• Title/Summary/Keyword: Preschool

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The Relationships between Preschool Teachers' Personality Traits and Their Relationships at Workplace

  • Jin, Byoung Sook;Kim, Sang Lim
    • International Journal of Advanced Culture Technology
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    • v.6 no.3
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    • pp.53-58
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    • 2018
  • Preschool teachers' relationships at workplace is an important component that affects the work performance of caring and educating young children. This study investigated the connection between preschool teachers' personality traits and their relationships at workplace. The participants were two hundred and eighty two teachers in 55 preschools and asked to answer the survey questionnaires. Two research questions were investigated; (1) are there correlations between preschool teachers' personality traits and their relationships at workplace? (2) do preschool teachers' personality traits affect their relationships at workplace? The results showed that preschool teachers' personality traits were correlated with their relationships at workplace; neuroticism showed a negative correlation while the other four (extraversion, openness, agreeableness, and conscientiousness) showed positive correlations with relationships at workplace. In addition, preschool teachers' personality traits had effects on their relationships at workplace in overall. Especially, neuroticism, agreeableness, and conscientiousness were revealed as significantly influencing personality traits on preschool teachers' relationships at workplace.

The Effects of Preschool Children's Age and Mothers' Modes of Verbal Control on Children's Lying (연령과 어머니의 언어통제유형이 유아의 거짓말에 미치는 영향)

  • Oh, You-Lee;Doh, Hyun-Sim;Choi, Mi-Kyoung
    • Journal of Families and Better Life
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    • v.26 no.3
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    • pp.191-201
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    • 2008
  • This study examined how preschool children's age and mothers' modes of verbal control affect children's lying. A sample of 108 preschool children aged from 3 to 6 participated in a lying experiment. Their mothers answered questionnaires regarding the mothers' modes of verbal control. Preschool children's lying was measured by the Guessing Game Experiment developed by Talwar and Lee(2002). Mothers' modes of verbal control were measured by Jung's(2005) scale for preschool children. To analyze the data, crosstabs and logistic regression analyses were conducted. The results of the experiment showed that three-year-old children are able to lie intentionally. The older preschool children lied more than the younger ones. Mothers' imperative and personal modes of verbal control were positively related to preschool children's lying. The most significant variable on preschool children's lying was mother's imperative modes of verbal control, followed by personal modes of verbal control, which emphasizes the crucial influence of parenting on preschool children's lying.

The Effects of Visual Health Promotion Program for Preschool Children (학령전기 아동의 시력건강증진 프로그램 효과)

  • Yoon, Young-Mi
    • The Journal of Korean Academic Society of Nursing Education
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    • v.12 no.2
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    • pp.257-264
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    • 2006
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study is to identify the effects of visual health promotion program for preschool children. Method: The experimental group participating in the visual health promotion program was 32 preschool children and the control group consisted of 34 preschool children by homogeneous age. The visual health promotion program was based on articles related to childern's visual health promotion and previous education program. Data were collected with 3 questionnaires that modified by the investigator. The data was analyzed by the SPSS win 10.0 program using descriptive statistics, $x^2$ test, t-test. Result: The level of knowledge about visual health promotion of preschool children who participated in the visual health promotion program was significantly higher than preschool children who did not participate(t=.02, P<.001). The level of behavior about visual health promotion of preschool children who participated in the visual health promotion program was significantly higher than preschool children who did not participate(t=.31, P<.001). Conclusion: The visual health promotion program developed in this study is an effective strategy for nursing intervention by increasing knowledge and behavior about visual health promotion of preschool children.

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The Effects of Preschool Children′s Food Habits and Past Lactation Types on Dental Health Status -with Special Reference to the Preschool Children in a Section of Kyungki Province - (영유아기의 수유형태와 식행동이 치아우식증에 미치는 영향 -경기도 일부 지역 유아를 중심으로-)

  • 김영진;이윤희
    • Journal of the East Asian Society of Dietary Life
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    • v.7 no.4
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    • pp.419-428
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    • 1997
  • The purpose of this study is to examine the effects of pre-school children's past lactation types and food habits on dental health status. This study was carried out by analyzing the information obtained from oral inspection of 163 preschool children and questionnaires answered by their mothers. The results are as follows: 1. 80.4% of the preschool children have decayed and filled teeth. 2. The older they are, the more decayed and filled teeth they have 3. The earlier they started to have weaning foods, the more decayed and filled teeth they have. Preschool children who started weaning foods after 12 months of their birth have significantly more decayed and filled teeth. 4. Preschool children who had weaning foods by using milk-bottles have significantly more decayed and filled teeth than others. 5. Preschool children who had weaning foods regularly have significantly less decayed and filled teeth. 6. Preschool children who have frequently skipped breakfast have the least decayed and filled teeth. 7. Preschool children who would like to have sweet things have significantly more decayed and filled teeth than others.

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Children's Playfulness in Relation to Preschool Adjustment and Behavior Problems (유아의 놀이성, 적응, 그리고 문제 행동과의 관계성 연구)

  • Ahn, Hyo-Jin;Lim, Youn-Jin
    • Korean Journal of Child Studies
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    • v.31 no.2
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    • pp.53-68
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    • 2010
  • The purpose of this study was to explore the relationship between children's playfulness, the degree of preschool adjustment and behavior problems. The subjects were 118 children from 3 child care centers and 5 kindergartens in Kyungbuk province. Children's playfulness was measured through the children's playfulness scale (CPS) and the level of preschool adjustment was measured through the preschool adjustment questionnaire (PAQ). The modified version of Kim's (2000) Preschool Behavior Questionnaire (PBQ), created by Behar and Stringfield (1974) was used to measure the acceptability of children's behaviors. The regression and correlation analysis was performed through the use of SPSS 12, and the findings are as follows. First, there exists a meaningful correlation between the children's playfulness, the degree of preschool adjustment, and the acceptability of behavior problems. Second, the degree of preschool adjustment appears to be a reliable predictor of children's playfulness.

A Preliminary Study on the Benefits Sought of Preschool Child Education Commodity (취학전 자녀의 교육상품에 대한 어머니의 기대편익에 관한 탐색적 연구)

  • Kim Yoo Kyung;Lee Ki young
    • Korean Family Resource Management Association
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    • v.8 no.3
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    • pp.95-111
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    • 2004
  • The overheated education of preschool child has been an social issue lately. The purposes of this study are to identify housewives' benefits sought of preschool child education commodity. Specific research question are as follows : (1) What are the benefits sought of preschool child education commodity? (2) What are the sub-dimensions of that? For this study, interview data were collected through F.G.I.(Focus Group Interview) of 5 housewives and in-depth interviews of 2 housewives. The interview helped to understand housewives' realities of their preschool child education. For later empirical analysis, the data for 400 full-time housewives with preschool child living in Seoul were also collected. The result of one-way ANOVA showed that the sub-dimensions of benefits sought of preschool child education commodity are composed of 'conformity', 'early stimulation', and 'preparation for school'.

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Cultural Influences on Social Behaviors : A Study on Desirable Social Behaviors for Korean Preschool Children (한국 취학 전 아동의 바람직한 사회적 행동에 관한 연구)

  • Kim, Ji Hyun
    • Korean Journal of Child Studies
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    • v.25 no.2
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    • pp.71-79
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    • 2004
  • The primary purpose of this study was to examine what social behaviors are valued within Korean culture for children of preschool age. The sample consisted of 40 mothers of preschool children and 40 preschool teachers. Two instruments were used : an open-ended interview and the Preschool Behavior Q-sort(Baumrind, 1968). Korean mothers and preschool teachers emphasized social behaviors based on cultural values. However, social behaviors that Korean mothers and preschool teachers emphasized were not, for the most part, the expected behaviors about respect for authority or obedience. Rather, they valued considerateness, politeness, mastery behaviors that represent another aspect of traditional values.

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Effects of Inhibition on Preschool Adjustment : Social Characteristics and Emotional Intelligence (유아의 성별에 따른 억제 성향 정도가 유치원 적응에 미치는 영향 : 사회적 특성·정서지능의 매개 효과 검증)

  • Lim, Won Shin;Min, Sung Hye
    • Korean Journal of Child Studies
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    • v.28 no.2
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    • pp.155-174
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    • 2007
  • This study explored effects of inhibited behavior on preschool adjustment and mediating effects of social characteristics and emotional intelligence on the relationship between inhibited behavior and preschool adjustment. The Inhibition Questionnaire (Park, 1998), The Social Attribute Checklist (Min, 1997), Emotion Questionnaire (Lee, 1997) and The Preschool Adjustment Questionnaire (Kim, 1996) were administered to 602 preschoolers (322 boys, 280 girls, 4-5 years of age). Descriptive statistics and hierarchical regression analysis were performed. Gender differences in adaptation to preschool by inhibited children were affirmed by results showing that inhibited boys have more difficulties adapting to preschool than inhibited girls. Social characteristics and emotional intelligence had mediating effects on the relationship between inhibited behavior and preschool adjustment.

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The Effect of Preschool Teachers Creativity on Creativity-fostering Teaching: Focusing on Mediating Effect of Teaching Efficacy (유아교사의 창의성이 창의적 교수 행동에 미치는 영향: 교수효능감의 매개효과를 중심으로)

  • Kim, KyoungEun
    • Korean Journal of Childcare and Education
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    • v.16 no.2
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    • pp.47-65
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    • 2020
  • Objective: This study investigated the relationship between preschool teachers' creativity, teaching efficacy, and creativity-fostering teaching and examined the mediating effect of teaching efficacy. Methods: A total of 202 preschool teachers participated in this study. The Creative Behavior Inventory (CBI), Teaching Efficacy Scale, and the Creativity-Fostering Teacher Behavior Index (CFTI) were used for the survey. A hypothesized model and alternative model were tested using structural equation modeling. Collected data were analyzed using 18.0 PSAW and AMOS. Results: The results showed that preschool teachers' creativity was positively associated with their teaching efficacy and creativity fostering teaching. Preschool teacher's teaching efficacy positively related to their creativity fostering teaching. Preschool teachers' creativity had a significant positive direct effect on creativity-fostering teaching and also an indirect effect on creativity-fostering teaching via teaching efficacy. Conclusion/Implications: Implications to foster creativity in preschool and kindergarten are discussed, highlighting the necessity for teacher education to promote teaching efficacy as well as teacher's creativity and creativity-related activities.

A epidemiological study on the oral health in preschool children for the development of community based oral health program in Sungnam city (성남시 보건소 유아구강보건사업 개발을 위한 구강건강실태에 관한 조사연구)

  • Ahn, Yong-Soon;Kim, Mi-Jeong
    • Journal of Korean society of Dental Hygiene
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    • v.1 no.2
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    • pp.201-211
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    • 2001
  • Dental caries causes the majority of tooth loss among Koreans. Korea is experiencing an increase in dental caries. And it shows a high prevalence of caries in preschool children, which contrasted with the much-improved situation in developed countries. So, it is important to control caries from preschool periods in Korea. Recently, inspections of the teeth of preschool children for evidence of dental disease became a legislative duty in Korea following Oral Health Act(2000). But, standardized oral health programs in preschool children is not yet proposed. Therefore, it is necessary to develop an community based oral health program in preschool children. The purpose of this study was to obtain basic data for the development of community based oral health program in preschool children of Sungnam city. Oral health status in primary dentition were surveyed in 862 2-6 year-old preschool children of Sungnam city by WHO criteria. From the data, df rate, percentage of preschool child ren with active caries, dft index, dt rate, percentage of preschool children with pit and fissure sealant of each age were calculated, and discussed. The obtained results were as follows : 1. The experience of dental caries in primary dentition showed a tendency to increase quickly between 2 and 3 year old children. So, the oral health program in preschool children should be developed to prevent dental caries and control their oral health under three years of age. 2. In 5 year-old children, the percentage with active caries was 60.8% and dft index was 5.06. The dt rate showed a tendency to decrease as proportion to age, but even though 6 year-old children, the dt rate was 47.7%. Therefore, the annual screening dental examination and oral health education programs at the institution for preschool children should be developed to detect and treat dental caries in primary dentition at early stage. 3. The percentage of preschool children with pit and fissure sealant at six years of age was 10.2%. So, pit and fissure sealant and professional fluoride application programs in Public Health Center should be developed to prevent dental caries. 4. Also, it is necessary to establish oral health goals in preschool children and develop water fluoridation program 10 improve and preserve oral health of preschool children in Seongnam city, effectively.

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