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A Qualitative Study of Physicians' Use of Clinical Information Resources and Barriers (임상의사의 진료목적 정보원 이용과 장애요인에 관한 질적 연구)

  • Kim, Soon;Chung, EunKyung
    • Journal of the Korean Society for Library and Information Science
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    • v.50 no.4
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    • pp.55-75
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    • 2016
  • We analyzed the characteristics of the physicians preferred information sources and barriers through in-depth interviews. Information searches for patient treatment were subdivided into deciding patient treatment methods, understanding the latest treatment trends, and preparing presentation materials for conferences. The variables that affected the search behaviors were identified as being background knowledge on the topic, clinical experience, job title, search skills, user training, and familiarity with the library homepage. PubMed was the most preferred choice because of users' familiarity, reliability, and the vastness of information; Google was also used frequently for easy access and fast search result. The accuracy and the recentness of information were the most significant criteria. Easy interface and convenient access were also considered important due to physicians' time constraints. Searching obstacles were divided into difficulty of searching system, unfamiliar term, too vast resources, difficulty to get fulltext articles and complex advanced search features. The results of this study can be utilized as a basis for improving information service of library and curriculum development for physicians.

College Students' Preferences of Web-based OPAC Retrieval Techniques and their Blood Types: An Empirical Study (대학생들의 웹 기반 OPAC 검색기법 선호도와 혈액형에 대한 실험적 연구)

  • Kim, Hee-Sop
    • Journal of the Korean Society for Library and Information Science
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    • v.44 no.3
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    • pp.81-102
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    • 2010
  • The purpose of this study was to investigate college students' preferences of Web-based OPAC retrieval techniques and their ABO blood types as an empirical survey. Data was collected through a self-designed questionnaire with a total of 101 undergraduate students from the College of Social Sciences responding. The collected data was analyzed using descriptive statistics, and One-way ANOVA. The results show that 'title' was most preferred among the access points, 'AND' was the most preferred Boolean operator, 'publication year' and 'subject' were the most favored techniques in limiting the scope of retrieval, and 'record number limit per page' was the most frequently used for displaying retrieval results. The results also show that there were little(3 out of 22, i.e. 13.6%) statistically significant differences between the college students' preferences of Web-based OPAC techniques and their blood type.

Users' Perception on Theses and Dissertation Services (학위논문 이용현황과 활성화 방안에 관한 연구)

  • Shin, Yu-Ri;Chung, Eun-Kyung
    • Journal of Information Management
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    • v.40 no.1
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    • pp.29-46
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    • 2009
  • Theses and Dissertation(TD) have been considered one of valuable scholarly resources, while there have existed some limitations to collect, organize, and provide them. The purpose of this study is to investigate users' perception on six TD services from five institutions and to propose improvement strategies. Six TD services includes National Library, National Assembly Library, RISS, dCollections, NDSL, and Council of Theses and Dissertation Common Use. Based on the survey results from 151 users, the findings of this study identified that National Assembly Library and RISS were preferred by users. In addition, users preferred keyword, full text, department, abstract, table of contents, as well as title and author over other bibliographic information. More importantly, users needs were placed on whether specific TD services provide full text or not. In case that is not possible to provide full text, users have a preference for full text link information. As a result, in order to improve the TD services, service promotion activities, diverse access points, and full text provision are desirable.

A Qualitative Research about the Purchase Behavior of Internet Shoppers (인터넷 쇼핑몰 이용자의 구매행동에 관한 질적연구)

  • 고은주;김성은
    • Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association
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    • v.42 no.1
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    • pp.153-166
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    • 2004
  • The purpose of this study was to examine the internet shoppers' new purchase behavior, to examine the general purchase behavior(i.e., purchase pattern, preference), and to examine the related factors to promotion strategies(i.e., e-mail, event) of internet shopping mall. Focus group interviews were done with 40 internet shopping-mall users on May, 2003 for the data collection. Data were analyzed by content analysis and descriptive statistics(i.e., frequency, percent). The results of this study were as following. First, competitive price, accurate product and service information and convenience were considered as important factors in the new purchase behavior among internet shoppers. Second, the more frequent purchasing time through the internet shopping mall were on weekdays rather than weeekends and the most preferred information search engine were category type, item type, and price type in order. Third, e-mails from internet shopping mall were most likely opened by internet shoppers, that is to say, e-mail can be the efficient communication tool as well as the possible promotion strategies. Specifically, the title of email was considered as an important factor to approach the target consumers.

A Log Analysis Study of an Online Catalog User Interface (온라인목록 사용자 인터페이스에 관한 연구 : 탐색실패요인을 중심으로)

  • 유재옥
    • Journal of the Korean Society for information Management
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    • v.17 no.2
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    • pp.139-153
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    • 2000
  • This article focuses on a transaction log analysis of the DISCOVER online catalog user interface at Duksung Women's University Library. The results show that the most preferred access point is the title field with rate of 59.2%. The least used access point is the author field with rate of 11.6%. Keyword searching covers only about 16% of all access points used. General failure rate of searching is 13.9% with the highest failure rate of 19.8% in the subject field and the lowest failure rate of 10.9% in author field.

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A comparative study on users' satisfaction about online catalog and card catalog (대학도서관의 온라인목록과 카드목록의 이용자 만족도 비교)

  • 강미혜
    • Journal of Korean Library and Information Science Society
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    • v.24
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    • pp.163-187
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    • 1996
  • The library catalog is considered an important tool to provide library users with conveniences making a search for necessary information. Accordingly, the purpose of this study is to investigate "behaviors and attitudes" of library users in a university library using online and card catalogs together, to compare their distinctions between online and card catalogs and then to bring about reforms for the development of future cataloging, thereby improving the utilization of online catalog and its service expansion. For this, this paper carried out a survey research which was randomly questionaired 280 library users of four universities in Seoul from March 28th to April 16th 1996. Major findings are as follow : 1. Library users tended to use more online catalog(50.0%) than card catalog (21.9%). 2. The main reasons the library users us online catalog were time saving(24.0%), convenience of use(21.3%), multiple searching possibility (16.2%), and the preferences of card catalog were location of library materials(34.6%), time saving(17.5%), Bibliographic information(14.9%). 3. The major access points which library users utilized mostly in their online catalog are title(30.3%), author(29.2%) and subject heading (17.6%), and for card catalog, title(40.5%), author(34.6%) and call no.(11.1%). 4. The methods library users learned to use online catalog are terminal screen(44.7%), online manual(26.1%), and for card catalog, library orientation(42.6%), librarian's help(18.5%). 5. It was shown that library users were not mostly satisfied about their searching results: the users satisfied with online catalog in the order of partly(46.2%), as expected(42.3%), more than expected(10.4%), and with the card catalog in the order of partly(54.6%), as expected(27.3%), more than expected(10.4%). It was found that although library users preferred online catalog more than card catalog, 54.8% of the total catalog users were not satisfied about the search results they have had. 6. The items which library users want to add to online catalog are catalogs of materials other libraries have(41.6%), catalogs of the materials the library has(29.3%), titles of serial articles(17.7%). And the additional services library users want are checking function of loan materials and reservation of materials(15.5%), subject headings(14.5%), more terminals(13.4%), catalog use explanations(12.9%), multiple access points(11.0%), searching function of contents, abstracts, and indexes(9.6%). Considering the fact that library users tend to use more favorably online catalog than card catalog and the trend that library change from card catalog to online catalog, it is strongly recommended to su n.0, pply students with formal and informal training programs for online catalog use.talog use.

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A Study on the Directions of Authorized Access Points in KCR4 (한국목록규칙에서 전거형 접근점의 방향성에 관한 연구)

  • Lee, Mihwa;Rho, Jee-Hyun
    • Journal of Korean Library and Information Science Society
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    • v.47 no.1
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    • pp.47-69
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    • 2016
  • This study was to suggest the directions of and the choice of the authorized access points for Korean Cataloging Rules, based on the trends of the international cataloging and the need of rules for the authorized access points in KCR. The Literature review, the case study, and the interviewing were used as the research methods. In the literature review, the Authorized access points were reviewed in FRBR conceptual model, International cataloging Principle 2009, and Resource Description and Access. VIAF authorized access points were analyzed as case study. Last interview was executed with the representative librarians in 4 University libraries. Through these surveys, new directions and rules of the authorized access points for KCR were suggested. This study could contributed to construct work and expression authorized access points of FRBR, and to set up the selection rules of the authorized access points for KCR.

Frequency, Expected Effects, Obstacles, and Facilitators of Disclosure of Patient Safety Incidents: A Systematic Review

  • Ock, Minsu;Lim, So Yun;Jo, Min-Woo;Lee, Sang-il
    • Journal of Preventive Medicine and Public Health
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    • v.50 no.2
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    • pp.68-82
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    • 2017
  • Objectives: We performed a systematic review to assess and aggregate the available evidence on the frequency, expected effects, obstacles, and facilitators of disclosure of patient safety incidents (DPSI). Methods: We used the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) guidelines for this systematic review and searched PubMed, Scopus, and the Cochrane Library for English articles published between 1990 and 2014. Two authors independently conducted the title screening and abstract review. Ninety-nine articles were selected for full-text reviews. One author extracted the data and another verified them. Results: There was considerable variation in the reported frequency of DPSI among medical professionals. The main expected effects of DPSI were decreased intention of the general public to file medical lawsuits and punish medical professionals, increased credibility of medical professionals, increased intention of patients to revisit and recommend physicians or hospitals, higher ratings of quality of care, and alleviation of feelings of guilt among medical professionals. The obstacles to DPSI were fear of medical lawsuits and punishment, fear of a damaged professional reputation among colleagues and patients, diminished patient trust, the complexity of the situation, and the absence of a patient safety culture. However, the factors facilitating DPSI included the creation of a safe environment for reporting patient safety incidents, as well as guidelines and education for DPSI. Conclusions: The reported frequency of the experience of the general public with DPSI was somewhat lower than the reported frequency of DPSI among medical professionals. Although we identified various expected effects of DPSI, more empirical evidence from real cases is required.

A Study on Considerations in KCR4 through Changes of Cataloging Rules from AACR2 to RDA (AACR2에서 RDA로 목록규칙 변화에 따른 KCR4의 고려사항에 관한 연구)

  • Lee, Mi-Hwa
    • Journal of the Korean Society for information Management
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    • v.28 no.1
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    • pp.23-42
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    • 2011
  • This study is to compare the descriptive cataloging rules between AACR2 and RDA, and then to find a direction of future cataloging and KCR 4. RDA is new cataloging rules that embody the International Cataloging Principles(2009), FRBR and FRAD. It is a structure of bibliographic control of all kinds of resources, and the rules can be flexibly applicable in the international cataloging community. It is critical to embody RDA in KCR 4 because RDA is likely to affect the future cataloging through its collocation function and relation function to construct semantic web of OPAC. This study analyzed the descriptive rules of work, expression, and manifestation based on RDA draft(2008) of JSC for Development of RDA. It analyzed the changes in the cataloging rules from AACR2 to RDA in such descriptive areas as title, type of resources, statement of responsibility, edition, publication, physical description and series in the manifestation level, and the preferred access points in both expression and work levels. The findings of this study will provide implications in revising KCR4.

Free flap thrombosis in patients with hypercoagulability: A systematic review

  • Biben, Johannes Albert;Atmodiwirjo, Parintosa
    • Archives of Plastic Surgery
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    • v.46 no.6
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    • pp.572-579
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    • 2019
  • Background Even with satisfactory anastomosis technique and adequate experience of the surgeon, flap loss due to thrombosis can still occur due to the patient's underlying condition. Patients with hypercoagulability due to etiologies such as malignancy, hereditary conditions, and acquired thrombophilia are among those who could benefit from free flap procedures. This review aimed to evaluate the risk of free flap thrombosis in patients with hypercoagulability and to identify the most effective thromboprophylaxis regimen. Methods This review was conducted in accordance with the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses guideline. The PubMed, Embase, and Cochrane Library databases were explored. Types of free flaps, types of hypercoagulable states, thrombosis prevention protocols, thrombosis complication rates, and flap vitality outcomes were reviewed. Samples from the included studies were pooled to calculate the relative risk of free flap thrombosis complications in patients with hypercoagulability compared to those without hypercoagulability. Results In total, 885 articles underwent title, abstract, and full-text screening. Six articles met the inclusion criteria. The etiologies of hypercoagulability varied. The overall incidence of thrombosis and flap loss in hypercoagulable patients was 13% and 10.3%, respectively. The thrombosis risk was two times higher in hypercoagulable patients (P=0.074) than in controls. Thromboprophylaxis regimens were variable. Heparin was the most commonly used regimen. Conclusions Hypercoagulability did not significantly increase the risk of free flap thrombosis. The most effective thromboprophylaxis regimen could not be determined due to variation in the regimens. Further well-designed studies should be conducted to confirm this finding.