• Title/Summary/Keyword: Rice

Search Result 14,929, Processing Time 0.141 seconds

Quality Characteristics of Tarakjuk (Milk Porridge) Prepared with Brown Rice (현미를 첨가한 타락죽에 관한 품질특성)

  • Ahn, Jong-Sung;Kong, Suk-Gil;Cho, Sung-Hyun
    • The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition
    • /
    • v.26 no.3
    • /
    • pp.508-514
    • /
    • 2013
  • This study was conducted to evaluate the effect of various types of functional brown rice milk porridge, which has been popular as a fast yet nutritional food, to promote rice consumption and to examine the best ratio and recipe. Each sample contained 10, 20, 30, and 40% brown rice compared to non-glutinous rice and sweet rice and were applied to mechanical and sensory tests. The moisture content of both non-glutinous rice and sweet rice porridges increased with increasing brown rice content. The viscosity of non-glutinous rice milk porridge decreased as with increasing brown rice content, whereas the viscosity of sweet rice milk porridge increased with increasing brown rice content. The pH was highest for BRT0 at 6.74 and lowest for BGT0, which is sweet rice porridge with brown rice, at 6.27. The sweetness decreased significantly for both sweet rice and non-glutinous rice porridges with the increase in brown rice content. The brightness of weet rice and non-glutinous rice porridges with brown rice increased significantly (p<0.001) with the increase in brown rice content, while the redness and yellowness of the color increased significantly (p<0.001) with increasing in brown rice content. As a result of analyzing the preference in the milk porridge containing brown rice, BRT30, which is non-glutinous rice milk porridge with brown rice, was most preferred at 5.8 in terms of color, while BRT30 was most preferred at 6.2 in terms of fragrance. All samples containing brown rice powder were highly preferred in terms of taste and the overall preference of sweet rice milk porridge was highest for BRT30 (5.8). The overall preference was highest for BGT30 at 6.1 and the preference was generally higher for the experiment groups prepared with sweet rice as opposed to those prepared with non-glutinous rice. Also, the scores for the sensory test were higher when brown rice was added. Therefore, it was concluded that the milk porridge could quickly and easily be prepared with brown rice instead of non-glutinous rice or sweet rice.

Descriptive Sensory Profiles for Cooked Rice by Various Rice Cookers (묘사분석에 의한 취반기기별 밥맛의 관능 프로필)

  • Kim, Dong-Hee;Kim, Hee-Sup
    • Korean journal of food and cookery science
    • /
    • v.23 no.5
    • /
    • pp.777-784
    • /
    • 2007
  • The purpose of this study was to provide the descriptive sensory profiles for cooked rice by various rice cookers, losing descriptive analysis. The rice samples cooked in an electric pressure cooker, and in pressure cooker B, were separated by roasted flavor, sweetness, burnt flavor, cooked rice flavor, moistness, cohesiveness, and chewiness using PCA. The rice cooked in pressure cooker A was harder and rougher, and showed grain wholesomeness, but it still had a cooked and burnt flavor. The rice cooked in a stone cooker and an electric rice cooker was less hard, and showed less grain wholesomeness, but it had a burnt, cooked rice, and less raw rice type of flavor. Finally, the RTE (ready-to-eat) rice showed more grain wholesomeness, and had more raw rice and sour flavor.

Interrelation between Physicochemical Properties of Milled Rice and Retrogradation of Rice Bread during COld Storage (쌀의 이화학적 특성과 저장 쌀빵의 노화성과의 관계)

  • 강미영;최영희;최해춘
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition
    • /
    • v.26 no.5
    • /
    • pp.886-891
    • /
    • 1997
  • The interrelation between physicochemical properties of milled rice and retrogradation of rice bread during cold storage was examined to compare the varietal difference in maintenance of rice bread quality. Twelve rice materials showed big varietal difference on physicochemical properties of rice starch such as amylose content(0.0~29.2%), gel consistency(20~98mm), and alkali digestion value(2.0~7.0). Rice bread made from milled rice of Jungwonbyeo, AC 27 and IRAT 177 exhibited soft texture and late retrogradation of rice bread during cold storage(4$^{\circ}C$). The amylose content of milled rice was closely associated with gel consistency negatively and with springiness of rice bread positively. The retrogradation of rice bread texture during cold storage was correlated with gel consistency of rice flour positively and with alkali digestion value of milled rice negatively.

  • PDF

The Effect of Milling on the Nutrients of Raw and Parboiled Rices (파보일미(parboiled rice)의 이화학적 특성 1. 추청벼 파보일미의 도정 및 영양특성)

  • 양미옥;조은자
    • Korean journal of food and cookery science
    • /
    • v.11 no.1
    • /
    • pp.51-57
    • /
    • 1995
  • The effect of milling on the nutrients of raw and parboiled rice grain samples was investigated. Parboiling treatments of choo chung paddy decreased head rice yields and pressure parboiling proved to be more beneficial in reducing white belly rice. Except PP sample mean length/width ratio of parboiled milled rice kernels(8% milling degree) were more larger than raw milled rice and the extent depended on severity of parboil heat treatment. Parboiling had no effect on the protein content of browm rice(0% milling degree) but increased in 4%, 8% milling degree and in PL40 sample. Parboiled rice had a lower fat and the extent depended on degree of milling. Ash content of parboiled brown rice decreasd compared to raw brown rice and generally decreased according to milling degrees were high. Nevertheless, PP, PT40 and PL40 parboiled milled rice samples(0% milling degree) contained more ash than raw milled rice. Parboiling increased total sugar and reducing sugar and increased according to milling degrees were high. Parboiled rice had a high reducing sugar content than raw rice except for PT sample, and more contained as higher milling degree. Total amino acid content of parboiled brown rice increased compared to raw brown rice except for PL40 sample. Parboiled rice of 4% milling degree had a lower total amino acid content and then 8% milling degree had a higher than raw rice. Ca content of parboiled rice was lower than raw rice and tended to have lower as milling degree were high. Parboiled rice of 0 and 4% milling degree had a lower Fe content degree but higher in 8% milling degree. PP and PT40 samples contained more Fe than any other parboiled rice. Parboiled milled rice contained more thiamin than raw milled rice. Rice of milling degree 6% and PL sample contained most thiamin.

  • PDF

Physicochemical and Cooking Characteristics of Non-waxy Soft Brown Rice (연질현미의 이화학적 및 취반 특성)

  • Park, Jihye;Shin, Malshick
    • Korean journal of food and cookery science
    • /
    • v.32 no.5
    • /
    • pp.531-540
    • /
    • 2016
  • Purpose: To improve the cooking quality of brown rice, newly inbred soft rice cultivars were investigated. Methods: The physicochemical properties of brown rice flour and water absorption patterns and cooking characteristics of brown rice grain were compared to Ilmi white and brown rice. Results: General composition and total dietary fiber contents of five rices were significantly different with higher ash, protein, and total dietary fiber contents in soft brown rice than white rice. The hardness of raw rice grain was higher in Ilmi brown rice than in soft brown rice. The water absorption increased rapidly in 30 min of white rice and in 4-6 h of brown rices. The apparent amylose content of soft brown rice was lower than that of Ilmi rice. The initial pasting temperature and all viscosities were significantly different, but the trend was not similar. The textural properties of hardness and roughness were higher, but adhesiveness, cohesiveness, and stickiness were lower in Ilmi brown rice than white and soft brown rices. In sensory preference test, not only textural properties, hardness, adhesiveness, cohesiveness, stickiness, and roughness, but also color, glossiness, and roasted flavor were higher in soft brown rices. Especially soft brown rice B showed the best cooking quality among all rices. Conclusion: The results of the study suggested that soft brown rice is developed for cooking with high nutritional and functional quality.

The Effect of Medium-Cooked Rice on the Production of Korean Traditional Yakju (한국 전통 약주의 제조시 반숙미의 사용효과)

  • 소명환;유태종
    • The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition
    • /
    • v.6 no.3
    • /
    • pp.189-198
    • /
    • 1993
  • This study was carried out to investigate the effect of medium-cooked rice on brewing of yakju which was a traditional rice wine in Korea. The influences of cooking temperature of rice on hydrolysis of rice starch and rice protein were tested, and experimental brewings were done according to the traditional brewing method of Bangmunju in which some medium-cooked rice was used. The results obtained were as follows The hydrolysis of starch and protein in medium-cooked rice at 60~$65^{\circ}C$ was easier than that of full-cooked rice at 80~10$0^{\circ}C$. The amounts of saccharides, total amino acids and extracts In Yakju brewed with the combined use of medium-cooked rice and full-cooked rice were twice as much as those brewed with full-cooked rice only. The results of sensory test of Yakju brewed with the combined use of medium-cooked rice and full-cooked rice were better in taste, color and flavor than those brewed with full-cooked rice only. It was thought that our ancestor's traditional brewing method of Yakju in which medium cooked rice and full-cooked rice were used combinedly was excellent Judging from zymological point of views.

  • PDF

Changes in pasting properties and free fatty acids of different brown rice cultivar during storage

  • Choi, Induck;Kwak, Jieun;Yoon, Mi-Ra;Chun, Areum;Choi, Dong-Soo
    • Korean Journal of Food Preservation
    • /
    • v.24 no.4
    • /
    • pp.491-496
    • /
    • 2017
  • Paddy rice is typically stored during postharvest until rice grain is processed into brown rice and milled rice by hulling and milling procedure, respectively. Recently, instead of storing paddy rice, storage of brown rice has been in the spotlight because it is more convenient and economically feasible. Different brown rice cultivars with varying amylose contents including waxy rice, medium-waxy rice, and non-glutinous rice were stored in room temperature storage for four months, and the changes in grain qualities of brown rice were evaluated. Amylose content significantly affected pasting properties in which rice cultivar with higher amylose content showed longer pasting time and higher peak viscosity. Storage also affected pasting viscosities, showing an increase in peak viscosity, but a decrease in breakdown viscosity. The changes in pasting viscosity during storage could be an important starch property for aged brown rice utilization. Waxy brown rice showed the weakest aging property in terms of free fatty acids (FFA) accumulation, whereas non-glutinous rice was more substantial grain quality against aging. The FFA values of two months storage were not significantly different from the initial FFA contents, suggesting that brown rice stored in room temperature for two months could be feasible for direct consumption of brown rice.

Optimization of Cooked Brown Rice by Controlling the Ratio of Grain Cereal Blends to Improve Palatability (현미밥의 식미 향상을 위한 곡류 혼합비의 최적화)

  • Han, Gyusang;Chung, Hae-Jung;Yoon, Jihyun;Baek, Man-Kee
    • Journal of the East Asian Society of Dietary Life
    • /
    • v.22 no.6
    • /
    • pp.782-794
    • /
    • 2012
  • The objective of this study was to determine the optimal conditions for preparation of cooked brown rice by blending brown rice, white rice and glutinous rice to improve the palatability. Formulations composed of brown rice (10~100%), white rice (0~90%) and glutinous rice (0~90%) were generated from an extreme-vertices of mixture experimental design, which showed ten experimental points for brown rice, with white rice and glutinous rice as the independent variables. The sensory evaluation, color, and texture profile analysis (TPA) of cooked brown rice and pasting characteristics of blending cereals flour were measured as response variables. Regression analysis showed that all responsible variables fit linear, quadratic or special cubic models (p<0.1), except for the cohesiveness of TPA. The goals of optimization of the blending ratio of brown rice, white rice and glutinous rice were given as appearance, flavor, texture and overall acceptability (lower: 5.50, target: 6.62). The optimal conditions were determined to be 34.55% brown rice, 42.71% white rice and 22.74% glutinous rice.

Varietal Variations in Physicochemical Characteristics and Amylopectin Structure of Grain in Glutinous Rice

  • Choi, Hae-Chune;Hong, Ha-Cheol;Kim, Yeon-Gyu;Nahm, Baek-Hie
    • KOREAN JOURNAL OF CROP SCIENCE
    • /
    • v.44 no.3
    • /
    • pp.207-213
    • /
    • 1999
  • Thirty-eight glutinous rice varieties were classified into nine groups on the scatter diagram by the upper two principal components (56% contribution to the total information) based on eleven physicochemical characteristics including the viscograms and physical properties of cooked rice. The first principal component was the factor mainly associated with the viscogram characteristics of rice flour emulsion and the second was the factor chiefly related to the physical properties of cooked rice and water absorbability of rice grain. Indica glutinous rices were clearly distinguished from japonica ones by the first principal component score. Javanica glutinous rices were widely distributed on the intermediate zone between indica and japonica or on several japonica rice groups. Significant positive or negative correlations were found among water absorption rates of rice grain, physical properties of cooked rice, and viscogram characteristics of rice flour. Especially in japonica glutinous rices, the breakdown and setback viscosities of rice flour were closely associated with the alkali digestion value of milled rice and the stickiness of cooked rice. The frequency ratio of short glucose chains (A-chain) to intermediate glucose chains (B-chain), the ratio of B- chains to long glucose chains (C-chain) and the relative frequency of A- or B-chain fractions representing the amylopection structure of rice starch was closely associated with the breakdown and setback viscosities of rice flour.

  • PDF

Study on Cooking Properties of 'Bodeurami' Rice Cultivar (보드라미 쌀 품종의 취반특성에 관한 연구)

  • Jung, Hee Nam;Choi, Ok Ja
    • Korean journal of food and cookery science
    • /
    • v.33 no.2
    • /
    • pp.209-217
    • /
    • 2017
  • Purpose: The aim of this study was to compare the cooking properties of Bodeurami and Ilmi to promote consumption of rice. Methods: The properties of Bodeurami and Ilmi such as proximate composition, Hunter's color value, water absorption rate, and cooking properties as well as Hunter's color value, texture properties, and sensory evaluation of cooked rice were analyzed. Results: Crude protein, crude fat, and crude ash contents of Bodeurami and Ilmi were higher in brown rice than in white rice. Regardless of rice cultivars, L-value was lower, whereas a and b-values were higher in brown rice than in white rice. The water absorption rate of rice grains was higher in white rice than in brown rice and increased rapidly to 75 min for white rice and 4 hr for brown rice. Cooking properties, water absorption, and expansibility of white rice were higher than those of brown rice, and there were significant differences between Bodeurami and Ilmi. Immediately after cooking and after storage at warm ($70^{\circ}C$) and room temperatures ($25^{\circ}C$), hardness of cooked rice increased after storage, but was not significantly different between Bodeurami white rice and Ilmi brown rice. The sensory evaluation shows that Bodeurami brown rice scored the highest for taste, texture and overall preference. Conclusion: Thus, the results of this study shows that Bodeurami brown rice is characterized by high cooking quality without any mixed white rice, and Bodeurami white rice could be used for the rice processing industry as well as cooked rice.