• Title/Summary/Keyword: Proton diffusion coefficient

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Electrochemical Behavior of a Nickel Hydroxide Particle for Ni-MH Battery by Microelectrode (마이크로전극에 의한 니켈수소전지용 수산화니켈 입자의 전기화학적 거동)

  • Kim, Ho-Sung;Oh, Ik-Hyun;Lee, Jong-Ho
    • Journal of the Korean Electrochemical Society
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    • v.10 no.2
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    • pp.145-149
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    • 2007
  • Electrochemical studies were performed for a single particle of nickel hydroxide for the cathode of Ni-MH batteries. A carbon fiber microelectrode was manipulated to make electrical contact with an alloy particle, and electrochemical experiments were performed. As a result of cyclic voltammetry, the oxidation/reduction and oxygen evolution reaction (OER) are clearly separated for a single particle. The total cathodic charge (Qred) is practically constant for the scan rate investigated, indicating that the whole particle has reacted. The total anodic charge(Qox) was larger than that of reduction reaction, and the magnitude of oxygen evolution taking place as a side reaction was enhanced at lower scan rates. As a result of galvanostatic charge and discharge measurement, the discharge capacity of single particle was found to be 250 mAh/g, value being very close to the theoretical capacity (289 mAh/g). The apparent proton diffusion coefficient(Dapp) using potential step method inside the nickel hydroxide was found to range within $3{\sim}4{\times}10^{-9}\;cm^2/s$.