• Title, Summary, Keyword: Preservation Planning

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Urban Park and Green Space Planning System according to Newly Enacted Land Planning Related Laws, South Korea

  • Lee Myung-Woo
    • Journal of the Korean Institute of Landscape Architecture International Edition
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    • no.2
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    • pp.25-31
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    • 2004
  • Newly revised Urban Park Act and Land Planning Law are evaluated. Through exploring their functions and limits. Critical guidelines for Green Space Preservation and Planning Law are suggestec. The following is the summary of the findings: 1. New urban and regina! planning system has the foundation for green space plannig expressed as environmental planning, green space planning, landscape planning and park planning. 2. New Urban park act broadens and diversifies the range of urban park and green space(eg, stream and river, road, detention pond etc.) 3. The Urban Natural park items are removed because of long tenn unconstructed urban facilities and the new concept of 'Urban Park Zone' are inserted. And Green Space Preservation District and Urban Greening District's were introduced. And system of Contract of green space utilization and Agreement of Greening were adapted. 4. There exists new emerging needs for establishment of comprehensive green space preservation and planning law. 5. And the green space system can be classified to preservation system, recreation system and scenery system .. 6. The types of proposed green space planning are regional green space plg. urban green space plg, and district unit green space plg.

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A Comparative Study on the Regulations for Landscape Managements of Historic Cities in Korea and Japan (한국과 일본의 역사도시 경관관리법규의 비교 -경주시와 나라시의 사례로-)

  • 정성태;조세환;오휘영
    • Journal of the Korean Institute of Landscape Architecture
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    • v.28 no.3
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    • pp.105-115
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    • 2000
  • The purpose of paper is to investigate the characteristics of regulations on landscape management of historic city of Kyongju in Korea, compared with those of Nara in japan to answer the research question that what is the regulative characteristics of landscape management of historic city in Korea. We have analyzed the three laws of the two country - Urban Planning Law, Cultural Assets Protection law, and Building Law. This research has been done in terms of regulative systems of the two country and articles, ordinances, and bylaws on landscape managements of historic city Major components of urban historic landscape management are goals and devices of preservation, preserving actor, authorized actor permitting major planning change, regulatory power on landscape development, and backgrounds of enacting regulations. From this research, we have fond the fact that 1) Kyongju City has general and implicit objectives of landscape management based on conservation of natural environment while Nara City has concrete objectives of lansdscape management, 2) Kyongju City has no regulations on landscape planning while Nara City has systematic planning measures such as designation of landscape management district, planning for preservation of historic landscape, and planning for establishing urban landscape, 3) In an application of landscape management district, Kyongju City designate the district based on the general principle of urban planning district while nara City designate it in a more detailed manner such as district of preservation of historic landscape, district of landscape establishment, and district of building agreement. 4) Kyongju has no legal actor in implementation and management of historic landscape plan while Nara City has administrative organization and procedures, including citizen participation, public hearing, and voluntary participation, and 5) Kyongju City does not operate the consultation committee on landscape management just like Nara City operating. This research results will provide us the remedial insights for landscape preservation of such Korean historic city as Kongju, Puyo, and Chunju. Since our research is focused on the limited area of preserving landscape in historic cities in korea and Japan we need to study sociocultural issues on preserving urban historic landscape more in depth in the future.

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A Study on the Importance Analysis of Environmentally-Friendly Planning Factors Using Analytic Hierarchy Process (계층분석법을 이용한 환경친화 계획요소의 중요도 분석에 관한 연구)

  • 류지원;김정환;정응호
    • Journal of Environmental Science International
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    • v.12 no.9
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    • pp.897-903
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    • 2003
  • This study focuses on importance level analysis of environmentally-friendly planning factors using Analytic Hierarchy Process(AMP). This study verify different planning principle makes comparison matrix by a relative comparison value, verified consistency after yield weight to analyze more objective importance for apartment complex estate environmentally-friendly planning factor. In order to decide importance of apartment complex estate environmentally-friendly planning factors multiplying weight of verified planning principle with weight of planning factors. The results are as follows; First, importance of preservation of green tract of lands, Preparation of Biotop, Tree planting of sites, Propriety of development density high except Circulation and practical use of water. Next, valued planning factors constituent appeared to Energy efficient building plan, Rubbish recycling, thermal utilization of solar energy, Artificial tree planting of buildings etc. importantly. Finally, plan constituent that importance is underrated most appeared by Practical use of building materials and equipment, Centralization of energy and resources, Preservation of corridor etc.

History and Fundamentals of Historic Preservation Education in the United States - From the Mid-20th to Early 21st Century - (북미 역사보존 교육의 발전과정 및 접근방식 - 20세기 중반에서 21세기 초반까지 -)

  • Seo, Myengsoo;Kim, Sujin
    • Journal of the Korean Institute of Educational Facilities
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    • v.27 no.2
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    • pp.21-34
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    • 2020
  • This study explores the education of historic preservation in the United States. The research examined its history and philosophical and practical approaches within the American urban context, from its historical backgrounds to evolving social perspectives. This case study is to help collegiate educators in understanding the principles of American architectural heritage conservation and why it has been developed in specific directions and, ultimately, to assist in designing preservation education programs for different local contexts. Historic preservation in the United States has been integrated into the architecture and urban planning field as a sustainable development approach incorporating physical, social, and economic matters. First, this study explored the development of the preservation profession, policies, and education since the 1930s. Second, the researchers investigated the three fundamentals of historic preservation, such as authenticity, documentation, and community engagement. Lastly, this research discussed that American preservation deals with living communities and seeks interdisciplinary approaches. The understanding of historic preservation pedagogy from these multiple perspectives would hopefully provide a guide to developing cultural heritage education programs.

Permanent Preservation and Use of Historical Archives : Preservation Issues Digitization of Historical Collection (역사기록물(Archives)의 항구적인 보존화 이용 : 보존전략과 디지털정보화)

  • Lee, Sang-min
    • The Korean Journal of Archival Studies
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    • no.1
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    • pp.23-76
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    • 2000
  • In this paper, I examined what have been researched and determined about preservation strategy and selection of preservation media in the western archival community. Archivists have primarily been concerned with 'preservation' and 'use' of archival materials worth of being preserved permanently. In the new information era, preservation and use of archival materials were faced with new challenge. Life expectancy of paper records was shortened due to acidification and brittleness of the modem papers. Also emergence of information technology affects the traditional way of preservation and use of archival materials. User expectations are becoming so high technology-oriented and so complicated as to make archivists act like information managers using computer technology rather than traditional archival handicraft. Preservation strategy plays an important role in archival management as well as information management. For a cost-effective management of archives and archival institutions, preservation strategy is a must. The preservation strategy encompasses all aspects of archival preservation process and practices, from selection of archives, appraisal, inventorying, arrangement, description, conservation, microfilming or digitization, archival buildings, and access service. Those archival functions should be considered in their relations to each other to ensure proper preservation of archival materials. In the integrated preservation strategy, 'preservation' and 'use' should be combined and fulfilled without sacrificing the other. Preservation strategy planning is essential to determine the policies of archives to preserve their holdings safe and provide people with a maximum access in most effective ways. Preservation microfilming is to ensure permanent preservation of information held in important archival materials. To do this, a detailed standardization has been developed to guarantee the permanence of microfilm as well as its product quality. Silver gelatin film can last up to 500 years in the optimum storage environment and the most viable option for permanent preservation media. ISO and ANIS developed such standards for the quality of microfilms and microfilming technology. Preservation microfilming guidelines was also developed to ensure effective archival management and picture quality of microfilms. It is essential to assess the need of preservation microfilming. Limit in resources always put a restraint on preservation management. Appraisal (and selection) of what to be preserved was the most important part of preservation microfilming. In addition, microfilms with standard quality can be scanned to produce quality digital images for instant use through internet. As information technology develops, archivists began to utilize information technology to make preservation easier and more economical, and to promote use of archival materials through computer communication network. Digitization was introduced to provide easy and universal access to unique archives, and its large capacity of preserving archival data seems very promising. However, digitization, i.e., transferring images of records to electronic codes, still, needs to be standardized. Digitized data are electronic records, and st present electronic records are very unstable and not to be preserved permanently. Digital media including optical disks materials have not been proved as reliable media for permanent preservation. Due to their chemical coating and physical character using light, they are not stable and can be preserved at best 100 years in the optimum storage environment. Most CD-R can last only 20 years. Furthermore, obsolescence of hardware and software makes hard to reproduce digital images made from earlier versions. Even if when reformatting is possible, the cost of refreshing or upgrading of digital images is very expensive and the very process has to be done at least every five to ten years. No standard for this obsolescence of hardware and software has come into being yet. In short, digital permanence is not a fact, but remains to be uncertain possibility. Archivists must consider in their preservation planning both risk of introducing new technology and promising possibility of new technology at the same time. In planning digitization of historical materials, archivists should incorporate planning for maintaining digitized images and reformatting them in the coming generations of new applications. Without the comprehensive planning, future use of the expensive digital images will become unavailable. And that is a loss of information, and a final failure of both 'preservation' and 'use' of archival materials. As peter Adelstein said, it is wise to be conservative when considerations of conservations are involved.

Complete Genome Sequencing of Bacillus velezensis WRN014, and Comparison with Genome Sequences of other Bacillus velezensis Strains

  • Wang, Junru;Xing, Juyuan;Lu, Jiangkun;Sun, Yingjiao;Zhao, Juanjuan;Miao, Shaohua;Xiong, Qin;Zhang, Yonggang;Zhang, Guishan
    • Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology
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    • v.29 no.5
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    • pp.794-808
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    • 2019
  • Bacillus velezensis strain WRN014 was isolated from banana fields in Hainan, China. Bacillus velezensis is an important member of the plant growth-promoting rhizobacteria (PGPR) which can enhance plant growth and control soil-borne disease. The complete genome of Bacillus velezensis WRN014 was sequenced by combining Illumina Hiseq 2500 system and Pacific Biosciences SMRT high-throughput sequencing technologies. Then, the genome of Bacillus velezensis WRN014, together with 45 other completed genome sequences of the Bacillus velezensis strains, were comparatively studied. The genome of Bacillus velezensis WRN014 was 4,063,541bp in length and contained 4,062 coding sequences, 9 genomic islands and 13 gene clusters. The results of comparative genomic analysis provide evidence that (i) The 46 Bacillus velezensis strains formed 2 obviously closely related clades in phylogenetic trees. (ii) The pangenome in this study is open and is increasing with the addition of new sequenced genomes. (iii) Analysis of single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) revealed local diversification of the 46 Bacillus velezensis genomes. Surprisingly, SNPs were not evenly distributed throughout the whole genome. (iv) Analysis of gene clusters revealed that rich gene clusters spread over Bacillus velezensis strains and some gene clusters are conserved in different strains. This study reveals that the strain WRN014 and other Bacillus velezensis strains have potential to be used as PGPR and biopesticide.

Spatial Regeneration for Preservation of Historic Urban Features and Improvement of Living Conditions in High-density Historic Districts: Urban Renewal Design Strategies for Shanghai's Old Town

  • Huang, Na;Cai, Yongjie;Zhuang, Mingyu;Zhou, Yi;Zhou, Jun
    • International Journal of High-Rise Buildings
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    • v.10 no.1
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    • pp.9-16
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    • 2021
  • Being the origin of Shanghai City, the Old Town presents a high-density spatial texture, a characteristic of local living conditions in the Shanghai context. However, the Old Town is faced with competing interests: the preservation of historic urban features and the improvement of contemporary living conditions. In view of its high density and poor living conditions, this paper focuses on two types of blocks for urban design research, and proposes two spatial regeneration strategies, as "overlapping lilong" and "texture continuity". It is expected to inherit the regional characteristics of urban space, improve the plot ratio and supplement the mix of functions, through the translation of the traditional lilong typology and the reproduction of historical streets and alleys, so as to provide operable spatial strategies and design methods for the organic renewal of Old Town and other historic districts.

The Principles and Improvemental Directions of the Environment-friendly Rural Development Plan (환경친화적 농촌개발계획의 원리와 발전방향)

  • Kim, Dae-Hee;Kim, Jae-Ki;Kim, Sung-Soo
    • Journal of Agricultural Extension & Community Development
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    • v.4 no.2
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    • pp.407-413
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    • 1997
  • Recently, the community developmental enthusiasm is activated and emerged with the varied developmental plans since the localization was implemented in Korea. But the anxious view of the environmental problems has been gradually heightened in the Environmentally Sound and Sustainable Developmental(ESSD). The local autonomy should listen to the public opinions because the people's anti-developmental movement could obstruct the development project in the community level. The Environment-friendly Rural Development Plan(EFRDP) pursues the development and the environmental preservation of the community at the same time. Therefore EFRDP reflects the local developmental intention and consideration of environmental preservation at the step of planning. Throughout the planning process the opinions of development and environmental preservation should be adjusted, the people's planning ability can be enhanced, and new creative alternative ideas will come out at times.

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A Proposal of Rural Landscape Policy for Preservation, Formation and Management (농촌경관의 보전.형성.관리를 위한 정책제안 연구)

  • Joo, Shin-Ha
    • Journal of Korean Society of Rural Planning
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    • v.14 no.4
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    • pp.77-86
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    • 2008
  • The purpose of this study is to propose the policies for preservation, formation and management of Korean rural landscape. For this, the current rural landscape policies are examined and recent legislative changes are also surveyed. The Landscape Law and the Comprehensive Countermeasures for Rural Landscape Improvement are the most significant changes. The proposed issues are as follows: 1. the establishment of rural landscape planning system, 2. the arrangement of the criteria and guideline for rural landscape planning and design, 3. the re-arrangement of the rural landscape index and landscape map, 4. the survey and management of the rural landscape amenity, 5. the revitalization of the landscape projects for rural area, 6. the pragmatic connection with other law and system(especially the Landscape Law), 7. the education and cultivation of the rural landscape expert groups.

Preservation, Management and Use of Historic Urban Landscape through Government-Academy Cooperation - A Case Study on Historic District of St. Augustine, Florida, USA - (관학협력을 통한 역사도시경관의 보존, 관리 및 활용 사례연구 - 미국 플로리다 세인트오거스틴 역사지구 -)

  • Kim, Soon Ki
    • Journal of Environmental Science International
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    • v.24 no.8
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    • pp.1055-1064
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    • 2015
  • A historic urban landscape has to be preserved wholly, not only as a cultural heritage site, but also as an environment and a neighborhood. However, cultural heritage sites have their own unique social-commercial environments, and these are not easy to integrate during the preservation process even though they are located in the same area. To examine ways of overcoming the difficulty in integrating the preservation of heritages, this study analyzes the historic urban landscape preservation of St. Augustine, Florida in the United States. The preservation of St. Augustine's historic urban landscape can be identified by its unique system of government-academy cooperation. For integrated preservation of the historic landscape of St. Augustine, Florida's state government owns the properties, which are not designated but have a heritage value, and are located next to the nationally designated heritage sites. The properties receive trust administration by the University of Florida. This cooperation between the government and the university can benefit both stakeholders. To the government, the relationship gives the benefit for professional, long-term management for the properties and their environments. To the university, the cooperation provides a place for practical education, funding, and opportunities for research and management. The government-academy cooperation model argued for this study can be applied to many Korean historic cities' urban landscape preservation planning.