• 제목/요약/키워드: Nickel hydroxide

검색결과 29건 처리시간 0.031초

A study on the synthesis of fine nickel hydroxide crystalline powder using the taylor fluid flow

  • Park, Il-Jeong;Kim, Dae-Weon;Jung, Hang-Chul
    • 한국결정성장학회지
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    • 제27권5호
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    • pp.268-273
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    • 2017
  • In this study, nickel hydroxide crystalline powders were synthesized by continuous reaction in the taylor fluid flow using nickel chloride, nickel sulphate and sodium hydroxide as raw materials and compared with those prepared by a conventional batch type reaction. The crystallinity of nickel hydroxide prepared by the Taylor fluid flow reaction was higher than that of nickel hydroxide obtained by batch reaction. The particle size of nickel hydroxide decreased about 2.5 to 3.6 times, and the specific surface area was increased.

니켈수소전지용 수산화니켈 입자의 표면처리와 전해액 첨가제 LiOH의 전기화학적 거동 (Electrochemical Behaviors of the Surface-Treated Nickel Hydroxide Powder and Electrolyte Additive LiGH for Ni-MH Batteries)

  • 김호성;오익현
    • 전기화학회지
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    • 제11권2호
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    • pp.115-119
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    • 2008
  • 본 논문은 니켈수소전지의 양극 재료인 수산화니켈의 단일 입자 및 코발트 금속산화물에 의해 표면처리 된 수산화니켈 단일 입자에 대해 각각 알카리 전해액 중의 LiOH 첨가 효과를 마이크로전극 측정시스템을 사용하여 평가하였다. 전위 주사법에 의해 실험한 결과, 수산화니켈 입자에 대한 산화환원 반응과 산소발생 반응에 대한 전기화학적 거동을 보다 명확히 확인 할 수 있었다. 특히, LiOH 첨가에 의해 관찰되는 특징적인 변화는 환원전류 피크가 매우 낮고 브로드하게 반응하는 것으로서, LiOH가 수산화니켈 입자의 격정 구조에 영향을 주어 전기화학적 반응특성에 관여함을 알 수 있다. 그러나 표면 개질 하지 않는 수산화니켈 입자에 LiOH를 첨가 할 경우 용량 및 사이클 특성이 동시에 저하하는 경향을 의였다. 그러나 코발트 금속 산화물로 표면 개질 한 수산화니켈 입자의 경우, LiOH 첨가에 의해 용량 및 싸이클 특성이 향상되는 현상이 관찰 되었다.

고밀도 수산화니켈 분말의 제조에 관한 연구-I (Fabrication of High-Density Nickel Hydroxide Powder-I)

  • 신동엽;조원일;신치범;조병원;강탁;윤경석
    • 한국표면공학회지
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    • 제28권2호
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    • pp.92-100
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    • 1995
  • To increase the capacity of positive electrode materials for matching the high capacity negative electrode materials in alkaline rechargeable batteries, high-density nickel hydroxide powders were made through a continuous process from nickel sulfate reacted with ammonia and sodium hydroxidc. The effect of operating conditions on structure, shape, size distribution, apparent density and tap density of powders were investigated. Crystal structure of nickel hydroxide powder was hcp according to Bravais Lattice. The increase of mean residence time promoted the growth of (101) plane. The shape of powder was nearly spherical. Their size was in the range of $2~50\mu\textrm{m}$. The size distribution of the powders prepared was narrower than that of commercially obtained nickel hydroxide. Apparent density and tap density were 1.6~1.7g/cc and 2.0~2.1g/cc, respectively.

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PREPARATION OF NICKEL HYDROXIDE FOR NICKEL-CADMIUM CELL

  • Sasaki, Yasushi;Yamashita, Tsugito
    • 한국표면공학회지
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    • 제29권6호
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    • pp.724-727
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    • 1996
  • Electrolytic impregnation of nickel hydroxide into porous sintered nickel plaque from various nickel solutions were carried out at room or high temperatures and current density range of 2.5mA $cm^{-2}$ to 25mA $cm^{-2}$. The morphology of the deposited surface was observed with an electron microscope and the surface products were analyzed by means of X-ray diffraction method. Nickel hydroxide was deposited in nickel nitrate electrolyte, while deposits from sulphate or chloride solutions were almost metallic nickel. The loading level of nickel hydroxide from nitrate solutions was 1.6g$cm^{-3}$ void volume and the appearance of the surface was good quality. Discharge capacity of prepared electrodes in nickel nitrate electrolyte was larger than that of the others bath. It was considered that the cell capacity was dependent on the surface roughness of active material.

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니켈금속 박막에서 수산화 니켈 박막의 전기변색속도 개선 (Enhanced Electrochromic Switching Performance in Nickel Hydroxide Thin Film by Ultra-Thin Ni Metal)

  • 김우성;성정섭
    • 한국안광학회지
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    • 제7권2호
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    • pp.163-167
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    • 2002
  • $Ni(OH)_2/Ni$ Glass 박막에서 전기변색 속도 개선에 대한 연구를 수행하였다. 이는 선글라스의 변색속도가 수분 이상 소요되는 단점을 해결하고자 e-beam evaporator를 이용하여 니켈 금속 박막을 증착시킨 후, 전기화학적 산화-환원 반응으로 $Ni(OH)_2$에 대한 전기변색 특성을 연구하였다. 전기전도성을 갖는 ITO 에서보다 Glass 위에서의 $Ni(OH)_2$의 변색 속도가 오히려 빠르다. 이는 전위와 투과율을 측정함으로서 알 수 있다. XPS를 이용하여 Glass와 $Ni(OH)_2$ 사이의 초박막(${\sim}10{\AA}$) Ni 금속의 존재를 확인하였고, 이 나노 박막은 전기변색 장치의 응답 속도에 영향을 마쳤다. 기존의 선글라스가 5분 정도 소요되는 반면 니켈 나노 박막을 이용한 변색소자에서는 1~2초 정도 소요된다. 이론적으로는 수 ms 이내이지만 전기적 저항으로 인해 초 단위의 응답속도를 보이고 있다.

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Quantitative estimation of reversibility of the discharge process undergone by nickel hydroxide film cathodically deposited on pure nickel as a positive supercapacitor electrode using cyclic voltammetry and potential drop method

  • Pyun Su-Il;Moon Sung-Mo
    • 전기화학회지
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    • 제1권1호
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    • pp.8-13
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    • 1998
  • This work presents the way how to evaluate the degree of reversibility of the discharging process undergone by the nickel hydroxide film cathodically deposited on pure nickel as a positive electrode for electrochemical capacitor using the combined cyclic voltammetry and potential drop method, supplemented by galvanostatic discharge and open-circuit potential transient methods. The time interval necessary just to establish the current reversal of anodic to cathodic direction from the moment just after applying the potential inversion of anodic to cathodic direction, was obtained on cyclic voltammogram. The cathodic charge density passed upon dropping the applied potential, was calculated on potentiostatic current density-time curve. Both the time interval and the cathodic charge density in magnitude can be regarded as being measures of the degree of reversibility of the discharging process undergone by the positive active material for supercapacitor, i.e. , the longer the time interval is, the lower is the degree of reversibility and the greater the cathodic charge density is, the higher is the degree of reversibility. From the applied potential dependences of the time interval and cathodic charge density, discharge at $0.42 V_{SCE}$ was determined to be the most reversible.

전기분해법(電氣分解法)을 이용(利用)한 무전해(無電解) 니켈 도금폐액(鍍金廢液)으로부터 니켈 회수(回收) (Recovery of Nickel from Electroless Plating Wastewater by Electrolysis Method)

  • 이화영
    • 자원리싸이클링
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    • 제21권2호
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    • pp.41-46
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    • 2012
  • 전해채취법을 이용하여 무전해 니켈 도금폐액으로부터 니켈을 회수하기 위한 실험을 수행하였다. 이를 위해 우선 가성소다를 첨가하는 방법으로 무전해 니켈 도금폐액중의 니켈을 수산화물 형태로 침전분리하였다. 또한, 니켈 수산화물을 황산 용액으로 용해시킨 니켈 수용액을 대상으로 전기분해를 실시하였다. 실험결과, 가성소다를 첨가하여 pH 10 이상으로 조절하면 99% 이상의 Ni을 수산화물로 침전시킬 수 있는 것으로 나타났다. 한편, 니켈 수용액으로부터 전해채취를 통한 Ni의 석출시 전류밀도가 증가할수록 전류효율은 감소하는 것으로 나타났다.

Inhalation Exposure to Nickel Hydroxide Nanoparticles Induces Systemic Acute Phase Response in Mice

  • Kang, Gi-Soo;Gillespie, Patricia Anne;Chen, Lung-Chi
    • Toxicological Research
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    • 제27권1호
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    • pp.19-23
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    • 2011
  • It has been proposed that acute phase response can be a mechanism by which inhaled particles exert adverse effects on the cardiovascular system. Although some of the human acute phase proteins have been widely studied as biomarkers of systemic inflammation or cardiovascular diseases, there are only a few studies that investigated the role of serum amyloid P (SAP), a major acute phase protein in mice. In this study, we investigated the changes in SAP, following inhalation exposure to nickel hydroxide nanoparticles (nano-NH). We conducted 1) acute (4 h) exposure to nano-NH at 100, 500, and $1000\;{\mu}g/m^3$ and 2) sub-acute (4h/d for 3d) exposure at $1000\;{\mu}g/m^3$, then measured serum SAP protein levels along with hepatic Sap mRNA levels. The results show that inhaled nano-NH can induce systemic acute phase response indicated by increased serum SAP levels and hepatic Sap mRNA levels. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first study showing induction of SAP in response to repeated particle exposure, and the results suggest that SAP can be used as a biomarker for systemic inflammation induced by inhaled particles.

전착법에 의해 제작된 Ni(OH)2 나노 시트의 표면 관찰 및 분석 (Surface observation of Ni(OH)2 nanosheets fabricated by electrodeposition method)

  • 김동연;손인준;최문현
    • 한국표면공학회지
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    • 제54권3호
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    • pp.152-157
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    • 2021
  • The pseudocapacitor has a high energy density characteristic because it accumulates charges through a paradic redox reaction. However, due to its strong insulation properties, metal hydroxides should be designed as structural systems optimized for charge transfer to support fast electron transport. Also, Nickel material is weak to heat and is easily deformed when used as a cathode material, so stability must be secured. In this study, nickel hydroxide was produced by electrodeposition to secure the stability of nickel. Electrodeposition is a synthetic method suitable for growing optimized nickel hydroxide because it allows fine control. Nickel hydroxide (Ni(OH)2) is a metal hydroxide used as a pseudocapacitor anode due to its high capacitance, electrical conductivity and resistance. Therefore, in order to determine how Ni(OH)2 nanosheets are formed and what are the optimization conditions, various measurement methods were used to focus on structural growth of nanosheets produced by electrodeposition.