• Title, Summary, Keyword: Proactive risk assessment

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Risk Assessment of the Ship′s Collision using Formal Safety Assessment Methodology (공식안전평가시스템에 의한 선박 충돌사고 위험성 평가에 관한 연구( I ))

  • 양원재;전승환;금종수
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Marine Environment & Safety
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    • v.7 no.3
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    • pp.61-74
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    • 2001
  • The prevention of marine accidents has been a major topic in marine society and various policies and countermeasures has been developed, applied to the industries. Formal Safety Assessment is a structured and systematic methodology, aimed at enhancing maritime safety, including protection of life, health, the marine environment and property, by using risk and cost-benefit assessments. In addition, it provides a means of being proactive, enabling potential hazards to be considered before a serious accident occurs. In this paper, we has been screening and ranking of hazards using fuzzy structural modeling method and quantitative risk assessment for the ship's collision in the last 10 years marine accidents.

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Nanotechnology and Occupational Health Addressing Potential Health Risks

  • Maynard Andrew
    • Proceedings of the Korea Environmental Mutagen Society Conference
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    • pp.21-26
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    • 2005
  • [ $\cdot$ ] Occupational safety and health is a key component of responsible nanotechnology $\cdot$ Nanotechnology challenges conventional approaches to addressing occupational safety and health risk $\cdot$ Nanomaterials and devices of concern include those capable of entering the body and causing harm as a result of their nanostructure $\cdot$ Proactive risk assessment and management requires extensive strategic research $\cdot$ Current knowledge provides a staring point for addressing risk

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Analysis of marine accident probability in Mokpo waterways

  • Kim, Kwang-Il;Park, Gye-Kark;Jeong, Jung-Sik
    • Journal of Navigation and Port Research
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    • v.35 no.9
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    • pp.729-733
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    • 2011
  • The maritime risk assessment is important not only to evaluate the safety level of the ports and waterways but also to reduce potential maritime accidents at sea in terms of the proactive measures of the maritime accidents. In this paper, the collision risk assessment in Mokpo waterways has been carried out based on the IALA recommended model, IWRAP. To evaluate the accident probabilities in Mokpo waterways, all data of vessels were collected from AIS and Radar observations data and the computer simulations were carried out. To assess the risk on the traffic, the scenario-base approach has been applied to the Mokpo waterway by using the maritime accident statics over the past 5 years.

Preoperative assessment of geriatric patients (노인환자의 수술전평가)

  • Sung, Tae-Yun;Cho, Choon-Kyu
    • Journal of the Korean Medical Association
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    • v.60 no.5
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    • pp.364-370
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    • 2017
  • Geriatric patients are vulnerable to stress associated with surgery. The preoperative assessment of elderly patients plays an important role in their perioperative care, in terms of risk identification, preoperative optimization, and the avoidance of postoperative complications. The preoperative assessment of geriatric patients may require multidisciplinary consultation and include a consideration of neurocognitive function, functional status, frailty, nutrition, substance abuse, polypharmacy, and decision-making capacity, as well as a meticulous evaluation of comorbidities. Preoperative laboratory tests should be ordered after a review of the medical charts, history, and physical examination. Any abnormal findings should be well documented. Cardiac and pulmonary complications are common in elderly patients. Risk identification according to surgical invasiveness, the continuation or cessation of medication, and preoperative risk-reduction strategies should be considered. Renal function should be evaluated and the dosage of medications should be adjusted based on the glomerular filtration rate, not serum levels of creatinine alone. Postoperative cognitive dysfunction, delirium, frailty, functional dependence, malnutrition, and polypharmacy are associated with poor postoperative outcomes; risk factors should be screened for and corrected preoperatively, if possible. Delays in the operation and prolonged operative times increase morbidity. Despite its importance, there are still no standardized preoperative assessment guidelines for Korean geriatric patients. Further studies should evaluate the clinical impact and cost-effectiveness of a preoperative geriatric assessment targeting the actual medical environment of Korea. Medical conditions should be optimized and proactive risk-reduction strategies should be used as part of a comprehensive preoperative assessment to improve surgical outcomes while avoiding a functional decline after surgery.

A Study of Institutional Status of Risk Management for Radiotherapy in Foreign Country

  • Lee, Soon Sung;Shin, Dong Oh;Ji, Young Hoon;Kim, Dong Wook;An, Sohyoun;Park, Dong-Wook;Cho, Gyu Suk;Kim, Kum-Bae;Koo, Jihye;Oh, Yoon-Jin;Choi, Sang Hyoun
    • Progress in Medical Physics
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    • v.27 no.3
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    • pp.139-145
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    • 2016
  • With the development in field of industry and medicine, new machines and techniques are being launched. Moreover, the complexity of the techniques is associated to an increasing risk of incident. Especially, a small error in radiotherapy can lead to a serious patient-related incident, risk management is necessary in radiotherapy in order to reduce the risk of incident. However, in field of radiotherapy, there are no legally binding clauses for risk management and there is an absence of risk management systems at an institutional level. Therefore, we analyzed institutional status of risk management, reporting & classification systems, and risk assessment & analysis in 31 countries. For risk management and reporting systems, 65% of countries investigated had legislation or regulations; however, only 35% of countries used classification systems. It was found that 43% more countries had legislation for risk management in healthcare than those for radiotherapy; 19% more countries had reporting systems for healthcare than those for radiotherapy. For classification systems, 60% more countries had legislation, recommendation, and guidelines in the field of radiotherapy than those for healthcare. Recently, international institutes have published several reports for risk management and patient safety in radiotherapy, owing to which, countries adopting risk management for radiotherapy will gradually increase. Before adopting risk management in Korea, we should precisely understand the procedures and functions of risk management, in order to increase efficiency of risk management because classification & reporting system and risk assessment & analysis are connected organically, and institutional management is needed for high quality of risk management in Korea.

A Study on Enterprise Risk Management for the Public Organizations: K-Water Case (공기업을 위한 전사적 리스크관리: K-Water 사례를 중심으로)

  • Kim, Jung-Duk
    • Journal of Digital Convergence
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    • v.6 no.4
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    • pp.53-61
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    • 2008
  • Organizations can experience serious financial and/or reputational losses if business activities are disrupted by an incident of information systems under the current business environment. The loss includes the intangible decline in brand image, customer separation, and the tangible loss such as decrease in business profits. Thus, it is necessary to take proactive initiatives by managing many kinds of risks an organization may have. Therefore, the enterprise risk management has been received a special attention by some advanced private companies, but not many public organizations. This paper describes an approach and some issues when the enterprise risk management was introduced in a domestic public organization.

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Roles of Participatory Action-oriented Programs in Promoting Safety and Health at Work

  • Kazutaka, Kogi
    • Safety and Health at Work
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    • v.3 no.3
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    • pp.155-165
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    • 2012
  • Reflecting the current international trends toward proactive risk assessment and control at work with practical procedures, participatory action-oriented approaches are gaining importance in various sectors. The roles of these approaches in promoting the safety and health at work are discussed based on their recent experiences in preventing work-related risks and improving the quality of work life, particularly in small-scale workplaces. The emphasis placed on the primary prevention at the initiative of workers and managers is commonly notable. Participatory steps, built on local good practices, can lead to many workplace improvements when the focus is on locally feasible low-cost options in multiple aspects. The design and use of locally adjusted action toolkits play a key role in facilitating these improvements in each local situation. The effectiveness of participatory approaches relying on these toolkits is demonstrated by their spread to many sectors and by various intervention studies. In the local context, networks of trainers are essential in sustaining the improvement activities. With the adequate support of networks of trainers trained in the use of these toolkits, participatory approaches will continue to be the key factor for proactive risk management in various work settings.

Development of Web-based Design Review System for Reliability and Safety Knowledge Management

  • Otsuka, Yuichi;Yukawa, Takashi;Mutoh, Yoshiharu
    • International Journal of Safety
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    • v.9 no.2
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    • pp.22-28
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    • 2010
  • This paper describes a web-based design review system as a knowledge management system relating reliability and safety system design. Since people's consciousness for safety and security become sensitive and increases the need of establishing a proactive prevention method for internal failures and relating risks in products. It also means that prevailing tacit knowledge in retired workers, in order to transform them to be easily used to support new system development, become more important. When considering safety and reliability design, at least two data sheet are necessary; Failure Modes and Effects Analyses (FMEA) and Risk Assessment (RA). These two data are practically made separately. However, it includes the concerns that a risk by failures during long-term use may not be noticed. To overcome this insufficiency, a support tool for integrating reliability evaluation and risk assessment data simultaneously is expected to be revealed. The authors have then developed a web-based design review system for reliability and safety system design. The system include various profitable functions; making FMEA and RA sheet, retrieving past data sheet for engineering change management and new product development and web-based discussion to increase the efficiency of discussion. The system is applied to one practical development works in order to demonstrate its effectiveness that is to be made clear by interviewing user's qualitative comment.

Comparison of Severe Disease Incidence among Eligible Insureds to Expand Coverage for Substandard Risks (유병자 보험의 보장성 확대를 위한 유병자들의 중증질환 발생률 비교)

  • Baek, Hyeyoun;Son, Jihoon;Shin, Jimin
    • Journal of health informatics and statistics
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    • pp.318-328
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    • 2018
  • Objectives: People are living longer, but often with diseases or chronic conditions. As a consequence, interest in resolving insurance blind spots is growing. This study provides substandard risk-relevant statistics to help substandard risks who are likely to fall in insurance blind spots obtain insurance coverage, such as the reimbursement of medical costs, as well as to stimulate insurance product development. Methods: This study uses National Health Insurance Service (NHIS) cohort data to determine the relevant statistics. The incidence rates of severe diseases are derived and compared against standard risks to establish a set of relative risk factors. These incidence rates of standard and substandard risks are then compared. Results: Currently, an individual's cancer history is used in the underwriting process for simplified issue insurance. However, underwriting focusing on hospitalization and procedures related to serious illnesses could lower premiums for substandard risks. Moreover, the statistical results could be used to expand the coverage of health insurance products. Conclusions: This study's relative risk factors can be used to derive simplified issue premium rates for substandard risks. They can also be used to implement discount and loading schemes for medical reimbursement insurance and help insurance companies implement proactive risk management.

The Moderating Effects of Information Security Policy between Information Security Maturity and Organizational Performance (정보보호 성숙도와 조직성과 간의 정보보호 정책의 효과분석)

  • Park, Jeong Kuk;Kim, Injai
    • KIPS Transactions on Computer and Communication Systems
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    • v.3 no.9
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    • pp.301-310
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    • 2014
  • The absence of proactive information security management to ensure availability, accessibility and safety of information can bring serious risks to customers as well as to the organization's performance and competitiveness because improper security management undermines business continuity. This study analyzed the maturity of information security which affects the organizational performance. Through the literature reviews, a research model using the organizational performance as the dependent variable, the risk management process maturity and risk assessment process as independent variables and the information security policy indexes as moderate variables was proposed, and an empirical analysis was made on the basis of survey. The results showed that there was a high causal relationship between information security maturity and organizational performance. However, even if the proportions of information security staff ratio and the information security budget ratio increased, information security maturity did not affect organizational performance. It suggests that information security maturity affects organizational performance, but information security regulations have their limitation as being a catalyst to improve organizational performance.