suitable screening test for the diagnosis of Brucella infection in field condition in Bangladesh. These data will help to develop effective disease prevention strategies.

Comparison of a new ELISA with other serodiagnostic tests for bovine brucellosis (소 브루셀라병의 혈청학적 진단법 비교실험)

  • Hur, Jin;Kakoma, Ibulaimu;Jeong, Jae-Myong;Lee, Hyeon-Jin;Baek, Byeong-Kirl
    • Korean Journal of Veterinary Service
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    • v.30 no.3
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    • pp.385-391
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    • 2007
  • A novel enzyme linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) is described and compared with other established serologic tests for bovine brucellosis, namely the rose bengal test (RBT), the complement fixation test (CFT), and the tube agglutination test (TAT) approved and used in Korea. A total of 109 bovine serum samples were tested using all the 4 assays and analyzed as to specificity, sensitivity, reproducibility and predictive value. The ELISA showed 100% agreement with the CFT. The least agreement between ELISA was observed with the TAT. The agreement between the ELISA and RBT was not significantly different from that observed between the CFT and the ELISA. It is concluded that the new assay would be a good candidate for routine serologic survey for brucellosis in Korea. A protocol combining the ELISA and the CFT would increase the power for detection of serologically positive individuals and herds.

Tube agglutination test is superior than other serological tests for diagnosis of brucellosis in small ruminants

  • Rahman, Md. Siddiqur;Jahan, Nusrat;Hossain, Mohammad Arif;Uddin, M.J.;Shil, Niraj Kanti;Islam, KBM Saiful;Ahasan, Md. Shamim;Rahman, A.K.M. Anisur;Song, Hee-Jong
    • Korean Journal of Veterinary Service
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    • v.31 no.4
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    • pp.493-496
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    • 2008
  • Brucella spp. are small, non-motile Gram-negative coccobacilli known to cause disease in a number of vertebrate species including humans and brucellosis is one of the world's major zoonoses, alongside bovine tuberculosis and rabies. There are about 33.55 million goats and 1.16 million sheep in Bangladesh. The sheep and goats can significantly play an important role in the economic well being of the resource-poor farmer in Bangladesh. Sexually matured 362 female small ruminants(300 goats and 62 sheep) were examined. Approximately 3-5 ml of blood was collected from the jugular vein of each animal and sera samples were prepared. Samples were then tested for brucellosis by using Rose Bengal test(RBT), plate agglutination test(PAT) and tube agglutination test(TAT). Among 362 small ruminants, irrespective of species(sheep or goat), diagnosed highest in TAT, 2.21%(n=8) and lowest both by RBT & PAT, 1.93%(n=7) and it is concluded that TAT is superior than RBT and PAT.

Serological monitoring on brucellosis in livestock of Korea (국내 가축에서 브루셀라병에 대한 혈청학적 모니터링)

  • Sung, So-Ra;Kim, Ji-Yeon;Her, Moon;Lee, Kichan;Kang, Sung-Il;Lee, Hyang-Keun;Cho, Hyo Rim;Lee, Jin Ju;Jung, Suk Chan
    • Korean Journal of Veterinary Research
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    • v.54 no.4
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    • pp.197-201
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    • 2014
  • In Korea, brucellosis has been reported periodically in cattle and rarely in dogs; however, it has not previously been screened in domestic animals such as elk, pigs and goats. To investigate the serological prevalence, serum samples were taken from the aforementioned animals annually during 2007-2013 and screened by the rose-bengal test (RBT) or modified RBT, after which positive sera were evaluated by the standard tube agglutination test (STAT). Finally, RBT and STAT-positive sera were confirmed by competitive-ELISA. Brucella abortus biovar 1 was isolated from three elk that were shown to be positive serologically in 2008. There was no evidence of brucellosis in pigs. Based on serological monitoring and investigation of etiological agents, there is no evidence of outbreak of brucellosis in elk, pigs or goats of Korea since 2008. However, the possibility for brucellosis from cattle to affect these other livestock exists; therefore, extensive and continuous serological monitoring is required to maintain their brucellosis-free status.

Characterization of Bovine Brucellosis in Korean Native Cattle by Means of Immunohistochemistry and Proteomics (면역조직 화학법 및 단백질체 변화 분석을 통한 한우에서 발생한 브루셀라증의 특성)

  • Jang, Seong-Jun;Do, Sun-Hee;Ki, Mi-Ran;Hong, Il-Hwa;Park, Jin-Kyu;Cho, Yu-Jeong;Park, Sang-Joon;Kim, Tae-Hwan;Kwak, Dong-Mi;Jeong, Kyu-Shik
    • Journal of Life Science
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    • v.20 no.2
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    • pp.153-160
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    • 2010
  • This study was conducted to examine the utilization of immunohistochemistry using the bovine anti-brucella immunoglobulin G (IgG) antibody in the diagnosis of brucellosis and to develop a functional biomarker relation for the progress of the disease. Anti-brucella IgG antibody was purified from the affected bovine serum using an affinity chromatography. We performed our investigation on 17 cases of brucellosis and 19 control cases with negative Rose-Bengal test results. Our purified anti-brucella IgG antibody showed a positive immunoreactivity in cytoplasmic hepatocytes of the centrilobular region, and glomeruli and tubular epithelium of the kidney. The protein pattern of the affected liver versus control was analyzed by two-dimensional electrophoresis, showing a different expression pattern of proteins between the two. Five protein spots were up-regulated and another were five down-regulated in the brucellosis liver. Significant upregulaton of catalase and 3-hydroxyacyl-CoA dehydrogenase might be due to a compensatory reaction in response to the endotoxic shock of brucella. In conclusion, the anti-brucella IgG antibody may be a good tool for discriminative diagnosis of the affected tissues and proteomics data suggest new target proteins underlying a possible pathogenic mechanism of brucellosis.

Increasing of Macrophage Migration Inhibitory Factor Expression in Human Patients Infected with Virulent Brucella in Iraq

  • Khudhur, Hasan R.;Menshed, Abbas Ali;Hasan, Ahmed Abbas
    • Microbiology and Biotechnology Letters
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    • v.48 no.4
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    • pp.569-573
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    • 2020
  • Brucellosis is a zoonotic disease caused by Brucella infections and humans usually contract this disease from close contact with infected animals or their products, usually via the ingestion of cheese or crude milk. Macrophage migration inhibitory factor (MIF) and Pro- and anti-inflammatory cytokines play an important role in susceptibility/resistance and the immunopathogenesis of Brucella infection. These cytokines are crucial factors in the initiation and progression of protective immunity against Brucella infection but the role of MIF has not been well studied in the human response to intracellular microbes. This study was designed to investigate the effect of MIF expression on Brucella susceptibility. A total of 85 positive rose Bengal tests and 24 samples from healthy individuals were collected for this study and subjected to polymerase chain reaction assays (PCR) of the bcsp31 diagnostic gene. MIF concentrations were evaluated using Enzyme-Linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) and the results showed that 46 (54%) of the rose Bengal test samples were positive and 39 (46%) were negative for bcsp31 (p ≤ 0.05) and used as the gold standard for all of the comparisons in this study. The ELISA results indicate that the mean concentration of MIF was significantly higher in patients with positive rose Bengal tests when compared to the control groups and that its concentration increases with increasing age in both the patient and control groups (p ≤ 0.05).

Development of ELISA for detection of canine brucellosis (Canine brucellosis 검출을 위한 ELISA 진단법 확립)

  • Hur, Jin;Baek, Byeong-Kirl
    • Korean Journal of Veterinary Service
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    • v.34 no.2
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    • pp.159-166
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    • 2011
  • This study was carried out to develope enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) for detection of canine brucellosis in dogs experimentally inoculated with Brucella abortus 1119-3 and B. canis RM666. Groups A, B and C of dogs (each group consisting of three dogs) were orally inoculated with approximately $5{\times}10^9$ colony-forming units of B. abortus and B. canis, and with sterile pyrogen-free PBS, respectively. The animals were monitored at regular intervals upto the 12th week post inoculation (PI) by standard tube agglutination test (STAT), plate agglutination test (PAT), Rose Bengal test (RBT), 2-mercaptoethanol rapid slide agglutination test (2ME-RSAT) and ELISA. The induced antibody titers in group A dogs were detected from the first week PI to the eighth week PI in STAT, PAT and RBT using the inactivated whole cells of B. abortus 1119-3 as antigens, while no sera in groups B and C dogs reacted with the antigens. In 2ME-RSAT using whole cells of B. canis M-strain as antigens, the induced antibody titers in group B dogs were observed at the second week PI and persisted for the 12th week PI, while sera of groups A and C dogs did not react with the whole cells. In ELISA using cytoplasmic fractions antigen of B. abortus 1119-3, the mean optical density of antibodies in groups A and B was detected from the first and second weeks PI, respectively, and persisted for 12th week PI, while sera of group C did not cross-react with the fractions antigen. However, in ELISA using the hot saline extracts of B. canis M- as an antigen, the induced antibody titers in only group B dogs were detected from second week PI and persisted for until the end of this study. These results indicate that the ELISA using B. abortus 1119-3 cytoplasmic fractions as antigens can be a good candidate for detection of brucellosis by B. abortus as well as B. canis in dogs.

Efficacy of Brucella abortus strain RB51 vaccine in Korean mongrel dogs against virulent strains of B. abortus biotype 1 and B. canis

  • Hur, Jin;Baek, Byeong-Kirl
    • Korean Journal of Veterinary Service
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    • v.33 no.1
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    • pp.29-35
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    • 2010
  • This study was performed to test the hypothesis that Brucella abortus strain RB51 (SRB51) might protect Korean indigenous mongrel dog against challenge with either virulent B. abortus biotype 1 or B. canis. A total of 12 Korean mongrel dogs were divided into four groups (Group A, B, C and D). Dogs belonging to Group A and C were inoculated subcutaneously with $1{\times}10^9$ CFU of SRB51 in 1ml of sterile phosphate buffered saline (PBS). Dogs of Group B and D were inoculated subcutaneously with 1ml of sterile PBS as control. At 12 weeks post vaccination, dogs of Group A and B were challenged by oral inoculation of virulent strain of B. canis ($5.0{\times}10^9$ CFU) and dogs of Group C and D were challenged by oral inoculation of virulent strain of B. abortus biotype 1 ($4.4{\times}10^{10}$ CFU). The serum antibodies titers in all dogs were monitored at regular interval for eight weeks after challenge (AC) by standard tube agglutination test, plate agglutination test, rose bengal test, 2-mercaptoethanol rapid slide agglutination test and 2-mercaptoethanol tube agglutination test. No antibody titers in Group A and C was detected. Also, the challenge strains were not found from blood of all dogs of Group A and C from 1 week AC till the end of the experiment by culture and modified AMOS-PCR, whereas B. canis and B. abortus challenge strains were detected from blood of Group B and D, respectively. In addition, neither of two challenge bacteria was recovered from liver, spleen, kidneys, lymph nodes and reproductive tracts of Group A and C dogs after postmortem. However, B. canis and B. abortus challenge strains were isolated from these tissues of Group B and D, respectively. These data suggest that SRB51 could be a promising vaccine candidate for immunizing dogs to control canine brucellosis caused by B. canis or B. abortus.