• 제목/요약/키워드: Nursery Pigs

검색결과 39건 처리시간 0.148초

Mycoplasma hyopneumoniae 감염의 혈청역학적조사 및 농장에서의 근절방안 설정 (Investigation of seroepidemiology of Mycoplasma hyopneumoniae infection and establishment of on-farm eradication protocol)

  • 석호봉;주한수
    • 대한수의학회지
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    • v.39 no.6
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    • pp.1218-1223
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    • 1999
  • The purposes of this study are to examine seroprevalence of Mycoplasma hyopneumoniae infection in pigs of different age groups, and retrospectively determine if nursery depopulation (ND) could influence the seroprevalence of M hyopneumoniae infection in nurseries. Sera of 4, 8, 12, 16, and 20 weeks old pigs from 7 farms were first selected from a serum bank to examine serologic profiles for M hyopneumoniae infections. Availability of representative sera in the serum bank was a major criterion for farm selection. The sera were tested for M hyopneumoniae antibodies by an enzyme linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) using Tween-20 extracted antigen. Serum samples were also selected from 15 of 34 swine farms that previously participated in a ND study. In order to evaluate M hyopneumoniae infection following ND, ELISA was performed with sera of 8~10 weeks old nursery pigs collected prior to and after ND for up to 12 months from the 15 farms. Serological profiles showed positive ELISA titers for 2 of 7 farms at 8 weeks, 4 of 7 farms at 12 weeks, 6 of 7 farms at 16 weeks, 6 of 6 farms at 20 weeks of age. Prior to ND, 11 of the 15 farms had positive titers in sera of 8~10 weeks old pigs. Sera of 8~10 weeks old pigs collected from 7 of the 11 farms (63.6%) were ELISA antibody negative for up to 12 months following ND. In conclusion, seroconversion to M hyopneumoniae was detected commonly between 10~16 weeks of age, indicating the occurrence of natural infection during the nursery age. The ND appeared to be an effective method to prevent M hyopneumoniae infection within the nursery pig in some farms.

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전업양축농가를 위한 남부지방 돈사의 구존 및 환경실태조사 (Field Survey of structural and Environmental Characteristics of Pig Houses in the Southern Provinces in Korea)

  • 최홍림;송준익;안희권
    • 한국축산시설환경학회지
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    • v.6 no.1
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    • pp.1-14
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    • 2000
  • The structural and environmental characteristics of typical pig houses in different growth phases were surveyed and analyzed. Based on the data for thirty nine selected farms in four provinces, Jeonbuk-do, Jeonnam-do, Gyeongbuk-do, and Gyeongnam-do, in the southern provinces, Korea, the goal is to eventually establish standard pig houses of sow and litter, nursery pigs, and growing-finishing pigs. The survey included farm scale, production specialization, structural dimensions of the houses and their ventilation systems, cooling and heating systems, and floor and pit systems related to manure collection. The survey showed 90∼98% of growing-finishing pig houses adopted the sidewall curtain systems. The sidewall curtain systems, although popular, is not well insulated which leads to excessive heating costs in winter. Regarding flooring and manure collection system of the house, 23∼35% of growing-finishing houses installed scraper systems with concrete-slat floors in Gyeongsang provinces while 52∼78% did in Jeolla provinces. The cause of a large variance in flooring between tow regions could not be academically pinpointed, rather it could be attributed to the advice of neighbors who leads local pig production circle. A general trend toward enlargement and enclosure of pig houses for all growth phases was gaining popularity in most regions in recent years. A steady shift to multisite operation from continuous operation was also observed to prevent a disease transfer. The structural design of a standard pig house with its environmental control systems including ventilation and heating/cooling system was suggested for further validation study. In-depth analysis of the survey data is presented in the Results and Discussion section.

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Effects of Replacing Spray Dried Porcine Plasma with Solpro500 on Performance, Nutrient Digestibility and Intestinal Morphology of Starter Pigs

  • Lai, C.H.;Qiao, S.Y.;Li, Defa;Piao, X.S.;Bai, L.;Mao, X.F.
    • Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
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    • v.17 no.2
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    • pp.237-243
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    • 2004
  • The objective of this study was to evaluate Solpro500 (a wheat hydrolysate containing a high level of glutamine) as a replacement for spray dried porcine plasma (SDPP) in diets fed to nursery pigs. One hundred and eight pigs (Dalland, $5.39{\pm}0.80$ kg BW) weaned at 21 days were assigned to one of three treatment groups for a 28 day feeding trial. The experimental diets were based on corn and soybean meal and were supplemented with either 8% SDPP, 4% SDPP plus 4% Solpro500 or 8% Solpro500. Each treatment was fed to six pens with six pigs per pen (4 barrows and 2 gilts). The experimental results indicated no significant difference (p>0.05) in daily gain, feed intake or feed efficiency for pigs fed the three experimental diets. However, the diarrhea index for pigs fed either 4% SDPP and 4% Solpro500 or 8% Solpro500 was lower (p<0.05) than that for pigs fed 8% SDPP. No differences (p>0.05) were found in the apparent fecal digestibility of dry matter, organic matter or crude protein between pigs fed the three diets. The intestinal morphology (villous height, villous width and crypt depth) was not affected by diet treatments (p>0.05). In conclusion, Solpro500 SDPP can replace SDPP without any negative effects on nursery pig performance.

Comparative Effects of Sodium Gluconate, Mannan Oligosaccharide and Potassium Diformate on Growth Performances and Small Intestinal Morphology of Nursery Pigs

  • Poeikhampha, T.;Bunchasak, C.
    • Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
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    • v.24 no.6
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    • pp.844-850
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    • 2011
  • This study was conducted to compare the effects of dietary supplementation of Sodium Gluconate (SG), Mannan Oligosaccharide (MOS) and Potassium Diformate (PDF) on growth performance and small intestinal morphology in nursery piglets. One hundred forty four female piglets ($11.69{\pm}0.71\;kg$) were divided into 4 treatments with six replicates of six pigs each. The pigs received a control diet or diets supplemented with SG, MOS and PDF at 2,500, 3,000 and 8,000 ppm; respectively, for 6 weeks. Supplementation of SG, MOS or PDF increased final body weight, average daily gain and tended to improve feed to gain ratio (p = 0.02, 0.04 and 0.16; respectively), other than average daily feed intake, intestinal pH and the bacterial populations were not influenced by the dietary treatments. SG significantly decreased the ammonia concentration in the caecum (p<0.05) and supplementation of SG, MOS or PDF tended to increase lactic acid and total short chain fatty acid concentration in the caecum (p = 0.08, 0.09; respectively), in addition SG, MOS or PDF slightly increased butyric acid concentration in the caecum (p = 0.14). SG highly significant increased the villous height in jejunum (p<0.01) and supplementing SG, MOS or PDF significantly increased crypt depth in jejunum (p<0.05), moreover, PDF significantly increased villous height and crypt depth ratio in jejunum (p<0.05) compared with control. The dietary treatments did not influence villous height and crypt depth in duodenum and villous height in jejunum (p>0.05). It can be concluded that supplementing SG, MOS or PDF as a feed additive has the potential to improve the growth performance, the intestinal lactic acid bacteria population, intestinal short-chain fatty acid concentration and the intestinal morphology of pigs.

Effects of Sodium Sulfite and Extrusion on the Nutritional Value of Soybean Products for Nursery Pigs

  • Burnham, L.L.;Kim, I.H.;Kang, J.O.;Rhee, H.W.;Hancock, J.D.
    • Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
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    • v.13 no.11
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    • pp.1584-1592
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    • 2000
  • Three hundred nursery pigs were used in two growth assays (avg initial BW of 6.5 and 6.0 kg, respectively) to determine the effects of sodium sulfite ($Na_2SO_3$) as an extrusion aid for soy products used in diets for weanling pigs. In Exp. 1, treatments were arranged as $3{\times}2$ factorial with main effects of soy product [soybean meal (SBM), extruded SBM, and dry-extruded whole soybeans (DEWS)] and concentration of $Na_2SO_3$ (0 and 10 g/kg of soy product). The extruded SBM and DEWS treatments were processed in a dry extruder ($Insta-Pro^{(R)} $, Triple F Nutrition, Des Moines, IA) with barrel temperatures and throughputs of $169^{\circ}C$ and 578 kg/h, and $147^{\circ}C$ and 598 kg/h, respectively. All diets were formulated to 3.5 Mcal/kg DE, with 0.92% lysine for d 0 to 14, and 0.76% lysine for d 14 to 28. For d 0 to 14, there was a tendency for pigs fed diets with $Na_2SO_3$ to have greater ADG (p<0.08), and pigs fed SBM to have greater ADFI (p<0.02), thus pigs fed the extruded soy products has 15% greater gain/feed than those fed SBM (p<0.007). For d 14 to 28, there were no differences in ADG or gain/feed among pigs fed diets with SBM and those fed diets with the extruded soy products (p>0.15). However, pigs fed DEWS had greater ADG than pigs fed extruded SBM, and pigs fed $Na_2SO_3$ had greater ADG and ADFI compared to those not fed $Na_2SO_3$ (p<0.02 and 0.08, respectively). The positive response in ADG and gain/feed to the addition of $Na_2SO_3$ resulted with SBM and extruded SBM treatments, and not with DEWS (interaction effect, p<0.04). Overall (d 0 to 28), pigs fed DEWS had greater ADG (p<0.01) and gain/feed (p<0.08) than pigs fed extruded SBM. Also pigs fed diets with $Na_2SO_3$ had greater ADG, ADFI, and gain/feed compared to those fed diets without $Na_2SO_3$ (p<0.002, 0.04, and 0.04, respectively). Exp. 2 was designed as a $2{\times}3$ factorial with main effects of soy product (SBM and DEWS) and concentration of $Na_2SO_3$ (none, 7.5, and 15.0 g/kg of soy product). As in Exp. 1, all diets were formulated to 3.5 Mcal/kg DE, with 0.92% lysine for d 0 to 13, and 0.76% lysine for d 13 to 53. At a constant processing temperature (148 to $149^{\circ}C$, $Na_2SO_3$ increased throughput of the extruder (578, 595, and 602 kg/h for the 0, 7.5, and 15.0 g/kg additions, respectively). For d 0 to 13, treatment had no effect on ADG or ADFI, but gain/feed decreased for pigs fed SBM with increasing concentrations of $Na_2SO_3$, and increased for pigs fed DEWS with increasing concentrations of $Na_2SO_3$ (SBM vs DEWS sulfite quadratic interaction, p<0.03). For d 13 to 35, pigs fed DEWS had greater ADG (p<0.01) and gain/feed (p<0.001) than pigs fed SBM. Also, ADFI decreased and gain/feed increased with increasing concentrations of $Na_2SO_3$ (linear effects, p<0.04 and 0.01, respectively). Overall, pigs fed the diets with DEWS had greater ADG and gain/feed than pigs fed SBM (p<0.003 and 0.002, respectively), and $Na_2SO_3$ tended to decrease ADFI and increase gain/feed (linear effects, p<0.07 and 0.06, respectively). In conclusion, pigs fed DEWS had greater rate and efficiency of gain than pigs fed SBM. Also, adding $Na_2SO_3$ prior to extrusion increased yield and feed efficiency.

돼지 생산성에 있어 게르마늄흑운모의 첨가수준 및 입자도의 효과 (Effects of Feeding Levels and Particle Size of Germanium Biotite on Pig Performance)

  • 이원백;김인호;홍종욱;권오석;민병준;손경승;정연권
    • Journal of Animal Science and Technology
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    • v.45 no.5
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    • pp.787-796
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    • 2003
  • 본 시험은 자돈 및 육성돈에 있어 급여수준 및 입자도에 따른 게르마늄 흑운모의 급여가 성장능력, 영양소 소화율 및 분내 유해가스 농도에 미치는 영향을 평가하기 위하여 실시하였다. 시험 1은 3원 교잡종 자돈 100두를 공시하였으며, 시험 개시시 체중은 13.12${\pm}$0.15kg이었다. 시험설계는 옥수수-대두박 위주의 기초사료에 게르마늄 흑운모 무첨가구(CON), 대조구 사료에 200 mesh 게르마늄 흑운모 0.5% 첨가구 (GB0.5-200) 및 1.0% 첨가구(GB1.0-200) 그리고 대조구 사료에 325 mesh 게르마늄 흑운모 0.5% 첨가구(GB0.5-325) 및 1.0% 첨가구(GB1.0-325)로 5개 처리로 하였다. 사양시험 기간동안, 일당증체량, 일당사료섭취량, 사료효율에 있어서는 처리구간에 유의적인 차이를 보이지 않았다. 분내 암모니아태 질소의 경우 GB200 처리구와 비교하여 GB325 처리구가 유의적으로 감소하였으며(P=0.01), 분내 휘발성 지방산 농도에 있어서는 대조구와 비교하여 게르마늄 흑운모 첨가구가 유의적으로 낮게 평가되었다 (propionic acid, P=0.01; butyric acid, P=0.01; acetic acid, P=0.02). 특히, 분내 propionic acid 농도는 GB200 처리구와 비교하여 GB325 처리구가 더 낮은 것으로 나타났다(P= 0.02). 시험 2는 3원 교잡종 육성돈 75두를 공시하였으며, 시험 개시시 체중은 21.18${\pm}$0.15kg이었다. 시험설계는 시험 1과 동일하였다. 사양시험 기간동안, 일당증체량에 있어서는 GB1.0 처리구가 GB0.5 처리구와 비교하여 유의적으로 높은 것으로 나타났다(P=0.03). 건물 및 질소 소화율에 있어서는 GB1.0 처리구가 GB0.5 처리구와 비교하여 향상되는 것으로 나타났다(P=0.01). 칼슘 소화율에 있어서는 대조구와 비교하여 게르마늄 흑운모 첨가구가 더 높은 것으로 나타났다(P=0.01). 분내 암모니아태 질소 농도에 있어서는 대조구와 비교하여 게르마늄흑운모 첨가구가 유의적으로 낮았으며(P=0.01), GB200 처리구 보다는 GB325 처리구가 더 낮게 평가되었다(P=0.03). 분내 butyric acid 농도에 있어서는 GB200 처리구와 비교하여 GB325 처리구가 유의적으로 낮은 것으로 나타났다(P=0.04). 결론적으로, 자돈에 있어서는 게르마늄 흑운모의 첨가가 성장에 영향을 미치지 않으면서 분내 유해가스 농도를 감소시키는 것으로 사료되며, 육성돈에 있어서는 성장율을 향상시키면서 분내 유해가스 농도를 효과적으로 감소시킬 수 있는 것으로 사료된다.

자돈 및 비육돈에 있어 옥수수의 가공 효과 (Effects of Extruded Corn in Nursery and Finishing Pigs)

  • 한영근;김인호;홍종욱;권오석;민병준;이원백;손경승;이지훈
    • Journal of Animal Science and Technology
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    • v.45 no.6
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    • pp.949-956
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    • 2003
  • 시험 1은 자돈에 있어 중국산 옥수수의 이용성을 높이기 위하여 중국산 옥수수를 익스트루젼 가공하였을 때 성장 및 영양소 소화율에 미치는 영향을 평가하기 위하여 실시하였다. 개시시 체중 15.95${\pm}$0.09kg의 3원 교잡종 자돈 60두를 공시하여 28일간 사양시험을 실시하였다. 시험설계는 미산 옥수수-대두박 위주로 시험사료를 배합한 처리구(UCORN), 중국산 옥수수-대두박 위주로 시험사료를 배합한 처리구 (CCORN) 그리고 익스트루젼 가공한 중국산 옥수수-대두박 위주로 시험사료를 배합한 처리구 (ECCORN)로 3개 처리로 하였다. 전체 사양시험 기간동안, 일당증체량에 있어서는 ECCORN 처리구가 CCORN 처리구보다 더 높았으나 (547 vs 522 g/d) 유의적인 차이는 보이지 않았다. 사양시험 개시후 10일째 되는 날에 채취한 분을 이용하여 분석한 건물과 가소화 에너지 소화율에 있어서는 UCORN 처리구와 ECCORN 처리구가 CCORN 처리구보다 유의적으로 높은 것으로 평가되었다(P〈0.05). 또한, 사양시험 개시후 24일째 되는 날에 채취한 분을 이용하여 분석한 건물 소화율에 있어서는 UCORN 처리구와 ECCORN 처리구가 CCORN 처리구보다 유의적으로 높은 것으로 평가되었으며(P〈0.05), 가소화 에너지 소화율에 있어서는 UCORN 처리구가 다른 처리구와 비교하여 가장 높았다 (P〈0.05). 또한, CCORN 처리구와 비교하여 ECCORN 처리구가 유의적으로 높게 평가되었다(P〈0.05). 시험 2는 비육돈에 있어 중국산 옥수수를 익스트루젼 가공이 외관상 아미노산 및 영양소 소화율에 미치는 영향을 평가하기 위하여 실시하였다. 개시시 체중 54.09kg의 3원 교잡종 거세돈 3두를 공시하여 대사시험을 실시하였으며, 처리구는 시험 1과 동일하였다. 시스틴의 외관상 아미노산 소화율에 있어서는 UCORN과 EECORN 처리구가 CCORN 처리구와 비교하여 유의적으로 높게 평가되었다(P〈0.05). 건물 소화율에 있어서는 UCORN과 ECCORN 처리구가 CCORN 처리구보다 분 소화율이 유의적으로 높은 것으로 나타났다(P〈0.05). 또한, 질소 소화율에 있어서도 UCORN과 ECCORN 처리구가 CCORN 처리구보다 분 소화율이 유의적으로 높은 것으로 나타났다(P〈0.05). 결론적으로, 자돈에 있어서 중국산 옥수수를 익스트루젼 가공 처리하면 성장 및 건물과 가소화 에너지 소화율을 향상시킬 수 있으며, 비육돈에 있어서는 건물과 질소의 분 소화율을 향상시킬 수 있는 것으로 사료된다.

Effects of varying nursery phase-feeding programs on growth performance of pigs during the nursery and subsequent grow-finish phases

  • Lee, Chai Hyun;Jung, Dae-Yun;Park, Man Jong;Lee, C. Young
    • Journal of Animal Science and Technology
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    • v.56 no.7
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    • pp.24.1-24.6
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    • 2014
  • The present study investigated the effects of varying durations of nursery diets differing in percentages of milk products on growth performance of pigs during the nursery phase (NP) and subsequent grow-finish phase (GFP) to find the feasibility of reducing the use of nursery diets containing costly milk products. A total of 204 21-d-old weanling female and castrated male pigs were subjected to one of three nursery phase feeding programs differing in durations on the NP 1 and 2 and GFP diets containing 20%, 7%, and 0% lacrosse and 35%, 8%, and 0% dried whey, respectively, in 6 pens (experimental units) for 33 d: HIGH (NP 1, 2 and 3 diets for 7, 14, and 12 d), MEDIUM (NP 2 and 3 for 14 and 19 d), and LOW (NP 2 and 3 and GFP 1 for 7, 14, and 12 d). Subsequently, 84 randomly selected pigs [14 pigs (replicates)/pen] were fed the GFP 1, 2 and 3 diets during d 54-96, 96-135, and 135-182 of age, respectively. The final body weight (BW) and average daily gain (ADG) of nursery pigs did not differ among the HIGH, MEDIUM, and LOW groups (14.8, 13.3, and 13.7 kg in BW and 273, 225, and 237 g in ADG, respectively). The average daily feed intake during the nursery phase was greater (p < 0.01) in the HIGH group than in the MEDIUM and LOW groups, whereas the gain:feed ratio did not differ across the treatments. The BW on d 182 and ADG during d 54-182 were greater in the HIGH and MEDIUM groups vs. the LOW group (110.0, 107.6, and 99.6 kg in BW, respectively; p < 0.01). The backfat thickness and carcass grade at slaughter on d 183 did not differ across the treatments. In conclusion, the MEDIUM program may be inferior to the commonly used HIGH program in supporting nursery pig growth. Nevertheless, the former appears to be more efficient than the latter in production cost per market pig whereas the LOW program is thought to be inefficient because of its negative effect on post-nursery pig growth.

Effects of Diet Complexity and Fermented Soy Protein on Growth Performance and Apparent Ileal Amino Acid Digestibility in Weanling Pigs

  • Ao, X.;Kim, H.J.;Meng, Q.W.;Yan, L.;Cho, J.H.;Kim, I.H.
    • Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
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    • v.23 no.11
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    • pp.1496-1502
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    • 2010
  • Two experiments were conducted to evaluate the effects of diet complexity and fermented soy protein on growth performance and amino acid digestibility. In Exp. 1, a total of 120 crossbred weanling pigs ($5.68{\pm}0.80\;kg$ BW) were randomly allocated into 4 treatments. Each treatment had 6 replicate pens comprising 5 pigs in each replicate. Experimental diets consisted of simple (soybean meal as protein source) and complex (soybean meal, rice protein concentrate, potato protein concentrate and fish meal as protein sources) diets; each diet contained 0 or 5% fermented soy protein (FSP), respectively. Dietary treatments included: i) simple diet; ii) simple diet with 5% FSP; iii) complex diet; iv) complex diet with 5% FSP. Pigs were provided each experimental diet for 20 d (phase 1) and then fed the same common diet for 10 d (phase 2). During days 0-10, pigs fed FSP diets had greater ADG than those fed non-FSP diets (p<0.05). G/F in FSP treatments was significantly higher than that in non-FSP treatments (p<0.05) from days 0 to 10. Throughout the overall period, G/F was greater in FSP treatments compared with non-FSP treatments (p<0.05). On d 10, N digestibility was higher in pigs fed FSP diets than in those fed non-FSP diets (p<0.05). Diet complexity did not affect growth performance and nutrient digestibility (p>0.05) in this experiment. In Exp 2, 12 ileal-cannulated, weanling barrows were housed in individual metabolism crates and randomly assigned to 1 of 4 treatments (same as Exp. 1) by using a $4{\times}4$ Latin square design. Among the essential amino acids, apparent ileal digestibility (AID) of Met and Val were increased in pigs fed FSP diets compared with those fed non-FSP diets (p<0.05). AID of Met, Phe and total essential amino acids were higher in pigs fed complex diets than in those fed simple diets (p<0.05). Among the non-essential amino acids, AID of Ala in FSP treatments was greater than that in non-FSP treatments (p<0.05). In addition, Asp, Cys, Glu, Pro, Ser and total non-essential amino acid digestibilities in pigs fed complex diets were higher compared with those fed simple diets (p<0.05). Interaction was observed in AID of Met, Asp and Pro. In conclusion, these results indicated that feeding of 5% FSP to nursery pigs improved feed efficiency and AID of amino acids, and diet complexity did not maximize the growth performance of pigs in the subsequent phase.

Effects of Keratinase on Performance, Nutrient Utilization, Intestinal Morphology, Intestinal Ecology and Inflammatory Response of Weaned Piglets Fed Diets with Different Levels of Crude Protein

  • Wang, D.;Piao, X.S.;Zeng, Z.K.;Lu, T.;Zhang, Q.;Li, P.F.;Xue, L.F.;Kim, S.W.
    • Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
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    • v.24 no.12
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    • pp.1718-1728
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    • 2011
  • Two experiments were conducted to investigate the in vitro ability of keratinase to hydrolyze soybean glycinin and ${\beta}$-conglycinin and to evaluate the in vivo effects of keratinase when included in corn-soybean diets with different levels of crude protein and fed to nursery pigs. In experiment 1, a saturated keratinase solution (1 ml) was added to two blank controls of either glycinin or ${\beta}$-conglycinin resulting in the hydrolysis of 94.74% glycinin and 88.89% ${\beta}$-conglycinin. In experiment 2, 190 pigs (8.3${\pm}$0.63 kg BW) were allotted to one of four treatments in a 2${\times}$2 factorial arrangement on the basis of body weight, and sex was balanced among the pens. The effects of crude protein (19 vs. 22%) and keratinase (0 vs. 0.05%) were studied. Each treatment was applied to six pens with seven (two pens) or eight pigs per pen. Pigs were fed the experimental diets for 21 d. Weight gain and feed conversion ratio were improved (p<0.05) with keratinase supplementation while feed intake was reduced (p<0.05). Keratinase supplementation increased (p<0.05) the apparent total tract digestibility of dry matter, energy, crude protein and phosphorus. Keratinase supplementation also increased n-butyric acid in the cecum and colon, lactobacilli and total anaerobe counts in the colon as well as the ratio of villus height to crypt depth in the ileum. Additionally, fecal score, ammonia nitrogen and branch chain volatile fatty acids in the colon, E. coli and total aerobe counts in the colon, crypt depth in the jejunum and ileum as well as serum interleukin-1 and interleukin-6 concentrations were also decreased (p<0.05) by keratinase supplementation. A reduction in dietary crude protein decreased (p<0.05) colon ammonia nitrogen concentration and cecal propionic acid and branch chain volatile fatty acid concentrations. In addition, cecal E. coli counts, colon total anaerobe counts, ileal crypt depth, and serum interleukin-1 and interleukin-6 concentrations were also decreased (p<0.05) with the reduction of dietary crude protein. With the exception of fecal scores, there were no significant interactions between crude protein and keratinase. This study provides evidence that dietary keratinase supplementation improved nursery pig performance by improving intestinal morphology and ecology, thus improving nutrient digestibility and alleviating the inflammatory response.