• Title, Summary, Keyword: RCP

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Forecasting of Sea-Level Rise using a Semi-Empirical Method (반경험식법을 이용한 미래 해수면 상승 예측)

  • Kim, Tae-Yun;Cho, Kwang-Woo
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Marine Environment & Safety
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    • v.19 no.1
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    • pp.1-8
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    • 2013
  • In this paper, we predicted sea-level rise for RCP 4scenarios(RCP 2.6, RCP 4.5, RCP 6.0, RCP 8.5). To calculate sea-level rise, a semi-empirical method was used and it needs atmospheric temperature rise for each scenario. According to the results, the sea-level has been rising steadily in all scenarios. By 2050 the maximum difference of sea-level rise between the scenarios was within 0.08 m, but its difference was showed more than 0.5 m in 2100. The values of sea-level rise for RCP 2.6, RCP 4.5, RCP 6.0, RCP 8.5 scenarios are 0.87 m, 1.21 m, 1.02 m, 1.36 m, respectively. In the case of RCP 8.5, the slope of atmospheric temperature rise since 2060 was very steep compared to the other scenarios so that the maximum difference of sea-level rise between the scenarios will be much larger after 2100. Estimated by a simple approximation, the maximum difference of sea-level rise can be more than 1.2 m in 2120.

A Study on Infra-Technology of RCP Interaction System

  • Kim, Seung-Woo;Choe, Jae-Il
    • 제어로봇시스템학회:학술대회논문집
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    • pp.1121-1125
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    • 2004
  • The RT(Robot Technology) has been developed as the next generation of a future technology. According to the 2002 technical report from Mitsubishi R&D center, IT(Information Technology) and RT(Robotic Technology) fusion system will grow five times larger than the current IT market at the year 2015. Moreover, a recent IEEE report predicts that most people will have a robot in the next ten years. RCP(Robotic Cellular Phone), CP(Cellular Phone) having personal robot services, will be an intermediate hi-tech personal machine between one CP a person and one robot a person generations. RCP infra consists of $RCP^{Mobility}$, $RCP^{Interaction}$, $RCP^{Integration}$ technologies. For $RCP^{Mobility}$, human-friendly motion automation and personal service with walking and arming ability are developed. $RCP^{Interaction}$ ability is achieved by modeling an emotion-generating engine and $RCP^{Integration}$ that recognizes environmental and self conditions is developed. By joining intelligent algorithms and CP communication network with the three base modules, a RCP system is constructed. Especially, the RCP interaction system is really focused in this paper. The $RCP^{interaction}$(Robotic Cellular Phone for Interaction) is to be developed as an emotional model CP as shown in figure 1. $RCP^{interaction}$ refers to the sensitivity expression and the link technology of communication of the CP. It is interface technology between human and CP through various emotional models. The interactive emotion functions are designed through differing patterns of vibrator beat frequencies and a feeling system created by a smell injection switching control. As the music influences a person, one can feel a variety of emotion from the vibrator's beats, by converting musical chord frequencies into vibrator beat frequencies. So, this paper presents the definition, the basic theory and experiment results of the RCP interaction system. We confirm a good performance of the RCP interaction system through the experiment results.

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A Study on the Implementation of RFID-Based Autonomous Navigation System for Robotic Cellular Phone (RCP) (RFID를 이용한 RCP 자율 네비게이션 시스템 구현을 위한 연구)

  • Choe Jae-Il;Choi Jung-Wook;Oh Dong-Ik;Kim Seung-Woo
    • Journal of Institute of Control, Robotics and Systems
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    • v.12 no.5
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    • pp.480-488
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    • 2006
  • Industrial and economical importance of CP(Cellular Phone) is growing rapidly. Combined with IT technology, CP is one of the most attractive technologies of today. However, unless we find a new breakthrough in the technology, its growth may slow down soon. RT(Robot Technology) is considered one of the most promising next generation technologies. Unlike the industrial robot of the past, today's robots require advanced features, such as soft computing, human-friendly interface, interaction technique, speech recognition object recognition, among many others. In this paper, we present a new technological concept named RCP (Robotic Cellular Phone) which integrates RT and CP in the vision of opening a combined advancement of CP, IT, and RT, RCP consists of 3 sub-modules. They are $RCP^{Mobility}$(RCP Mobility System), $RCP^{Interaction}$, and $RCP^{Integration}$. The main focus of this paper is on $RCP^{Mobility}$ which combines an autonomous navigation system of the RT mobility with CP. Through $RCP^{Mobility}$, we are able to provide CP with robotic functions such as auto-charging and real-world robotic entertainment. Ultimately, CP may become a robotic pet to the human beings. $RCP^{Mobility}$ consists of various controllers. Two of the main controllers are trajectory controller and self-localization controller. While the former is responsible for the wheel-based navigation of RCP, the latter provides localization information of the moving RCP With the coordinates acquired from RFID-based self-localization controller, trajectory controller refines RCP's movement to achieve better navigation. In this paper, a prototype of $RCP^{Mobility}$ is presented. We describe overall structure of the system and provide experimental results on the RCP navigation.

A Study on Infra-Technology of RCP Mobility System

  • Kim, Seung-Woo;Choe, Jae-Il;Im, Chan-Young
    • 제어로봇시스템학회:학술대회논문집
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    • pp.1435-1439
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    • 2004
  • Most recently, CP(Cellular Phone) has been one of the most important technologies in the IT(Information Tech-nology) field, and it is situated in a position of great importance industrially and economically. To produce the best CP in the world, a new technological concept and its advanced implementation technique is required, due to the extreme level of competition in the world market. The RT(Robot Technology) has been developed as the next generation of a future technology. Current robots require advanced technology, such as soft computing, human-friendly interface, interaction technique, speech recognition, object recognition etc. unlike the industrial robots of the past. Therefore, this paper explains conceptual research for development of the RCP(Robotic Cellular Phone), a new technological concept, in which a synergy effect is generated by the merging of IT & RT. RCP infra consists of $RCP^{Mobility}$ $RCP^{Interaction}$, $RCP^{Integration}$ technologies. For $RCP^{Mobility}$, human-friendly motion automation and personal service with walking and arming ability are developed. $RCP^{Interaction}$ ability is achieved by modeling an emotion-generating engine and $RCP^{Integration}$ that recognizes environmental and self conditions is developed. By joining intelligent algorithms and CP communication network with the three base modules, a RCP system is constructed. Especially, the RCP mobility system is focused in this paper. $RCP^{Mobility}$ is to apply a mobility technology, which is popular robot technology, to CP and combine human-friendly motion and navigation function to CP. It develops a new technological application system of auto-charging and real-world entertainment function etc. This technology can make a CP companion pet robot. It is an automation of human-friendly motions such as opening and closing of CPs, rotation of antenna, manipulation and wheel-walking. It's target is the implementation of wheel and manipulator functions that can give service to humans with human-friendly motion. So, this paper presents the definition, the basic theory and experiment results of the RCP mobility system. We confirm a good performance of the RCP mobility system through the experiment results.

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A Study on the Implementation of RFID-based Autonomous Navigation System for Robotic Cellular Phone(RCP)

  • Choe, Jae-Il;Choi, Jung-Wook;Oh, Dong-Ik;Kim, Seung-Woo
    • 제어로봇시스템학회:학술대회논문집
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    • pp.457-462
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    • 2005
  • Industrial and economical importance of CP(Cellular Phone) is growing rapidly. Combined with IT technology, CP is currently one of the most attractive technologies for all. However, unless we find a breakthrough to the technology, its growth may slow down soon. RT(Robot Technology) is considered one of the most promising next generation technology. Unlike the industrial robot of the past, today's robots require advanced technologies, such as soft computing, human-friendly interface, interaction technique, speech recognition, object recognition, and many others. In this study, we present a new technological concept named RCP(Robotic Cellular Phone), which combines RT & CP, in the vision of opening a new direction to the advance of CP, IT, and RT all together. RCP consists of 3 sub-modules. They are $RCP^{Mobility}$, $RCP^{Interaction}$, and $RCP^{Interaction}$. $RCP^{Mobility}$ is the main focus of this paper. It is an autonomous navigation system that combines RT mobility with CP. Through $RCP^{Mobility}$, we should be able to provide CP with robotic functionalities such as auto-charging and real-world robotic entertainments. Eventually, CP may become a robotic pet to the human being. $RCP^{Mobility}$ consists of various controllers. Two of the main controllers are trajectory controller and self-localization controller. While Trajectory Controller is responsible for the wheel-based navigation of RCP, Self-Localization Controller provides localization information of the moving RCP. With the coordinate information acquired from RFID-based self-localization controller, Trajectory Controller refines RCP's movement to achieve better RCP navigations. In this paper, a prototype system we developed for $RCP^{Mobility}$ is presented. We describe overall structure of the system and provide experimental results of the RCP navigation.

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Small Break LOCA Analysis for RCP Trip Strategy for YGN 3&4 Emergency Procedure Guidelines (영광3, 4호기 비상운전지침용 원자로냉각재펌프 정지전략을 위한 소형냉각재상실사고 분석)

  • Seo, Jong-Tae;Bae, Kyoo-Hwan
    • Nuclear Engineering and Technology
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    • v.27 no.2
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    • pp.203-215
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    • 1995
  • A continued operation of RCPs during a certain small break LOCA may increase unnecessary inventory loss from the RCS causing a severe core uncovery which might lead to a fuel failure. After TMI-2 accident, the CEOG developed RCP trip strategy called “Trip-Two/Leave-Two” (T2/L2) in response to NRC requests and incorporated it in the generic EPG for CE plants. The T2/L2 RCP trip strategy consists of tripping the first two RCPs on low RCS pressure and then tripping the remaining two RCPs if a LOCA has occurred. This analysis determines the RCP trip setpoint and demonstrates the safe operational aspects of RCP trip strategy during a small break LOCA for YGN 3&4. The trip setpoint of the first too RCPs for YGN 3&4 is calculated to be 1775 psia in pressurizer pressure based on the limiting small break LOCA with 0.15 ft$^2$ break size in the hot leg. The analysis results show that YGN 3&4 can maintain the core coolability even if the operator fails to trip the second too RCPs or trips at worst time. Also, the YGN 3&4 RCP trip strategy demonstrates that both the 10 CFR 50.46 requirements on PCT and the ANSI standards 58.8 requirements on operator action time can be satisfied with enough margin. Therefore, it is concluded that the T2/L2 RCP trip strategy with a trip setpoint of 1775 psia for YGN 3&4 can provide improved operator guidance for the RCP operation during accidents.

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Introduction of Vibration Evaluation for APR 1400 Reactor Coolant Pump Shaft (APR 1400급 원자로냉각재펌프의 회전체 진동평가에 관한 고찰)

  • Kim, Ik Joong;Lim, Do Hyun;Kim, Min Chul;Bang, Sang Youn
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society for Noise and Vibration Engineering Conference
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    • pp.110-115
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    • 2014
  • The nuclear power plant was launched by Kori unit 1 in 1978 years. Currently, 23 nuclear power plants have been operating in Korea since 1978 years. The localization was completed for most of the reactor facility from Hanbit(Youngkwang) unit 3&4. However, RCP(Reactor Coolant Pump) and MMIS(Man Machine Interface System) is an important technology that has been excluded from the scope of the technical transfer has been dependent on a specific overseas vendor. Recent success in RCP development through co-operation with government and industries. Developed RCP will be applied to Shin-Hanul unit 1&2 nuclear power plants. The RCP operates in high speed and high pressure condition and only rotating component in the NSSS(Nuclear Steam Supply System). Therefore, the problem of vibration has arisen caused by the hydraulic forces of the working fluid. These forces can influence on the stability characteristics for entire RCS(Reactor Coolant System) loop, and can act as significant destabilizing forces. In this study, vibration evaluation of the pump shaft of development RCP estimated under normal operation and over speed conditions. In order to predict the vibration characteristics and dynamic behavior, modal analysis, critical speed analysis and unbalance response spectrum analysis were performed.

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Analysis of dam inflow and sediment changes in the andongdam watershed according to the RCP scenario (RCP 시나리오에 따른 안동댐 유역의 댐유입량 및 유사량 변화 분석)

  • Do, Yeonsu;Kim, Gwangseob
    • Proceedings of the Korea Water Resources Association Conference
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    • pp.187-187
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    • 2018
  • 최근 우리나라에서는 기후변화에 따른 이상기후로 인하여 홍수와 가뭄 등 자연 재해의 빈도가 증가하는 등 사회, 경제, 환경 등 다양한 분야에 영향을 받고 있다. 또한 우리나라는 기후변화와 더불어 강우의 계절적 특징상 강우량의 편중현상이 발생하므로 물 관리의 어려움이 크다. 이러한 상황에서 수자원의 미래 변화에 관한 연구는 필수적이며, 본 연구에서는 안동댐 유역을 대상 유역으로 하여 댐유입량과 유사량의 RCP 시나리오에 따른 변화 분석을 실시하였다. 댐유입량은 수자원의 이용에 있어서 직접적인 연관이 있는 중요한 요소이며, 유사량 또한 수자원의 효용가치를 증가시키기 위해 제어해야할 중요한 요소이다. 경상북도 안동시에 위치한 다목적댐인 안동댐은 유역면적이 $1,584km^2$이고, 총 저수용량은 $1,248\;10^6m^3$으로 용수공급 및 발전, 관광지 등으로 이용되고 있다. 안동댐 유역의 RCP 시나리오에 따른 변화 분석을 실시하기 위해, 분포형 수문모형인 SWAT(Soil and Water Assessment Tool) 모형을 이용하였다. RCP 시나리오를 적용하기 전, ASOS 관측자료를 이용하여 2010-2017 기간을 모의하고 2010년을 모형의 안정화 기간으로 두고, 2011-2017년에 대해 검보정을 실시한 후, RCP 시나리오에 따른 모의를 실시하였다. RCP 시나리오는 기후변화센터에서 제공하는 RCP 4.5와 RCP 8.5 시나리오를 이용하였으며, 2010-2099 기간에 관하여 SWAT 모형을 모의하고, 2010년을 모형의 안정화 기간, 2011-2040 기간을 2025s, 2041-2070 기간을 2055s, 2071-2099 기간을 2085s로 두어 결과를 ASOS 관측자료를 이용한 결과와 비교 분석하였다.

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Validation of the Revised Class Play Scale for the Assessment of the Quality of Peer Relations (또래관계의 질 평가를 위한 RCP(Revised Class Play)의 타당화 연구)

  • Chun, Hui Young
    • Korean Journal of Child Studies
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    • v.20 no.2
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    • pp.3-19
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    • 1999
  • The Revised Classroom Play(RCP) scale was validated for Korean 4th grade students. 104 boys and 80 girls took the translated RCP. Test-retest reliability was established with 41 children after 2 months, and test of criterion-related validation was established by the Social Behavior Scale administered to 71 children. All raw scores were standardized by classroom and sex to adjust for differences in the number of nominators and nominatees. The structure of the RCP resulted in 3 factors, 'sociability-disruptive' and 'shy-isolated', with 28 items similar to the original RCP 3 factors. For criterion-related validity, the correlations between the 3 factors of the RCP and the 3 factors of the Social Behavior Scale were positive. For internal consistencies, Cronbach's ${\alpha}$ of the RCP factors ranged from .77 to .94. Test-retest reliability coefficients ranged from .33 to .51. Analyses of variance revealed good item discrepancies for all 28 items. These results confirm the RCP as a valid and reliable measure of the quality of peer relations.

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P300 speller using a new stimulus presentation paradigm (새로운 자극제시방법을 사용한 P300 문자입력기)

  • Eom, Jin-Sup;Yang, Hye-Ryeon;Park, Mi-Sook;Sohn, Jin-Hun
    • Science of Emotion and Sensibility
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    • v.16 no.1
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    • pp.107-116
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    • 2013
  • In the implementation of a P300 speller, rows and columns paradigm (RCP) is most commonly used. However, the RCP remains subject to adjacency-distraction error and double-flash problems. This study suggests a novel P300 speller stimuli presentation-the sub-block paradigm (SBP) that is likely to solve the problems effectively. Fifteen subjects participated in this experiment where both SBP and RCP were used to implement the P300 speller. Electroencephalography (EEG) activity was recorded from Fz, Cz, Pz, Oz, P3, P4, PO7, and PO8. Each paradigm consisted of a training phase to train a classifier and a testing phase to evaluate the speller. Eighteen characters were used for the target stimuli in the training phase. Additionally, 5 subjects were required to spell 50 characters and the rest of the subjects were to spell 25 characters in the testing phase. Classification accuracy results show that average accuracy was significantly higher in SBP as of 83.73% than that of RCP as of 66.40%. Grand mean event-related potentials (ERPs) at Pz show that positive peak amplitude for the target stimuli was greater in SBP compared to that of RCP. It was found that subjects tended to attend more to the characters in SBP. According to the participants' ratings on how comfortable they were with using each type of paradigm on 7-point Likert scale, most subjects responded 'very difficult' in RCP while responding 'medium' and 'easy' in SBP. The result showed that SBP was felt more comfortable than RCP by the subjects. In sum, the SBP was more correct in P300 speller performance as well as more convenient for users than the RCP. The actual limitations in the study were discussed in the last part of this paper.

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