• Title/Summary/Keyword: North Korea

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The Comparative Study on Arbitration System of South Korea, North Korea, and China (남북한 및 중국 중재제도의 비교연구)

  • Shin, Koon-Jae;Lee, Joo-Won
    • Journal of Arbitration Studies
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    • v.17 no.2
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    • pp.101-124
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    • 2007
  • The legal systems and open-door policies to foreign affairs in North Korea have been followed by those of China. Whereas an arbitration system of South Korea accepted most parts of UNCITRAL Model Law, North Korea has succeeded to an arbitration system of a socialist country. China, under the arbitration system of socialist country, enacted an arbitration act reflected from UNCITRAL Model Law for keeping face with international trends. We have used these three arbitration system as a tool for analyzing an arbitration system in North Korea. With an open-door policy, North Korea and China enacted an arbitration act to provide a legal security. Therefore, the core parts of arbitration system in North Korea and China are based on a socialist system while those of South Korea is on liberalism. So, North Korea and China enacted an arbitration act on the basis of institutional arbitration, on the other side, South Korea is based on ad-hoc arbitration. Because of these characters, in terms of party autonomy, it is recognized with the order as South Korea, China and North Korea. Also North Korea enacted separate 'Foreign Economic Arbitration Act' to resolve disputes arising out of foreign economies including commercial things and investments. There are differences in arbitration procedures and appointment of arbitrators : South Korea recognizes parties' autonomy, however parties should follow the arbitration rules of arbitration institutes in North Korea and China. According to an appointment of arbitrators, if parties fail to appoint co-arbitrators or chief arbitrators by a mutual agreement, the court has the right to appoint them. In case of following KCAB's rules, KCAB secretariats take a scoring system by providing a list of candidates. A party has to appoint arbitrators out of the lists provided by arbitration board(or committee) in North Korea. If a party may fail to appoint a chief arbitrator, President of International Trade Arbitration Board(or Committee) may appoint it. In China, if parties fail to appoint a co-arbitrator or a chief arbitrator by a mutual agreement, Secretary general will decide it. If a arbitral tribunal fails to give a final award by a majority decision, a chief arbitrator has the right for a final decision making. These arbitration systems in North Korea and China are one of concerns that our companies take into account in conducting arbitration procedures inside China. It is only possible for a party to enforce a final arbitral award when he applies an arbitration inside North Korea according to International Trade Arbitration Act because North Korea has not joined the New York Convention. It's doubtful that a party might be treated very fairly in arbitration procedures in North Korea because International Trade Promotion Commission controls(or exercises its rights against) International Trade Arbitration Commission(or Board).

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An Increase the South-North Economic Corporations and Insurance as a Scheme for the Transfer of Risk - Focus on the Source of North Korea Insurance Law - (남북경협증가에 따른 위험의 완화방법으로서의 보험제도 - 북한보험법의 법원문제를 중심으로 -)

  • Kim Sun-Jeong
    • Journal of Arbitration Studies
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    • v.15 no.3
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    • pp.267-301
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    • 2005
  • Following the increased economic corporations between the South and North Korea, many companies participate the corporation program. They needs insurance policy as a scheme for the transfer of risk from those individual company to it to an insurer. This paper review the possibility of the North Korea insurance authorities and research the origin, history, structure and context of the North Korea insurance law. The North Korea Insurance law differ from the South Korea and China's. North Korea Insurance authority has not capability of doing insurance business both side of underwriting and indemnity. Partly, it caused the uncertainty, insufficient and vague of the insurance law. The writer conclude that the North Korea insurance law faced to the needs of modernization. Especially, the Gyesung Industrial Complex Insurance Regulation couldn't cover the investor and company's risk because it is not based on the nature and basic principles of insurance.

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A Plan for Cooperation in Fisheries between South and North Korea for Unification in the 21st Century (21세기(世紀) 통일기반(統一基盤) 구축(構築)을 위한 수산협력(水産協力) 방안(方案) - 수산물교역을 중심으로 -)

  • Pak, Myong-Sop
    • THE INTERNATIONAL COMMERCE & LAW REVIEW
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    • v.14
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    • pp.323-348
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    • 2000
  • Facing the current difficulties of fisheries industry nationally and internationally, economic cooperations between South and North Korea are needed urgently. Applying the process of economic integration to fisheries sector of separated nation, cooperation processes are divided as follows; (1) indirect and direct fisheries trade, (2) reciprocal use of fishing grounds, (3) joint venture in fisheries sector, (4) free movement of production factors and common fisheries policy. Here, fisheries trade falls under economic interchange stage. Reciprocal use of fishing ground and fisheries joint venture come in economic cooperation stage. Finally. free factor movement and common fisheries policy are related with economic integration stage. This paper investigates the schemes for fisheries cooperation between South and North Korea in preparation for a unified Korea, focusing on fisheries trade. The paper is composed of 5 chapters. Chapter 2 discusses structure and characteristics of North Korea trade, and trade situation between South and North Korea. Then, the present condition of North Korea fisheries industry and fisheries trade trend between South and North Korea are presented in chapter 3. Next, chapter 4 tackles the most common problems encountered in fisheries trade between South and North Korea, and the devices and schemes to raise fisheries trade between South and North Korea. Finally, chapter 5 summarizes and concludes the research results.

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A Study of North Korea′s Traditional Dress in Cultual Aspect (북한 전통복식문화에 관한 연구)

  • 김여경;홍나영
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Costume
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    • v.54 no.6
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    • pp.53-64
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    • 2004
  • North Korea's traditional dress(chosun-ot) has developed as follows: right after the liberation(l945). North Korea tried to get rid of Japanese style and empty formalities and vanity, so chosun-ot became simple and practical. And from the Korean war to 1950's North Korea had tried to establish through a restoration of the war and chosun-ot is more easy and simple. For 1960's People became to be interested in their clothes owing to a stable socialistic economy and politics, and tried new style due to the influence of the Korea-Japanese. Since 1972 North Korea has claimed a dictational socialist organization, and constructed its own culture. Therefore North Korea emphasized its own clothing habit. and its garment style developed differently from South Korea. Since 1984 North Korea tried to change its policy dramatically. and chosun-ot has changed to a modern and various style. But on the other hand, traditional style of chosun-ot was more emphasized. North Korea especially tried to succeed its traditional style. it pursued only partial changes by sticking to its original style. And its color to bright and magnificent one with additional ornaments. Because it tried to change the style within the limits of its tradition, traditional dress has a quite fragmentary and flat appearance.

The North Korea's Foreign Policy Stance and Prospect (북한의 대외정책 기조와 전망)

  • Kim, Sung Woo
    • Convergence Security Journal
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    • v.14 no.6_1
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    • pp.57-63
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    • 2014
  • Even though the historical changes of the Cold War, they does not release the Cold War structure in Korean peninsula. And continues North Korea's provocations against South Korea. A factor of instability in Northeast Asia is the causing catastrophic inter-Korean relations and North Korea's Yeonpyeong shelling and provocation of the Cheonan battleship sinking by an explosion. These behaviors have been committed by among the North Korea military. North Korea's provocations made by a complex decision-making system in the United States and North Korea and South Korea. North Korea's aggressive military actions are conducted under the North Korean political system of strategies unification of the Korean peninsula. It has a duality of continuity and change, depending on the situation of a foreign policy in North Korea. If North Korea want maintain structure of their country, they should change the national policy and strategy, tactics and the military action type. North Korea should be a member of international community. As one of the country in the world, North Korea create economic power, nuclear tensions break, and participate in the international community for the peace.

The status of Cleft Lip and Palate in North Korea; Analysis of North Korean textbooks (교과서 분석을 통해 본 북한의 구순$\cdot$구개열 현황)

  • Huh Jin-Young;Kim Tae-Yeon;Kim Bum-Su;Yi Choong-Kook
    • Korean Journal of Cleft Lip And Palate
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    • v.4 no.2
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    • pp.1-8
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    • 2001
  • The dissimilarities between South and North Korea have persisted in spite of the reconciliation campaign by both countries. The situation of the cleft lip & palate of North Korea was very unclear until now. The purpose of this study is to understand all the current facts of cleft lip & palate in North Korea so that we can find ways of helping North Korea in this field of medicine. The present data and analysis are extracted from North Korean textbooks. The results are as follow. 1. In North Korea, patients with CLP are treated by oral surgeons or maxillofacial surgeons. The detailed contents about the CLP are well described in the North Korean textbooks for the dental students. 2. The terminology of CLP in North Korea has changed from time to time, but the present terminology not being so different from South Korean counterpart. So there will be no particular problems in mutual communication. 3. The main classification for CLP in North Korea originated from Kernahan & Stark's classification as is with South Korea. 4. The incidence of CLP is 1 : 1,000-1,200 in North Korea, which is lower than that of South Korea. There is, however, some difference between the North and South Korean CLP in detailed statistics. 5. We found the North Korean physicians have shown much interest in pursuing the etiology and the prevention of CLP. 6. The timing of CLP operations varied a lot in North Korea. There was recommendation by few for the operation in much late age than in South Korea. 7. The classical operation techniques of cleft lip have changed. For unilateral cleft lip Tennison-Randall method was replaced by Millard I method: and for bilateral cleft lip LeMesurier method was replaced by Veau III and Tennison methods. But for cleft palate Pushback palatoplasty has been utilized consistently.

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Analysis on North Korea Information Research Trend in Korea (최근 북한정보 연구동향에 대한 분석)

  • MYUNG, JAE JIN;LEE, HAN TAE
    • Informatization Policy
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    • v.22 no.1
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    • pp.3-27
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    • 2015
  • The purpose of this research is to analyze research trend of 400 north korea information studies from 2010 to 2014 in korea. The research has narrowed the scope of analysis in five fields : political diplomacy, economy, the military, social culture, human rights in north korea. The result of this research shows that each field evenly counts for 20% of the entire research. According to the types of publications, not only research papers but also graduate theses and books comprise a large proportion of the north korea information study. In the past, the north korea information study focused on political diplomacy and the military, but this research revealed different outcome. Now the study of north korea information has wide variety of subject, but it requires a qualitative growth. It remains still the problem of credibility in research data.

An Analysis of Infectious Disease Research Trends in Medical Journals From North Korea

  • Park, Do-Hyeon;Choi, Min-Ho;Lim, Ah-Young;Shin, Hee Young
    • Journal of Preventive Medicine and Public Health
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    • v.51 no.2
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    • pp.109-120
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    • 2018
  • Objectives: This study aimed to investigate the current status of infectious disease research in North Korea by analyzing recent trends in medical journals from North Korea in comparison with research from South Korea. Methods: Three medical journals (Preventive Medicine, Basic Medicine, and Chosun Medicine) were analyzed from 2012 to 2016. Articles on tuberculosis (TB), malaria, and parasitic diseases were selected and classified by their subtopics and study areas. Two medical journals published in the South Korea were selected for a comparative analysis of research trends. Results: Of the 2792 articles that were reviewed, 93 were extracted from North Korea journals. TB research in North Korea was largely focused on multi-drug resistant TB and extrapulmonary TB, whereas research in South Korea more frequently investigated non-tuberculous mycobacteria. Research on parasitic diseases in North Korea was focused on protozoan and intestinal nematodes, while the corresponding South Korea research investigated various species of parasites. Additionally, the studies conducted in North Korea were more likely to investigate the application of traditional medicine to diagnosis and treatment than those conducted in South Korea. Conclusions: This study presents an analysis of research trends in preventive medicine in North Korea focusing on infectious diseases, in which clear differences were observed between South and North Korea. Trends in research topics suggest a high prevalence of certain parasitic diseases in North Korea that are no longer widespread in South Korea. The large proportion of studies examining traditional medicine implies a lack of affordable medicine in North Korea.

The Necessity of Korea-Japan Security Cooperation in order to Overcome North Korea's Nuclear Treats: Challenge & Conquest (북한 핵위협 극복을 위한 한일 안보협력 필요성 : 도전과 극복)

  • Kim, Yeon Jun
    • Convergence Security Journal
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    • v.18 no.2
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    • pp.89-99
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    • 2018
  • In the year 2018, South Korea faces a crucial decision with regard to reunification. Starting from inter-Korean and US-North summits held from April through June, A rough journey for North Korea's "Complete, verifiable and irreversible dismantlement" began. Although South Korea insists that North Korea's Nuclear 'CVID' is the only minimum condition in the process of peaceful reunification, North Korea and other countries who support North Korea, including China and Russia, will possibly claim that North Korea's Nuclear 'CVID' will minimize their political and military positions internationally. Despite representatives from each country agreeing to North Korea's denuclearization, it is inevitable that many challenges still need to be resolved during the process. From the perspective of the Chinese government, North Korea is not a country that stimulates international conflicts. Instead, China can utilize North Korea as their political and tactical leverage against the US in order to compete for hegemonic power in Asia. In order to reject the emerging supremacy of China and resolve uncertainties in the denuclearization agreement and implementation process, I suggest the necessity of 'Korea-Japan Security Cooperation' as a 'second alternative' to achieve the North Korea's Nuclear 'CVID'.

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Port Development Strategy for Unification of South and North Korea (남북한 통일대비 항만개발 전략)

  • 이태우;임종길
    • Proceedings of the Korean Institute of Navigation and Port Research Conference
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    • 2000.04a
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    • pp.3-15
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    • 2000
  • This paper aims to suggest for port development at the dawn of unification of South and North Korea. Referring to the case study of port development in the unified German and on the basis of investigation port traffic between the two Koreas, it is also concerned with direction for co-operation in the port sector and practical methods for implementing port development plans after and before the unification of the Korean peninsular.

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