• Title, Summary, Keyword: Probiotics

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Effect of Dietary Probiotics Supplementation to Feed for Monogastric Animals (단위가축을 위한 생균제의 급여 효과)

  • Min, Byeong-Jun;Kim, In-Ho
    • Korean Journal of Organic Agriculture
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    • v.10 no.4
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    • pp.47-60
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    • 2002
  • 'Probiotics' as a live microbial feed supplementation which beneficially affects the host animal by improving its microbial balance and it is known to as a substitue for antibiotics in livestock feed industry. Lactic acid bacteria as a Lactobacillus sp. is formed acid and decrease pH in gastro-intestine that is result in suppress harmful microorganism. Lactobacillus sp. also produces vitamin and a variety amino acids. Yeast as a saccharomyces sp. secretes digestive enzymes, decreases ammonia emission and increases feed palatability by alcohol and glutamic acid. The effects of dietary probiotics in monogastric animals that improve weight gain and feed efficiency ratio and decrease diarrhea accurence frequency in pigs. Also, probiotics increase egg production ratio and beneficial microorganisms in laying hens. In broiler, they have more gain weight and lower blood cholesterol concentrations by probiotics. However, the other study reported probiotics supplementation in animal diets has no effect on ADG, G/F or performance. Thus, future study in these area will allow for more efficient use of the probiotics, selection of more superior microorganism and development of more efficient environment-friendly probiotics like a photosynthetic bacteria.

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The Role and Clinical Value of Probiotics (Probiotics의 역할과 임상적 가치)

  • Rheu, Kyoung-Hwan;Yoon, Seoung-Woo
    • Journal of Korean Traditional Oncology
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    • v.10 no.1
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    • pp.75-86
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    • 2005
  • Disease associated with microorganisms are far from resolved by current therapeutics. One of effective approach to health maintenance and disease control is the use of dietary bacterial and carbohydrate supplements. This comprises use of probiotics and prebiotics. Probiotics mean the live microorganisms, which when administered in adequate amounts confer a health benefit on the host. Prebiotics mean a nondigestible food ingredient that beneficially affects the host by selectively stimulating the growth and/or activity of one or a limited number of bacteria that can Improve the host health. Especially, probiotics has the relation which is close with innate immunity and adaptive immunity. And probiotics has the clinical value with many disease like lactose intolerance, constipation, acute gastroenteritis, food hypersensitivity and allergy, atopic dermatitis, crohn's disease, rheumatoid arthritis, pelvic radiotherapy, intestinal inflammation and chemical exposure, colon cancer, inhibitory effect of Helicobacter pylori and lowering the level of cholesterol. We use jointly korean medicine and probiotics and it has the more therapeutic effect in the many disease.

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Role of Probiotics in Human Gut Microbiome-Associated Diseases

  • Kim, Seon-Kyun;Guevarra, Robin B.;Kim, You-Tae;Kwon, Joongi;Kim, Hyeri;Cho, Jae Hyoung;Kim, Hyeun Bum;Lee, Ju-Hoon
    • Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology
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    • v.29 no.9
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    • pp.1335-1340
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    • 2019
  • Probiotics, including bacteria and yeast, are live microorganisms that have demonstrated beneficial effects on human health. Recently, probiotic bacteria are constantly being studied and their applications are also being considered in promising adjuvant treatments for various intestinal diseases. Clinical trials and in vivo experiments have extended our current understanding of the important roles that probiotics play in human gut microbiomeassociated diseases. It has been documented through many clinical trials that probiotics could shape the intestinal microbiota leading to potential control of multiple bowel diseases and promotion of overall wellness. In this review, we focused on the relationship between probiotics and the human gut microbiota and its roles in gut microbiome-associated diseases. Here, we also discuss future directions and research areas that need further elucidation in order to better understand the roles of probiotics in the treatment of intestinal diseases.

Use of Probiotics in Dairy Industry to Improve Productivity and as an Alternative to Antibiotics (낙농산업에서 항생제 사용의 문제점과 프로바이오틱스의 활용을 통한 생산성 향상)

  • Seo, Yeongeun;Yoo, Yoonjeong;Yoon, Yohan
    • Journal of Dairy Science and Biotechnology
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    • v.39 no.2
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    • pp.63-67
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    • 2021
  • Antibiotics are widely used to improve productivity in the dairy industry. However, the inappropriate use of antibiotics causes the deterioration in the quality of dairy products undergoing fermentation and maturation. Hence, probiotic use is emerging as an alternative to curb the increased utilization of antibiotics. Probiotics are defined as "living microorganisms that, when administered in appropriate amounts, confer health benefits on the host." They may improve host disease resistance by regulating intestinal microflora balance and promote animal growth and development. In the dairy industry, probiotics have been studied to increase milk production by improving digestion in dairy cows, enhance the content of dairy components such as milk fat and protein, reduce the risk of mastitis in cows, and increase calf weight. Thus, the use of probiotics can improve the production and safety of dairy products. However, some probiotics are still unstable during storage and have low quality and safety issues. Therefore, to reduce the use of antibiotics in the dairy industry, probiotics should be developed and produced considering the above-mentioned problems.

Effects of Dietary Supplementation of Complex Probiotics and Enzyme on Improvement of Farm Environment and Performance of Finishing Pigs (복합생균효소제 급여가 돈사 환경개선과 비육돈 생산성에 미치는 영향)

  • Kim D.H.;Kim H.R.
    • Journal of Animal Environmental Science
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    • v.12 no.2
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    • pp.67-74
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    • 2006
  • This experiment was carried out to investigate the effect of dietary supplementation of complex probiotics and enzyme on air quality in finishing pig building and the performance of finishing pigs. A total 117 crossbred $[(Landrace{\times}Yorkshire){\times}Duroc]$ pigs were randomly arranged into nine groups and assigned to three treatments. Pigs were fed a basal diet supplemented with 0, 0.1% level of probiotics and 0.1% level of complex probiotics and enzyme until the market weight for 42 days of the experimental period. Ammonia and hydrogen sulfide concentrations in the finishing pig building were significantly (p<0.05) decreased by dietary supplementation of complex probiotics and enzyme compared with those of control, however, indoor carbon dioxide concentration was not affected by dietary supplementation of probiotics or complex probiotics and enzyme. Average daily feed intake and feed conversion ratio were significantly improved (p<0.05) with dietary supplementation of 0.1% complex probiotics and enzyme; however, average daily gain was not affected by dietary supplementation of probiotics or complex probiotics and enzyme. In conclusion, the results obtained from this experiment suggest that the dietary supplementation of complex probiotics and enzyme for finishing pigs may improve air quality in the finishing pig building and the performance.

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Effects of Dietary Complex Probiotics on Growth Performance Nutrient Digestibility and Blood Characteristics in Growing Pigs (육성돈에 있어 복합생균제 첨가가 생산성, 영양소 소화율, 혈액성상 및 분뇨내 악취물질 발생량에 미치는 효과)

  • Yoo, Jong-Sang;Chen, Ying-Jie;Kim, In-Ho
    • Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society
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    • v.8 no.5
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    • pp.1266-1272
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    • 2007
  • The current study was conducted to investigate the effects of dietary complex probiotics supplementation on growth performance, nutrient digestibility, blood characteristics and noxious gas emission of manure slurry in growing pigs. A total of forty eight pigs with an initial body weight of 20.12 kg were allotted to three dietary treatments (two pigs per pen with eight pens per treatment). Dietary treatment included: 1) CON (basal diet), 2) Pro1 (basal diet + 0.1% complex probiotics) and 3) Pro2 (basal diet + 0.2% complex probiotics). The experiment was lasted six weeks. Through the entire experimental period, ADG was increased with the increased complex probiotics supplementation level (linear effect, P<0.05). However, neither ADFI nor gain/feed was influenced by the dietary treatments. Complex probiotics supplementation increased DM digestibility (linear effect, P<0.05). Also, the N digestibility was improved, with the Pro1 treatment showed highest value (linear and quadratic effect, P<0.05). Supplementation of complex probiotics did not affect the WBC, RBC, lymphocyte and BUN concentrations in blood. The $NH_3-N$ emission from manure slurry was decreased with the increased level of complex probiotics supplementation (linear and quadratic effect, P<0.05). Similarly, $H_2S$ emission of manure slurry was also decreased significantly when complex probiotics was included in diet (linear effect, P<0.05). In conclusion, dietary supplementation of Complex probiotics can increase growth performance and decrease noxious gas emission of manure slurry in growing pigs.

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Effects of probiotics on growth and immune responses in olive flounder, Paralichthys olivaceus and on water quality parameters of recirculating rearing system

  • Yousuke Taoka;Jo, Jae-Yoon;Hiroto Maeda;Sungchul C. Bai;Lee, Won-Jae
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society of Fisheries Technology Conference
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    • pp.201-202
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    • 2003
  • Recently, probiotics is applied for aquaculture management as an alternative method of antibiotics. Probiotics is defined as a live microbial feed supplement which a good effect to the host animal by improving its microbial condition of gastrointestinal tract (Fuller, 1989). Generally, probiotics affect growth and survival of cultured fish, water quality, immune system and so on (Rengpipat et al, 2000, Robertson et al, 2000). (omitted)

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Analysis of Health-related Microbes by Capillary Electrophoresis

  • Moon, Byoung-Geoun;Kim, Yong-Seong
    • Bulletin of the Korean Chemical Society
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    • v.24 no.8
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    • pp.1203-1206
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    • 2003
  • Analysis of health-related microbes called probiotics was performed by capillary electrophoresis. A rapid and easy characterization for two important probiotics, Saccharomyces cerevisiae and Enterococcus feacalis, was obtained in the running buffer containing poly(ethylene oxide). Quantitation of probiotic (Saccharomyces cerevisiae) shows a good linearity between the peak area versus the concentration of microbe. From the comparison of electropherograms of antidiarrhea, it was found that capillary electrophoresis could be employed for the quality control and quality assurance for the production of a medicine containing the probiotics.

Effect of probiotics and xylo-oligosaccharide supplementation on nutrient digestibility, intestinal health and noxious gas emission in weanling pigs

  • Liu, JB;Cao, SC;Liu, J;Xie, YN;Zhang, HF
    • Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
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    • v.31 no.10
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    • pp.1660-1669
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    • 2018
  • Objective: This study was conducted to evaluate the effect of probiotics (Bacillus subtilis and Enterococcus faecium) and xylo-oligosaccharide (XOS) supplementation on growth performance, nutrient digestibility, serum profiles, intestinal health, fecal microbiota and noxious gas emission in weanling pigs. Methods: A total of 240 weanling pigs ([Yorkshire${\times}$Landrace]${\times}$Duroc) with an average body weight (BW) of $6.3{\pm}0.15kg$ were used in this 28-day trial. Pigs were randomly allocated in 1 of the following 4 dietary treatments in a $2{\times}2$ factorial arrangement with 2 levels of probiotics (0 and 500 mg/kg probiotics) and XOS (0 and 200 mg/kg XOS) based on the BW and sex. Results: Administration of probiotics or XOS improved average daily gain (p<0.05) during 0 to 14 d and the overall period, while pigs that were treated with XOS had a greater average daily gain and feed efficiency (p<0.05) compared with unsupplemented treatments throughout 15 to 28 d and the whole experiment. Either probiotics or XOS treatments increased the apparent total tract digestibility of nutrients (p<0.05) during 0 to 14 d. No effects on serum profiles were observed among treatments. The XOS increased villus height: crypt depth ratio in jejunum (p<0.05). The supplementation of probiotics (500 mg/kg) or XOS (200 mg/kg) alone improved the apparent total tract digestibility of dry matter, nitrogen and gross energy on d 14, the activity of trypsin and decreased fecal NH3 concentration (p<0.05). Administration of XOS decreased fecal Escherichia coli counts (p<0.05), while increased lactobacilli (p<0.05) on d 14. There was no interaction between dietary supplementation of probiotics and XOS. Conclusion: Inclusion of XOS at 200 mg/kg or probiotics (Bacillus subtilis and Enterococcus faecium) at 500 mg/kg in diets containing no antibiotics significantly improved the growth performance of weanling pigs. Once XOS is supplemented, further providing of probiotics is not needed since it exerts little additional effects.

Impact of Feeding Multiple Probiotics on Productivity, Intestinal Microflora and Fecal Noxious Gas Emission in Broiler Chicks (혼합생균제 급여가 육계의 생산성, 장내 미생물 및 계분 유해가스 발생에 미치는 영향)

  • 박재홍;류명선;김종설;김상호;이동호;리홍룡;류경선
    • Korean Journal of Poultry Science
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    • v.30 no.3
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    • pp.203-209
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    • 2003
  • This experiment was conducted to investigate the influence of dietary supplementation of two different types of multiple probiotics in broiler chicks. Four hundred one day old male broiler chicks(Ross ${\times}$ Ross) were raised in the floor pen with five treatments(0, A: 0.10, 0.20%, B: 0.10, 0.20% of probiotics), consisting of 5 replicates for 5 weeks. Weight gain, feed intake and feed conversion were measured weekly, Total Lactobacillus, yeast, E. coli, Salmonella were examined from ileum and cecum at the end of experiment. Sera protein, cholesterol and ND vaccine titer were measured and fecal COD, CO$_2$ and NH$_3$ were detected in 24 hours after collection. Weight gain of chickes fed both types of probiotics increased for the first three weeks and showed significantly higher for the rest two weeks. Feed intake tended to be high in probiotics treatments compared with contro(P<0.05)1. Feed conversion improved significantly in B types of 0.2% probiotics compared with control. Total number of Salmonella was not consistent in ileum among treatments, whereas E. coli tended to be decreased in both types of probiotics compared with control. NH$_3$ and CO$_2$ emission of feces were decreased in both types of probiotics, but it was not statistically different(p>0.05). COD of chicks fed both probiotics was lower than control. There were no significantly different breast meat(P>0.05). Total cholesterol decreased in probiotics groups regardless of it's type. ND antibody vaccine titer was prone to be a small increments.