• Title, Summary, Keyword: Noncompliance

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ICU Nurses' Compliance with Standards for Critical Care Nursing Practice (중환자실 간호사의 중환자간호 실무표준 이행에 대한 조사)

  • Yi, Young-Hee;Jung, Yoen-Yi;Kim, Mi-Soon;Kim, Soon-Hee
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Fundamentals of Nursing
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    • v.17 no.4
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    • pp.478-486
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    • 2010
  • Purpose: To explore nurses' compliance with standards for critical care nursing practice in intensive care units (ICUs) and to provide basic data for high quality of critical care nursing. Method: A total of 616 participants from 61 ICUs which are graded from 1 to 7 throughout the nation were surveyed. Data were collected from February 9 to February 27, 2009 using a questionnaire consisting of 58 questions including 50 nursing activities as indicators. Results: The rate of ICU nurses' compliance with standards for critical care nursing practice was high. As for individual standards, compliance with the standard of assessment was the highest, followed by implementation, diagnosis, and planning in that order. There were differences in compliance according to nurses' ICU experience, work place (unit), and ICU grade. A shortage of manpower was considered as a main cause for noncompliance. Conclusion: The present compliance rate with standards for critical care nursing practice by ICU nurses was identified. Therefore, compliance rate can be used to promote quality of critical care nursing and development of educational programs for ICU nurses.

A Study on the Unlawful Fishery Control System (불법어업 단속제도에 관한 연구)

  • Lee, Zong-Keun
    • Journal of Fisheries and Marine Sciences Education
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    • v.22 no.3
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    • pp.303-315
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    • 2010
  • The fisheries resource in waters under the jurisdiction of Korea is being endangered by unlawful fishery. The Korean government exerted great efforts to establish the public order of water, but the number of the exposed unlawful fishing violations has increased for last 10 years. The system to guide fisheries regulatory noncompliance of Korea is limited to the use of fishing guidance patrol boats. For strength of monitoring and surveillance systems, the government needs to phase in Vessel Monitoring System. But there are some studies for that. The defects of present monitoring practice can be drawn from the facts described above. The qualification of the fishery control official one of most important element of fishing control system, is defined as any officer who is charging on fishing. For clear law enforcement the qualification should require considerable experience and knowledge. Korean coast guards have problems on guiding unlawful fishing violations because of the absence of administrative authority by comparison with the fisheries guiding officer, who has both authorities on administration and jurisdiction. To draw some judicial problems this research presents a analysis on the fishing control system. The research suggests the improvements to compensate the defects.

Preparation and Evaluation of $PGE_1$ Urethral Suppositories ($PGE_1$ 요도좌제의 제조 및 평가)

  • Park Somin;Choi Myeongsin;Han Kyuwon;Kim Kil-Soo
    • YAKHAK HOEJI
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    • v.49 no.4
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    • pp.260-267
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    • 2005
  • [ $PGE_1$ ] is an endogenous substance of potent vasodialator as well as inhibitor of platelet aggregation. It has been used therapeutically in peripheral arterial occlusive disease and impotence. Intracavernous injection of $PGE_1$ for erectile dysfunction has been established for several years as a treatment option for erectile dysfunction of diverse etiologies, but this mode of administration is limited by penile discomfort, pain at the injection site, inconvenience and noncompliance. As the matter of worse, the $\beta-hydroxy$ moiety of $PGE_1$ is extremely susceptible to dehydration in solution to give inactive $PGA_1$ and $PGB_1$. For the improvement of stability, rapid absorption at action site and the convenience of application, $PGE_1$ was formulated as urethral suppositories of three types of formulations, such as PEG, witepsol, and the mixture of PEG and witepsol. The stability test of $PGE_1$ and the release test in urinary suppositories were performed. Futhermore, the effect of enhancers and vehicle composition on the penetration of $PGE_1$ through excised rat skin was evaluated by permeability coefficient and enhancement ratio.

A Study on the mother's attribution and behavioral reaction to behavior problem of child. (아동의 문제행동에 대한 어머니의 귀인과 행동반응의 관계)

  • 이은희
    • Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association
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    • v.34 no.2
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    • pp.31-42
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    • 1996
  • The purpose of this study was to examine the mother's perception on the concrete pattern of such behavior problems as noncompliance, jealousy, dependency, hyperactivity and stealing, by analyzing the difference between two cases of her own child and another mother's child relating to her attribution to the behavior problem of the child and the relationship between her attribution and behavioral reaction. This study was carried out by using 515 questionnaires answered by 1000 mothers of children of 7 kindergartens in Ulsan and Taegu, using Melissa Sweitzer's method (1986). The data was subjected to t-test, Pearson's correlation coefficient. T-test was applied to test the difference between two cases of her own child and another mother's child relating to her attribution to the behavior problem of the child and Person's correlation coefficient was estimated to test the relationship between her attribution and behavioral reaction. The result of this study is sumarized as follows : 1. It was shown that the mother's attribution to the behavior problem of the child is less serious when her child showed the behavior problem than when another child dose the problem while her attribution has an affective reaction to the behavior problem of the child. 2. The relationship between the mother's attribution and behavior reaction to the behavior problem of the child appeared variously in accordance with the attribution factor and behavior problem. Then the mother showed more attribution to stability while frequently ignoring the child.

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Variables related to Toddler's Compliance : Child's Gender, Age, Temperament, Mother's Parenting and the Content of Demands (걸음마기 아동의 순종행동에 관련된 변인들 : 아동의 성, 연령, 기질, 어머니의 양육태도 및 요구내용을 중심으로)

  • Park, Seong-Yeon;Shin, Young-Ah
    • Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association
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    • v.45 no.6
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    • pp.11-20
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    • 2007
  • The purpose of this study was to examine determine the relations relationship between the child's characteristics (i.e. temperament) and maternal behaviors (parenting and the content of demands) and the child's compliance. Data were gathered from 153 mothers of toddlers in Seoul, via questionnaires. The major principal results of this study were as follows: Neither gender nor age differences was found were observed in toddlers' compliance. Correlation analyses revealed significant relations relationships between both a child's emotionality and the mother's parenting, and a child's compliance. That is, in cases in which the child's emotional reactivity and the mother's authoritarian parenting were high, the child evidenced lower compliance, the child showed whereas the higher the mother's authoritative parenting were was, the higher compliance the child showed displayed. The hierarchical regressions analysis indicated that maternal demands on 'caring' was constituted the most significant variable to predict for the prediction of toddlers' compliance, and child activity level and maternal authoritative parenting behavior were also significant variables.

Factors Associated with Overweight and Obesity in Inpatients with Bipolar Mania : A Preliminary Study (양극성 조증 입원 환자에서 과체중, 비만과 연관 인자 : 예비 연구)

  • Jung, Young-Eun;Seo, Ho-Jun;Song, Hoo-Rim;Wang, Hee-Ryung;Jun, Tae-Youn;Bahk, Won-Myong
    • Anxiety and mood
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    • v.6 no.2
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    • pp.109-114
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    • 2010
  • Objective : Being overweight or obesity impairs quality of life and often causes treatment noncompliance in patients with bipolar disorder. This preliminary study evaluated the prevalence of overweight and obesity in inpatients with bipolar mania. Methods : Inpatients with bipolar mania, who were treated with adequate medications at least 4 weeks were included in a retrospective study. The body weight of each patient was measured and the body mass index (BMI) was calculated. Results : Of the 80 patients, 16.4% (N=13) were overweight, and 35.0% (N=28) were obese at discharge. Female patients had higher prevalence rates of overweight and obesity. Being overweight or obesity was associated with the number of previous episodes of depression and combination treatment with atypical antipsychotics and mood stabilizers. Conclusions : Being overweight or obesity is highly prevalent in patients with bipolar mania. Clinicians should pay more attention to weight gain and obesity when prescribing combination therapies. More research is required to identify the impact of specific risk factors for overweight and obesity in patients with bipolar mania.

Effect of supportive periodontal therapy on the prevention of tooth loss in Korean adults

  • Kim, Sang-Yul;Lee, Jae-Kwan;Chang, Beom-Seok;Um, Heung-Sik
    • Journal of Periodontal and Implant Science
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    • v.44 no.2
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    • pp.65-70
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    • 2014
  • Purpose: The purpose of this retrospective study was to evaluate the effect of patient compliance with supportive periodontal therapy (SPT) on tooth loss in Korean adults. Methods: The periodontal records of 134 patients were reviewed for this study. They completed active periodontal treatment from 1999 to 2001 and were placed on a schedule of periodic follow-up visits for SPT. Patient compliance was classified into complete compliance (CC), erratic compliance (EC), and noncompliance (NC) groups. Re-examinations were carried out $11.0{{\pm}}0.8$ years after the active periodontal treatment. The prognosis for each tooth was determined as good, questionable, or hopeless according to the bone loss observed in pretreatment radiographs. Results: The rate of tooth loss of the CC group was significantly lower than that of the NC group. The tooth loss/patient and the tooth loss/patient/year were not significantly different between the three groups. The rates of tooth loss in the good, questionable, and hopeless prognosis groups were 6.7%, 9.5%, and 13.2%, respectively. For the teeth with a good prognosis, the rate of tooth loss of the CC group was significantly lower than that of the NC group (0.4% vs. 5.1%). For the teeth with a questionable prognosis, the CC group showed a significantly lower rate of tooth loss than did the EC group (4.1% vs. 30.7%) or the NC group (4.1% vs. 25.6%). For the teeth with a hopeless prognosis, the rates of tooth loss were not significantly different among the three groups. Conclusions: Within the limits of this study, the patients who showed a poor compliance with SPT were more likely to lose teeth than were the regularly compliant patients. However, the risk of tooth loss with a hopeless prognosis was high irrespective of the compliance.

Noncompliance Factor of Parking Regulatory Policy in the Policy Target Groups -Focused on The Theory of Reasoned Action- (정책대상집단의 주차규제정책 불응요인에 관한 연구 -합리적 행동이론을 중심으로-)

  • Kim, Kyung-Bum
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.15 no.6
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    • pp.215-226
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    • 2015
  • In this research, The impact factor based on previous studies was composed of attitudes, subjective norms, and executive organization. The purpose of this study was to analyze how these factors have affected on the behavior intention and the behavior the parking regulatory policy using The theory of reasoned action. In addition, The effect of moderate variable(residence, housing type) to be verified. Conducted a survey of the area that was subjected to the parking regulatory policy, and the survey result was analyzed. After verifying the hypothesis using structural equation modeling, Two factors (Attitude, subjective norm) were found to be on the positive effect on the behavior intention and Two factors (Attitude, executive organization) were found to be on the positive effect on the behavior. As a result of verifying the effect of moderate variable(residence, housing type), The residence variable showed a significant moderating effect on the relationship between attitudes and behavior and the housing type variable turned out a significant moderating effect on the relationship between enforcement agency and behavior. On the basis of this analysis, presented a practical way for regulatory compliance or Non compliance on the parking regulatory policy.

Comparison of Healthy Life Style and Chronic Disease Management between Urban and Rural Older Adults (도시와 농촌노인의 건강생활습관과 만성질환관리 실태비교)

  • Lee, Jia;Lee, Yena
    • The Korean Journal of Rehabilitation Nursing
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    • v.15 no.2
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    • pp.100-108
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    • 2012
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study was to compare healthy life style and chronic disease management between urban and rural older adults. Methods: The study employed a comparative and descriptive survey design. Data were collected from 154 older adults living independently in communities (79 from urban and 75 from rural areas) using structured questionaries from 24 July, 2010 to 14 August, 2011. Results: Perceived health status was significantly lower in urban older adults than those in rural areas ($x^2$=13.27, p = .001). Frequency of regular health examination was better in the urban group than the rural group ($x^2$=4.71, p = .030). Among older adults with hypertension, medication noncompliance was higher, and participation rate in disease management education was lower in the rural group than the urban group ($x^2$=6.43, p = .040; $x^2$=23.51, p<.001, respectively) and the same as arthritis. Conclusion: Rural older adults had more problems with health and disease management in this study, might be, due to difficulties in access to health care services than urban residents. More tailored programs of disease management as well as health service programs and staffing should be developed in rural areas. For urban older adults, meal preparation program and more opportunities producing income may be needed.

Mistakes Made, Lessons Learned: The Eulsukdo Wetland Restoration Program

  • Lineman, Maurice J.M.;Do, Yuno;Kim, Ji-Yoon;Joo, Gea-Jae
    • Journal of Environmental Science International
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    • v.23 no.8
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    • pp.1523-1536
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    • 2014
  • Restoration is the process of reducing or reversing damage to an ecosystem so that it can function in its original manner. However, many restoration programs do not achieve this. In the Nakdong Estuary, the largest migratory nesting site in the center of the East Asian-Australasian flyway, an estuarine barrage was constructed in the 1980s that required site restoration following its completion in 1987 and the expansion of several large industrial complexes(Noksan and Jangrim) and a residential development(Myeongji). The goal of the restoration was to restore the function of the wetland to its pre-disturbance state. To achieve this, a restoration program was designed consisting of three stages. The first stage(1993-1995), saw the construction of three artificial wetlands(Shinhori, Daemadeung, and Eulsuk), the second(2003-2005) involved the dredging and returning of farmed lands to their natural state, and the third(2008-2012) focused on the rehabilitation and vegetation development of the wetlands. However, the project has not achieved all of the desired goals, and it is an example of the lapses in ecological restoration following anthropogenic disturbance. Issues that resulted in an incomplete restoration included the timing of the stages, noncompliance with the restoration plan, not directly monitoring the restoration or continuing the monitoring following completion of the development project, and the political subversion of the restoration plan. For the success of the restoration plan, it is necessary to avoid mistakes such as inconsistent monitoring, unequal levels of stakeholder involvement, and political interference.