• Title, Summary, Keyword: Real Time Intensity COlor mapping

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A New Approach of Intensity Predictio in Copper Electroplating Monitoring Using Hybrid HSMM and ANN

  • Wang, Li;Hwan, Ahn-Jong;Lee, Ho-Jae;Hong, Sang-Jeen
    • Proceedings of the Korean Vacuum Society Conference
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    • pp.137-137
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    • 2010
  • Copper electroplating is a very popular and important technology for depositing high-quality conductor interconnections, especially in through silicon via (TSV). As this advanced packaging technique developing, a mass of copper and chemical solution are used, so attention to these chemical materials into the utilization and costs can not be ignored. An economical and practical real-time chemical solution monitoring has not been achieved yet. Either Red-green-blue (RGB) or optical emission spectroscopy (OES) color sensor can successfully monitor the color condition of solution during the process. The reaction rate, uniformity and quality can map onto the color changing. Hidden Semi Markov model (HSMM) can establish mapping from the color change to upper indicators, and artificial neural network (ANN) can be integrated to comprehensively determine its targets, whether the solution inside the container can continue to use.

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Color Image Segmentation and Textile Texture Mapping of 2D Virtual Wearing System (2D 가상 착의 시스템의 컬러 영상 분할 및 직물 텍스쳐 매핑)

  • Lee, Eun-Hwan;Kwak, No-Yoon
    • Journal of KIISE:Computer Systems and Theory
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    • v.35 no.5
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    • pp.213-222
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    • 2008
  • This paper is related to color image segmentation and textile texture mapping for the 2D virtual wearing system. The proposed system is characterized as virtually wearing a new textile pattern selected by user to the clothing shape section, based on its intensity difference map, segmented from a 2D clothes model image using color image segmentation technique. Regardless of color or intensity of model clothes, the proposed system is possible to virtually change the textile pattern or color with holding the illumination and shading properties of the selected clothing shape section, and also to quickly and easily simulate, compare, and select multiple textile pattern combinations for individual styles or entire outfits. The proposed system can provide higher practicality and easy-to-use interface, as it makes real-time processing possible in various digital environment, and creates comparatively natural and realistic virtual wearing styles, and also makes semi-automatic processing possible to reduce the manual works to a minimum. According to the proposed system, it can motivate the creative activity of the designers with simulation results on the effect of textile pattern design on the appearance of clothes without manufacturing physical clothes and, as it can help the purchasers for decision-making with them, promote B2B or B2C e-commerce.

Object VR-based Virtual Textile Wearing System Using Textile Texture Mapping (직물 텍스쳐 매핑을 이용한 객체 VR 기반 가상 직물 착용 시스템)

  • Kwak, No-Yoon
    • Journal of Digital Convergence
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    • v.10 no.8
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    • pp.239-247
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    • 2012
  • This paper is related to an Object VR-based virtual textile wearing system carrying out textile texture mapping based on viewpoint vector estimation and intensity difference map. The proposed system is characterized as capable of virtually wearing a new textile pattern selected by the user to the clothing shape section segmented from multi-view 2D images of clothes model for Object VR(Object Virtual Reality), and three-dimensionally viewing its virtual wearing appearance at multi-view points of the object. Regardless of color or intensity of model clothes, the proposed system is possible to virtually change the textile pattern with holding the properties of the selected clothing shape section, and also to quickly and easily simulate, compare, and select multiple textile pattern combinations for individual styles or entire outfits. The proposed system can provide higher practicality and easy-to-use interface, as it makes real-time processing possible in various digital environment, and creates comparatively natural and realistic virtual wearing styles, and also makes semi-automatic processing possible to reduce the manual works.

Earthquake Monitoring : Future Strategy (지진관측 : 미래 발전 전략)

  • Chi, Heon-Cheol;Park, Jung-Ho;Kim, Geun-Young;Shin, Jin-Soo;Shin, In-Cheul;Lim, In-Seub;Jeong, Byung-Sun;Sheen, Dong-Hoon
    • Geophysics and Geophysical Exploration
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    • v.13 no.3
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    • pp.268-276
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    • 2010
  • Earthquake Hazard Mitigation Law was activated into force on March 2009. By the law, the obligation to monitor the effect of earthquake on the facilities was extended to many organizations such as gas company and local governments. Based on the estimation of National Emergency Management Agency (NEMA), the number of free-surface acceleration stations would be expanded to more than 400. The advent of internet protocol and the more simplified operation have allowed the quick and easy installation of seismic stations. In addition, the dynamic range of seismic instruments has been continuously improved enough to evaluate damage intensity and to alert alarm directly for earthquake hazard mitigation. For direct visualization of damage intensity and area, Real Time Intensity COlor Mapping (RTICOM) is explained in detail. RTICOM would be used to retrieve the essential information for damage evaluation, Peak Ground Acceleration (PGA). Destructive earthquake damage is usually due to surface waves which just follow S wave. The peak amplitude of surface wave would be pre-estimated from the amplitude and frequency content of first arrival P wave. Earthquake Early Warning (EEW) system is conventionally defined to estimate local magnitude from P wave. The status of EEW is reviewed and the application of EEW to Odesan earthquake is exampled with ShakeMap in order to make clear its appearance. In the sense of rapidity, the earthquake announcement of Korea Meteorological Agency (KMA) might be dramatically improved by the adaption of EEW. In order to realize hazard mitigation, EEW should be applied to the local crucial facilities such as nuclear power plants and fragile semi-conduct plant. The distributed EEW is introduced with the application example of Uljin earthquake. Not only Nation-wide but also locally distributed EEW applications, all relevant information is needed to be shared in real time. The plan of extension of Korea Integrated Seismic System (KISS) is briefly explained in order to future cooperation of data sharing and utilization.

Object VR-based 2.5D Virtual Textile Wearing System : Viewpoint Vector Estimation and Textile Texture Mapping (오브젝트 VR 기반 2.5D 가상 직물 착의 시스템 : 시점 벡터 추정 및 직물 텍스쳐 매핑)

  • Lee, Eun-Hwan;Kwak, No-Yoon
    • 한국HCI학회:학술대회논문집
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    • pp.19-26
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    • 2008
  • This paper is related to a new technology allowing a user to have a 360 degree viewpoint of the virtual wearing object, and to an object VR(Virtual Reality)-based 2D virtual textile wearing system using viewpoint vector estimation and textile texture mapping. The proposed system is characterized as capable of virtually wearing a new textile pattern selected by the user to the clothing shape section segmented from multiview 2D images of clothes model for object VR, and three-dimensionally viewing its virtual wearing appearance at a 360 degree viewpoint of the object. Regardless of color or intensity of model clothes, the proposed system is possible to virtually change the textile pattern with holding the illumination and shading properties of the selected clothing shape section, and also to quickly and easily simulate, compare, and select multiple textile pattern combinations for individual styles or entire outfits. The proposed system can provide higher practicality and easy-to-use interface, as it makes real-time processing possible in various digital environment, and creates comparatively natural and realistic virtual wearing styles, and also makes semi -automatic processing possible to reduce the manual works to a minimum. According to the proposed system, it can motivate the creative activity of the designers with simulation results on the effect of textile pattern design on the appearance of clothes without manufacturing physical clothes and, as it can help the purchasers for decision-making with them, promote B2B or B2C e-commerce.

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