• Title/Summary/Keyword: Road Lane Detection

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Real Time Road Lane Detection with RANSAC and HSV Color Transformation

  • Kim, Kwang Baek;Song, Doo Heon
    • Journal of information and communication convergence engineering
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    • v.15 no.3
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    • pp.187-192
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    • 2017
  • Autonomous driving vehicle research demands complex road and lane understanding such as lane departure warning, adaptive cruise control, lane keeping and centering, lane change and turn assist, and driving under complex road conditions. A fast and robust road lane detection subsystem is a basic but important building block for this type of research. In this paper, we propose a method that performs road lane detection from black box input. The proposed system applies Random Sample Consensus to find the best model of road lanes passing through divided regions of the input image under HSV color model. HSV color model is chosen since it explicitly separates chromaticity and luminosity and the narrower hue distribution greatly assists in later segmentation of the frames by limiting color saturation. The implemented method was successful in lane detection on real world on-board testing, exhibiting 86.21% accuracy with 4.3% standard deviation in real time.

A Road Lane Detection Algorithm using HSI Color Information and ROI-LB (HSI 색정보와 관심영역(ROI-LB)을 이용한 차선검출 알고리듬)

  • Choi, In-Suk;Cheong, Cha-Keon
    • Proceedings of the IEEK Conference
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    • pp.222-224
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    • 2009
  • This paper presents an algorithm that extracts road lane's specific information by using HSI color information and performance enhancement of lane detection base on vision processing of drive assist. As a preprocessing for high speed lane detection, the optimal extraction of region of interest for lane boundary(ROI-LB) can be processed to reduction of detection region in which high speed processing is enabled and it also increases reliabilities by deleting edges those are misrecognized. Road lane is extracted with simultaneous processing of noise reduction and edge enhancement using the Laplacian filter, the reliability of feature extraction can be increased for various road lane patterns. Since noise can be removed by using saturation and brightness of HSI color model. Also it searches for the road lane's color information and extracts characteristics. The real road experimental results are presented to evaluate the effectiveness of the proposed method.

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Model-based Curved Lane Detection using Geometric Relation between Camera and Road Plane (카메라와 도로평면의 기하관계를 이용한 모델 기반 곡선 차선 검출)

  • Jang, Ho-Jin;Baek, Seung-Hae;Park, Soon-Yong
    • Journal of Institute of Control, Robotics and Systems
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    • v.21 no.2
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    • pp.130-136
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    • 2015
  • In this paper, we propose a robust curved lane marking detection method. Several lane detection methods have been proposed, however most of them have considered only straight lanes. Compared to the number of straight lane detection researches, less number of curved-lane detection researches has been investigated. This paper proposes a new curved lane detection and tracking method which is robust to various illumination conditions. First, the proposed methods detect straight lanes using a robust road feature image. Using the geometric relation between a vehicle camera and the road plane, several circle models are generated, which are later projected as curved lane models on the camera images. On the top of the detected straight lanes, the curved lane models are superimposed to match with the road feature image. Then, each curve model is voted based on the distribution of road features. Finally, the curve model with highest votes is selected as the true curve model. The performance and efficiency of the proposed algorithm are shown in experimental results.

Experiments of Urban Autonomous Navigation using Lane Tracking Control with Monocular Vision (도심 자율주행을 위한 비전기반 차선 추종주행 실험)

  • Suh, Seung-Beum;Kang, Yeon-Sik;Roh, Chi-Won;Kang, Sung-Chul
    • Journal of Institute of Control, Robotics and Systems
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    • v.15 no.5
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    • pp.480-487
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    • 2009
  • Autonomous Lane detection with vision is a difficult problem because of various road conditions, such as shadowy road surface, various light conditions, and the signs on the road. In this paper we propose a robust lane detection algorithm to overcome shadowy road problem using a statistical method. The algorithm is applied to the vision-based mobile robot system and the robot followed the lane with the lane following controller. In parallel with the lane following controller, the global position of the robot is estimated by the developed localization method to specify the locations where the lane is discontinued. The results of experiments, done in the region where the GPS measurement is unreliable, show good performance to detect and to follow the lane in complex conditions with shades, water marks, and so on.

Robust Lane Detection Method in Varying Road Conditions (도로 환경 변화에 강인한 차선 검출 방법)

  • Kim, Byeoung-Su;Kim, Whoi-Yul
    • Journal of the Institute of Electronics Engineers of Korea SC
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    • v.49 no.1
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    • pp.88-93
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    • 2012
  • Lane detection methods using camera, which are part of the driver assistance system, have been developed due to the growth of the vehicle technologies. However, lane detection methods are often failed by varying road conditions such as rainy weather and degraded lanes. This paper proposes a method for lane detection which is robust in varying road condition. Lane candidates are extracted by intensity comparison and lane detection filter. Hough transform is applied to compute the lane pair using lane candidates which is straight line in image. Then, a curved lane is calculated by using B-Snake algorithm. Also, weighting value is computed using previous lane detection result to detect the lanes even in varying road conditions such as degraded/missed lanes. Experimental results proved that the proposed method can detect the lane even in challenging road conditions because of weighting process.

Road Recognition based Extended Kalman Filter with Multi-Camera and LRF (다중카메라와 레이저스캐너를 이용한 확장칼만필터 기반의 노면인식방법)

  • Byun, Jae-Min;Cho, Yong-Suk;Kim, Sung-Hoon
    • The Journal of Korea Robotics Society
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    • v.6 no.2
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    • pp.182-188
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    • 2011
  • This paper describes a method of road tracking by using a vision and laser with extracting road boundary (road lane and curb) for navigation of intelligent transport robot in structured road environments. Road boundary information plays a major role in developing such intelligent robot. For global navigation, we use a global positioning system achieved by means of a global planner and local navigation accomplished with recognizing road lane and curb which is road boundary on the road and estimating the location of lane and curb from the current robot with EKF(Extended Kalman Filter) algorithm in the road assumed that it has prior information. The complete system has been tested on the electronic vehicles which is equipped with cameras, lasers, GPS. Experimental results are presented to demonstrate the effectiveness of the combined laser and vision system by our approach for detecting the curb of road and lane boundary detection.

Lane Detection Using Biased Discriminant Analysis

  • Kim, Tae Kyung;Kwak, Nojun;Choi, Sang-Il
    • Journal of the Korea Society of Computer and Information
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    • v.22 no.3
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    • pp.27-34
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    • 2017
  • We propose a cascade lane detector that uses biased discriminant analysis (BDA) to work effectively even when there are various external factors on the road. The proposed cascade detector was designed with an existing lane detector and the detection module using BDA. By placing the BDA module in the latter stage of the cascade detector, the erroneously detected results by the existing detector due to sunlight or road fraction were filtered out at the final lane detection results. Experimental results on road images taken under various environmental conditions showed that the proposed method gave more robust lane detection results than conventional methods alone.

Vision Sensing for the Ego-Lane Detection of a Vehicle (자동차의 자기 주행차선 검출을 위한 시각 센싱)

  • Kim, Dong-Uk;Do, Yongtae
    • Journal of Sensor Science and Technology
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    • v.27 no.2
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    • pp.137-141
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    • 2018
  • Detecting the ego-lane of a vehicle (the lane on which the vehicle is currently running) is one of the basic techniques for a smart car. Vision sensing is a widely-used method for the ego-lane detection. Existing studies usually find road lane lines by detecting edge pixels in the image from a vehicle camera, and then connecting the edge pixels using Hough Transform. However, this approach takes rather long processing time, and too many straight lines are often detected resulting in false detections in various road conditions. In this paper, we find the lane lines by scanning only a limited number of horizontal lines within a small image region of interest. The horizontal image line scan replaces the edge detection process of existing methods. Automatic thresholding and spatiotemporal filtering procedures are also proposed in order to make our method reliable. In the experiments using real road images of different conditions, the proposed method resulted in high success rate.

Lane Detection Using Road Geometry Estimation

  • Lee, Choon-Young;Park, Min-Seok;Lee, Ju-Jang
    • 제어로봇시스템학회:학술대회논문집
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    • pp.226-231
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    • 1998
  • This paper describes how a priori road geometry and its estimation may be used to detect road boundaries and lane markings in road scene images. We assume flat road and road boundaries and lane markings are all Bertrand curves which have common principal normal vectors. An active contour is used for the detection of road boundary, and we reconstruct its geometric property and make use of it to detect lane markings. Our approach to detect road boundary is based on minimizing energy function including edge related term and geometric constraint term. Lane position is estimated by pixel intensity statistics along the parallel curve shifted properly from boundary of the road. We will show the validity of our algorithm by processing real road images.

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Road Surface Marking Detection for Sensor Fusion-based Positioning System (센서 융합 기반 정밀 측위를 위한 노면 표시 검출)

  • Kim, Dongsuk;Jung, Hogi
    • Transactions of the Korean Society of Automotive Engineers
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    • v.22 no.7
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    • pp.107-116
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    • 2014
  • This paper presents camera-based road surface marking detection methods suited to sensor fusion-based positioning system that consists of low-cost GPS (Global Positioning System), INS (Inertial Navigation System), EDM (Extended Digital Map), and vision system. The proposed vision system consists of two parts: lane marking detection and RSM (Road Surface Marking) detection. The lane marking detection provides ROIs (Region of Interest) that are highly likely to contain RSM. The RSM detection generates candidates in the regions and classifies their types. The proposed system focuses on detecting RSM without false detections and performing real time operation. In order to ensure real time operation, the gating varies for lane marking detection and changes detection methods according to the FSM (Finite State Machine) about the driving situation. Also, a single template matching is used to extract features for both lane marking detection and RSM detection, and it is efficiently implemented by horizontal integral image. Further, multiple step verification is performed to minimize false detections.