• Title/Summary/Keyword: Nursery bed

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Effect of the Rate and the Method of Seeding on the Characteristics of Seedling for Rice Transplanter (수도(手稻)의 파종양식(播種樣式)과 파종량(播種量)이 이앙기용(移秧機用) 묘소질(苗素質)에 미치는 영향(影響))

  • Kim, Moon-Kyu;Kim, Soung-Rai;Ahn, Su-Bong
    • Korean Journal of Agricultural Science
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    • v.5 no.2
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    • pp.49-55
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    • 1978
  • In order to get healthy seedling of rice suitable for rice transplanter, the growing characteristics of the seedling grown under different growing days and sowing densities were invesigated and the results obtained were summarized as follows; In the 20 days old seedling, the difference of growing state of seed ling and its characteristics between the two types of nursery bed was not found, but for the 30 days old seedling, both of the crop growth rate and the relative growth rate on the band-type nursery bed appeared higher than those on the mat-type nursery bed. And also, "the dry weight, the content of cardohydrate and the ratio of dry weight to plant height of the seedling grown on the band-type nursery bed were much higher than those on the mat-type nursery bed, however the amount of difference of seedling characteristics between two types of nursery bed was decreased for 40 days old seedling and leaf number was not increased. The amount of the seedling growth was increased with less density of sowing and for the difference between the higher and the less density, the difference getting bigger with the longer nursery days. The maximum density of sowing was approximately 200cc per nursery case on the band-type nursery bed and 250cc per nursery case on the mat-type nursery bed. It was seemed that the growing uniformity of the seedling grown on the mat-type nursery bed was better than that on the band- type nursery bed, As the coefficient of variation of the plant height and the leaf numbers of the seedling grown on the band- type nursery bed was higher than that on the mat-type nursery bed.

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Effect of covering materials on seedling quality of rice (못자리 피복재가 벼의 묘소질에 미치는 영향)

  • Song, Suk-Yeon;Kim, Tae-Heon;Sohn, Jae-Keun
    • Current Research on Agriculture and Life Sciences
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    • v.28
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    • pp.47-52
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    • 2010
  • This study was carried out to investigate the availability of covering material used for raising seedlings in the rice nursery bed. The pre-germinated seeds of a rice cultivar 'Chilbo' were sown into seedling tray ($60{\times}30{\times}2.5cm$) on 20th April and 3rd May 2010. Polypropylene spunbonded fabric (PSF) and lagging were used for covering materials in rice nursery bed. The growth characteristics of seedlings were evaluated at 8, 15 and 25 days after sowing (DAS) in the nursery beds covered with PSF and lagging, respectively. The plant height of 8-day old seedlings grown in lagging nursery bed was longer by 2cm than those in PSF nursery bed when the seeds were sown on 20th April, but seedling quality grown in lagging nursery bed was poor compared with that in PSF nursery bed. The growth characteristics of 15-day old seedlings were similar to that of 8-day old seedlings. The plant height of 8, 15 and 25-day old seedlings grown in lagging nursery was longer than those in PSF nursery when the seeds were sown on 3rd May. The seedling quality grown in PSF nursery was better than that in lagging nursery. The seedlings grown in PSF nursery have more leaves and better seedling quality compared with that of lagging nursery. The seedling quality was remarkably decreased with the increase of nursery period in lagging bed but seedlings quality were recovered at 5 days after hardening treatment by removing the lagging.

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Production Cost Analysis of Leaf tobacco farm Households (잎담배 재배농가의 생산비 분석)

  • Kim, Jai-Hong;Kang, Il-Tack
    • Korean Journal of Agricultural Science
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    • v.31 no.2
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    • pp.149-160
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    • 2004
  • This study had carried out an analysis of leaf tobacco production cost by cost items, growing stages, and farm sizes per 10a to provide the basic data for determination of the purchasing price of leaf tobacco by KT&G. Considering the survey results of 12 tobacco farm households, the composition rates of production cost by items revealed as 7-10% for land service, 5-22% for depreciation, 13-25% for material costs, 50-65% for labour cost respectively. The production cost of leaf tobacco by growing stages were shown as 15.3% in nursery bed period, 32.3% in main growing period in field, 30.8% in harvesting period and 21.6% in packing period. The magnitude of wage expenditure was appeared as harvesting stage, packing stage, growing stage on main field and nursery bed stage in order. The amount of material costs were revealed as the growing stage in main field, harvesting stage, nursery bed stage and packing stage respectively. The production costs of leaf tobacco per 10a by farm sizes were shown as 1,615,879won for small farm, 1,446,896won for medium farm and 1,454,408won for large farm respectively. The production cost of leaf tobacco had shown decreasing tendency according to increasing farm sizes. To promote the international market competitiveness of leaf tobacco producing farms, labour saving production technologies and cost effective farm size to decrease tobacco production cost should be developed.

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Germination and Early Growth Characteristics of Pennisetum alopecuroides, Phragmites communis, and Miscanthus sinensis According to the Seeding Methods (파종방법에 따른 수크령, 갈대, 억새의 발아 및 초기생장 특성)

  • Cho, Yong-Hyeon;Lee, Ka-Hyung
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Environmental Restoration Technology
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    • v.17 no.1
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    • pp.163-172
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    • 2014
  • To investigate the possibility of developing the seeding measure for river bank slope revegetation, germination experiment and early growth observation were conducted using 3 native species growing naturally around river banks such as Pennisetum alopecuroides, Phragmites communis, and Miscanthus sinensis. The applied seeding methods were 3 such as scattering seeds, tillage after scattering seeds, and covering up seed with soil after scattering seeds. According to seeding methods, germination experiment and early growth observation were carried out on nursery bed soil in greenhouse. As results of this study, all the 3 native plant species' germination ratio and growth in length on nursery bed soil were highest on the seeding method of covering up seed with soil. Also it was verified by Duncan's multiple range test that the germination ratio and growth in length on the seeding method of covering up seed with soil is distinguished from those on other two seeding methods. According to this results, the best possible seeding measure to be developed should be mechanical seed spraying with soil.

Effect of Physical Properties of Soil on Ginseng Seedling Growth in Nursery Bed (양식묘단 토양의 물리성이 묘삼생육 및 수량에 미치는 영향)

  • 이종철;변정수
    • Journal of Ginseng Research
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    • v.19 no.3
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    • pp.287-290
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    • 1995
  • This study was conducted to elucidate the effect of physical properties of soil in nursery bed with different densities on growth of ginseng seedling. Stem length, leaf length and leaf width of ginseng seedling showed the decreasing tendency with increasing the hardness of the nursery soil. Fresh root weight per seedling and number of available seedlings were increased significantly with decrease of the soil hardness. For solid, liquid phases, bulk density and hardness of soil, negative correlations were shown in stem length, leaf length, leaf width, root weight per seeding, and number t of available seedlings. On the other hand, gas phase, air permeability and porosity of soil had positive correlations with stem length, leaf length, leaf width, root weight per seedling and number of available seedlings. Key words Yang-Jik nursery, ginseng seedling, soil physical properties.

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Studies on the Germination of Korean Ginseng(Panax ginseng C.A.Meyer) Seed I. Influences of Nonstratified Seed on Embryo Growth and Germination (인삼 종자의 발아에 관한 연구 I. 미개갑 종자 파종이 배생장 및 발아에 미치는 영향)

  • 조재성;원준연;강희경
    • KOREAN JOURNAL OF CROP SCIENCE
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    • v.33 no.1
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    • pp.54-58
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    • 1988
  • To define natural embryo growth and germination of the Korean ginseng (Panax ginseng C.A.Meyer) seed, freshly harvested and depulped seeds were seeded on nursery bed at Aug. 5 without stratification. At 100 days after seeding, embryo/endosperm length ratio of the seeds in nursery bed was higher than that of the seeds which were stratified with conventional method for 100 days. And also there was no significant difference between dehiscence ratio of the seeds in nursery bed and that from stratification with sand. The germination ratio of the ginseng seeds seeded without stratification at Aug. 5 was about 57% in average of 2 years and was not significantly lower than that of the seeds seeded after stratification at Nov. 15. And there were also no significant differencies of plant growth after germination between the ginseng seedlings from two seeding methods.

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Study on Flowering, Bearing Fruit, Seed Harvesting and Seedling Transplanting Cultivation of Valeriana fauriei Briquet (쥐오줌풀 개화·결실 특성과 적정 채종방법 및 육묘이식재배에 관한 연구)

  • Ahn, Young-Sup;Hur, Mok;An, Tae-Jin;Park, Chun-Geun;Kim, Young-Guk;Park, Chung-Berm;Baek, Wan-Sook
    • Korean Journal of Medicinal Crop Science
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    • v.20 no.5
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    • pp.365-371
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    • 2012
  • This study was carried out to know the characteristics of flowering and bearing fruit, the optimum period, regions and methods for seed harvesting, the optimum temperatures for seed storage and germination, and the optimum period for sowing at nursery bed and seedling transplanting of Valeriana fauriei Briquet. The flowering and bearing fruit of Valeriana fauriei was developed from the before-year root. Optimum period for seed harvest of Valeriana fauriei was from late July to middle August, and optimum areas were the high elevated areas over 500 m above the sea level as Jinbu-myeon, Pyeongchang-gun, Gangwon-do. Using of net-bag for seed harvesting was the effective method to gather the full ripe seed, and bagging of net-bag was necessary from the season of middle May that was the flowering middle-stage. Germination rates don't show the difference among the different temperatures of storage as approximately 41% at $-20^{\circ}C$, $2^{\circ}C$ or $20^{\circ}C$ of seed storage temperatures. The optimum temperature range was in $15{\sim}30^{\circ}C$ for seed germination at nursery bed. The optimum period for seed sowing at nursery bed was the late February, and the optimum period for seedling transplanting was the middle April.

Effects on the Application of Popped Rice Hulls Compost as Substitute Material of Yacto in Yang-jik Nursery Bed of Panax ginseng C. A. Meyer (인삼 양직모밭에서 약토 대체를 위한 팽화왕겨퇴비의 시용 효과)

  • Kang, Seung Weon;Lee, Sung Woo;Hyun, Dong Yun;Kim, Jang Wook;Kim, Yong Bum;Lee, Hye Jin;Cha, Seon Woo
    • Korean Journal of Medicinal Crop Science
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    • v.21 no.1
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    • pp.45-48
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    • 2013
  • This study was carried out to know the substitute effect of Yacto (leaf mold compost) on popped rice hulls compost (PRHC) in Yang-jik nursery bed of Panax ginseng. PRHC was mixed with Yacto as 50:50 ratio, and 1 ~ 2% of the mixed oil cake, rice bran and urea were also added to promote decaying the mixed compost. The mixed compost made by PRHC and Yacto was showed that positive effect on the growth of ginseng seedling when it was mixed with 1% of oil cake and rice bran, and 2% of mixed oil cake. But addition to the 2% of urea in the mixture of PRHC and Yacto was not positive effect on the growth of ginseng seedling. Root yield of the mixed compost was similar to that of conventional compost by made 100% of Yacto. Therefore, the mixed compost can substitute for Yacto when PRHC and Yacto were mixed by 50:50 ratio and added 1% of oil cake and rice bran.

Density Effects on the Size of 2-1 Korean Pine and 1-1 Jack Pine Nursery Stock (잣나무 2-1 묘(苗)와 방크스소나무 1-1 묘(苗)의 생장(生長)에 미치는 밀도효과(密度効果))

  • Ma, Sang Kyu
    • Journal of Korean Society of Forest Science
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    • v.32 no.1
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    • pp.1-8
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    • 1976
  • One of the most common needle leaf species used in planting in Korea is korean pine (Pinus koraiensis S. et Z.), and jack pine (Pinus banksiana Lamb.) is one of the test species for suitability. The relation of nursery bed density of 2-1 korean pine and 1-1 jack pine was studied at the Kwang Nung Nursery, Central Branch Station of Forest Research Institute, and about 40km north of Seoul. Nursery bed density of 2-1 korean pine, which ranged from 36 to 324 trees per square meters and of 1-1 jack pine, which ranged from 25 to 169 trees per square meters, had a marked effect on caliper, height, dry weight and percent and amount of plantable stock. The soil physical and chemical properties is silt plus clay, 50.55 percent; organic matter, 2.09 percent; total nitrogen, 0.13 percent; available phosphorus, 253.25 ppm; exchangeable potash, 0.46 m.e/100g; and pH, 5.58. As the density of the nursery seedling stand of 2-1 korean pine increases, the average tree height increases (Fig. 1A), but in 1-1 jack pine density do not affect to increase or decrease the average tree height. As the density of nursery bed increases, the average stem caliper (at 2cm above ground line) and dry weight decrease (Fig. 1B), but the decreasing rate is more seriously in 1-1 jack pine than 2-1 korean pine (Fig.5). As increasing the density of nursery bed, the T/R ratio of trees of the test species increase. Also the dry weight of leaf, stem and root parts are decreasing in proportion to the increase of stand density, but the drop rate of jack pine is more rapid than korean pine (table. 1) The patent facts of difference of growth characteristics between 2-1 korean pine and 1-1 jack pine were studied. These facts should be used to select the scale of stand density at the nursery bed or the plantable site. Korean pine is demanded high density, on the other hand in jack pine low density are more suitable to manage the stand density. Stands of comparatively low density had the greatest percentage of high-quality stock, and the stands of high density had less than the high quality trees of low density. An important criterion of the best density is percent and number of high-quality trees produced per square meter of bed area. Stem caliper and stem height of seedling is used in most public nurseries to sort seedling into plantable grades. The stock grade standard has set at 4.5mm caliper and 16cm height of 2-1 korean pine as the minimum desired stem caliper and height. By the result studies, the plantable stock grade standards of 2-1 korean pine used at stem height 16cm and stem caliper 4.5mm from public nurseries should be reformed to stem height 18cm and stem caliper 4.0mm by the growth characteristics and the tree distribution of stem height and caliper of relation to density. For the 2-1 korean pine, best density should be about 160 to 200 trees per square meter according to soil fertility. For the 1-1 jack pine, the suitable standard of plantable stock should be at stem height 25cm and caliper 6mm (at 2cm above ground line) and best density was about 100 to 120 trees.

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Microclimate in Rice Nursery Bed Covered with Various Materials (벼 보온못자리 피복재질에 따른 상내 미기상 특성)

  • Hwang Kyu Hong;Lee Jeong Taek;Yun Jin Il;Shim Kyo Moon;Hur Seung Oh
    • Korean Journal of Agricultural and Forest Meteorology
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    • v.2 no.3
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    • pp.87-94
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    • 2000
  • To recommend adequate covering materials and shapes of rice nursery bed for mechanical transplanting rice seedling, measuring of microclimate inside the rice nursery protected by polyethylene tunnel type, polyester tunnel type, and polyester flat type was compared to that outside the nursery. The vapor pressure deficit inside the polyester tunnel and polyethylene tunnel was higher than that outside the tunnel during daytime on a sunny day. During daytime on cloudy with rain day, the vapor pressure deficit inside polyester tunnel was higher than that in polyethylene tunnel or outside the nursery tunnel. The heat fluxes in the rice nursery tunnel during daytime flowed more to the soil than to the outside tunnel. Amounts of soil heat fluxes in polyethylene tunnel were higher than in polyester flat and polyester tunnel. The vertical profile of air temperature inside the nursery tunnel came to inversion during daytime and was lapse during nighttime regardless weather condition. The maximum temperature inside the nursery tunnel were 47.2$^{\circ}C$ in polyethylene tunnel and 37.$0^{\circ}C$ in polyester tunnel which was 21.1$^{\circ}C$ and 10.9$^{\circ}C$ higher than outside the tunnels respectively on sunny day. On cloudy with rain day, the temperature inside nursery tunnel was higher 8.4$^{\circ}C$ and 4.$0^{\circ}C$ polyethylene and polyester tunnel respectively then outside. Daily temperature changes became larger in the polyethylene tunnel, polyester tunnel, and outside the nursery tunnel in order. The rice seedling growth in polyester tunnel was better than the other nursery beds.

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