• Title/Summary/Keyword: OSMI

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On the Yellow Sand Detection using KOMPSAT OSMI Data (KOMPSAT OSMI 자료를 이용한 황사탐지)

  • 김영섭;박경원;서애숙
    • Korean Journal of Remote Sensing
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    • v.18 no.4
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    • pp.201-207
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    • 2002
  • Radiative transfer model was used to detect the yellow sand using KOMPSAT-1/0SMI data. With OSMI and SeaWiFS data, spectrum analysis for spatial and channel were carried out to investigate the characteristics of sensor for the detection of yellow sand. It was compared and analyzed the optical depth of OSMI and SeaWiFS data. Spectral characteristics of x-axis is similar in 765 and 865nm according to spectral analysis for OSMI and SeaWiFS data. It is considered that band 7 and 8(765 and 865nm) of OSMI is suitable for detecting the yellow sand. Compared the yellow sand images by OSMI and MODIS, the data of OSMI are applicable to monitor the yellow sand phenomena. The optical depth of yellow sand event was about 0.8 with 1.0 maximum.

Ocean Scanning Multi-spectral Imager (OSMI) Pre-Launch Radiometric Performance Analysis

  • Cho, Young-Min
    • Proceedings of the KSRS Conference
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    • pp.390-395
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    • 1999
  • Ocean Scanning Multispectral Imager (OSMI) is a payload on the Korean Multi-purpose SATellite (KOMPSAT) to perform worldwide ocean color monitoring for the study of biological oceanography KOMPSAT will be launched in the middle of November this year. The radiometric performance of OSMI is analyzed for various gain settings in the viewpoint of the instrument developer for OSMI calibration and application based on its ground performance measurement data for 8 primary spectral bands of OSMI. The radiometric response linearity and dynamic range are analyzed for the image radiometric calibration and the estimation of OSMI image quality for the ocean remote sensing area. The dynamic range is compared with the nominal input radiance for the ocean and the land. The noise equivalent radiance (NER) corresponding to the instrument radiometric noise is compared with the radiometric resolution of signal digitization (1-count equivalent radiance). The best gain setting of OSMI for ocean monitoring is recommended. This analysis is considered to be useful for the OSMI mission and operation planning, the OSMI image data calibration, and users' understanding about OSMI image quality.

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Estimation of Simulated Radiances of the OSMI over the Oceans (대양에서의 OSMI 모의 복사량 산출)

  • 임효숙;김용승;이동한
    • Korean Journal of Remote Sensing
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    • v.15 no.3
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    • pp.227-238
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    • 1999
  • In advance of launch, simulated radiances of the Ocean Scanning Multispectral Imager (OSMI) will be very useful to guess the real imagery of OSMI and to prepare for data processing of OSMI. The data processing system for OSMI which is one of sensors aboard Korea Multi-Purpose Satellite (KOMPSAT) scheduled for launch in 1999 is developed based on the SeaWiFS Data Analysis System (SeaDAS). Simulation of radiances requires information on the spectral band, orbital and scanning characteristics of the OSMI and KOMPSAT spacecraft. This paper also describes a method to create simulated radiances of the OSMI over the oceans. Our method for constructing a simulated OSMI imagery is to propagate a KOMPSAT orbit over a field of Coastal Zone Color Scanner (CZCS) pigment concentrations and to use the values and atmospheric components for calculation of total radiances. A modified Brouwer-Lyddane model with drag was used for the realistic orbit prediction, the CZCS pigment concentrations were used to compute water-leaving radiances, and a variety of radiative transfer models were used to calculate atmospheric contributions to total radiances detected by OSMI. Imagery of the simulated OSMI radiances for 412, 443, 490, 555, 765, 865nm was obtained. As expected, water-leaving radiances were only a small fraction (below 10%) of total radiances and sun glint contaminations were observed near the solar declination. Therefore, atmospheric correction is critical in the calculation of pigment concentration from total radiances. Because the imagery near the sun's glitter pattern is virtually useless and must be discarded, more advanced data collection planning will be required to succeed in the mission of OSMI which is consistent monitoring of global oceans during three year mission lifetime.

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RADIOMETRIC CALIBRATION OF OSMI IMAGERY USING SOLAR CALIBRATION (SOLAR CALIBRAION을 이용한 OSMI 영상자료의 복사 보정)

  • 이동한;김용승
    • Journal of Astronomy and Space Sciences
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    • v.17 no.2
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    • pp.295-308
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    • 2000
  • OSMI(Ocean Scanning Multi-Spectral Imager) raw image data(Level 0) were acquired and radiometrically corrected. We have applied two methods, using solar & dark calibration data from OSMI sensor and comparing with the SeaWiFS data, to the radiometric correction of OSMI raw image data. First, we could get the values of the gain and the offset for each pixel and each band from comparing the solar & dark calibration data with the solar input radiance values, calculated from the transmittance, BRDF (Bidirectional Reflectance Distribution Function) and the solar incidence angle($\beta$, $\theta$) of OSMI sensor. Applying this calibration data to OSMI raw image data, we got the two odd results, the lower value of the radiometric corrected image data than the expected value, and the Venetian Blind Effect in the radiometric corrected image data. Second, we could get the reasonable results from comparing OSMI raw image data with the SeaWiFS data, and get a new problem of OSMI sensor.

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OSMI를 이용한 달 촬영 가능 시각 결정을 위한 고속 시뮬레이터 개발

  • Kang, Chi-Ho
    • Aerospace Engineering and Technology
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    • v.1 no.2
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    • pp.132-140
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    • 2002
  • By utilizing OSMI (Ocean Scanning Multi-spectral Imager) onboard KOMPSAT-1, the moon can be imaged. Because the moon has no atmosphere and reflects sun lights at a constant rate, it can be the radiance source for calibration of OSMI. But there are a lot of risks which made KOMPSAT-1 enter into safe-hold mode. So planning the imaging of the moon with OSMI should be determined seriously with consideration to information on KOMPSAT-1 operation, the moon, the sun, etc. But it takes a long time for determining the imaging time of the moon using MCE(Mission Control Element) simulator and there are operational problems to be solved. In this paper, fast simulator for determining imaging time for the moon with OSMI has been developed. The proper timeline for imaging the moon and the position of the moon image in OSMI image coordinates and the phase of the moon are determined. STK was used for acquiring information on KOMPSAT-1, the moon, the sun and the characteristitcs of OSMI are considered. As a result, we can determine imaging time of the moon with OSMI much faster and efficiently.

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Ocean Scanning Multispectral Imager (OSMI) (태양광 보정계의 발사후 최초 측정에 대한 분석)

  • 조영민
    • Proceedings of the KSRS Conference
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    • pp.131-136
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    • 2000
  • Ocean Scanning Multi-spectral Imager (OSMI)는 다목적 실용위성 (KOMPSAT) 1호기 아리라위성에 탑재되어 1999년 12월 21일 발사된 해양 관측 기기이다. OSMI는 발사후 3년 이상 생물학적 해양지리학 연구를 위해 전세계 바다색을 관측하는 임무를 수행할 것이다. OSMI는 센서 성능의 궤도상 보정을 위해 태양광 보정과 암흑 보정을 수행한당. 태양광 보정은 궤도상에서 장기간에 걸친 해양 결상계의 노화에 따른 성능 변화 감지 및 보정에 있다. 발사 직후의 초기 태양과 보정 측정 자료는 추후 성능 변화 감지에 대한 기준이 될 뿐만아니라 발사 직후 OSMI 센서 성능 파악 및 점검에도 사용될 수 있으므로 매우 중요하다. 태양광 보정의 구조 및 광학적 특성을 분석하고 OSMI 주요 관측파 장대역별로 태양광 보정계의 출력신호량을 예측하였다. 초기 운영 기간동안 얻은 OSMI 태양광 보정계의 발사후 최초 측정 자료를 분석하고 발사전 예측 성능과 비교하였다. 이 연구는 OSMI 센서 보정 및 영상 품질 이해에 유용할 것이다.

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Prelaunch Radiometric Performance Analysis of Ocean Scanning Multi-spectral Imager (OSMI)

  • Cho, Young-Min
    • Korean Journal of Remote Sensing
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    • v.16 no.2
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    • pp.135-143
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    • 2000
  • Ocean Scanning Multispectral Imager (OSMI) is a payload on the Korean Multi-Purpose SATellite (KOMPSAT) to perform global ocean color monitoring for the study of biological oceanography. HOMPSAT was launched 21 December 1999. The radiometric performance of OSMI is analyzed for various gain settings in the viewpoint of the instrument developer for OSMI calibration and application based on its ground performance data measured before launch. The radiometric response linearity and dynamic range are analyzed and the dynamic range is compared with the nominal input radiance for the ocean and the land. The noise equivalent radiance (NER) corresponding to the instrument radiometric noise is compared with the radiometric resolution of signal digitization (1-count equivalent radiance). The best gain setting of OSMI for ocean monitoring is recommended. This analysis is considered to be useful for the OSMI mission and operation planning, the OSMI image data calibration, and users' understanding about OSMI image quality.

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Noise Correction of Remote Sensing Imageries: Application to KOMPSAT/OSMI Data

  • Kang, Y.Q.;Ahn, Y.H.
    • Proceedings of the KSRS Conference
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    • pp.694-696
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    • 2003
  • The KOMPSAT/OSMI remote sending data of 800 km swath are collected by whisk broom method employing 96 charge coupled devices (CCDs). The stripping noise in the OSMI imageries, which arise mainly due to the non-uniform sensitivities of 96 CCDs, are the major hindrance for oceanographic applications of the OSMI data. The OSMI images are corrected by 'Ensemble Smoothness' method which is based on an assumption that the series of the averages and variances of digital numbers in each line should vary smoothly. The data of each line are corrected by linear regression model of which coefficients are obtained by Ensemble Smoothness method. Our algorithm can be applied not only to OSMI data but also for other remote sensing date collected by whisk broom or push broom.

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Ocean Scanning Muti-spectral Imager (OSMI) Pre-Launch Solar Calibration Radiometric Response Analysis (Ocean Scanning Muti-spectral Imager (OSMI) 발사전 태양광 보정의 복사 응답 분석)

  • 조영민
    • Proceedings of the Optical Society of Korea Conference
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    • pp.198-199
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    • 2000
  • 다목적 실용위성 (KOMPSAT) 1호기에 탑재되는 해양관측카메라 Ocean Scanning Multi-spectral Imager (OSMI)는 해양 결상계의 노화에 따른 성능 변화 감지 및 보정을 위해 태양광 보정을 궤도운영 중 수행한다. 태양광 보정의 구조 및 광학적 특성을 분석하고 OSMI 주요 관측파장대역별로 태양광 보정계의 출력신호량을 예측하였다. 이 분석은 OSMI 센서보정 계획 및 영상 품질 이해에 유용할 것이다. (중략)

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OSMI ocean color products with updated cross-calibration coefficients

  • Lee S. G.;Kim Y. S.
    • Proceedings of the KSRS Conference
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    • pp.494-497
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    • 2004
  • To date the KOMPSAT OSMI(Ocean Scanning Multi-spectral Imager) data have been widely used in natural disaster monitoring such as Typhoon, Asian Dust, Red Tide, and Forest Fire. Quantitative analyses related to the marine ecosystem have been delayed because they require good quality of data through Cal/Val activities. To resolve such problem, KARI performed the OSMI crosscalibration study with SeaWiFS team. In this study, we will demonstrate the OSMI ocean color products with updated cross-calibration coefficients and compare them to the previous cross-calibration results.

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