• Title, Summary, Keyword: PLC

Search Result 1,399, Processing Time 0.04 seconds

System Model-driven Conversion from PLC-based Systems to RTOS-based Systems (시스템 모델을 통한 PLC 기반 시스템의 RTOS 기반 시스템으로의 변환)

  • Kim, Je-Wung;Lim, Sung-Soo
    • Journal of the Korea Society of Computer and Information
    • /
    • v.14 no.3
    • /
    • pp.13-26
    • /
    • 2009
  • In this raper, We propose the alternative solution, RTOS-based system to replace the PLC 4hat has used the automation system for industrial processes. RTOS-based system is constructed the PC and RTOS as hardware and software. It overcomes the limit of PLC and guarantees the stability and reliability. Also, PC has better performance and cheaper than PLC when operating and constructing the system. For many manufactures, these benefits alone are all the reason they need to switch from PLC-based system to RTOS-based system. To use the RTOS-based System, the PLC program needs the conversion to the RTOS task. And how to transform is the most important issue. So, we propose conversion method through the system model. The system model defines the operation of each module as the task after the system divided into module. Because the system divided into modules can control, the performance and the functionality of system improve, and the system can deal with a problem easily when repairing and changing.

  • PDF

Expression of Phospholipase C Isozymes in Human Lung Cancer Tissues (인체 폐암조직에서 Phospholipase C 동위효소의 발현양상)

  • Hwang, Sung-Chul;Mah, Kyung-Ae;Choi, So-Yeon;Oh, Yoon-Jung;Choi, Young-In;Kim, Deog-Ki;Lee, Hyung-Noh;Choi, Young-Hwa;Park, Kwang-Ju;Lee, Yi-Hyeong;Lee, Kyi-Beom;Ha, Mahn-Joon;Bae, Yoon-Su
    • Tuberculosis and Respiratory Diseases
    • /
    • v.49 no.3
    • /
    • pp.310-322
    • /
    • 2000
  • Background : Phospholipase C(PLC) plays an important role in cellular signal transduction and is thought to be critical in cellular growth, differentiation and transformation of certain malignancies. Two second messengers produced from the enzymatic action of PLC are diacylglycerol (DAG) and inositol 1, 4, 5-trisphosphate (IP3). These two second messengers are important in down stream signal activation of protein kinase C and intracellular calcium elevation. In addition, functional domains of the PLC isozymes, such as Src homology 2 (SH2) domain, Src homology 3 (SH3) domain, and pleckstrin homology (PH) domain play crucial roles in protein translocation, lipid membrane modificailon and intracellular memrane trafficking which occur during various mitogenic processes. We have previously reported the presence of PLC-${\gamma}1$, ${\gamma}2$, ${\beta}1$, ${\beta}3$, and ${\delta}1$ isozymes in normal human lung tissue and tyrosine-kinase-independent activation of phospholipase C-${\gamma}$ isozymes by tau protein and AHNAK. We had also found that the expression of AHNAK protein was markedly increased in various mstologic types of lung can∞r tissues as compared to the normallungs. However, the report concerning expression of various PLC isozymes in lung canærs and other lung diseases is lacking. Therefore, in this study we examined the expression of PLC isozymes in the paired surgical specimens taken from lung cancer patients. Methods : Surgically resected lung cancer tissue samples taken from thirty seven patients and their paired normal control lungs from the same patients, The expression of various PLC isozymes were studied. Western blot analysis of the tissue extracts for the PLC isozymes and immunohistochemistry was performed on typical samples for localization of the isozyme. Results : In 16 of 18 squamous cell carcinomas, the expression of PLC-${\gamma}1$ was increased. PLC-${\gamma}1$ was also found to be increased in all of 15 adenocarcinoma patients. In most of the non-small cell lung cancer tissues we had examined, expression of PLC-${\delta}1$ was decreased. However, the expression of PLC-${\delta}1$ was markedly increased in 3 adenocarcinomas and 3 squamous carcinomas. Although the numbers were small, in all 4 cases of small cell lung cancer tissues, the expression of PLC-${\delta}1$ was nearly absent. Conclusion : We found increased expression of PLC-${\gamma}1$ isozyme in lung cancer tissues. Results of this study, taken together with our earlier findings of AHNAK protein-a putative PLD-${\gamma}$, activator-over-expression, and the changes observed in PLC-${\delta}1$ in primary human lung cancers may provide a possible insight into the derranged calcium-inositol signaling pathways leading to the lung malignancies.

  • PDF

[ $PLC-{\gamma}1$ ] for Differentiating Adenocarcinoma from Reactive Mesothelial Cells in Effusions (체강 삼출액의 진단에 있어서 $PLC-{\gamma}1$ 면역 염색의 유용성)

  • Woo, Yeong-Ju;Kim, Sung-Sook
    • The Korean Journal of Cytopathology
    • /
    • v.8 no.2
    • /
    • pp.115-119
    • /
    • 1997
  • Cytologic diagnosis of reactive or malignant effusion is sometimes difficult. Especially, differentiation of benign reactive mesothelial cells from malignant cells in body effusion is more difficult. Recently, immunohistochemistry has been used to diagnose difficult cases. Phospholipase $C(PLC)-{\gamma}1$ is one of the isoenzyme of the PLC which plays central role in signal transduction involving cellular growth, differentiation and transformation by phosphorylating many protein component. Increased expression of $PLC-{\gamma}1$ in human breast carcinoma, colorectal carcinoma and stomach cancers are reported. To evaluate the efficacy of positive $PLC-{\gamma}1$ immunostaining in the diagnosis of malignancy in effusions, paraffin-embedded cell blocks of pleural fluid and ascites from 10 patients(5 metastatic adenocarcinomas, and 5 reactive mesothelial cells) were immunostained with a monoclonal antibody to $PLC-{\gamma}1$. $PLC-{\gamma}1$ immuostained all the adenocarcinomas in cell block(5/5) with intense membrane pattern, however, none of the reactive mesothelial proliferations stained with the diagnostic membrane pattern. Thus, our study strongly supports the conclusion that $PLC-{\gamma}1$ immunopositivity is likely to become a useful adjunct for the diagnosis of malignancy in effusions.

  • PDF

Distributional Patterns of Phospholipase C Isozymes in Heart and Brain of Spontaneously Hypertensive and Normotensive Rats

  • Choi, Ji-Woong;Cho, Young-Jin;Cha, Seok-Ho;Lee, Kweon-Haeng;Lee, Sang-Bok
    • The Korean Journal of Physiology and Pharmacology
    • /
    • v.1 no.4
    • /
    • pp.385-392
    • /
    • 1997
  • The phospholipase C (PLC)-mediated intracellular signal transduction pathway is considered to be involved in the regulation of blood pressure. However, little information is available concerning the distributional and functional significance of PLC in the genetic hypertensive rats. As the first step of knowing the role of PLC on hypertension, we investigated the distribution of 6 PLC isozymes $(PLC-{\beta}1,\;-{\beta}3,\;-{\beta}4,\;-{\gamma}1,\;-{\gamma}2\;and\;-{\delta}1)$ in the heart and brain, which are concerned with hypertension, in the normotensive Wistar-Kyoto rat (WKY) and spontaneously hypertensive rat (SHR) using the western blotting and immunocytochemistry. The immunoreactivities of PLC isozymes in brain were detected, but there were no distributional and quantitative differences between the WKY and SHR. In the heart, but the immunoreactivities to $PLC-{\beta}1$ and $-{\gamma}2$ in the SHR were higher than those in WKY. In immunocytochemistry to confirm these western blotting data, $PLC-{\beta}1$ and $-{\gamma}2$ were localized in cardiac myocytes and the intensities of immunoreactivity in SHR were stronger than that in WKY. These results suggest that $PLC-{\beta}1$ and $-{\gamma}2$ would have possibility to concern with the establishment of spontaneous hypertension.

  • PDF

A Shelter Guidance System using the PLC Communication (PLC 통신을 이용한 피난구 유도장치 시스템)

  • Lee, Chang-Young;Lee, Kyu-Yun;Lee, Hyun-Kwan;Kim, In-Kook;Eom, Ki-Hwan
    • Proceedings of the Korean Institute of Information and Commucation Sciences Conference
    • /
    • v.9 no.1
    • /
    • pp.583-586
    • /
    • 2005
  • We propose a shelter guidance system using the PLC communication to resolve that a conventional shelter guidance light for underground space has problems. The proposed shelter guidance system is composed of a main control part, a PLC remote control part, a charging part, a sound generation part, a display part, an alarm part and a smoke sensing part.. The efficacy of the proposed system is verified by means of experimental. Experimental results are presented that show the effectiveness and the improvement of noise.

  • PDF

Analysis of Security Weakness and Countermeasure in PLC-based Homenetwork (PLC 홈네트워크의 보안 취약성 및 대응방안 분석)

  • Ju Seong-Ho;Lim Yong-Hun;Park Byung-Seok;Kim Tae-Wan;Kim Young-Hyun;Choi Moon-Seok;Lee Beom-Seok
    • Proceedings of the KIPE Conference
    • /
    • /
    • pp.478-480
    • /
    • 2006
  • 고속 PLC 기술의 실현으로 인한 외부 엑세스망과의 연동이 가능해지고, 댁내에서 저속/고속 PLC 기술의 활용으로 생활기기의 제어와 멀티미디어 서비스의 공급이 원활하게 이루어 질 경우 다양한 흠 네트워크 서비스를 제공할 수 있게 된다. 하지만 이러한 PLC 기술 기반의 다양한 서비스들이 PLC 엑세스망 및 홈네트워크를 통해 제공될 경우, 다양한 보안 취약성을 포함하게 된다. 따라서 현재 흠 네트워크에서 제기되고 있는 보안 취약성뿐만 아니라 PLC 기술을 적용할 경우 발생가능한 모든 보안적 문제점을 살펴볼 필요가 있으며, 이러한 문제를 해결하기 위해 제안되고 있는 보안 서비스 모델을 PLC 기반의 흠 네트워크 보안과 연관하여 최적의 보안시스템을 개발할 필요가 있다. 본 논문에서는 PLC망에서의 보안 취약성을 분석하고 이에 따른 대응방안을 분석하여 PLC기반의 홈네트워크 보급이 활성화될 수 있도록 한다.

  • PDF

Implementation of Zigbee/PLC Gateway System for U-Health Care (유비쿼터스 헬스케어를 위한 Zigbee/PLC 게이트웨이 시스템 구현)

  • Kim, Sung-Yun;Kang, Kyung-Il;Kweon, Min-Su;Rhee, Young-Chul
    • The Journal of the Korea institute of electronic communication sciences
    • /
    • v.5 no.3
    • /
    • pp.332-338
    • /
    • 2010
  • In this paper, Zigbee/PLC gateway system is designed for Ubiquitous health care. A protocol conversion algorithm for smooth information exchange between Zigbee and PLC communication has been implemented on the gatway. If a moving object is detected by wireless sensor, the data is transmitted to gateway. Zigbee/PLC gateway analyzes received data and transmits to Power Line Communication for real-time monitoring. Implemented system is can support elder who lives alone activity analysis, crime prevention system, Home network service.

Development of PLC Communication Line Test Simulator (PLC 통신 선로 시험 시뮬레이터 개발)

  • ku, Jayl
    • Journal of the Institute of Electronics and Information Engineers
    • /
    • v.54 no.4
    • /
    • pp.122-128
    • /
    • 2017
  • In order to simplify the wiring of construction heavy equipment, researches on PLC(Power Line Communication)-CAN(Controller Area Network) communication module are actively proceeding. Even if a PLC-CAN communication module is developed, a simulator capable of judging whether the PLC-CAN communication module is operating normally is needed. In this paper, we designed and developed a simulator that can measure the status of PLC-CAN communication module. We analyzed the characteristics of the power line communication frequency band by analyzing the characteristics of the power line and compared the noise characteristics with the passenger car in order to characterize the heavy equipment noise.

A Study on the Implementation of PLC Program for Flowing Type Steam Boiler Control (관류형 스팀보일러 제어를 위한 PLC PROGRAM 구현에 관한 연구)

  • Cho, Hyeon-Seob;Kim, Jong-Ok;Kim, Hee-Suk
    • Proceedings of the KIEE Conference
    • /
    • /
    • pp.2439-2441
    • /
    • 2001
  • In this paper, PLC program for flowing type steam boiler control is presented. The function of the implementation are flowing type steam boiler, PLC control, interpretation of PLC command, and temperature scheme. The flowing type steam boiler approach is based on master-slave control concept. To show validity of the developed PLC program, severial experiments are illustrated.

  • PDF