• Title, Summary, Keyword: Oral History

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A Study on the Online Service of Oral History Archives (구술기록의 온라인 서비스 수립방안 연구)

  • Kim, Myoung-Hun;Han, Ji-Hye
    • The Korean Journal of Archival Studies
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    • no.36
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    • pp.153-193
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    • 2013
  • This article intends to establish a online service of oral history archives. Unlike common records, it is important to understand the contextual relation of oral history archives. The context of oral history archives can include the context of oral history contents in addition to the connection with records produced in the process of performing work function of agency which performs collecting oral history archives, and the connection between oral history archives formed in the process of collecting oral history archives. Therefore this article emphasizes that the context of oral history archives has an important role and function in on-line service of oral history archives by researching the plan for on-line service of oral history archives based on the context of oral history archives.

A Study on Archival methodology for Oral History Management (구술사료의 기록학적 관리방법 연구)

  • Kwon, Mihyun
    • The Korean Journal of Archival Studies
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    • no.10
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    • pp.112-144
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    • 2004
  • Oral history has value that steps over the class consciousness and party feeling that records have, and enables a general representation of a human experience. Beside, It must be managed urgently because a collection of oral history has unique and limited. However, domestic related institution do not keep management for release and use of oral history in their mind are only concentrating on accession. Lately, National History Compilation Committee passes through faithful planning procedures and is collecting an oral history collection project. A merit of this project is to have attempted an image photographing. This study is propose that to examines over the all steps to say oral history collection activity to information service and a preservation from collection planning of organization. However, this study is insufficient in the management method how it is connected if does in order to manage the oral history which is collected with a part of a record in a archival institution because this study was only for the purpose of management of oral history. This problem will be studied through a process of checking the real thing of oral history. This study proposed general methodology for oral history management, if institution had a plan of collection and management or had some collection result.

A Study on Designing and Developing Guidelines for Evaluation of Web Oral History Archives Information System (웹 구술사료(口述史料) 아카이브 정보시스템의설계 및 평가용 가이드라인 개발에 관한 연구)

  • Choi, Eun-Ju;Lee, Jung-Yeoun
    • Journal of the Korean Society for information Management
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    • v.26 no.4
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    • pp.277-298
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    • 2009
  • This study discussed on production, procedures of collection, accessibility, copyright of archival records for designing oral history archive information system, and aimed to suggest practical standards by developing guidelines for evaluation and building of web oral history archives. For this, based on evaluation framework, guidelines for evaluation designed by researchers were applied to five domestic and foreign web oral history archives as case study analysis. Base on the results of the analysis, some possible suggestions were made for building successful web oral history archive information system in Korea.

A Study on Modeling Metadata and Developing Standard Elements to Establish Oral History Archives (구술사 기록물 아카이브 구축을 위한 메타데이터 모델링 및 표준 요소 개발에 관한 연구)

  • Lee, Jung-Yeoun
    • Journal of the Korean Society for information Management
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    • v.26 no.1
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    • pp.163-184
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    • 2009
  • This study is aimed to develop standard metadata model and develop elements and present the importance of oral history archives that contrast with literature history. The study analyzed standard metadata description elements that can express contents and forms of oral history archives as information. Furthermore, it designed Project, Management, Record, and metadata modeling as a Related record domain for the sake of building digital oral archives. Finally, the study gave shape to real oral history archives based on basic elements, details, and design principles of division elements.

Oral History Research and Human Subject Research on Bioethics and Safety Law (구술사 연구와 「생명윤리법」의 인간대상연구)

  • Lee, Hosin
    • Journal of Korean Society of Archives and Records Management
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    • v.17 no.3
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    • pp.1-21
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    • 2017
  • Oral history research is carried out through collecting information about a living person. The data collected from an oral history project is not a mere fact or a mass of information but accounts of persons who reveal their own personalities. For this reason, oral history research and data collection and the use of such data must be based on rigorous ethical standards. The Bioethics and Safety Law shares a similar view on human subject research, and the Institutional Review Boards includes human subject research as a subject of review and management. However, the Bioethics and Safety Law's protection of personalities and human rights focuses on life sciences methodologies, which are not suitable for qualitative research, such as an oral history of a value oriented and critical approach to human beings. This study examines the details of the Bioethics and Safety Law related to human subject research and the problems that may arise when this law is applied to subjects in humanities and social sciences such as oral history. Through this study, alternative methodologies, which can be used for oral history research, while maintaining academic autonomy, are suggested.

A Study on the Collecting Policy of Oral History Archives (구술기록의 수집과 아카이브 정책에 관한 연구)

  • Cho, Young-Sung
    • The Korean Journal of Archival Studies
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    • no.25
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    • pp.233-278
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    • 2010
  • An interest in various description of history was increased, resolutely breaking away from the existing frame also in a historical science world, under the influence of post-modernism arisen from the mid 20th century, and for this, oral history archives and oral history methodology began to attract the attention in various academia including archival science as a method for a new writing of history. Also, under the circumstance of korea having a difficulty in performing a whole reconstruction of modern age history and a liquidation of past affairs due to an absolute lack of archives, the tendency is toward more active management of oral history archives and establishing oral history archives in the context of an excavation of new archives and a reinterpretation of history, owing to the necessity in a particular situation. This article started with a critical mind regarding an absence of a collecting policy which can help an effective development of collection from a point of view of archival science, with regard to oral history archives that recently shows a rapid increase of an interest. For this, this article intended to present an new element of a collecting policy besides the study on a collecting policy performed meanwhile by an archival science world by noticing a characteristic and a collecting method of oral history archives, this can be examined largely through 'a statement of mission and collection purpose', 'a policy of collection at large', 'a definition of maintenance and use of the holdings', and 'a guide for a development of collection', and add a proposal regarding a plan to embody the parr which should be actually applied to collection of oral history archives among the existing constituents.

A Study on Archiving of 'Social Memory' and Oral Record Focused on the Role of Archivist in the Stages of Oral Record Collecting and Planning (사회적 기억과 구술 기록화 그리고 아키비스트)

  • Choi, Jeong-eun
    • The Korean Journal of Archival Studies
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    • no.30
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    • pp.3-55
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    • 2011
  • Recently, a topic of Archival Science can be said 'paradigm shift'. Therefore, this study aims to establish a relationship between oral record and Archival Science through concept of the archiving 'social memory' related to paradigm shift of Archival Science. In addition, an active role theory by an archivist as main agent of archival oral record management reflecting the characteristics of oral record based on this will be supported. Especially, even if it has already been handled through previous studies, it will be focused on drawing new meaning by applying creative perspective. Main content of this study is as follows. Firstly, discussion will be progressed by establishing the concept of the archiving 'social memory'. This is related to the topic of 'paradigm shift' in the Archival Science. Despite that active research has been conducted among mainly archival researchers overseas, it has not been handled yet in Korea. Therefore, this study aims to determine to organize this part as detail purpose. Secondly, the point will be progressed with a special focus on collecting and planning stages among the stages of records management. A viewpoint of the Archival Science should start from the stage of collecting and planning the previous record of production point of time, and then should be reflected for acknowledging the subsequent stages. Therefore, collecting and planning are the most important, and this is closely connected with a characteristic of oral record which production means collecting. Thirdly, the concept of 'oral record' is established with the viewpoint of the Archival Science. The various documents have been producted through oral interview has been known to many oral history researchers as 'oral source'. It aims to conceptualize them as 'oral record' with the viewpoint of the Archival Science. Fourthly, it is an establishment of meaning why oral history should be handled in the Archival Science. It is necessary to rationalize the purpose and its appropriateness handling oral history in the Archival Science. It should clarify the reason why oral history is important in the Archival Science and what it means. This will help examine the meaning of the recording of 'oral record.' A characteristic of the oral record can be effectively revealed through the recording, and ultimately, it aims to be able to shed new light on the value of oral history and oral record. Finally, it defines the role of archivist in oral history. A point that archivist in oral history is not just an assistant who organizes and preserves oral records collected by researchers will be emphasized and persuaded. In this study, oral history study in the Archival Science which has obtained appropriateness by the theoretical discussion as above should be conducted in a connection with other studies without occupying oral history by the Archival Science and in a direction of the leap of Korean oral history study. If this is possible, it will contribute to development of the Archival Science and of study area expansion, enhancement of the role and potential of archivist, at the same time, eventually it will positively influence on oral history study.

A Systematic Approach to Producing Oral Records (체계적인 구술기록 생산을 위한 제언)

  • Sohn, Dong You;Kwon, Yong Chan
    • Journal of Korean Society of Archives and Records Management
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    • v.13 no.1
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    • pp.135-158
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    • 2013
  • While academic discussions and methodological researches on oral history are being progressed in Korea, its exploitation has already begun to increase with a variety of methods and approaches in the private sector. Oral history is a new method of research, as well as another process of production of archives. In order to make valuable and highly qualified archives of oral history with the application of the aforementioned conditions and characteristics, its recognition, environment, process, and method should be improved and developed. From this point of view, it is regarded as reasonable that oral history is recognized as a part of the strategy for documentation. Oral history should be produced based on common sense and reasonable judgment, applying empirical know-how rather than logic or principles because it holds a great number of characteristics, which include variable elements in the field of oral history. In addition, its process or documentation methods should be improved and developed, giving consideration to thorough exploitation. The promotion or revitalization of oral history is a signal that announces the advent of new archives and the new subjects of history at the same time. Endeavors to produce highly efficient archives of oral history are expected to be continued with the complex accumulation of empirical assets achieved at academic discussions and its fields.

Oral History as a Record of Dance (무용 기록으로서의 구술사)

  • Lee, Eunjoo
    • Trans-
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    • v.6
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    • pp.43-78
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    • 2019
  • Dance is an art that includes not only art historical facts, but also a series of processes for dancers' body, choreography, and the creation of entire process of dances and their lives. In other words, dance is the art of embodying the experience and consciousness of the dancer as the subject, and embodying it through the physical body, and therefore, the existing empirical study which relies solely on the literature in the history of dance study is difficult to deliver a complete history. Oral history is a new methodology historical writing that overcomes the limitations of research methods based on literature centered documents. Oral history in the field of dance is that the dancer becomes the subject of the history of dance's narrative. The memory and testimony of a dancer can become a history, complement the missing parts of the documentary record, and amount to analysis and interpretation to attempt the history of dance from various perspectives. The history of dance through oral history analysis thus generates another view from the literature. The oral history is acted as a prism that can explore the sociocultural discourse of the time and the history of dance. As a new academic challenge for the history of dance field, I expect to be able to review the artistic, social, and cultural functions and roles of dance beyond the limit of existing literature-oriented history study and to be able to progress to various the history of dance.

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Research Trends of Oral History in Korea: Focusing on Domestic Academic Journals (국내 구술사 연구 동향 분석 - 학술지 논문을 중심으로 -)

  • Lee, Jae-Young;Chung, Yeon-Kyoung
    • Journal of Korean Society of Archives and Records Management
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    • v.18 no.3
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    • pp.25-47
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    • 2018
  • This study aims to analyze the research trends of oral history research in Korea from 1991 to the present, and to provide basic data on the future direction of oral history research. For these purposes, 439 research articles of domestic oral history researchers from 1991 to 2018 were retrieved by keyword search from Research Information Sharing System (RISS) in Korean Education and Research Information Service (KERIS). The research trends of domestic oral history were analyzed by the volume of periodical research papers, major journals, authors and research funds, research fields and research contents, and international cooperation. Finally, based on the results of the study, the implications were summarized, and direction for follow-up research was provided.