• Title, Summary, Keyword: Population

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Migration Characteristics by the Regional Population Scale and Network Analysis of Population Movement Rate (인구 규모별 인구이동 특성과 인구이동률 네트워크 분석)

  • Lee, Jimin
    • Journal of Korean Society of Rural Planning
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    • v.24 no.3
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    • pp.127-135
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    • 2018
  • In countries and regions population plays an important role. Recently the importance of population migration increased as population growth slowed. Researches on population migration are mainly focused on the analysis of the population movement factors and the regional structure analysis using the network analysis method. Analysis of regional structure through population movement is not enough to explain the phenomenon of migration of small cities and rural regions. In this study, to overcome the limit of previous studies the characteristics of the population movement rate according to the size of the population were analyzed. Also network analysis using the population movement OD (Origin and Destination) and population movement rate OD were conducted and the results of them were compared. As the results of analysis by the regional population scale, the population movement by population size showed a big difference in the areas with more than 100 thousand people and less than 100 thousand people. Migration to the outside of the province was the most frequent in regions with 30,000~50,000 people. The population migration rate network analysis result showed that the new area with large population inflow capacity was identified, which could not be found in the population movement network analysis because population movement number is small. The population movement rate irate is expected to be used to identify the central regions of the province and to analyze the difference in resident attractiveness.

Population Projection and"0" Growth Population of Korea (우리나라의 장래 인구전망과 <0>성장인구추계)

  • 김태헌;장영식
    • Korea journal of population studies
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    • v.17 no.1
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    • pp.1-16
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    • 1994
  • Since 1962, the population growth control has been one of the most important aims in the 5-Year So-cioeconomic Development Plans of Korea. The annual population growth rate has dropped to tess than 1 percent in 1990 from about 3 percents in 1960s, and projected to reach to $\ulcorner$0$\urcorner$ percent in 2021. From 2021, Korean population will decrease and the age structure will be distorted because birth rate will drop suddenly and continuously. Thus, we can consider $\ulcorner$0$\urcorner$ growth population for minimizing the prob- lems on the decreasing population. To discuss the problems caused from the changes of population size and age- sex composition, we projected three kinds of population including two kinds of $\ulcorner$0$\urcorner$ growth population under different as- sumptions. The first is the population which extended the projection of National Statistical Office up to 2090. Because the TFR is assumed and fixed as low as 1.63 after 1990, the population growth rate will be under $\ulcorner$0$\urcorner$ in 2021 and drop by about 1 percent every year from around 2050. This population trend results to old age population : 38.1 of old- age dependency ratio and 46.5 years of median age. The second is the population which the size in 2021 projected by the NOS continues after 2021. To change over from the decreasing population after 2021 to the $\ulcorner$0$\urcorner$ growth one, the TFR should be in-creased up to over 3.0 in 2040-2050, which fertility level would be too high to be accepted. The third is the population which approaches to the $\ulcorner$0$\urcorner$ growth population under the assumptions that the TFR increases from 1.63 to 2.1 in the period of 2010-2030 and then the same level continues. Although the maximum population size reaches 51, 503 thousand persons, the population will approach to the stationary population with about 42.4 million persons around 2090. In this projected population there is no more serious problems on population composition, on the rapid decrease of population, and on the increase TFR level. When the $\ulcorner$0$\urcorner$ growth population continues the problems of over population caused by the populationincrease wou]d be minimized, and the problems of unusual age composition resulted from the popula-tion decrease would not be found any more. Furthermore, when the changes of population size and composition is continuing slowly, the factors of population would effect moderately to socioeconomic development and help social changes. Therefore, with the attention of the present population changes, we should adapt new and detailde population policy which is able to get the $\ulcorner$0$\urcorner$ growth population.

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Social Stratification of the Great Seoul Area: A Comparative Study Using Two Types of Population (상주인구와 주간인구의 계층구조 비교분석 : 서울을 중심으로)

  • 은기수
    • Korea journal of population studies
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    • v.24 no.1
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    • pp.41-65
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    • 2001
  • This study aims a comparative analysis of social stratification in the Great Seoul area using two types of population. One type of population is a resident population(常住人口), and the other is a daytime population주간인구(晝間人口). In most demographic studies, only resident population have been considered. There has been less attention to daytime population. However, a resident population have a character of night population야간인구(夜間人口). In fact, most people move and work in the areas where they do not live in everyday life in the contemporary period, which indicates that the concept of a daytime population is more significant than that of a resident population. This study reveals that a number of people, on the one hand. come together to the downtown area to work or study while they live in other areas. On the other hand, resident population in downtown area do not move so much. When we analyze the social stratification structure of the Great Seoul area using a resident population, we find that the resident population of downtown area consist of those of low social status. On the contrary, the daytime population of downtown area in Seoul consist of those of high social status. This means that most people of high social status live in the southern area of Seoul or outside Seoul, but make a living in downtown area in everyday life. From this study, we find that the concept of a daytime population is as important as that of a resident population. The more residence becomes separate from work place, the more the significance of the concept of a daytime population grows in making policy as wall as in demographic studies. This study implies that we need to pay more attention to the concept of daytime population in demographic and sociological Studies.

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Unreliability of Official Population in Korea (우리나라 공식인구의 신뢰성 및 문제점에 대한 고찰)

  • Park, You-Sung;Kim, Kee-Whan;Kim, Seong-Yong
    • Survey Research
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    • v.11 no.2
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    • pp.71-95
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    • 2010
  • Base population, intercensal and postcensal population estimates, and population projections have been regularly published as official populations. Base population is usually made out based on census conducted every 5 or 10 years, and is most important from which intercensal, postcensal estimates, and population projections are derived. We investigate how base population in Korea is made out and then compare it with those of other countries. We also present problems arising from making out base population in Korea.

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Genetic Distances and Variations of Three Geographic Hairtail Populations Identified by PCR Analysis

  • Yoon, Jong-Man
    • Development and Reproduction
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    • v.18 no.3
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    • pp.167-172
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    • 2014
  • In the present study, muscle tissues were obtained separately from individuals from Atlantic hairtail population (AHP), Gunsan hairtail population (GHP) and Chinese hairtail population (CHP), respectively. The seven decamer primers were used to generate the shared loci, specific, unique shared loci to each population and shared loci by the three hairtail populations. Here, averagely, a decamer primer generated 64.7 amplified products per primer in the AHP population, 55.7 in GHP population and 56.4 in CHP population. The number of unique shared loci to each population and number of shared loci by the three populations generated by genetic analysis using 7 decamer primers in AHP, GHP and CHP population. 119 unique shared loci to each population, with an average of 17 per primer, were observed in the AHP population, and 28 loci, with an average of 4 per primer, were observed in the CHP population. The hierarchical dendrogram point out three main branches: cluster 1 (ATLANTIC 01 ~ ATLANTIC 07), cluster 2 (GUNSAN 08 ~ GUNSAN 14) and cluster 3 (CHINESE 15 ~ CHINESE 21). The shortest genetic distance displaying significant molecular difference was between individuals' CHINESE no. 16 and CHINESE no. 18 (0.045). In the long run, individual no. 01 of the AHP population was most distantly related to CHINESE no. 19 (genetic distance = 0.430). Consequently, PCR analysis generated on the genetic data displayed that the geographic AHP population was widely separated from CHP population, while individuals of CHP population were fairly closely related to those of GHP population.

Trend of Population Change and Future Population in Korea - Korean Future in Year 2000; Long Term National Development - (인구변동 추이와 전망 -2000년대를 향한 국가장기발전 구상을 중심으로-)

  • 고갑석
    • Korea journal of population studies
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    • v.8 no.1
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    • pp.87-117
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    • 1985
  • In Principle, the distriction should be understood between projections and forecasts. When the author or user of a projection is willing to describe it as indicating the most likely population at a give date, then he has made a forecast Population change since 1 960 has been reviewed briefly in order to forecast the population of Korea in the year 2,000 which is a leading factor in long term national development plan for which Korea Institute for Population and Health (KIPH) has been participated since 1983. The author of this paper introduced the population forecast prepared for the long term national development plan and an attempt of comparisons with other forecasts such as D.P. Smith's, T. Frejka's, Economic Planning Board's (EPB), UN's and S.B. Lee's was made. Those six forecasts of Korean future population in year 2,000 varried from 48.5 million to 50.0 million due to the base population and assumption of fertility and mortality however the range of total population size is not large enough. Taking four forecasts such as KIPH, EPB, UN, and Lee based on 1980 population census results and latest data of fertility and mortality, KIPH and UN forecast are close in total population size even though there was a slight difference in fertility and mortality assumptions. The smallest size of total population was shown by S.B. Lee (see Table 13) although the difference between KIPH and Lee was approximately one million which is two percent of total population in year 2,000. As a summary of conclusion the author pointed out that one can take anyone of forecasts prepared by different body because size and proportion wise of the Korean population until early I 990s can not be different much and new population projections must be provided by using 1985 population census data and other latest fertility and mortality information coflected by Korea Institute for Population and Health and Economic Planning Board in forth comming year.

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A Study on the Prospect of Fishery Household Population with the Population Balancing Equation (인구균형식을 이용한 어가인구 전망 연구)

  • Joung Myung - Saeng
    • The Journal of Fisheries Business Administration
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    • v.36 no.1
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    • pp.155-166
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    • 2005
  • Since 1980's, fishery household population have been continuously in a down slope with a 5$\%$ annual decreasing rate in Korea. With a particular situation that the scale of over 60s population has been soaring compared with that of under 16 aged population plunging, some difficulties have been raised with the respect of labor supply into fishery communities. This study is aimed at analyzing the tendency of fisheries population with the change of economic development rates and prospect a future fisheries population with the consideration of present decreasing rate. Model results indicate that the tendency of future fishery household population would be decreased by 4.96$\%$ annually through a decade from 2000. Interestingly, it is predicted that the decreasing rate of male fishery household population would be faster than that of female. Consequently, women would hold a greater part in Fishery household population in 2010. In addition, the fishery household population of 40s and 50s would increase from 36$\%$ to 49$\%$, that of over 60s from 21$\%$ to 37$\%$. In conclusion, as a population over 40's encompass almost 90$\%$ in the total population, the fishing communities have a difficulty in shortage of the young workforce.

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Genetic Variations of Three Tegillarca granosa Populations Investigated by PCR Technique

  • Yoon, Jong-Man
    • The Korean Journal of Malacology
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    • v.32 no.4
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    • pp.255-261
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    • 2016
  • The selected seven oligonucleotides primers BION-32, BION-33, BION-35, BION-38, BION-40, BION-46 and BION-58 generated the shared loci, specific loci, unique shared loci to each population and shared loci by the three T. granosa populations in Beolgyo, a Chinese site and Wonsan, respectively. The bandsharing value between individuals' no. 03 and no. 04 was 0.816, which was the highest value identified within the Beolgyo population. The primer BION-35 generated the most loci (a total of 70), with an average of 10.0 in the Wonsan population. On average, seven oligonucleotides primers generated 16.1 specific loci in the Beolgyo population, 22.3 in the Chinese population and 39.3 in the Wonsan population. 126 unique shared loci to each population, with an average of 18 per primer, were observed in the Beolgyo population, 63 loci, with an average of 9 per primer, were observed in the Chinese population, and 49 loci, with an average of 7 per primer, and were observed in the Wonsan population. The oligonucleotides primer BION-32 generated 14 unique loci to each population, which were identifying each population in the Beolgyo population. Interestingly, every primer had not distinguished the shared loci by the three populations, major and/or minor fragments of sizes, which were identical in almost all of the samples. As regards average bandsharing value (BS) results, individuals from Beolgyo population ($0.717{\pm}0.057$) exhibited higher BS values than did those from Wonsan population ($0.552{\pm}0.104$) (P < 0.05). The dendrogram resulted from truthful seven oligonucleotides primers, representing three genetic clusters comprising group I (BEOLGYO 01, 02, 03, 04, 05, 06 and 07), group II (CHINESE 08, 09, 10, 11, 12, 13 and 14) and group III (WONSAN 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20 and 21). In three T. granosa populations, the longest genetic distance (0.874) displaying significant molecular difference was also between individual no. 02 within the Beolgyo population and individual no. 12 within the Chinese population. Relatively, individuals of the CHINESE population were fairly closely related to those of the WONSAN population.

Analysis of Structural Characteristics of the old-age Population in Korea (우리나라 노령인구의 구조적 특성에 관한 분석)

  • 김경숙
    • Korea journal of population studies
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    • v.3 no.1
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    • pp.62-77
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    • 1979
  • The purpose of this study is to explain the increasing trend of the aged population and its demographic characteristics. This study is based on the data for the aged population above 65 years old published by the Bureau of Statistics, Economic Planning Board. The increasing trend of the aged population has been analyzed and projected from 1955 to the year 2000. Some demographic charicteristics of the aged population including marital status, educational status and status of economic activities have also been analyzed in order to identify the problems associated with aging of population in Korea. The study offers the following conclusion. 1. The aged population index, the proportion of aged population to total population was 3.6 in 1975 and projected to be 6.6 in 2000. There has been steady increase of the aged population is reflected in changes of population structure. The proportional change of the aged population index was 100.0 in 1955, 109.0 in 1975 and 200.0 in 2000 respectively. 2. As for marital status of the aged population 77.6 per cent of male were married while 24.3 per cent of female were married in 1975. 22 per cent of male were widowed while it spouses died declined remarkable the mortality rate declined. 3. As the educational status of the aged, 77 per cent never attended school and 18 per cent attended from a primary school. This is very low and the number of educated men is higher than that of educated women. The rank ordering of schooling is city, Eub and Myeon in that aged. 4. The dependency ratio of the aged population was 5.9 in 1955, 6.1 in 1975 and will be 9.8 in 2000. It is gradually increasing as indicated above 20 per cent of aged population was economically active of these, they are employed in the following occupations as listed in order of the magnitude of the aged population employed. The employment status of the aged workers shows that a greater number of persons are self-employed than workers for another employer. In particular, temporary employees comprise 56.0 per cent of those employed.

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The Effect of Sub-division (Two or Three Sub-populations) of a Population on Genetic Gain and Genetic Diversity

  • Oikawa, T.;Matsui, H.;Sato, K.
    • Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
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    • v.15 no.6
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    • pp.767-771
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    • 2002
  • Breeding efficiencies were compared among three population schemes: a single population, a population with two subpopulations and a population with three sub-populations. A simulation experiment of selection was carried out for 10 generations with 20 replications each by comparing average breeding values and inbreeding coefficients among the three population schemes. Phenotypes of three traits were generated with a model comprising 36 loci, each with additive genetic effects and residuals distributed normally. Among the three population schemes, the single population scheme was definitely superior to the other two with regards to selection response and inbreeding. The multiple sub-population scheme was, however, considered to be an alternative population scheme when the difference in economic weights of the traits was small among the sub-populations, assuming moderate inbreeding depression for traits and crossbreeding. The scheme with two sub-populations had a higher genetic value than that with three subpopulations; however, the genetic values of the schemes were comparable when maternal heterosis was taken into account. The choice of population schemes may depend on the cost-sharing policy between the breeding population and the commercial population rather than just the breeding efficiency.