• Title, Summary, Keyword: Rhodophyta

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Effect of Rhodophyta extracts on in vitro ruminal fermentation characteristics, methanogenesis and microbial populations

  • Lee, Shin Ja;Shin, Nyeon Hak;Jeong, Jin Suk;Kim, Eun Tae;Lee, Su Kyoung;Lee, Sung Sill
    • Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
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    • v.31 no.1
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    • pp.54-62
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    • 2018
  • Objective: Due to the threat of global warming, the livestock industry is increasingly interested in exploring how feed additives may reduce anthropogenic greenhouse gas emissions, especially from ruminants. This study investigated the effect of Rhodophyta supplemented bovine diets on in vitro rumen fermentation and rumen microbial diversity. Methods: Cannulated Holstein cows were used as rumen fluid donors. Rumen fluid:buffer (1:2; 15 mL) solution was incubated for up to 72 h in six treatments: a control (timothy hay only), along with substrates containing 5% extracts from five Rhodophyta species (Grateloupia lanceolata [Okamura] Kawaguchi, Hypnea japonica Tanaka, Pterocladia capillacea [Gmelin] Bornet, Chondria crassicaulis Harvey, or Gelidium amansii [Lam.] Lamouroux). Results: Compared with control, Rhodophyta extracts increased cumulative gas production after 24 and 72 h (p = 0.0297 and p = 0.0047). The extracts reduced methane emission at 12 and 24 h (p<0.05). In particular, real-time polymerase chain reaction analysis indicated that at 24 h, ciliate-associated methanogens, Ruminococcus albus and Ruminococcus flavefaciens decreased at 24 h (p = 0.0002, p<0.0001, and p<0.0001), while Fibrobacter succinogenes (F. succinogenes) increased (p = 0.0004). Additionally, Rhodophyta extracts improved acetate concentration at 12 and 24 h (p = 0.0766 and p = 0.0132), as well as acetate/propionate (A/P) ratio at 6 and 12 h (p = 0.0106 and p = 0.0278). Conclusion: Rhodophyta extracts are a viable additive that can improve ruminant growth performance (higher total gas production, lower A/P ratio) and methane abatement (less ciliateassociated methanogens, Ruminococcus albus and Ruminococcus flavefaciens and more F. succinogenes.

Taxonomic Notes on Acrosorium Dabellatum and A. venulosum (Delesseriaceae, Rhodophyta) in Korea

  • Kim Young Sik;Choi Han Gil;Nam Ki Wan
    • Fisheries and aquatic sciences
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    • v.4 no.2
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    • pp.93-97
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    • 2001
  • Morphological features of the two Korean Acrosorium species, A. flabellatum Yamada and A. venulosum (Zanardini) Kylin (Delesseriaceae, Rhodophyta) are described based on specimens collected from several localities along the coasts of Korea. Acrosorium flabellatum is easily distinguished from other Acrosorium species in lacking rhizoids in branchlets for attachment to substratum. The flabellate branching is also characteristic for this species. By contrast, Acrosorium venulosum is distinct from others in having the unique hooked branchlets. Taxonomic features found in the Korean Acrosorium species are compared, and a key to the species is provided based on this and previous data.

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Structure Analysis of Intertidal Algal Communities in Muchangpo and Maryangri, Western Coast of Korea (서해안 무창포와 마염리의 조간대 해조 군집구조의 분석)

  • 유종수
    • Journal of Plant Biology
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    • v.33 no.4
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    • pp.225-236
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    • 1990
  • Intertidal algal communities of Muchangpo and Maryangri in western coast of Korea were investigated qualitatively and quantitatively. Seasonal assessments of species composition, biomass, dominant species in biomass and vertical distributional pattern were conducted from July 1986 to April 1988. Ninety-nine species of marine algae (13 Cyanophyta, 12 Chlorophyta, 24 Phaeophyta and 50 Rhodophyta) were observed, of which 90 (13 Cyanophyta, 11 Chlorophyta, 23 Phaeophyta and 43 Rhodophyta) were from Muchangpo and 83 (10 Cyanophyta, 11 Chlorophyta, 21 Phaeophyta and 41 Rhodophyta) were from Maryangri, respectively. Ordination by detrended correspondence analysis based on the floristic data from nine localities indicated that, on the whole, marine algal distribution in western coast of Korea might be divided into two regions, i.e. the north and the south, being separated at the Taean Peninsula, the mid-western coast. Seasonal fluctuations of mean biomass were 44.55-201.19g-dry wt/$m^2$ at Muchangpo and 19.59-134.76g-dry wt/$m^2$ at Maryangri. Important species determined by the specific proportion of biomass were Sargassum thunbergii, Pelvetia siliquosa and Corallina pilulifera at Muchangpo, and Sargassum thunbergii and Corallina pilulifera at Maryangri.

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Goniotrichopsis reniformis (Kajimura) Kikuchi comb. nov. (Stylonematales, Rhodophyta) from Japan

  • Kikuchi, Norio;West, John A.;Kajimura, Mitsuo;Shin, Jong-Ahm
    • ALGAE
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    • v.21 no.2
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    • pp.185-191
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    • 2006
  • The morphology and life history of Stylonema reniforme Kajimura (Stylonematales, Rhodophyta) from Japan were investigated and its taxonomic placement was discussed. This species has 6-30 discoid chloroplasts devoid of a pyrenoid in each cell. This is a typical feature of the genus Goniotrichopsis. The species reproduced only by monospores, which were formed by the direct transformation of the vegetative cells similar to the type species Goniotrichopsis sublittoralis Smith. Goniotrichopsis reniformis (Kajimura) Kikuchi comb. nov. was proposed. The asexual life history of the present species was completed in 3-10 weeks at $15-20^{\circ}C$ in culture.

New Records of Marine Rhodophyta from the Pacific Coast of Mexico

  • Aguilar-Rosas, Raul;Aguilar-Rosas , Luis E.;Mateo-Cid, Luz Elena;Mendoza-Gonzalez, Catalina
    • ALGAE
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    • v.22 no.3
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    • pp.153-157
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    • 2007
  • Two species of marine red algae, Jania ungulata (Yendo) Yendo f. brevior (Yendo) Yendo and Peyssonnelia japonica (Segawa) Yoneshigue (Rhodophyta) were collected for the first time from Mexican Pacific coast. Their vegetative and reproductive structures are described, as well as the habitat where they were found and their geographical distribution along the Pacific coasts of Mexico. Jania ungulata f. brevior is a commonly growing epiphytic and Peyssonnelia japonica is epiphyte. The fact that we found this new records in Mexican coast is noteworthy, due that this species are originally described in Japanese coast. The absence of records of this species in the Mexican coast is likely related in part to the lack of specific collections and the fact that the specimens are small and delicate, and may commonly be unnoticed during samplings.

Notes on Amphiroa (Rhodophyta) from Cheju Island (제주산 홍조 게발속(Amphiroa) 식물에 대한 주해)

  • 최도성
    • Journal of Plant Biology
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    • v.32 no.4
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    • pp.363-373
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    • 1989
  • Morphotaxonomic accounts are given to four species of Amphiroa, Rhodophyta from Cheju Island ; A. valonioides Yendo, A. itonoi Srimanobhas et Masaki, A. rigida Lamouroux, and A. misakiensis Yendo. A. valomioides has one-tiered genicula of unequal length and its semiendophytic in other Amphiroan species, whereas A. rigida has two-tiered genicula of equal length and is semi-endophytic in non-articulated coralline alga. A misakiensis has five to thirteen-tiered genicula of unequal length and forms tufts on rocks where the branches are often recumbent. A. rigida is introduced for the first time to Korean flora.

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