• Title, Summary, Keyword: Physical violence

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The Effect of Violent Experience on Burnout among Some Dental Hygienists

  • Jeon, Eun-Jeong;Han, Mi Ah;Park, Jong;Choi, Seong Woo
    • Journal of dental hygiene science
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    • v.17 no.5
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    • pp.413-422
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    • 2017
  • This study investigated the effect of violent experience on burnout among some dental hygienists. The study subjects were 242 dental hygienists working at dental clinics. Data were collected by self-administered questionnaire including information such as demographics, work-related characteristics, working environment, experience of violence, and burnout. The violence was classified as verbal violence, physical threat, or physical violence committed by dentists, patients, or caregivers. Descriptive analysis, t-test, ANOVA, correlation, and multiple linear regression analysis were performed to examine the factors associated with burnout. The levels of verbal violence, physical threat, and physical violence by dentists were $0.53{\pm}1.26$, $1.12{\pm}2.70$, and $0.04{\pm}0.42$, respectively. The levels of verbal violence, physical threat, and physical violence by patients and caregivers were $1.50{\pm}1.89$, $1.41{\pm}2.24$, and $0.24{\pm}1.38$, respectively. The score of burnout was $3.13{\pm}0.43$. Total violence, verbal violence, and physical violence by dentists were positively correlated with burnout. Total violence, verbal violence, and physical threat by patients and caregivers were positively correlated with burnout. In multiple linear regression analysis, the level of physical violence by dentists was positively associated with burnout of dental hygienists (${\beta}=0.95$, p=0.032). The levels of total physical violence (${\beta}=0.28$, p=0.002), verbal violence (${\beta}=0.15$, p<0.001), and physical threat (${\beta}=0.19$, p=0.009) by the patients or caregivers were positively associated with burnout of dental hygienists. This study examined the association between violence and burnout among dental hygienists. The level of violence showed positive correlation with burnout. Environment improvement to protect employees from violence and for management of employees who experienced workplace violence are needed to reduce the burnout.

The Relationship between marital communication Style and Marital Violence (부부 의사소통 유형과 부부폭력과의 관계)

  • 김정옥
    • Journal of Korean Home Management Association
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    • v.18 no.1
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    • pp.1-16
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    • 2000
  • The purpose of this study was to explore marital violence from a communication perspective. A total of 352 marital couples in Pusan completed a structured questionnaire. The major findings were as follows: 1,. Husbands and wives reciprocally inflicted psychological aggression and physical violence. But husbands were more to inflict sexual violence and injury toward their wives. 2. When husbands have more the distractor and the blamer of communication style. they inflicted more physical violence toward their wives. When wives have more the blamer of communication style they inflicted more psychological aggression and physical violence toward their husbands. 3, Housbands inflicted psychological aggression toward their wives when husbands experienced child abuse from their parents. husbands inflicted physical violence toward their wives when husbands have the distractor of communication style experienced witness of spousal violence between father and mother and experience of scho l violence experience in the middle and high school. Wives inflicted psychological aggression toward their husbands when wives experienced witness of spousal violence between father and mother and have the blamer of communication style. Wives inflicted physical violence toward their husbands when wives experienced child abuse from their parents.

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A Survey on Nurses' Experience of Verbal and Physical Violence in Small and Medium-sized Hospitals (일개 중소병원 간호사가 경험한 언어적, 신체적 폭력 사건 실태)

  • Kang, Ae Jeong;Lee, Mi Suk;Jeon, Mi Yang
    • Journal of muscle and joint health
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    • v.25 no.2
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    • pp.84-91
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    • 2018
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study was to identify the types of violence experienced by small and medium sized hospital nurses. Methods: Data were collected from March 1 to 30, 2017, using self-report questionnaires. Responses from 87 nurses were analyzed using descriptive statistics, $x^2$ test, Fisher's exact test, t-test. Results: The majority of the respondents experienced violence from patients (60.2%), visitors (25.5%), doctors (12.2%), and other staffs (2.0%). Verbal violence (80.5%) and physical threats (74.7%) were more frequent than physical violence (25.3%). Violence occurred throughout the hospital. However, verbal violence ($x^2=20.85$, p=.005) and physical threat ($x^2=20.80$, p=.006) were statistically significant according to the department. Violence occurred most frequently in surgical ward, followed by artificial kidney room, emergency room, and outpatient department. Conclusion: Most nurses are exposed to frequent violence. These results suggest that hospital should improve the respective organizational cultures and develop promotional programs and administrative policies to prevent violence. Also, hospitals should develop of violence intervention policies and education programs and counseling programs for nurses.

The Influence of Violence Experience on the Job Stress among Hospital Employees Working at Administration and Discharging Department (병원 원무행정근무자의 폭력경험이 직무스트레스에 미치는 영향)

  • Choi, Yun-young;Han, Mi Ah;Park, Jong;Choi, Seong Woo
    • Health Policy and Management
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    • v.26 no.4
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    • pp.325-332
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    • 2016
  • Background: Workplace violence was recognized to be social problems that might impact the health status and the job satisfaction of employee in hospitals. This study investigated the current status of violence and job stress among hospital employees working at administration and discharging department. Methods: The study subjects were 213 administrative employees working at 20 general hospitals. Data were collected by self-administered questionnaire that included information such as demographics, job-related characteristics, experience of violence, and job stress. The violence was classified as verbal violence, physical threat, and physical violence occurred by patients and caregivers. Analysis of variance, t-tests, correlation analysis, and multiple linear regression analysis were performed to examine the associated factors with job stress. Results: The levels of verbal violence, physical threat, and physical violence were $1.64{\pm}1.08$, $0.54{\pm}0.67$, and $0.04{\pm}0.17$, respectively. The score of job stress was $2.74{\pm}0.50$ and it was associated with age, existence of spouse, drinking frequency, subjective health status, disease history, night-time treatment, and public health administration career in simple analysis. In multiple linear regression analysis, the level of verbal violence experience was significantly associated with job stress (B=0.09, p=0.001). Also physical threats (B=0.18, p<0.001) and physical violence (B=0.48, p=0.008) showed positive association with job stress. Conclusion: This study attempted to examine the association between experience of violence and job stress in administrative employees at medical institutions. Levels of violence showed positive correlation with the job stress. Environment improvement to protect employee from violence and management of employees who experienced workplace violence are needed to reduce the job stress.

Violence Episodes and Turnover Among Clinical Nurses (임상 간호사가 경험하는 폭력과 이직에 관한 실태조사)

  • Kim, Jong-Im;Kim, Tae-Sook
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing Administration
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    • v.10 no.4
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    • pp.427-436
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    • 2004
  • Purpose: The purposes of the study were to describe the prevalence, sources and feelings of verbal and physical violence experienced by nurses and to identify the association of violence episodes and their intent and attempt to turnover. Method: Data were collected from the self reported survey of 589 nurses working in various clinical settings in three different hospitals. SPSSWIN 11.0 program was utilized for data analysis using descriptive statistics and Chi-square test. Result: The findings revealed that the majority of nurses had experienced verbal violence(93.7%) and physical violence(23.4%) at work. The most common sources of violence were by patient's families(61.6%), patients(60.3%), and physicians(48.4%). The most common feeling experienced after an episode of violence were anger(56.6%) and resentment(50.9%). 78.1% of those experienced verbal violence and 86.2% of those experienced physical violence reported that they had intent to turnover after violence episodes. Conclusion: Considering the high prevalence of physical and verbal violence experienced by clinical nurses, organizations must develop administrative support system, preventive education and policy to deal with various causes of violence. This will eventually prevent high turnover rates among clinical nurses related to the violence experiences.

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Physical Violence Between Siblings Among Adolescents (청소년의 형제자매 신체폭력 가해에 대한 연구)

  • Kim, Sung-Hee
    • Korean Family Resource Management Association
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    • v.12 no.4
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    • pp.47-62
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    • 2008
  • This study investigated the experience of physical violence among adolescents and the domestic variables explaining sibling violence. Data were collected from 501 adolescents in 2007 and analyzed using SPSS 16.0. The statistics used for analysis were the T-Test, two-way ANOVA, and regression. Findings indicated that 45% of the sample population had experienced sibling violence and the most common acts were "hit with hand or objects". The violence of parents toward their children, gender, and the frequency of conflict between siblings were associated with sibling violence. From these results, the study proposed that education about sibling violence should be included in social work programs.

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Violence Regulation Analysis of Television Programs (텔레비전 프로그램의 폭력성 제재 분석)

  • Kim, Yoojung
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.14 no.10
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    • pp.101-111
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    • 2014
  • This study ascertained violence regulation of television program. Television programs that infringed the standards of violence and were sanctioned, were analyzed in terms of physical and contextual violence. In order to get data, content analysis was adopted. The results shows that violent behavior in terms of physical and violence motivations in terms of contextual were most frequently regulated. There were different results of the level of imposed sanction in terms of physical and contextual violence between network and cableTV. The regulation of television violence could be confirmed with these results.

Conflict Resolution Acts of Rural Spouses (도시근교 농촌부부의 갈등표출행동에 관한 연구)

  • 이정화;최은숙;한경혜
    • Korean Journal of Rural Living Science
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    • v.6 no.1
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    • pp.41-54
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    • 1995
  • This study is to investigate the marital conflict resolution acts (CRA) of rural spouses and to explore the relationship between the CRA and several important factors : socio-demographic, marital relation and drinking pattern factors. Participants in this study are 150 rural women who are married and live with their husband. A modification of the Conflict Tactics Scale is used to measure the CRA of four levels, reasoning, verbal aggression, minor physical violence, and heavy physical violence. The major findings of this study are as follows. First the frequencies of each type of the CRA-reasoning, verbal aggression, minor physical violence and heavy physical violence-are 12.1%, 57.9%, 17.1% and 12.9% respectively. Therefore, the verbal aggression is the most prevalent type of the CRA Second, the result from multiple regression shows that the conflict from husband's whoring, husband's drinking capacity and family type have a meaningful impact on husband's physical violence.

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Caregivers' Experience of Violence and Coping with It in Nursing Homes (노인요양보호사가 경험한 환자 및 보호자에 의한 폭력 경험과 대처)

  • Lee, Eun-Young;Kang, Hee-Sun;Kim, Kyung-Hee;Park, Kyung-Sook
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Community Health Nursing
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    • v.23 no.2
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    • pp.134-143
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    • 2012
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study is to investigate verbal, physical and sexual violence to caregivers in nursing home workplaces. Methods: This cross-sectional study was done from October 17 to 31, 2011 at eight randomly selected nursing homes in Seoul and one nursing home in Gyeonggi, South Korea. This study explored their responses to violence and violent situations, and then investigated on how caregivers coped with workplace violence. Results: The results of this study show that most caregivers in nursing homes experience some form of violence. Verbal violence was more frequent than physical or sexual violence. Verbal and physical violence occurred most often while they were changing the clothes of patients and sexual violence occurred most often while they were showering patients. After experiencing violence, caregivers most often dealt with the situation by informing their colleagues of what was happened. Conclusion: These results suggest that institutional and administrative measures must be implemented to increase the prevention of violence against caregivers and to improve effective measures to deal with violence once it has occurred. Violence in nursing homes can be reduced through the combination of appropriate responses by caregivers and proper education of both patients and caregivers.

A Study on the Intergenerational Transmission of Family Violence (가정폭력의 세대간 전달에 관한 연구)

  • Kim, Yea-Jung;Kim, Deuk-Sung
    • Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association
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    • v.44 no.6
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    • pp.141-153
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    • 2006
  • This study examined the intergenerational transmission of family violence. The main focus of this study was on the effect of an experience of childhood violence and the witnessing of interparental violence on the future spouse and child violence. Two hundred and forty-two married couples and 50 married couples with indicted husbands and their wives were surveyed. The results showed that Husbands who had experienced childhood violence from their father and witnessed their father's violence towards their mother tended to inflict more physical violence on their wives than those who did not experience such events. Wives who witnessed violence between both parents' tended to receive more physical violence from their husbands than those who did not witness such events. In addition, wives who did not experience childhood violence but at the same time witnessed interparental violence tended to receive more physical violence from their husbands than those who did not witness such events. Husbands who experienced childhood violence from their mother and both parents and husbands who witnessed their father's violence toward their mother tended to be more violent towards their children than those who did not experience such events. Wives who experienced childhood violence from their mother and father and wives who witnessed violence between both parents tended to be more violent towards their children than those who did not experience such events. These results partially support that the transmission of family violence across generations and show the differential effects of gender and the violent parent's gender on family violence.