• Title/Summary/Keyword: Programs

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Community Health Education (지역사회 보건교육)

  • Lee, Ju-Yul;Park, Chun-Man;Suh, Mee-Kyung;Choi, Eun-Jin
    • Korean Journal of Health Education and Promotion
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    • v.24 no.4
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    • pp.241-249
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    • 2007
  • Health education aims at behavior change rather than just delivering health knowledge to people. In Korea health education activities in public sector began in 1960 and they were included in the primary prevention program in communities. This article reviewed current health education programs in healthy living practice programs provided by local public health centers in Korea and drew implications for the future role of health education in community setting. Health education has been a core function of the National Health Promotion programs in the nation since the enactment of the National Health Promotion Law in 1995. The National Health Promotion programs are funded by the National Health Promotion Fund which are drawn from tobacco tax. The National Health Promotion programs include healthy living practice programs (smoking prevention and cessation programs, moderate alcohol use programs, physical activity promotion programs, and nutrition programs), chronic disease prevention programs, oral health programs and public hygiene programs. Methods of the National Health Promotion programs include health education, health counseling, health class, health information management, survey and research. Smoking prevention and cessation programs include smoking cessation clinic, smoking cessation education, non-smoking environment program, and non-smoking campaign. Moderate alcohol use programs include alcohol use education, moderate alcohol use campaign, alcohol use counseling, and alcohol free environment programs. Physical activity promotion programs include obesity control, targeted exercise program, and exercise civic group programs. Nutrition programs include nutrition management, obesity management, nutrition education, breakfast eating program, and nutrition counseling and treatment programs. The health education programs in community are not efficient today because there are many overlapping contents and short term goals. Community health education programs needs to be more comprehensive. Workforce development is another big issue at the moment because the National credential program will begin in 2009. Variety of community health education programs should be developed and funded by the national health promotion fund.

Comparison between division of health science and dental hygiene in Korea (국내 의료보건계열 신설동향과 치위생(학)과 추이에 관한 연구)

  • Yang, Song-Yi;Kim, Sook-Hyang;Oh, Sang-Hwan
    • Journal of Korean society of Dental Hygiene
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    • v.12 no.2
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    • pp.419-430
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    • 2012
  • Objectives : This review suggests prospect of educational institutions through research on the establishment trend of Korean dental hygiene programs by comparison with health science programs, analysis based on location and year. Methods : For the research, 78 dental hygiene programs, 11 dental colleges, 144 nursing programs, 41 medicine programs, 38 radiology programs, 49 optometry programs, 39 biomedical laboratory science programs, 65 physical therapy programs, 48 occupational therapy programs were analyzed using SPSS 12.0v. The result is as follows. Results : Establishment trend of dentistry-related programs and dental hygiene programs is twice as high as nursing programs and medicine-related programs. Number of 3-years dental hygiene programs is twice as high as 4-years dental hygiene programs. Entrance quota of 3-years dental hygiene programs is four time higher than 4-years programs. On regional basis, number of dental hygiene programs is the highest in Gyeonggi-do by 9 while it is the lowest in Incheon-si and Jeju-do by 1. Number of students in dental hygiene programs is the highest in Gyeonggi-do by 2,514. Establishment of dental hygiene programs showed the biggest increasing trend in Gyeonggi-do and Jeju-do from 1995 to 1999; and in Gangwon-do, Chungcheongbuk-do, Chungcheongnam-do, Gyeongsangbuk-do, Gyeongsangnam-do, Jeollabuk-do, Jeollanam-do from 2005 to 2010. Conclusions : Assurance of legal rights in the workplace and improvement of educational environment should take prudence over establishment of dental hygiene programs in order to develop professionalism among students in dental hygiene.

A Study on the Research Trends and Tasks in the Development of the Education Programs for the Elderly (노년기 교육프로그램 개발의 현황과 과제)

  • Song, Hyun-Ae
    • Journal of Families and Better Life
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    • v.29 no.5
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    • pp.51-73
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    • 2011
  • Korean society with low fertility rate and high aging rate crisis has been tried very hard to find out alternatives to solve these social problems. These efforts resulted in increasing the development of education programs for the elderly. The education for the elderly have been development in various different academic fields. Therefore, this is the time to establish database for education programs which developed so far. The purpose of this study is to examine research trend in the field of education programs for the elderly in Korea. For this purpose, 62 education programs for the elderly which developed so far were analyzed. The results of this study were as followed. The topics of education programs for the elderly were divided into the following : a marriage enrichment programs for the elderly married couples, leisure programs, death education programs, health education programs, economic education programs, education programs for grandparents raising their grandchildren, etc. Based on the results of this analysis, the tasks of future research about education programs for the elderly were presented.

Factors Affecting Awareness and Usage of Government Export Marketing Assistance Programs and Their Relationships (정부 해외 마케팅 지원 프로그램의 인지도 및 이용도에 영향을 미치는 요인 및 관계 분석)

  • Lee, Chol;Kim, Sang-Yong
    • Journal of the Korean Operations Research and Management Science Society
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    • v.34 no.4
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    • pp.27-42
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    • 2009
  • The research aims to identify factors affecting the use of government export marketing assistance programs and future improvements of the programs. 500 Korean exporting firms were used as a sample and research hypotheses were tested by the structural equation modeling using AMOS 7.0. The empirical findings are as follows. First, exporting firms' awareness of export marketing assistance programs showed a positive impact on their use of the programs. Second, small exporters showed higher awareness and use of the programs than large ones. Third, the firms with low export intensity showed higher awareness and use of the programs than those with high export intensity. Fourth, exporters having high orientations for overseas market showed higher awareness and use of the programs than those with low international orientations. Fifth, exporters having high proportion of direct exports showed higher awareness and use of the programs than those with low proportion of direct exports. Also, the effects of these firm-specific characteristics on the use of the programs were found to be done indirectly, in other words, through the awareness of the programs. Therefore, it was concluded that export marketing assistance program would be differentiated and specialized to fit in with exporters' different exporting stages and needs. Also, in order to increase the use of the programs, exporters' awareness and knowledge of the programs have to be increased in advance.

A Study on the Menu Planning Program by Food Exchange Group (식품교환군을 이용한 식단 작성 프로그램 개발에 대한 연구)

  • kang, Hyeon-Ju;Kim, Kyung-Ja;Kim, Il
    • Journal of Nutrition and Health
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    • v.31 no.7
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    • pp.1192-1205
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    • 1998
  • The purpose of this study was to develop a software system for computerized menu planning program by food exchange group. In this research, Powerbuilder 5.0 was used. This study provides food service manegers with more effective manegement system and scientific menu. Software programs developed in this study were summerized as follows : 1) Programs for outputing standard amounts of the exchange food groups fir calories. 2) Programs for inputing the cooking type code, the food code and the food amount of the menu. 3) Programs for outputing distribution of the exchange food groups of the computerized menu. 4) Programs f0r calculating the price of each food and menu. 5) Programs for calculating the nutrient contents of each food and menu. 6) Programs for calculating fatty acids of dietary intake. 7) Programs for calculating PUFA : MUFA : SEA ratio and $\omega$$_{6}$ : $\omega$$_{3}$ ratio and evaluating the status of dietary intake. 8) Programs for inputing the purchasing amount of food. 9) Programs for outputing the menu table. 10) Programs for inputing and modifing the cooking types in the cooking types file. 11) Programs for inputing and modifing the prices in the food prices file.e.

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A Meta-analysis of the Effects of Smoking Prevention Programs in Korea (흡연예방프로그램 효과에 대한 메타분석)

  • Park Eun-Ok
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing
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    • v.34 no.6
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    • pp.1004-1013
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    • 2004
  • Purpose: The purpose of this paper was to describe the characteristics of smoking prevention programs in Korea, to estimate overall effect size of Korean smoking prevention programs, and to investigate effect size variations by program modality and instruction method. Method: Meta-analysis was performed on2l programs in 20 studies. Result: The estimation of overall effect size for knowledge and attitude was not possible because effect sizes were not homogeneous in this meta-analysis. However, effect sizes of studies that were socially influential programs or active/interactive methods were larger than information-oriented programs or passive/non-interactive methods in the pictures. The effects for behavioral outcomes were generally not as positive and not statistically significant. Q statistics showed that variations among effect sizes within program modality and instruction method classifications were heterogeneous. Conclusion: The results from this meta-analysis support the continued use of socially influential programs and active/interactive methods for smoking prevention programs. Because behavioral effect might be the fundamental objective of smoking prevention programs, the present results indicate that smoking prevention programs should consider adopting more effective programs.

Development of the Integrated Educational Programs for the Female Marital Immigrant Families (여성결혼이민자가족의 지원을 위한 통합적 교육프로그램 개발에 관한 연구)

  • Hong, Sung-Hee;Kim, Sung-Sook
    • Korean Family Resource Management Association
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    • v.13 no.1
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    • pp.119-146
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    • 2009
  • The purpose of this study was to find the integrated educational programs for the female marital immigrant families in Korea. For this purpose, 21 immigrated female informants and 33 visiting teachers who provide teaching services to female informants were focus-group interviewed. The Major findings were as follows: Through the content analysis of informant's responses, both married female immigrants and visiting teachers expressed the needs of Korean language programs interpreted by immigrants' native speakers as well as programs to support their children. Married female immigrants expressed the needs for her husbands joining educational programs not much, on the other hand visiting teachers insisted to join their husbands as well as other family members to diverse family-related programs. Married female immigrants wanted programs to support their working skills, however visiting teachers emphasized their responsibilities and active attitudes before they get a job. Married female immigrants were not conscious any counselling programs to cope with husband's violence or maladjusted children, on the other hand visiting teachers insisted counselling programs to help female immigrants. Above all the programs, most of female marital immigrants wanted Korean language programs interpreted by their native speakers and programs to support their working skills, on the other hand visiting teachers emphasized the importance of family-related programs and counselling programs.

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Korean Middle School Teachers' Intentions to Participate in Adolescents' Smoking Prevention Programs (중학교 교사의 흡연예방교육 실천의도와 영향요인: 계획된 행위이론의 활용)

  • Choi, Mi-Young;Lee, Myoung-Soon
    • Korean Journal of Health Education and Promotion
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    • v.22 no.4
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    • pp.107-122
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    • 2005
  • Objectives: To prevent smoking among adolescents, we should facilitate school-based smoking prevention programs and provide supports for teachers to participate actively in these programs. This study investigated Korean middle teachers' intentions, perceptions, and attitudes toward participating in smoking prevention programs. Methods: The study design was cross-sectional. Our conceptual framework utilized the Theory of Planned Behavior by Fishbein and Ajzen. We conducted open-ended elicitation interviews with teachers. We developed the survey questionnaire contents with data from these interviews, and distributed the questionnaires in 2002 to 194 school teachers from four schools in Seoul and Kyounggi-Do. Teachers' beliefs(behavioral, normative & control) and intentions about participating in smoking prevention programs were measured by 7-point scales. Results: The majority of teachers surveyed reported participating in adolescents' smoking prevention programs, while only less than 10% teachers reported having educational training for such programs. Teachers' attitudes toward participating in smoking prevention programs were positive, but they did not feel strong subjective norms about participating in the programs. They reported several barriers as well as facilitating conditions in participating in those programs. In correlation analysis, teachers' subjective norms and attitudes toward participating in smoking prevention were significantly correlated with their intentions to participating in those programs. Teachers with positive perceptions about smoking prevention programs were more likely to have strong intentions to participation in them, while teachers who received educational training and instructions on how to teach in smoking prevention programs were more likely to have positive perceptions than those who did not. Conclusion: We concluded that smoking prevention programs for adolescents can be made more effective by increasing societal expectations that teachers participate in these programs, and by providing additional resources dedicated to facilitating teachers' active participation in them.

Development of Environmental Experience Programs Using Local Environmental Resources (지역 환경 자원을 활용한 환경체험 프로그램의 개발)

  • Lee, Sang-Gyun
    • Journal of Environmental Science International
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    • v.20 no.3
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    • pp.351-360
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    • 2011
  • The purpose of this study is to find out effects of environmental expression programs using environmental resources of the areas in which students live so that it verified the effects by developing environmental expression programs using local environmental resources and then teaching the programs to local students. The findings are as follows. First, environmental experience programs using local environmental resources help elementary school students Environmental Literacy. Second, the programs have a positive effect on changes in the students' Pro-environmental Attitude.

Video Usage in Early Childhood Programs (유아교육기관에서의 비디오 매체 활용)

  • 문혁준
    • Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association
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    • v.38 no.11
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    • pp.151-164
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    • 2000
  • This study was carried out to analyze video usage in early childhood programs. Two-hundred-ninety-four teachers in half-day and all-day early childhood programs responded to a questionnaire developed by a researcher. Descriptive analysis and chi-square tests were used to answer research questions. The findings were as follows: ① 78% of the programs had at least one video equipment and half of the programs had a video equipment in each classroom. ② Video usage in early childhood programs were differed by leacher’s age, career level, educational level, and type of early childhood programs as well as type of class management.

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