• Title, Summary, Keyword: PBSC

Search Result 6, Processing Time 0.061 seconds

Comparison of Two Apheresis Systems of COBE and Optia for Autologous Peripheral Blood Stem Cell Collection

  • Lee, Se-Na;Sohn, Ji Yeon;Kong, Jung Hee;Eom, Hyeon Seok;Lee, Hyewon;Kong, Sun-Young
    • Annals of Laboratory Medicine
    • /
    • v.37 no.4
    • /
    • pp.327-330
    • /
    • 2017
  • Peripheral blood stem cell (PBSC) transplantation following myeloablative therapy is a mainstay of treatment for various types of malignancies. This study aimed to evaluate the differences between the Optia MNC and COBE Spectra MNC systems (Terumo BCT, Japan) according to apheresis procedures and the parameters of apheresis, products, and collection. The clinical data of 74 patients who underwent autologous PBSC collection from July 2012 to July 2015 were reviewed retrospectively. The patients comprised 48 (65%) men and 26 (35%) women with a median age of 56 yr (range, 23-66 yr). Of 216 procedures, 111 (51%) and 105 (49%) were processed by using COBE and Optia MNC, respectively. PBSC collection rates, throughput, numbers of stem cells retrieved, collection efficacy, and platelet loss were compared. There were no significant differences in the median CD34+ cell counts of collected products ($0.61{\times}10^8$ vs $0.94{\times}10^8$), CD34 collection efficiency (43.5% vs 42.1%), and loss of platelets (40.1% vs 44.7%). The Spectra Optia MNC apheresis system was comparable to the COBE Spectra system in collecting autologous CD34+ hematopoietic stem cells and retention of platelets.

Factors Influencing Peripheral Blood Stem Cell Collection (자가 말초혈액 조혈모세포 채집에 영향을 주는 관련요인)

  • Choi, Yong-Suk;Kim, Kwang-Sung;Kim, Youn-Soon;Hwang, Mee-Jung;Cho, Hyung-Suk;Kim, Su-Mi
    • Asian Oncology Nursing
    • /
    • v.8 no.1
    • /
    • pp.1-7
    • /
    • 2008
  • Purpose: Peripheral blood stem cell transplantation (PBSCT) has been widely used. The optimal time for collection is a critical factor to obtain proper counts of CD34 cell by peripheral blood stem cell collection (PBSC). The purpose of this study was to identify the factors influencing peripheral blood stem cell collection in order to figure out the more effective timing for PBSC. Method: The subjects of this study were 189 patients undergoing 3 leukapheresis from January 28, 2005 to December 31,2006. Group's characteristics, checkup opinion of pre-peripheral blood on the day of harvest & outcome of PBSC were analyzed and evaluated using SAS statistics program after grouping patients as below; group 1-CD34 cell counts $<2{\times}10^6/kg$ (n=97); group $2-2{\times}10^6/kg$ ${\leq}CD34$ cell counts $<4{\times}10^6/kg$ (n=26); group 3-CD34 cell counts ${\geq}4{\times}10^6/kg$ (n=63). Results: Based on outcome of peripheral blood stem cell according to diagnosis, acute myelocytic leukemia (AML) was 65.5% at Group 1, Lymphoma was 21.7% at Group 2 and multiple myeloma (MM) was 70.8% at Group 3. There were significant differences in CD34 cell counts according to diagnosis (p=0.00004). Type of cytokine mobilization according to diagnosis, Lenograsim was using 62.5% of MM & 38.2% of AML and filgrastim is using 22.0% of AML only. Circular peripheral blood CD34 cell counts prior to harvest was $258.1/{\mu}L$ at Group 3 which was much higher comparing to Group 1 ($10.5/{\mu}L$) and Group 2 ($39.9/{\mu}L$) (p<0.001). TNC counts of collected peripheral blood stem cell was $15.36{\times}10^6/kg$ at Group 3 and it's much higher than Group 2 ($13.16{\times}10^6/kg$) and Group 1 ($12.36{\times}10^6/kg$) (p=0.083). There was no significant difference in MNC counts inbetween 3 groups. Conclusions: Circular peripheral blood CD34+ cell counts prior to harvest was much higher at Group 3 than Group 1 and Group 2. Therefore, the number of CD34+ cells on the day of harvest can be used as an accurate predictor for peripheral blood stem cell.

  • PDF

Successful engraftment after infusion of multiple low doses of CD34+ cells from a poorly matched sibling donor in a patient with severe aplastic anemia

  • Kum, Chang Dae;Lee, Mi Jin;Park, Jun Eun
    • Yeungnam University Journal of Medicine
    • /
    • v.36 no.2
    • /
    • pp.148-151
    • /
    • 2019
  • The dose of CD34+ cells is known to influence the outcome of allogeneic peripheral blood stem cell (PBSC) and/or T-cell-depleted transplantation. A previous study proposed that $2{\times}10^6\;CD34+\;cells/kg$ is the ideal minimum dose for allogeneic transplantation, although lower doses did not preclude successful therapy. In the case we present here, CD34+ cells were collected from a matched sibling donor on the day of allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation; however, the number of cells was not sufficient for transplantation. Consequently, PBSCs were collected three additional times and were infused along with cord blood cells from the donor that were cryopreserved at birth. The cumulative dose of total nuclear cells and CD34+ cells was $15.9{\times}10^8\;cells/kg$ and $0.95{\times}10^6\;cells/kg$, respectively. White blood cells from this patient were engrafted on day 12. In summary, we report successful engraftment after infusion of multiple low doses of CD34+ cells in a patient with severe aplastic anemia.

Factors to Predict Successful Harvest during Autologous Peripheral Hematopoietic Stem Cell Collection

  • Kim, Mun-Ja;Jin, Soo-He;Lee, Duk-Hee;Park, Dae-Weon;Koh, Sung-Ae;Lee, Kyung-Hee;Hyun, Myung-Soo;Kim, Min-Kyoung
    • Biomedical Science Letters
    • /
    • v.18 no.2
    • /
    • pp.131-138
    • /
    • 2012
  • Autologous peripheral blood stem cell transplantation (PBSCT) has been used as a major treatment strategy for hematological malignancies. The number of CD34 positive cells in the harvested product is a very important factor for achieving successful transplantation. We studied the factors that can predict the number of CD34 positive cells in the harvested product of acute myelocytic leukemia (AML), multiple myeloma (MM) and Non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (NHL) patients after mobilizing them with chemotherapy plus G-CSF. A total of 73 patients (AML 19 patients, MM 28 patients, NHL 26 patients) with hematological malignancies had been mobilized with chemotherapy and granulocyte colony-stimulating growth factor from April, 2000 to February, 2012. Group's characteristics, checkup opinion of pre-peripheral blood on the day of harvest & outcome of PBSC were analyzed and evaluated using SPSS statistics program after grouping patients as below; group 1: CD34 cell counts < $2{\times}10^6/kg$ (n=16); group 2: $2{\times}10^6/kg{\leq}CD34$ cell counts < $6{\times}10^6/kg$ (n=32); group 3: CD34 cell counts ${\geq}6{\times}10^6/kg$ (n=25). We analyzed the clinical characteristics, the peripheral blood (PB) parameters and the number of CD34 positive cells in the PB and their correlation with the yield of CD34 positive cells collected from the mobilized patients. The total number of leukapheresis sessions was 263 (mean: 3.55 session per patient), and the mean number of harvested CD34 positive cells per patient was $7.37{\times}10^6/kg$. The number of CD34 positive cells in product was significantly correlated with the number of platelet and CD34 positive cells in peripheral blood (P<0.05). The number of PB CD34 positive cells was the best significant factor for the quantity of harvested CD34 positive cells on the linear regression analysis (P<0.05). Many factors could influence the mobilization of peripheral blood stem cells. Platelet count and PB CD34 positive cells count were the two variables which remained to be significant in multivariate analysis. Therefore, the number of platelet and CD34 positive cells in peripheral blood on the day of harvest can be used as an accurate predictor for successful peripheral blood stem cell collection.