• Title, Summary, Keyword: Oropharyngeal neoplasm

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The Effects of Radiotherapy for Oropharyngeal Cancer ; A Single Institutional Experience (구인두 암에서 방사선 치료의 효과 ; 단일기관의 경험)

  • Choi, Euncheol;Kim, Ok Bae;Oh, Young Kee;Kim, Mi Young;Yeo, Chang Ki;Byun, Sang Jun;Park, Seung Gyu;Kim, Jin Hee
    • Korean Journal of Head & Neck Oncology
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    • v.30 no.2
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    • pp.62-67
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    • 2014
  • Background and Objectives : To investigate the prognostic factors and effectiveness of radiotherapy for oropharyngeal cancer. Material and Methods : Forty seven patients in oropharyngeal cancer treated with radiotherapy between November 1989 and October 2010. Conventional radiotherapy was performed until July 2007 and conformal radiotherapy was performed since August 2007. Median age of patients was 59. Thirty five patients were males. Nine patients had operation. Patients treated with postoperative radiotherapy were delivered median 60 Gy and patients treated with definitive radiotherapy were delivered median 66 Gy. Median follow-up periods were 51 months. Results : Two year and 5 year overall survival rate was 78.7% and 59.9%. Two year and 5-year locoregional recurrence free survival rate was 82.3% and 72.9%. In subgroup of definitive radiotherapy, at univariate analysis for overall survival, lower N stage(p=0.01), lower stage(p=0.05) and well and moderate differentiation(p=0.001) were statistically significant. At univariate analysis for locoregional recurrence free survival, lower T stage(p=0.02) and better differentiation(p=0.043) were statistically significant. Treatment failure occurred in 12 patients. Locoregional recurrence(8 patients) was main pattern of failure. Conclusion : When definitive radiotherapy compared with postoperative adjuvant radiotherapy, there was no significant difference. Further studies would be needed to compare definitive radiotherapy with postoperative radiotherapy. N stage, stage and differentiation could be the prognostic factors for overall survival and T stage and differentiation could be the prognostic factors for locoregional recurrence free survival in patients treated definitive radiotherapy.

Refining prognostic stratification of human papillomavirus-related oropharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma: different prognosis between T1 and T2

  • Lee, Sumin;Lee, Sang-wook;Park, Sunmin;Yoon, Sang Min;Park, Jin-hong;Song, Si Yeol;Ahn, Seung Do;Kim, Jong Hoon;Choi, Eun Kyung;Kim, Su Ssan;Jung, Jinhong;Kim, Young Seok
    • Radiation Oncology Journal
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    • v.35 no.3
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    • pp.233-240
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    • 2017
  • Purpose: To validate the 8th edition of the American Joint Committee on Cancer/Union for International Cancer Control (AJCC/UICC) TNM staging system for human papillomavirus (HPV)-related oropharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma (OPSCC) and investigate whether a modified classification better reflects the prognosis. Materials and Methods: Medical records of patients diagnosed with non-metastatic HPV-related OPSCC between 2010 and 2016 at a single institution were retrospectively reviewed. HPV status was determined by immunohistochemical analysis of p16 and/or HPV DNA polymerase chain reaction (PCR). We reclassified TNM stage T0-1 and N0-1 as group A, T2-3 or N2 as B, and T4 or N3 as C. Survival analysis according to 8th AJCC/UICC TNM staging and the modified classification was performed. Results: Of 383 OPSCC patients, 211 were positive for HPV DNA PCR or p16. After exclusion, 184 patients were included in this analysis. Median age was 56 years (range, 31 to 81 years). Most primary tumors were in the palatine tonsil (148 tumors, 80%). The eighth AJCC/UICC TNM classification could not differentiate between stage I and II (p = 0.470) or II and III (p = 0.209). Applying modified grouping, the 3-year overall survival rate of group A was significantly higher than that of group B and C (98% vs. 91%, p = 0.039 and 98% vs. 78%, p < 0.001, respectively). Differentiation between group B and C was marginally significant (p = 0.053). Conclusion: The 8th AJCC/UICC TNM staging system did not clearly distinguish the prognosis of stage II from that of other stages. Including the T2N0-1 group in stage II may improve prognostic stratification.

Robotic Surgery in Head and Neck (두경부 영역에서의 로봇 수술)

  • Tae, Kyung;Shin, Kwang-Soo
    • Korean Journal of Bronchoesophagology
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    • v.16 no.1
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    • pp.27-32
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    • 2010
  • Organ preservation surgery and minimally invasive surgery have been developed during the past 20 years with major focus on transoral laser surgery, endoscopic surgery, and robotic surgery. Two major robotic surgeries in head and neck area are transoral robotic surgery (TORS) and robotic thyroidectomy. Transoral robotic surgery is a safe and efficacious method of surgical treatment of oropharyngeal. hypopharyngeal and laryngeal neoplasm. Advantages of the technique include adequate ability to visualize and manipulate lesions with two hands. TORS can provide magnified three dimensional views and overcome the limitation resulting from the "line of sight" which hinders transoral laser procedure. The swallowing function following transoral robotic surgery show superior and patients were able to retain or rapidly regain swallowing function in the majority of cases. Recently, robotic thyroidectomy has also been developed to overcome the [imitation of endoscopic thyroidectomy. Robotic thyroidectomy by a gasless unilateral axillo-breast or axillary approach using a da Vinci S Surgical Robot is a feasible and cosmetically excellent procedure. It can be a promising alternative to endoscopic thyroidectomy or conventional open thyroidectomy.

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Neoadjuvant Chemotherapy and Radiotherapy in the Treatment of Advanced Head and Neck Cancer : Protocol Based Study (진행성 두경부암에서 선행항암요법과 방사선요법의 치료성적)

  • Kim Chul-Ho;Choi Jin-Hyuk;Lee Jin-Seok;Oh Young-Taek
    • Korean Journal of Head & Neck Oncology
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    • v.20 no.2
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    • pp.172-176
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    • 2004
  • Background and Objectives: Standard treatment of locally advanced laryngeal, hypopharyngeal, and some oropharyngeal cancers includes total laryngectomy. In an attempt to preserve the larynx through induction chemotherapy, we designed induction chemotherapy followed by definitive radiation in patients with potentially respectable head and neck cancer to determine whether organ preservation is feasible without apparent compromise of survival. Materials and Methods: The twenty-six patients diagnosed advanced head and neck squamous cell carcinoma, Stage III or IV (AJCC 2002) and performed organ preservation protocols in Ajou university hospital from 1994 to 2001 were included in this study. Results: Neoadjuvant chemotherapy showed an overall response rate of 84.6% and a complete remission (CR) rate was 59.1% following neoadjuvant chemotherapy and radiation. Seven of thirteen patients were able to preserve their larynges for more than two years by chemotherapy and radiation. There were no treatment related mortality after 2 cycles of induction chemotherapy. Conclusion: Although Organ preservation protocol through neoadjuvant chemotherapy and radiation need more controlled randomized study, it was considered alternative treatment modality in advanced head and neck cancer.

Pharyngeal Fistula Causing Excessive Bleeding after Laryngopharyngectomy and Pharyngeal Reconstruction (후두인두절제술 및 인두재건 후 다량의 출혈을 야기한 인두누공)

  • Kim, Seung Beom;Jin, Seong Min;Kang, Sung Hoon;Lee, Joon Kyoo
    • Korean Journal of Head & Neck Oncology
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    • v.33 no.1
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    • pp.53-56
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    • 2017
  • Pharyngocutaneous fistula is one of the most common wound complications after total laryngectomy. The leakage of saliva may cause an erosion of greater vessels nearby and result in a life-threatening bleeding. 65-year-old male received laryngectomy and pharyngectomy followed by Latissimus dorsi flap reconstruction due to recurred laryngeal cancer with oropharyngeal extension after postoperative radiotherapy. Pharyngeal fistula was developed and an excessive fresh blood flowed through the oral and nasal cavity. The patient was transferred to the operating room immediately, and the causing artery was ligated. The rupture of the common carotid artery and its branches should be warned when the pharyngocutaneous fistula is developed. Prompt and proper therapy must be performed for the patients with impending or acute hemorrhage.

Thoracic Actinomycosis - A Case Report - (흉부 방선균증-1례 보고-)

  • 박찬범;최시영;조덕곤;문석환;조규도;조건현;왕영필;이선희
    • Journal of Chest Surgery
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    • v.35 no.12
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    • pp.914-916
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    • 2002
  • Actinomycosis of the lung is a chronic, suppurative granulomatous infection which is caused by Actinomyces israelii. It is believed to enter the thorax by way of the bronchial tree, by aspiration of contaminated aerosol particles in the upper digestive tract. Symptoms of chronic cough, sputum, hemoptysis, low grade fever, chest pain, and weight loss are common. Chest X-ray shows mass like lesion, pulmonary infiltration, abscess, and tuberculosis like lesion, which makes differential diagnosis from lung cancer very difficult. Surgical intervention is needed for the diagnosis and treatment, and diagnosis of actinomycosis is achieved when histologic examination reveals sulfur granules containing filamentous organisms. Penicillin is the drug of choice. Two or three months of penicillin treatment is recommended to treat the oropharyngeal or dental abscess to avoid recurrences. We present a case of actinomycosis which is suspected to malignant with review of literatures.

The Clinical Evaluation of The Reconstruction of Radial Forearm Free Flap in the Head and Neck Cancer Surgery (두경부 악성 종양 절제술후 요골 전완 유리피판을 이용한 재건술의 평가)

  • Kim Hyun-Jik;Lim Young-Chang;Song Mee-Hyun;Lee Won-Jae;Choi Eun-Chang
    • Korean Journal of Head & Neck Oncology
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    • v.19 no.2
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    • pp.164-169
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    • 2003
  • Background and Objectives: The reconstruction is very important in Head and neck cancer surgery to repair the defect created by resection of tumors, to enable successful wound healing, to restore function and to provide acceptable cosmesis. The radial forearm free flap has been the most useful reconstructive flap because it provides a moderate amount of thin, pliable, relatively hairless skin and comparatively simple to do with minimal morbidity. The aims of this study is to estimate the outcome of the reconstruction with radial forearm free flap with the several factors in 140 head and neck cancer cases in our hospital for last 10 years. Materials and Methods: Retrospective review of the records of 140 patients underwent resection of the head and neck tumors and reconstruction with a radial forearm free flap from 1993 to 2003. The age, sex of the patients, Primary site, the complication of donor and recipient site, flap survival rate, median time to start diet, patient subjective symtoms about swallowing and articulating and the fact of revision reconstructive surgery were analyzed. Results: In primary pathologic site, 56 cases were oral cavity cancers, 44 cases, oropharyngeal cancers and 22 cases, hypopharyngeal cancers. Flap survival rate was 93.6% (13 leases). On donor site, wound dehiscence, hematoma, sensory change and infection were noted and on recipient site, most common complication were fistula and wound dehiscence. The complication rate of recipient's site was 19.1 % and donor site, 3.5%. In 118 cases (84.3%), the patients could take all kinds of food. Swallowing difficulty were noted in 22 cases 05.7%). In 5 cases, there was articulation difficulty but most of patients except patients having total laryngectomy (18 cases) couldn't have any difficulty in articulation and speaking. Conclusion: We conclude that the radial forearm free flap is the most appropriate reconstructive material for treating the defect in head and neck reconstruction.