• Title/Summary/Keyword: Older adults living alone

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How Much Do Older Adults Living Alone in Rural South Korea Know About Dementia?

  • Kim, Mi Sook;Shin, Dong-Soo;Choi, Yong-jun;Kim, Jin Soon
    • Journal of Preventive Medicine and Public Health
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    • v.51 no.4
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    • pp.188-195
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    • 2018
  • Objectives: This study aimed to examine the level of dementia knowledge of older Korean adults living alone in rural areas and to identify related factors. Methods: A cross-sectional descriptive design was applied. The participants were 231 older adults living alone who were recruited from 12 of the 13 primary health care posts in the rural area of Chuncheon. Participants' level of dementia knowledge was assessed using the Dementia Knowledge Scale. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics, and the t-test, analysis of variance, chi-square test, and Mann-Whitney test were applied. Results: Participants' mean age was $77.3{\pm}5.4$ years, and women comprised 79.7% of the sample. Over half of the participants (61.9%) had no formal education, and all the participants were enrolled in Medical Aid. The participants' average percentage of correct answers was 61.6%. The highest rate (94.4%) was for the item "Dementia can change one's personal character." The item with the lowest proportion of correct answers was "Dementia is not treatable" (23.4%). Dementia knowledge was significantly associated with age, education, health coverage, source of living expenses, and dementia risk. Conclusions: Dementia knowledge among Korean rural older adults living alone was relatively low. Participants' misconceptions about symptoms and treatment could hinder them from seeking early treatment. The results of this study suggest the need for active outreach and health care delivery for rural older adults living alone in South Korea.

Effects of a Volunteer-Run Peer Support Program on Health and Satisfaction with Social Support of Older Adults Living Alone (지역사회 노인 자원봉사자를 활용한 독거노인 건강지킴이 프로그램이 독거노인의 건강상태와 사회적 지지 만족도에 미치는 효과)

  • Kim, Su-Hyun
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing
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    • v.42 no.4
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    • pp.525-536
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    • 2012
  • Purpose: The purpose of the study was to evaluate effectiveness of a peer support program conducted by older community volunteers for older adults living alone. Methods: Thirty volunteers trained as peer supporters were matched with low-income, older adults living alone in the community on gender. Visits occurred on a weekly basis over the 12 month study period, and the volunteers provided peer support for health management to solitary older adults. Data were collected, before the start of the program and again 6 and 12 months after its initialization, from intervention and control groups regarding physical health, general health, mental health, depression, social functioning, and satisfaction with social support. Repeated measures ANOVA was used to analyze data. Results: By the end of the program, socially isolated older adults in the intervention group had significantly higher scores in physical health and general health than elders in the control group. Significant interaction effects between time and group were found for depression, social functioning, and satisfaction with social support. Conclusion: The peer support program undertaken by older community volunteers was effective in improving physical health, general health, depression, social functioning, and satisfaction with social support in socially isolated, low-income, older adults.

The relationship between quality of life and stress of the elderly living alone who experienced activities of volunteer (이웃사랑봉사단 활동을 경험한 독거노인의 삶의 질과 스트레스의 상관관계)

  • Hong, Eun-Hee;Kim, Soon-Ae;Lee, Joo-Young
    • Journal of the Korea Safety Management & Science
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    • v.19 no.2
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    • pp.101-106
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    • 2017
  • Purpose The purpose of this study is to investigate the quality of life and stress level of the elderly living alone in their neighborhood volunteers. Methods Data collection was done from July 1 to October 1, 2015 and the data were collected by self-reported questionnaire at Nowon community in Seoul area in South Korea. The subjects were 146 older adults living alone agreed to participate in the study(accepted by IRB). The questionnaire was constructed with quality of life 26 items, 5-point Likert type scale(1-5), stress 15 items, 5-point Likert type. The data were analyzed by descriptive statistics. Results Socially isolated older adults had significantly higher scores ($3.7{\pm}.03$) in quality of life, moderate scores ($2.9{\pm}.03$) in stress. Conclusion The peer support undertaken by older community volunteers was effective in improving quality of life in socially isolated older adults. It is necessary to listen to the voice of elderly people living alone through the activation of volunteer groups in the community.

The Role of Poverty on Depression and Self-Rated Health of Older Adults Living Alone: The Mediating Effect of Social Participation (독거노인의 빈곤이 우울과 주관적 건강상태에 미치는 영향: 사회참여의 매개효과 분석)

  • Won, Seojin
    • Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society
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    • v.21 no.6
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    • pp.520-526
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    • 2020
  • This study aimed to address the effect of poverty on depression and self-rated health in older adults living alone in Korea. In addition, this study identified the mediating effect of social participation on the poverty-depression and poverty-self-rated health relationships. The researcher conducted a secondary data analysis using the 6th wave of the Korean Longitudinal Study on Aging. The final sample was 1,093 older adults living alone. Using structural equation modeling, standardized coefficients of each path were analyzed. Then, the statistical significance of the mediating effect of social participation was addressed via analyzing direct, indirect, and total effects. Results show that older adults under poverty were more depressed and had a lower level of self-rated health than their counterparts. Moreover, frequent participation in religious gatherings, social gatherings, and leisure activities decreased depression in older adults living alone. Moreover, religious gatherings, social gatherings, and alumni meetings were positively related to self-rated health om older adults living alone. Significant mediating effects appeared in poverty-social gathering-depression, poverty-social gathering-self-rated health, and poverty-alumni meeting-self-rated health relationships. Based on the results, the researcher also discussed implications for social work practice.

Quality of Life of Older Adult with Home Health Services - Applied PRECEDE Model - (취약계층 노인의 삶의 질에 영향을 미치는 요인 - PRECEDE 모형 적용 -)

  • Park, Kum-Hwa;Choi, Yeon-Hee
    • The Korean Journal of Rehabilitation Nursing
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    • v.13 no.1
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    • pp.32-43
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    • 2010
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study was to determine factors that affect poor quality of life (QOL) of older adults who received home health service. Method: The sample 492 older adults participated in the study. The QOL was measured using the scale of QOL of Ware and other data were collected through face-to-face interviews from September to August, 2009. Results: The level of QOL was moderate (Mean 24.4, SD 7.4). The QOL was poorer in older adults (p<.05) and in those living alone (p<.01) compared to older adults and those living with couple or family respectively. The QOL was positively correlated with a sense of mastery (r=.213, p<.05), connection of health (r=.160, p<.05) and a cognitive function (r=.119, p<.01), and negatively correlated with Activities of Daily Living (r=-.266, p<.01) and Instrumental Activities of Daily Living (r=-.339, p<.01). Sense of mastery, connection of health & welfare, and IADL were significant predictors of QOL. Conclusion: Finding suggest that home health service program should incorporate strategies for increasing sense of mastery and capability of performing IADL, and strengthening connection of health service that may improve QOL of older home health service recipients.

Factors associated with Life Satisfaction among Older Adults in Korea according to Living Arrangements (거주형태에 따른 한국 노인의 삶의 만족도 관련 요인)

  • Lee, Si Eun
    • Korean Journal of Adult Nursing
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    • v.28 no.6
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    • pp.659-668
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    • 2016
  • Purpose: This study utilized secondary data and investigated the factors associated with life satisfaction by living arrangements among community-dwelling adults aged 65 years or older in Korea. Methods: A total of 2,134 participants were selected from the 2014 Korean Longitudinal Study of Aging (KLoSA). Univariable and multivariable logistic regression were used for data analysis. Results: The significant factors associated with life satisfaction in older adults living with others were education level (odds ratio [OR] 1.73, 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.41~2.11), place of residence in medium-size city (OR 1.57, 95% CI 1.25~1.97), place of residence in rural town(OR 1.52, 95% CI 1.19~1.95), depression (OR 2.99, 95% CI 2.43~3.68), frequency of contact with neighbors (OR 1.39, 95% CI 1.10~1.76), and social participation (OR 1.48, 95% CI 1.14~1.93). In contrast, factors associated with life satisfaction among older adults living alone were education level (OR 1.93, 95% CI 1.15~3.24) and depression (OR 2.49, 95% CI 1.48~4.19). Conclusion: These findings indicated that nursing interventions for improving life satisfaction among older adults should take into account their specific living arrangements.

The Impact of Social Isolation on Health-related Quality of Life of Older Adults Living Alone (독거노인의 사회적 고립이 건강관련 삶의 질에 미치는 영향)

  • Kim, Ahrin
    • Journal of Digital Convergence
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    • v.18 no.8
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    • pp.343-351
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    • 2020
  • The purpose of this study was to investigate social networks, loneliness, and sleep quality related to health-related quality of life in older adults living alone. Data were collected from 111 community-dwelling elderly. The data were analyzed using descriptive statistics, independent t-test, one-way ANOVA, Pearson's correlation coefficients, and multiple linear regressions with IBM SPSS 26.0 program. In multiple regression analysis, physical component summary (PCS) was predicted by the level of education (β=.20, p=.020), social networks (β=.31, p=.012), and sleep quality (β=-.23, p=.011). The model including these variables accounted for 25.7% of the variance in the PCS. Mental component summary (MCS) was predicted by loneliness (β=-.37, p=.004). Loneliness accounted for 31.7% of the variance in the MCS. In order to enhance the health-related quality of life of the older adults living alone, the intervention program to resolve social isolation should be provided for them.

Nutrient Intakes and Dietary Habits of Single Living Korean Adults by Age Group

  • Lee Joung Won;Kim Joo Han
    • Journal of Community Nutrition
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    • v.7 no.1
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    • pp.21-28
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    • 2005
  • In order to investigate the differences in nutrient intakes and eating habits between people living alone and people living together with family or others by age group, dietary survey data of the subjects aged 20 years or older from 2001 Korean National Health and Nutrition Survey were analyzed. Living status of the subjects was defined as 'single' when the subjects' household member was one person. Age, gender, income, education were adjusted during the comparative analysis. The subjects living alone had diets with lower score of nutritional adequacy ratio and lower quality, and drank more alcoholic beverages when compared with the subjects living together. Females were more greatly affected in dietary intakes by living alone situation than males. Of the four age groups, a group with ages from 30 to 39 years showed less nutrient intake patterns in persons living alone than in persons living together, but the rest three groups with ages from 20 to 29, from 50 to 64, and 65 or older did not show any significant differences. Eating habits of the subjects living alone, such as skipping meals, kinds of snacks, dining-out, were worse as a whole than the other. In conclusion, single living particularly of females or of 30 to 39 years of age group had negative influences on dietary intakes and behavior. There may be statistical errors if socioeconomic and demographic factors such as age, gender, income, and education are not controlled in the population study investigating the effect of living alone on dietary intakes. Further studies will be needed to know the age-specific reasons for the worse nutrient intakes of single living persons.

Social Worker's Perceptions and Working Experiences of Older Adults Who Live Alone in Severe Social Isolation Based on the Case of 「Making Friends of Older Adults who Live Alone」 (「독거노인 친구만들기」를 통해 살펴본 '숨겨진 이웃', 사회적 고립이 심각한 노인 1인 가구에 대한 사회복지사의 인식과 경험에 관한 연구)

  • Kim, Yujin
    • 한국노년학
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    • v.38 no.4
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    • pp.1149-1171
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    • 2018
  • The purpose of this study is to increase understanding of the social intervention for severely isolated older adults who live alone and are in serious isolation as if they were 'hidden'. Through qualitative descriptive methods, it intends to describe how social workers in the "Making Friends of Older Adults who Live Alone" project have perceived older adults living alone in serious isolated situation, whether there have been changes in the perception of the elderly according to the progress of the project, and what kinds of experiences these social workers have had while providing case management to older adults. In-depth interviews with 40 social workers, case management records of 70 senior citizens, and research journals were collected and analyzed using qualitative content analysis methods. The results of data analysis were presented in two categories and four subcategories each. Based on the research findings, four kinds of implications were suggested.

Study on the Self-Efficacy for Older Adults Living Alone using Pansori Creative Therapy Program - Focusing on Vocal Sound - (판소리 창작 음악치료 프로그램을 통한 독거노인의 자기효능감 증진에 관한 연구 - 성음을 중심으로-)

  • Kim, Cheon Sa
    • Journal of Music and Human Behavior
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    • v.8 no.1
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    • pp.43-60
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    • 2011
  • The purpose of this study is to examine the effects of Pansori creative therapy focusing on a vocal sound on the self-efficacy of older adults living alone. Participants were 6 aged people who were living alone and who attended S Welfare Center for aged people. Pansori creative programs were provided twice a week for 6 weeks. The program consisted of 5 stages that had 50 minutes for each section. Quantitative data were collected from a pre-and post-self-efficacy scale (Park, Gyung-min, 1994) in order to confirm the changes in self-efficacy of the participants. Results showed statistical significance in self-efficacy scores (p < .05). In addition, positive verbal comments on decreased performance anxiety were found from participants during interviews conducted after the completion of Pansori creative program.