• Title, Summary, Keyword: Railway

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Research on Safety-related Communication of Railway Automatic Block Between Railway Stations System

  • Yun, Pei-Yan;Guo, Jin
    • International Journal of Railway
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    • v.2 no.3
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    • pp.127-130
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    • 2009
  • The system improves the safety and efficiency of railway transport, combining the advanced axle-counter with single-track semiautomatic block. Using computer, to accomplish relay-based semiautomatic block logic operation and axle-counter to check section status, it will further increase the performance of railway transport. Safety-related communication is one of the important topics in railway signal system. By referring to relevant safety-related communication standards, to research on safety-related communication of Micro-computer automatic block between Railway Stations System, the thesis introduces the basic requirements, concept model, codes, and the process, etc.

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Risk Management Qualitatively on Railway Signal System

  • Zhang, Ya-Dong;Guo, Jin
    • International Journal of Railway
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    • v.2 no.3
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    • pp.113-117
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    • 2009
  • Risk management is an important part of system assurance and it is widely used in safety-related system. Railway signal system is one kind of safety-related system and its most important goal is to guarantee the safety of railway system. The method based on risk management can find and solve the security issues of railway signal system more effectively. This paper introduces the basic conception of risk management, studies the whole process of risk management and related tools and techniques and discusses some key points qualitatively combining with the particularity of railway signal system.

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A Study on Criteria for investment Priority of Railway Project (철도건설 투자우선순위에 관한 연구)

  • Park, Il-Ha;Park, Yong-Gul;Kim, Si-Gon
    • Proceedings of the KSR Conference
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    • pp.112-116
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    • 2008
  • Determining the investment priority of the railway project is essential to keep its object of railway investment. [National railway construction plan] provide 4 major evaluation indicators and their weighting range in determining the investment priority of railway construction. Which are investment efficiency, inter-regional balance of development, network effects, government supporting policy. However this present criteria has inconsistency in determining economical feasibility of the railway transportation when applying the same evaluation indicator, investment efficiency, with the road transportation. The railway transportation is superior to road transportation in terms of transportation capacity and distance, while offering less carbon emissions. In spite of the prominent position of the railway transportation, it can be failed to obtain its proper investment priority when being determined under economical feasibility based. Therefore, this study analyzed the inconsistency under present evaluation criteria and proposed new evaluation method for the investment priority of the railway construction using AHP(analytic hierarchy process), while differentiate from the road construction. This method is optimized for only determining the priority of the railway construction itself under object of railway investment respectively.

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Design Positioning of the Korea Railway (한국철도차량의 디자인 포시셔닝)

  • Lee, Hee-Yup;Kim, Chang-Hyun
    • Proceedings of the KSR Conference
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    • pp.1268-1275
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    • 2007
  • The Korea railway design trends has been developed by the change of the society and culture through the consideration of the history of railway. The railway design trends is as the vehicles in the external form of railways, instantly means to plan and create the value added something like the form of the exterior design. The railway design has been changing form instinctive methods to settle the mass transport of the early days, to sensitive methods to pursue the railway culture centering around human being. As dividing by the style's change of railway in image scale aspects between 1800's and 2005 according to the life environment into the external nation, there are big differences so that is to study the development history of the railway design accordingly each nation (Korea, United Kingdom, Germany, France, Japan) and the style's change, to confirm into the design applied in society and culture needs, and to analyze by a year in changes of the environment and the railway design history. This paper analyzed railway introduced as railway models by top 4 nation (United Kingdom, Germany, France, Japan) and Korea in the past years(1800-2005) for their Korea railway design trends by image scale positioning.

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Analysis of Railway Design Trends by Image Scale (이미지 스케일에 의한 철도차량 디자인 트렌드 분석)

  • Lee, Hee-Yup;Hong, Suk-Ki;Kim, Chang-Hyun;Na, Hee-Seung
    • Proceedings of the KSR Conference
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    • pp.1115-1122
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    • 2006
  • The railway design trends has been developed by the change of the society and culture through the consideration of the history of railway. The railway design trends is as the vehicles in the external form of railways, instantly means to plan and create the value added something like the form of the exterior design. The railway design has been changing form instinctive methods to settle the mass transport of the early days, to sensitive methods to pursue the railway culture centering around human being. As dividing by the style's change of railway in image scale aspects between 1800's and 2005 according to the life environment into the external nation, there are big differences so that is to study the development history of the railway design accordingly each nation (United Kingdom, Germany, France, Japan) and the style's change, to confirm into the design applied in society and culture needs, and to analyze by a year in changes of the environment and the railway design history. This paper analyzed railway introduced as railway models by top 4 nation (United Kingdom, Germany, France, Japan) in the past years(1800-2005) for their railway design trends by image scale positioning.

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Foster Plan for the Railway Engineers by Activation of Railway Engineering Education System (철도공학 교육의 활성화를 통한 철도기술인력 육성 방안)

  • Park, Eun-Soo;Koo, Ja-Kyung;Jun, Young-Joon;Lee, Tai-Sik
    • Journal of the Korean Society for Railway
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    • v.12 no.1
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    • pp.1-8
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    • 2009
  • To develop railway industry's competitive, it is necessary to develop the high-quality manpower who will contribute to the public service and the railway business. To achieve this goal, it is required to create the new university curriculum focused on the railway engineering. In near future, it must be required to secure the high-quality railway engineers for. improving and developing its technologies. The purpose of this research is that improving competitive in the railway industry by developing new curriculum for the railway engineers.

A Comparative Study of the Korean, Japanese and Manchurian Railway Policy during the Japan Colonial Period (한국, 일본, 만주의 철도현황 비교연구 -1920년대 중반 일제강점기를 중심으로-)

  • Lee, Yongsang;Chung, Byunghyun
    • Journal of the Korean Society for Railway
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    • v.18 no.2
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    • pp.157-165
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    • 2015
  • At the end of the 19th and in the early 20th centuries, Japan, Korea, and Manchuria, and areas throughout East Asia, suffered a number of cycles of growth and development, for which the railway was a very important development tool and was closely associated with national policy. East Asian affairs, especially at the time, seemed very important to the continent, and their influence on the advance of this remarkable era was especially prominent in Japan. In the midst of this period, the national railway may have evolved under national policy and railway policy and under a variety of organizations and persons of influence. In this paper, we have tried to find the similarities and differences among the three countries that built the East Asia Railway; we consider the characteristics of the East Asia Railway from the perspectives of these three countries. Comparing the characteristics of the three country's railways, first, Japan had the motives of continental expansion and modernization in its pursuit of the railway; in Korea, the railway played the role of a continental rail link; and in Manchuria there was a tendency to pursue direct domination of the railway. Second, the Japanese applied their railway model to Korea; the Korean railway may have been in operation, but it was an extension of the railway of Japan. The railway in Manchuria showed a similar pattern to that which can be found in the state of Asian domination of Europe ; Japan showed aspects of dominance over the railway because it had experience running a private railway.

A Comparative Study of the Korean and Manchurian Railway Systems during the Japan Colonial Period (일제강점기의 한국철도와 만주철도의 비교연구)

  • Lee, Yongsang;Chung, Byunghyun
    • Journal of the Korean Society for Railway
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    • v.16 no.2
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    • pp.151-162
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    • 2013
  • This paper presents a comparison of Korean and Manchurian railway system during the Japanese colonial era of Korea. While both railways share the common characteristics of an imperial railway, they revealed several differences. Firstly, the Manchurian railway was likely a private company, although it was operated half privately and half by the government. The Manchurian railway operated like the East Indian Company in India during the English colonial era. On the other hand, the Korean railway was fully operated by the government at a ministry level. While the Korean railway solely concentrated on the railway, the Manchurian railway was involved in regional development and the coal-mining industry as well. Secondly, in contrast to the Korean railway, the Manchurian railway was more lucrative, and was relatively more predominant regarding carriage of freights. Thirdly, railway officers in Korea were elected government bureaucrats, while Manchurian railway officers came from diverse political parties and social strata. After the annexation by the Kwantung Army, the Manchurian railway was mainly influenced by the military. The common characteristic here was that both railways were utilized for military purposes as imperial railways. In partilcular, the Manchurian railway executed military orders directly. Hereafter, through a comparative study between the Japanese and Taiwanese railways, a clear and accurate understanding of the characteristics of the Korean railway during the Japanese era will be revealed.

Research on the Intention to Adopt a Railway as an International Transportation Mode in Korea: A Focus on Transcontinental Railways (KTAR) (국제 운송수단으로서의 철도 선택에 관한 연구 - 대륙횡단철도 선택 의도를 중심으로 -)

  • Choi, Kyoung-Suk;Song, Chae-Hun
    • Journal of the Korean Society for Railway
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    • v.15 no.2
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    • pp.205-215
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    • 2012
  • The purpose of this research is to identify the factors affecting the intention to adopt a transcontinental railway in Korea. We develop an empirically testable model that demonstrates the effects of factors including cost, service, and efficiency of railway transportation, on modal shift intention to railway, attitude of a Railway, and intention to adopt a Transcontinental Railway (KTAR) as a railway transportation mode in the end. A survey method enables us to analyze the model with a structural equation modeling. The empirical analysis reveals that two most influential factors-the modal shift to railway transportation and the attitude of a Railway-play roles in determining intention to adopt the Transcontinental Railway (KTAR). Of the factors of transportation mode, transportation cost has a greater impact than transportation service and transportation efficiency on the intention to adopt a Transcontinental Railway (KTAR).

A Study on Modern City Development of Shenyang in terms of Formation and Development of Railway Network(1895~1945) (철도의 형성과 발전을 중심으로 본 심양의 근대도시 발전과정에 관한 연구(1898~1945))

  • Lho, Kyung-Min
    • Journal of architectural history
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    • v.25 no.2
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    • pp.7-19
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    • 2016
  • Shenyang was one of the representative transportation hub of Northeast China during the modern period. The formation and development of the railway network gave great influence on Shenyang's city development. In order to understand the relationship between railway and city development, first, we classified Shenyang's city development period by the railway network's formation and expansion process. Then, we analyzed the relationship between railway and city space by five categories. The results of this study are as follows. First, before railway was constructed, Shenyang was a castle city, which also was the economic center of Northeast China. This was the main reason Shenyang was chosen as a railway zone. During the modern period, the castle structure became an obstacle to city transportation and environment, therefore, it was disposed. During the period of railways' expansion, South Manchuria, Jingfeng and Shenhai railway line was constructed in Shenyang. Since each line had different operation organizations, city sites along the railways were planned separately. However, these operation organizations had one common purpose, which was to use railway as an accelerator for economic development. During the period of railway's military usage, railway was reorganized as military supply transport for the Japanese, which also was used as a tool for the expansion of colonialism. Second, after Shenyang's city space was reconstructed along the railway, it created a close connection with city structure, city facilities, landscape and city transportation system. Hence, the railway system played a key role in modern city planning.