• 제목, 요약, 키워드: Open Innovation

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개방형 혁신(Open Innovation)의 이론과 현상에 관한 탐색연구 (A preliminary study on the theory and phenomena of Korea Open Innovation)

  • 윤진효;류건우
    • 통상정보연구
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    • v.11 no.2
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    • pp.203-230
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    • 2009
  • Can we use the open innovation paradigm in Korean economy? Can Korea move from imitative national innovation system to Creative national innovation system without open innovation paradigm? We are looking for preliminary answers about these questions. In this paper, first of all, we review the theoretical factors of open innovation originated from professor Chesbrough, try to find out the limit of the theory, and propose the possibility of extending of open innovation from company to industrial sector, region and cluster, and national innovation system. We also review the user innovation models from Von Hippel and open business models. Second, we review the Korea open innovation cases according to the categories like as company, sector, cluster and regional innovation system, and national innovation system. Third, we prepose the theoretical and realistic implications, and next research agenda about Korea open innovation.

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개방형 혁신이 산업에 미치는 효과: 슘페터 경쟁 하의 전략적 제휴를 중심으로 (The Effect of Open Innovation on Industry: Strategic Alliances under Schumpeterian Competition)

  • 윤지영;민진영;한세희;이희석
    • 지식경영연구
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    • v.11 no.4
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    • pp.1-19
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    • 2010
  • With the increasing importance of ecosystem in a business environment, the value of open innovation is receiving great attention. Under open innovation, companies open their knowledge, capital, and other resources to cooperating companies; on the other hand, under closed innovation companies depend solely on their own resources. In this paper, we compare closed and open innovation using the simulation method, and confirm that in terms of total capital and production of the industry, open innovation provides greater opportunities to the entire ecosystem. Moreover, Schumpeterian competition, which is a dynamic of closed innovation, functions even under open innovation. Our findings highlight that not only small but also large companies can receive the benefit of an enlarged industry under open innovation.

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지식기반형 수출기업의 개방형혁신 성과와 영향요인에 관한 연구 (A Study on the Performance and the Influence factors of Open Innovation of Knowledge-based Exporting companies.)

  • 김귀옥
    • 통상정보연구
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    • v.12 no.2
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    • pp.325-355
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    • 2010
  • Knowledge-based exporting companies in Korea have reached a stage to develop new technological innovation and to pioneer new markets. But, developing new technologies and launching new products require an enormous sum of money for Research and Development(R&D) and there is still uncertainty in technological development and markets. Therefore, through open technological innovation, they are encouraged to actively use external technological sources and ideas. They also need to enhance the efficiency of the relatively little R&D investment. In this paper, firstly, it conducts a precedent study on the concept and influence factors of knowledge-based exporting companies and open technological innovation. Secondly, it sets a study model and estimates a regression coefficient to analyze the influence factors of open technological innovation of knowledge-based exporting companies which are using external resources on the process of innovation. Through case study and empirical analysis, we are going to find the implication of open technological innovation and prepare the way of the innovation for the knowledge-based exporting companies. According to the empirical analysis, variables such as firm size, processing degree, product life, patent registration, maintaining internal security didn't have positive effects on open innovation performance. On the other hand, research capability and market preoccupancy had positive effects. Therefore, to succeed in open innovation, knowledge-based exporting companies not only need to secure research capability through open innovation, but also need to preoccupy the market through commercialization of developed product.

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오픈소스 소프트웨어의 기술혁신 특성: 리뷰 (The Innovation Characteristics of Open Source Software: A Review)

  • 송위진
    • 기술혁신학회지
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    • v.5 no.2
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    • pp.212-227
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    • 2002
  • This study reviews the institutional frameworks of Open Source software and develops the stylized facts of Open Source software innovation. Open Source software have to solve two difficult problems for encouraging innovation. First, the source code of Open Source software program should be open and freely distributed and it is very difficult for developers to appropriate the results of their investments. Second, as Open Source software development process is characterized by the participation of communities of developers, it is not easy to coordinate and manipulate the development process. These difficulties of developing Open Source Software have been solved by the particular incentive schemes and coordinating mechanisms. This study reviews the study on the motivation of Open Source software development and the mechanisms which coordinate innovation process of Open Source software with peer review and meritocracy, and how these characteristics promote innovation in Open Source software communities.

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개방형 혁신을 위한 개방형 로드맵의 개발 : P&G 사례연구 (Development of Open Roadmap for Open Innovation: A Case of P&G)

  • 전정환;서용윤;김문수
    • 기술혁신학회지
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    • v.15 no.1
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    • pp.1-27
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    • 2012
  • 성공적인 개방형 혁신을 위해서는 조직 내부 기술 혹은 개발 전략과 함께 외부 자원을 동시에 고려하는 기술기획 도구가 필요하다. 본 연구는 개방형 혁신을 위한 조직 혹은 기업 내외부 자원 활용의 기획 수립과 수행을 위한 개방형 로드맵(open roadmap)을 제안한다. 개방형 로드맵은 내향적 그리고 외향적 개방형 혁신을 체계적으로 관리하고 계획하기 위해 사용된다. 또한 내향적, 외향적 혁신과 혁신 원천을 고려하여 여섯 가지 유형의 개방형 로드맵을 제시한다. 제안된 여섯 가지 유형의 개방형 로드맵은 P&G사의 혁신 성공 사례에 적용하여 개방형 로드맵의 유용성과 타당성에 대하여 검증하였다. 제안된 개방형 로드맵은 개방형 혁신을 지향하는 조직의 기술기획과 기술전략수립에 유용한 도구가 될 수 있을 것으로 기대된다.

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국내 대기업의 개방형 혁신 저해요인에 대한 WFGM 관점 분석 사례 (A Case Study of the Hindrance Factors of Open Innovation in Korean Large-Scale Companies Focused on WFGM Model)

  • 조요한;류정호;임규건;이대철
    • Journal of Information Technology Applications and Management
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    • v.19 no.2
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    • pp.249-263
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    • 2012
  • Recently the open innovation is considered as one of the important issues for the survival strategy of a company in the industry. There have been several researches and practices on this topic. However, previous researches are mainly focused on the study of successful cases and some statistical analyses on the relationship between the open innovation and its performance. There are rare researches on the hindrance factors in the practical level. This paper tries to find some hinderance factors for the open innovation in Korean large-scale companies based on the WFGM(Want-Find-Get-Manage) model proposed by Gene Slowinski(2006). Especially this research focused on each processes of open innovation by in-depth interviews for two representative large companies in Korea. From the result of this research we come to know that the critical hindrance factor in the WANT step is the uncertain definition of the necessary technologies for the company. Issues on establishing and maintaining the innovation network are in the FIND step. Technology evaluation, technology introduction channel and technology copying issues are in the GET step. Communication issues, technology feasibility and lack of competition are in the MANAGE step. This paper finds some hindrance factors in each process step of open innovation, which gives some implications for the companies that want to adopt open innovation.

The Effect of Technology and Open Innovation on Women-Owned Small and Medium Enterprises in Pakistan

  • MEHTA, Ahmed Muneeb;ALI, Asad;SALEEM, Hina;QAMRUZZAMAN, Md.;KHALID, Rimsha
    • The Journal of Asian Finance, Economics and Business
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    • v.8 no.3
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    • pp.411-422
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    • 2021
  • Technological adaption and innovative activities foster small and medium enterprises (SMEs) growth, especially women-owned SMEs in Pakistan, However, the impact of technological adaption and innovative activities on SMEs growth in the context of Pakistan has been examined by very researchers. This study aims to identify the effect of technology and open innovation policies on the growth of women-owned SMEs and the present trends and management challenges for successful full implementation of open innovation. The study considered a sample of 693 women enterprises located in different cities in Pakistan. Open innovation is measured through eight innovative practices, reflecting the exploration and exploitation of technology in SMEs. Study findings revealed that women enterprises were involved in several open innovation policies during the last five years. Moreover, the study indicated no significant differences between manufacturing and service SMEs regarding open innovation practices; however, women enterprises are more impressively engaged in open innovation practices. Findings also reveal that women-owned SMEs follow open innovation, mainly for market-related intentions, to compete with competitors and meet customers' demands. Thus, it is suggested that government policy relating to thriving SMEs owned by women should be innovation-oriented. The study contributes to the theoretical and practical implications. Further, the study is helpful for SMEs, researchers, practitioners, and decision-makers.

개방형 혁신과 흡수역량의 공진화 : 한국 중소기업의 혁신경로 관점 (Co-Evolution between Open Innovation and Absorptive Capacity in Korean SMEs)

  • 손동원
    • 경영과학
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    • v.29 no.3
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    • pp.169-182
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    • 2012
  • This study examines the co-evolutionary process between open innovation and firms' absorptive capacity. The effects of open innovation can be maximized through the capacity to absorb the knowledge from the external sources such as universities, government-support research institute, and private R&D centers. This study used data of STEPI technology innovation survey conducted at 2002, 2005, and 2008 (3 points measures). The data were analyzed through a structural equation model. Results suggest that open innovation at t0 point influences positively the absorptive capacity at t1 point, which subsequently enhances the intention of open innovation at t2 point. This result suggests the existence of co-evolutionary process between open innovation and firms' absorptive capacity. When knowledge comes from universities, the co-evolution has sustained; whereas when knowledge comes from private firms' R&D centers, the co-evolution has not effected. Theoretical and practical implications are discussed.

특허기반 개방형 혁신 분석 모델 개발 및 적용 연구 (A Study on the Development and Adaption of Open Innovation Analysis Model)

  • 윤진효;권오진;박진서;정의섭
    • 기술혁신학회지
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    • v.13 no.1
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    • pp.99-123
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    • 2010
  • Chesbrough가 개방형 혁신이 기업성과에 미치는 영향을 규명한 이래 개방형 혁신의 다양한 성과와 내용을 다루는 연구들이 활성화되고 있다. 아울러, Hippel은 User Innovation 연구를 통해서 의료 장비와 산업자전거 등과 같은 분야에서는 사용자 혁신이 신제품 혁신으로 연결되어 나타나고 있는 것을 보여 주었다. 후자의 경우는 사용자 기반 개방형 혁신의 한 유형으로 볼 수 있다. 그런데 기업의 개방형 혁신의 정도와 내용을 규명하는 방법은 개별 사례연구 혹은 기업에 대한 설문조사를 통한 직접적이고 상당히 질적인 조사 이외에 활성화된 조사 모델이 개발되어 있지 않다. 본 연구는 기술경영 분석 연구에서 그리고 기업의 경영 컨설팅과 신성장 전략에서 각광을 받고 있는 개방형 혁신 연구 방법 모델에 특허분석을 적용하고자 한다. Chesbrough가 자신의 연구에서 일회적으로 밝힌 바 있는 특허를 통한 기업의 개방형 혁신 분석방법을 보다 체계적인 분석모델의 형태로 제안한다. 아울러, 특허기반 개방형 혁신 분석 모델을 대경지역의 IT의료 및 연료전지 분야에 적용하고, 국내외 자동차 및 모바일 대표 대기업인 삼성 모바일 부문과 노키아, 현대자동차와 도요타에 적용함으로써 특허기반 개방형 혁신 분석 모델의 타당성을 검증한다.

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The "open incubation model": deriving community-driven value and innovation in the incubation process

  • Xenia, Ziouvelou;Eri, Giannaka;Raimund, Brochler
    • World Technopolis Review
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    • v.4 no.1
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    • pp.11-22
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    • 2015
  • Globalization, increasing technological advancements and dynamic knowledge diffusion are moving our world closer together at a unique scale and pace. At the same time, our rapidly changing society is confronted with major challenges ranging from demographic to economic ones; challenges that necessitate highly innovative solutions, forcing us to reconsider the way that we actually innovate and create shared value. As such the linear, centralized innovation models of the past need to be replaced with new approaches; approaches that are based upon an open and collaborative, global network perspective where all innovation actors strategically network and collaborate, openly distribute their ideas and co-innovate/co-create in a global context utilizing our society's full innovation potential (Innovation 4.0 - Open Innovation 2.0). These emerging innovation paradigms create "an opportunity for a new entrepreneurial renaissance which can drive a Cambrian like explosion of sustainable wealth creation" (Curley 2013). Thus, in order to materialize this entrepreneurial renaissance, it is critical not only to value but also to actively employ this new innovation paradigms so as to derive community-driven shared value that stems from global innovation networks. This paper argues that there is a gap in existing business incubation model that needs to be filled, in that the innovation and entrepreneurship community cannot afford to ignore the emerging innovation paradigms and rely upon closed incubation models but has to adopt an "open incubation" (Ziouvelou 2013). The open incubation model is based on the principles of open innovation, crowdsourcing and co-creation of shared value and enables individual users and innovation stakeholders to strategically network, find collaborators and partners, co-create ideas and prototypes, share their ideas/prototypes and utilize the wisdom of the crowd to assess the value of these project ideas/prototypes, while at the same time find connections/partners, business and technical information, knowledge on start-up related topics, online tools, online content, open data and open educational material and most importantly access to capital and crowd-funding. By introducing a new incubation phase, namely the "interest phase", open incubation bridges the gap between entrepreneurial need and action and addresses the wantpreneurial needs during the innovation conception phase. In this context one such ecosystem that aligns fully with the open incubation model and theoretical approach, is the VOICE ecosystem. VOICE is an international, community-driven innovation and entrepreneurship ecosystem based on open innovation, crowdsourcing and co-creation principles that has no physical location as opposed to traditional business incubators. VOICE aims to tap into the collective intelligence of the crowd and turn their entrepreneurial interest or need into a collaborative project that will result into a prototype and to a successful "crowd-venture".