• Title, Summary, Keyword: Q-methodology

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Public Attitudes toward Mental Illness: Q-Methodological Approach (정신질환에 대한 일반인의 태도: Q방법론 적용)

  • Kim, Ji Hyun;Kim, Boon Han
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Psychiatric and Mental Health Nursing
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    • v.26 no.1
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    • pp.24-35
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    • 2017
  • Purpose: This study was done to identify public attitudes toward mental illness, and to use Q methodology to build understanding of the differences among these attitude types. Methods: Q Methodology was used to examine the public's attitude on mental illness. Thirty participants classified 33 selected Q-statements on a seven-point scale to create a normal distribution. The collected data were analyzed by using the PC QUANL program. Results: Four types of attitudes toward mental illness were identified. Type I was named 'Pursuing positive attention and patience regarding serious human rights'; type II, 'Demanding the abolishing of prejudice through various media', type III, 'Emphasizing social responsibility at a distance from mental illness', and type IV, 'Focusing on reversible treatment of the disease'. Conclusion: In this study, the general public has presented a nursing intervention strategy that can provide support that allows for a positive recognition of mental disorders in accordance with the characteristics of each type.

The Types of Smoking Cessation Among Adult Smokers: Q Methodological Approach (성인 금연자의 금연유형에 관한 연구 - Q 방법론적 접근 -)

  • Shin, Sung-Rae;Chang, Sung-Ok;Kim, Sang-Suk
    • Korean Journal of Adult Nursing
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    • v.16 no.1
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    • pp.60-71
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    • 2004
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study was to analyze the subjectivity of smoking cessation methods of smokers. Method: The Q. methodology which provides a method of analyzing the individual's subjectivity was used. The 34 subjects classified 38 selected Q-statements into a 9 point scale to make a normal distribution. The collected data was analyzed using a QUANL PC program. Result: Three types of smoking cessation among smokers were identified. Type I, Family Centered; Type II, Suppressing Temptation; Type III, Self Overcoming. Conclusion: This study results revealed that different approaches of support programs are needed to address the three types of smoking cessation and their characteristics.

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Attitudes of Elderly Koreans toward Suicide - a Q-Methodological Approach - (한국 노인의 자살에 대한 태도 - Q 방법론적 접근 -)

  • Jo, Kae-Hwa;Lee, Hyun-Ji
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing
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    • v.36 no.6
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    • pp.905-916
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    • 2006
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study was to analyze the types of suicide attitudes among the Korean elderly. Method: The Q-methodology which provides a method of analyzing the subjectivity of each item was used. Thirty-four selected Q-statements from 38 subjects were classified into a shape of normal distributionusing a 9 point scale. The collected data was analyzed using a QUANL PC program. Result: Three types of suicide attitudes for research subjects in Korean elderly were identified. Type I is understanding suicide-self conquest and labor type, Type II is opposing suicide-family band foundation type, and Type III is sympathizing with suicide-painful situation escaping type. Conclusion: The results of the study indicate that different approaches of suicide prevention programs are recommended based on the three types of suicide attitudes among Korean elderly.

A Q-methodology Study on Subjective Attitudes toward Dementia in Nursing Students (간호대학생의 치매에 대한 주관적 태도: Q 방법론적 연구)

  • Ha, Eun Ho
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Community Health Nursing
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    • v.31 no.1
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    • pp.107-118
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    • 2020
  • Purpose: Nursing students are key personnel to take care of people with dementia in the nursing field in future. The purpose of this study was to identify subjective attitudes toward dementia in nursing students. Methods: Q methodology, which is a research method to study people's subjective points of views, was used. Thirty seven Q-statements (Q-sample) were derived from the Q population (Concourse) and were arranged in rank order by each of 42 participants into a normal distribution grid (from -4 to +4). A QUANL program was used to analyze the collected data. Results: Three types of attitudes toward dementia were identified: 'self-guided dementia management', 'national-guided dementia management' and 'facility-guided dementia management.' Conclusion: The results of this study suggest that nursing strategies to improve understanding of dementia and actively cope with dementia should be considered.

A Study used Q-methodology on the Subjective Cognition-Patterns of School Aged Children with Borderline Intelligence Function to the School (학령기 경계선 지능 아동의 학교에 대한 주관적 인식 유형 연구: Q방법론 적용)

  • Lee, Keum Jin
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.17 no.2
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    • pp.384-393
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    • 2017
  • The purpose of this study was to find out the subjective cognition-patterns of school aged children with borderline intelligence function to the School using Q Methodology. Q-sample was included 21 statements obtained from literatures and in-depth interviews with 4 specialist & 4 children with borderline intelligence function. P-sample was consisted through the consent of 18 children with borderline intelligence function and their parents. The 21 selected Q-statements were classified into a normal distribution using a 5 point scale. The collected data analyzed using a Quanl PC program. This study found out two subjective cognition-patterns of school aged children with borderline intelligence function to the school. Two types were 'participatory & dependent type', and 'onlooking & atrophic type'. This research finding can be used to make clear understanding on diverse voices of school aged children with borderline intelligence function to the School. And this result will attribute to mediations of educational welfare practice for maintaining a safe & healthy learning environment.

Coping Styles toward Hospital Violence in Clinical Nurses: An Application of Q Methodology (임상간호사의 병원 폭력 대처 유형: Q-방법론적 접근)

  • Ha, Eunho;Cho, Jinyoung
    • Korean Journal of Adult Nursing
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    • v.25 no.3
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    • pp.263-274
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    • 2013
  • Purpose: Clinical nurses are at high risk of incurring hospital violence during their working life. Hospital violence and its outcomes have an impact on the job satisfaction, the recruitment and retention of nurses as well as the quality of care delivered to patients. The purpose of this study was to identify coping styles toward hospital violence in clinical nurses using Q-methodology. Methods: Q-methodology, which analyzes the subjectivity of each type of attitude, and coping styles was used. The 40 selected Q-statements from each of 35 participants were classified into the shape of a normal distribution using a 9-point scale. The collected data were analyzed using the pc-QUANAL program. Results: The results revealed four discrete groups of clinical nurses toward hospital violence: take strong action and promote the recurrence prevention, appear psychosomatic symptoms, investigate the cause and focus on prevention, and request hospital assistance and keep up my duty. Conclusion: The findings indicate that development of nursing intervention program based on the four types could beneficially contribute to the violence prevention in hospital.

Attitudes of Police Science Students toward Police Image: Q-Methodological Approach (경찰행정학과 학생들의 경찰 이미지에 대한 주관적 태도 유형: Q 방법론의 적용)

  • Jung, Se-Jong;Kim, Bong-Chul;Kim, Yu-Mi
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.14 no.9
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    • pp.639-650
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    • 2014
  • The purpose of this study is to identify attitudes of police science students toward police image by Q-Methodology. Q-Methodology provides a method of identifying the subjectivity of each item. A survey was carried out among 40 police science students to classify the 40 selected Q-statements into a normal distribution using a 11 point scale. The collected data was analyzed by QUANL program and principal component analysis was used to identify the types of police image. As a result of this study, the police image was classified into 3 types. Type 1 can be categorized by 'fantastic image', Type 2 can be classified by 'stressful image', and Type 3 can be categorized by 'charismatic image'. These results will be used to develop a programs for improving police science students' education and will be a basis for reforming police image.

Perception Types of Nursing Students to Clinical Education: Q Methodological Approach (간호대학생의 임상실습에 대한 인식유형 : Q방법론적 접근)

  • Kim, Myung-Ae;Kim, Hyo-Eun;Nam, Sung-Hee
    • Korean Journal of Adult Nursing
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    • v.13 no.2
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    • pp.327-339
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    • 2001
  • The purpose of this study is to explore perception types and to understand the nature of experience of nursing students' clinical education by using the Q methodology. A Q sample was developed through a review of the literature and descriptions about nursing students' experience in clinical practice. Thirty-six statements made up the finalized Q sample. The P sample consisted of 33 third grade nursing students in K university. Q statements were written on separate cards and were given to the 33 subjects to sort according to degree of agreement or disagreement. The Q-sorts by each subject were coded and analysed with the Quanl PC program. A a result, three major perception types, namely, 'alienation of ideal and reality', 'active participation', and 'perception of limitation of ability' were identified. By identifying the nature of the three types, this study suggests efficient strategies for developing clinical educational programs according to the perception types of nursing students. Clinical education would thereby be more valuable.

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Fear Factors in Children with Emotional and Behavioral Problems : A Q-Methodological Approach (정서·행동 문제아가 지각하는 두려움의 유형분석 : Q 방법론적 접근)

  • Koo, Mee-Hyang
    • Korean Journal of Child Studies
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    • v.26 no.1
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    • pp.75-90
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    • 2005
  • The structure of fears was identified and measured by Q methodology. Subjects were 40 school-aged children with emotional and behavioral problems. Subjectivity of children's fears was classified into 3 types by the QUANL program. Three types occupied 52% of all variance and correlations ranged between .31 and.52. The first type is "imaginative-sensitive perception" where children are fearful about unreal and imaginative objects related to death. The second type is "rational-empirical perception" where children are concerned about the impact of fearful objects and authoritative figures based on their own personal experience. The last type is "realistic-egocentric perception" where children are fearful of possible violence, crime, and disease.

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An analysis of Kindergarten Teachers' Perceptions of Children's Creativity Employing Q-methodological Approach (창의성에 대한 유치원 교사의 인식 유형 분석 : Q-방법론적 접근)

  • Park, Sun Mi;Yoo, Soo Kyung
    • Korean Journal of Child Studies
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    • v.29 no.4
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    • pp.231-248
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    • 2008
  • This research used Q-Methodology to investigate kindergarten teachers' perception style regarding children's creativity. The 30 participants had various teaching experiences and educational backgrounds and were teaching in a variety of types of kindergartens in the cities of Busan and Ulsan. Individual teacher's subjective perspective was the main target for the analysis. Results showed four types of teachers' perceptions of creativity : 1) perceiving creativity as children's creative thinking ability, 2) focusing on creative curriculum development 3) perceiving creativity as children's creative personality, and 4) focusing on either teacher's thorough understanding of children's creativity or teachers' creativity. These results indicate that teachers tend to perceive creativity in narrow and specific domains. These findings are discussed with respect to their educational implications.

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