• Title, Summary, Keyword: Prevention Workforce

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Decision-Making Model Research for the Calculation of the National Disaster Management System's Standard Disaster Prevention Workforce Quota : Based on Local Authorities

  • Lee, Sung-Su;Lee, Young-Jai
    • Journal of Information Technology Applications and Management
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    • v.17 no.3
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    • pp.163-189
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    • 2010
  • The purpose of this research is to develop a decision-making model for the calculation of the National Disaster Management System's standard prevention workforce quota. The final purpose of such model is to support in arranging a rationally sized prevention workforce for local authorities by providing information about its calculation in order to support an effective and efficient disaster management administration. In other words, it is to establish and develop a model that calculates the standard disaster prevention workforce quota for basic local governments in order to arrange realistically required prevention workforce. In calculating Korea's prevention workforce, it was found that the prevention investment expenses, number of prevention facilities, frequency of flood damage, number of disaster victims, prevention density, and national disaster recovery costs have positive influence on the dependent variable when the standard prevention workforce was set as the dependent variable. The model based on the regression analysis-which consists of dependent and independent variables-was classified into inland mountainous region, East coast region, Southwest coastal plain region to reflect regional characteristics for the calculation of the prevention workforce. We anticipate that the decision-making model for the standard prevention workforce quota will aid in arranging an objective and essential prevention workforce for Korea's basic local authorities.

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Projecting the Radiation Oncology Workforce in Australia

  • Schofield, Deborah;Callander, Emily;Kimman, Merel;Scuteri, Joe;Fodero, Lisa
    • Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention
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    • v.13 no.4
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    • pp.1159-1166
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    • 2012
  • Research on radiation oncologists has indicated that there is a shortage in supply of specialist workers in this field internationally, and also within Australia. However, there are no current estimates as to what the future Australian radiotherapy workforce will look like. This paper aims to review the current status and capacity of the three main disciplines that make up the radiation oncology workforce in Australia and project the workforce supply and demand for 2014 and 2019. Using data on the workforce from a survey of all radiotherapy facilities operating in Australia in 2008 a workforce model was constructed. This study found that there will be a future shortfall of radiation oncologists, radiation therapists and radiation oncology medical physicists working in radiation oncology treatment. By 2014 there will be 109 fewer radiation oncologists than what will be demanded, and by 2019 this figure will increase to a shortfall of 155 radiation oncologists. There was a projected shortfall of 612 radiation therapists by 2014, with this figure slightly decreasing to a shortfall of 593 radiation therapists in 2019. In 2014, there was projected to be a deficit of 104 radiation oncology medical physicists with a persisting shortfall of 78 in 2019. This future projected shortage highlights the need for radiation oncology workforce planning.

Occupational Health: Meeting the Challenges of the Next 20 Years

  • Harrison, John;Dawson, Leonie
    • Safety and Health at Work
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    • v.7 no.2
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    • pp.143-149
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    • 2016
  • Background: The industrial revolution that took place in the United Kingdom (UK) between 1760 and 1830 led to profound social change. Occupational medicine was concerned with the diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of occupational diseases, that is, diseases directly caused by exposure to workplace hazards. A similar pattern of development has occurred globally. Methods: A review of relevant literature. Results: The international conceptualization and development of occupational health occurred during the 20th century. A new paradigm for occupational health has emerged that extends the classical focus on what might be termed "health risk management" that is, the focus on workplace hazards and risk to health to include the medical aspects of sickness absence and rehabilitation, the support and management of chronic noncommunicable diseases, and workplace health promotion. Conclusion: The future strategic direction for occupational health will be informed by a needs analysis and a consideration of where it should be positioned within future healthcare provision. What are the occupational health workforce implications of the vision for occupational health provision? New challenges and new ways of working will necessitate a review of the competence and capacity of the occupational health workforce, with implications for future workforce planning.

A study on the Sediment Disaster Response System in Japan (일본의 토사재해 대응체계에 대한 연구)

  • Lee, Woo-Jin
    • Journal of Digital Convergence
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    • v.16 no.7
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    • pp.47-54
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    • 2018
  • Sediment disaster happen frequently in our country every year, and a lot of lives and the properties have been lost because of them. Non-structural measures for prevention of sediment disaster have been introduced by prefectures based on the Sediment-related Disaster Prevention Law established after the devastating rainstorm damage in Hiroshima in 1999. They include formulation of sediment disaster warning and evacuation standard rainfall and designation of sediment disaster warning zones and sediment disaster special warning zones. As a practical example, this research focused on the case of "TEC-FORCE" of "MLIT of Japan" as a method of utilizing professional workforce and the sediment disaster warning information delivery system in Kagoshima. In the future, it will be called for prevention and reduction of damages by utilizing professional workforce and sediment disaster response system such as Japan.

Analytical Procedures for Designing an Optimal Noise Hazard Prevention Program

  • Asawarungsaengkul, Krisada;Nanthavanij, Suebsak
    • Industrial Engineering and Management Systems
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    • v.4 no.2
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    • pp.165-175
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    • 2005
  • Two extreme and one mixed procedures for designing a noise hazard prevention program are discussed in this paper. The two extreme design procedures (engineering-based and HPD-based) yield upper and lower bounds of the total noise control cost, respectively; while the mixed design procedure provides an optimal noise hazard prevention program within a given total budget. The upper bound of the workforce size for job rotation is approximated using a heuristic procedure. Six optimization models are developed and utilized by the mixed procedure to eliminate or reduce excessive noise levels (or noise exposures) in an industrial workplace. The mixed procedure also follows the OSHA’s hierarchy of noise control. A numerical example is given to demonstrate the application of the proposed design procedures.

Global Networking of Cancer and NCD Professionals Using Internet Technologies: The Supercourse and mHealth Applications

  • Linkov, Faina;Padilla, Nicolas;Shubnikov, Eugene;LaPorte, Ronald
    • Journal of Preventive Medicine and Public Health
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    • v.43 no.6
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    • pp.472-478
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    • 2010
  • Cancer is a leading cause of death around the world. Education is at the core of cancer prevention activities, especially programs targeting empowering existing public health workforce. In the past 10 years, researchers at the University of Pittsburgh have been building the Global Health Network Supercourse project, a library of over 4500 online lectures and a network of nearly 50000 public health professionals in 174 countries. As of November 2010, the overall number of Supercourse participants from Asia exceeds 7000 participants. The Supercourse network has been investigating methods for Internet based recruitment of cancer prevention professionals in order to network cancer experts locally and globally, including the use of mHealth technologies for cancer research education and for NCD registries. Supercourse is a tool that can offer a solution to the challenges of information sharing, especially in the field of NCDs and cancer. In this paper, we highlight the need for the development of Cancer Supercourse with Satellite in Asia and encourage faculty members from Asia to join the network.

Prevalence and Correlates of Current and Former Smoking among Urban Transit Workers

  • Cunradi, Carol B.;Moore, Roland S.;Battle, Robynn S.
    • Safety and Health at Work
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    • v.8 no.4
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    • pp.402-406
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    • 2017
  • Transit workers constitute a blue-collar occupational group that have elevated smoking rates relative to other sectors of employed adults in the United States. This study analyzed cross-sectional tobacco survey data from 935 workers (60% African American; 37% female) employed at an urban public transit agency in California. Prevalence of current and former smoking was 20.3% and 20.6%, respectively. Younger workers were less likely than older workers to be current or former smokers. Having a complete home smoking ban was associated with decreased likelihood of being a smoker [odds ratio (OR) = 0.04, 95% confidence interval (CI) = 0.01-0.17], as were neutral views about whether it is easy for a smoker to take a smoking break during their shift (OR = 0.50, 95% CI 0.28-0.88). Current smoking among the sample is > 50% higher than the adult statewide prevalence. Potential points of intervention identified in this study include perceived ease of worksite smoking breaks and establishing home smoking bans. Tailored cessation efforts focusing on older transit workers more likely to smoke are needed to reduce tobacco-related disparities in this workforce.

Research on the Effects of the Dementia Prevention Program on the Retired Seniors in the Industrial Age (산업화 시대 퇴직 노인을 위한 치매예방프로그램의 효과에 관한 연구)

  • Son, Yun-Hee;Park, Ji-On;Hwang, Hyun-Sook
    • The Journal of the Korea institute of electronic communication sciences
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    • v.8 no.10
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    • pp.1601-1608
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    • 2013
  • The medical world has predicted that in 2020, the numbers of senile dementia patients in Korea will be more than 600,000. Currently, the distributions of dementia patients according to ages are 3% in the 70s, 23% between 85-89 years, and 58% over 95 years; further, it should be noted that the incidence rates sharply increase with age. Dementia, dubbed "disease of the 21st century", affects not only the patient but also the lives of the patient's family, decreases the family's quality of life, and sometimes accompanies enough burden and pain to destroy some families, and it is sometimes noted to cause significant problems in the society. This study was conducted at a dementia prevention center at a university by enrolling senior patients participating in the dementia prevention center program. The study aimed to actively develop dementia prevention programs and train specialized workforce for dementia prevention.

A Prospective and Sustainable Forestry Job Development in Korea (산림분야 새로운 일자리 개발에 관한 분석적 연구)

  • Shinn, Yun Ho
    • Journal of Agricultural Extension & Community Development
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    • v.23 no.4
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    • pp.471-481
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    • 2016
  • The purposes of this study were to analyze the long-term trends for the outlook for job development in the forestry sector and to identify supply and demand on job markets. Due to the results of the studies of the forest area would be focused on area of forest therapy and guide, forest biomass research, researcher on prevention & control of forest pests, technician for forest protection, expert in forest disaster prevention, investigating of overseas tree species, and similarly the qualification items should be given more in trees and or bio-energy producer, forest saver and preventer, forest therapist and guide, tree pesticide doctor, forestry job regulator, etc. The main implication of the study result is that the reason of climate changes, environment pollutions and green-energy productivity would push the conditions of job market trend in forest workforce area.

Nutrition Policies in the Republic of Korea : Expert Opinions and Recommendations

  • Engelhardt Katrin;Joung Hyojee
    • Journal of Community Nutrition
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    • v.7 no.4
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    • pp.175-183
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    • 2005
  • Considering the increasing global burden of disease attributable to nutrition, the demand for national nutrition policies is growing stronger and stronger. The Republic of Korea is beginning to respond to this growing demand and there have been numerous recent achievements in the area of nutrition. The purpose of this paper is two fold. In the first part of the paper, an overview is provided about existing nutrition action in Korea. In the second part, information is elicited from Korean experts in the field of public health and nutrition. A structured questionnaire was sent directly to renowned Korean experts and was disseminated through the list serve of the Korean Nutrition Society. It asked about existing nutrition related policies, obstacles to nutrition policies in Korea, which professions are 'responsible' for the prevention of nutrition-related diseases and for example about existing nutrition programs within settings. Twenty-two questionnaires were returned. Based on the results, the following actions were considered crucial to develop and implement a nutrition policy in Korea: having a clear advocacy strategy for nutrition to raise awareness about the importance of nutrition, increase transparency of nutrition-related action and make the information easily accessible for all stakeholders, ensure the enforcement of regulations regarding misleading and incorrect food advertisements, strengthening the (public health) nutrition workforce, strengthen the settings-based approach and build and maintain partnerships, and last not least: educate and empower the citizens and ensure that healthy choices are 'easy choices'! Acknowledging the past and ongoing efforts in Korea, it is pivotal that the nutrition workforce grows stronger and the voice of nutritionists even louder, in order to promote and ensure the health and quality of life of the country's citizens. (J Community Nutrition 7(4) : $175\∼183$, 2005)