• Title, Summary, Keyword: Paradox

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An Exploratory Study on Consumer Privacy Paradox Experience: Grounded Theory Approach (소비자 프라이버시 역설 경험에 대한 탐색적 연구: 근거이론적 접근)

  • Kim, Hyo Jung;Rha, Jong Youn
    • Family and Environment Research
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    • v.55 no.2
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    • pp.205-219
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    • 2017
  • This study redefines 'consumer privacy attitude and behavior discrepancy' that occurs in the transaction environment that exists between consumer and provider as 'consumer privacy paradox.' In this study, qualitative research was conducted based on grounded theory. This study explored how consumers react to a privacy paradox as well as looked into how to adapt to the negative and positive results that can be generated by the privacy paradox. 'Consumer privacy paradox' is the same as the existing privacy paradox in that consumers can utilize the resources of personal information to consume and benefit from the market environment. However, it differs from previous studies in that it examines the privacy paradox in terms of consumer influence and consumer experience. The results of the study are as follows. First, a paradigm model of the consumer privacy paradox was derived. Second, consumers used three types of strategies to rationalize themselves or maintain indifference or relief to cope with the consumer privacy paradox. Third, the possibility of damage and the responsibility for privacy protection were the mediators of the consumer privacy paradox. Fourth, the 'result' generated by the consumer privacy paradox showed four types of: non-response, satisfaction, commitment to change, and negative emotional experience. Fifth, there is a difference in strategies to respond to the consumer privacy paradox according to consumer types.

Measurement of Archer's Paradox Size using Multiple Frames (다중프레임을 이용한 궁사의 패러독스 크기 측정)

  • Kim, Jonggeun;Jeong, Yeongsang;Song, Moonjae;Kim, Sungshin
    • Journal of The Korean Society of Manufacturing Technology Engineers
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    • v.23 no.1
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    • pp.21-26
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    • 2014
  • An arrow produced by a manufacturing process is evaluated using the archer's paradox and the intensity of the impact point. The accuracy rate in particular is changed by the arrow's vibrational movement, which is called the archer's paradox. The archer's paradox occurs not only in the right, left, upward, and downward directions, but in all directions. The optimized value of the archer's paradox has not been studied yet. This paper proposes to measure the archer's paradox to determine its optimized value. Measuring the archer's paradox using a high-speed camera is expensive, and it is difficult to translate the result to a numerical value. However, the device for measuring the archer's paradox proposed in this paper is inexpensive, and the results are easy to convert to a numerical value. Therefore, this device is more suitable for optimization of the archer's paradox than a high-speed camera. In this paper, we propose to measure the size of the paradox using multiple frames, which can measure the position of an arrow moving at a speed of 300km/h to within millimeters. We calculate the size of the paradox experimentally using the measured location in each frame. This value is not an approximate value, but an accurate numerical value.

Paradox of Sorensen Sorites (소렌센 더미 역설)

  • Lee, Jinhee
    • Korean Journal of Logic
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    • v.20 no.3
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    • pp.335-366
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    • 2017
  • Sorensen proved that 'vague' is vague through a sorites paradox that he presented. I will show that his sorites paradox satisfies the conditions for a sorites paradox and does not satisfy those conditions. So we will face a new paradox which exemplifies inconsistency of conditions for a sorites paradox. But those conditions include a principle which says when two cases are close enough, there will be no change in truth value. It represents an essential feature of vagueness. Therefore the paradox I will present in this article is not only shows inconsistency of conditions for a sorites paradox but also shows inconsistency of vagueness itself.

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A Cross-cultural Study on the Mobile Technology Paradox (문화적 차이에 따른 모바일 테크놀로지 패러독스 인식의 차이에 대한 비교 연구)

  • Chon, Kent;Chae, Myung-Sin
    • The Journal of Information Systems
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    • v.17 no.4
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    • pp.1-30
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    • 2008
  • As mobile Technology came into people's everyday life the conflicts between users' expectation on the mobile technology and real performance has increased. These kind of conflict as far as technology concerned, are called 'technology paradox' and have been studied by few researchers. The discussion on mobile technology paradox could be critical to understand users' mobile technology usage behavior because when users perceive the paradox they are supposed to choose a coping strategy. another factor regarding the perception of paradox and coping strategy the culture should be considered. Thus this paper developed a measurement for mobile technology perception and empirically tested based on survey result from Korea and U.S.A. The analysis clearly shows that there are substantial differences in perceiving technology paradox and choosing the coping strategy between Korean users and American users.

A Model for Detecting Braess Paradox in General Transportation Networks (일반 교통망에서 브라이스 역설 발견 모형)

  • Park, Koo-Hyun
    • Journal of the Korean Operations Research and Management Science Society
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    • v.32 no.4
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    • pp.19-35
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    • 2007
  • This study is for detecting the Braess Paradox by stable dynamics in general transportation networks. Stable dynamics, suggested by Nesterov and de Palma[18], is a new model which describes and provides a stable state of congestion in urban transportation networks. In comparison with user equilibrium model based on link latency function in analyzing transportation networks, stable dynamics requires few parameters and is coincident with intuitions and observations on the congestion. Therefore it is expected to be an useful analysis tool for transportation planners. The phenomenon that increasing capacity of a network, for example creating new links, may decrease its performance is called Braess Paradox. It has been studied intensively under user equilibrium model with link latency function since Braess[5] demonstrated a paradoxical example. However it is an open problem to detect the Braess Paradox under stable dynamics. In this study, we suggest a method to detect the Paradox in general networks under stable dynamics. In our model, we decide whether Braess Paradox will occur in a given network. We also find Braess links or Braess crosses if a network permits the paradox. We also show an example how to apply it in a network.

On the Pinocchio Paradox (피노키오 역설에 대하여)

  • Song, Hasuk
    • Korean Journal of Logic
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    • v.17 no.2
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    • pp.233-253
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    • 2014
  • The Pinocchio paradox that Eldridge-Smith suggested is a version of the semantic paradox. But it is unique in the sense that this paradox does not contain a semantic predicate. Tarski's solution which appeals to the hierarchy of language and Kripke's para-completeness which accepts the third truth value cannot solve the Pinocchio paradox. This paper argues that Eldridge-Smith's trial to criticize semantical dialetheism is not successful and that the paradox implies the rule of the truth predicate is inconsistent. That is, the proper diagnosis to this paradox is that the Pinocchio principle should be considered to be potentially inconsistent, which suggests that semantic paradoxes such as the liar paradox arise because the rule of the truth-predicate is inconsistent. The Pinocchio paradox teaches us that consistent view of truth cannot be successful to solve the semantic paradoxes and that we should accept the inconsistent view of truth.

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What the gentle murder paradox means to event semantics

  • Kim, Han-Seung
    • Korean Journal of Logic
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    • v.9 no.2
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    • pp.99-116
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    • 2006
  • There has been several proposals to resolve the gentle murder paradox; Forrester claims that the paradox shows that the deontic closure principle should be abandoned, while Sinnott-Armstrong claims that the paradoxical result arises from the scope ambiguity. However, I shall argue, the gentle murder paradox hinges on the logical structure of adverbial expressions. Although Davidson shows an insightful way of understanding logical structure of adverbs, there has been misunderstandings concerning the nature of his account. Especially what is called neo-Davidsonian event semantics is based upon combination of two fundamentally conflicting ideas. I shall propose a new way of understanding Davidson's account, on the basis of which I continue to give a new diagnosis of the gentle murder paradox.

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What is paradoxical about the Cable Guy paradox? (수리기사의 역설, 무엇이 역설적인가?)

  • Won, Chiwook
    • Korean Journal of Logic
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    • v.17 no.3
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    • pp.425-440
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    • 2014
  • In his recent paper, Hanseung Kim (2014) discusses the Cable Guy paradox and argues that given the nature of regret, it is rational to bet on the cable guy's afternoon arrival, though it is equally probable for him to arrive in the morning or afternoon interval. In this paper, I argue that regret is not essential to the paradox in that the paradox still arises even if we ignore regret. I then briefly discuss a possible way to proceed to resolve the paradox.

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Can Collective Causation Resolve the Paradox of Before-Effect?: A Critique of Yi's Solution

  • Han, Sungil
    • Korean Journal of Logic
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    • v.16 no.1
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    • pp.17-43
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    • 2013
  • Recently Byeong-Uk Yi has attempted to provide a novel solution to the paradox of before-effect by arguing that, upon drawing our attention to the notion of collective causation, we realize that there is a straightforward solution to the paradox. My aim in this paper is to show that Yi's solution fails. To this end, after making explicit two sources of the puzzlement in the paradox of before-effect, I set two requirements one must meet to resolve the paradox. And I argue that Yi's solution cannot meet both requirements at the same time.

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