• Title, Summary, Keyword: Ni-base alloy

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Precipitation Behavior of ${\gamma}"$ in Severely Plastic Deformed Ni-base Alloys

  • Kim, Il-Ho;Kwun, S.I.
    • Proceedings of the Korean Powder Metallurgy Institute Conference
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    • pp.962-963
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    • 2006
  • The precipitation behaviors of ${\gamma}"(Ni_3Nb)$ in four Ni-base alloys were investigated. The four alloys were forged Ni20Cr20Fe5Nb alloy, mechanically alloyed Ni20Cr20Fe5Nb alloy, IN 718 alloy and ECAPed(equal channel angular pressing) IN 718 alloy. Aging treatment was employed at either $600^{\circ}C$ or $720^{\circ}C$ for 20 hrs. The TEM observation and hardness test were performed to identify the formation of ${\gamma}"$. The precipitation of ${\gamma}"$ was noticed after aging at $600^{\circ}C$ for 20 hrs in the mechanically alloyed Ni20Cr20Fe5Nb alloy and ECAPed IN 718 alloy, while it was observed after aging at $720^{\circ}C$ for 20 hrs in the forged Ni20Cr20Fe5Nb alloy and IN 718 alloy before ECAP. The lower aging temperature for ${\gamma}"$ precipitation in the mechanically alloyed Ni20Cr20Fe5Nb alloy and ECAPed IN 718 alloy than in the forged Ni20Cr20Fe5Nb alloy and IN 718 alloy before ECAP appeared to be due to the severe plastic deformation which occurred during mechanical alloying or ECAP.

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Study on Base metal Alloy (Base metal Alloy에 관한 고찰(考察))

  • Sung, Hwan-Kyung
    • Journal of Technologic Dentistry
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    • v.7 no.1
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    • pp.53-59
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    • 1985
  • This paper aims to examine baes metal alloy in all its aspects - the roles of elements, the content of every element according to uses, characters, laboratory technique methods and the kind of artificial base metal alloy registered in A.D.A. Specification. The results are as follows; 1. Base metal alloy is used widely bacaues it is rather cheap, but it should be handled appropriately in operating because its quality is bad. 2. Classifying base metal alloy, it is classified into Co-Cr alloy, Ni-Cr alloy, and Ni-Cr-Co alloy according to element, it is classified into partial denture alloy, surgical alloy and crown & bridge alloy according to use. 3. Among elements of base metal alloy, Bellium lowers the melting point of the alloy and increases the strength, but the amount should be limited when it is used because it destroys the organization of a living body. 4. The investments for base metal alloy are ethyl silcate bonded investment and phosphate bonded investment which endure well at high burn out temperature. 5. A.D.A specification No.14 in Kore contains Niranium, Nobilium, regalloy, Ticonium and Vitallium.

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Fundamental Study on Ni-Base Self-Fluxing Alloy Coating by Thermal Spraying(I) - Effect of Splat Behavior of Sprayed Particles on Mechanical Properties of Coating Layer - (Ni-기 자융성합금의 코팅에 관한 기초적 연구(I) - 용사입자의 편평거동이 코팅층의 기계적 특성에 미치는 영향 -)

  • Kim, Y.S.;Kim, H.S.;Nam, K.W.
    • Journal of Power System Engineering
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    • v.1 no.1
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    • pp.70-79
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    • 1997
  • Ni-base self-fluxing alloy powder particles were flame sprayed onto the SS400 mild steel substrate surface. The effects of both substrate temperature and spraying distance on the splat behavior of sprayed particles were examined. The results obtained are summarized as follows: 1) In the splat behavior of Ni-base self-fulxing alloy particles sprayed onto the SS400 mild steel substrate, splashing was observed under the room temperature condition. On the contrary, it showed circular plate pattern in the substrate temperature range over 373K. 2) It was cleared that there was close relationship between mechanical properties of coating layer and splat behavior of sprayed particles. 3) From the experimental results, optimum spraying conditions showed excellent mechanical properties in the case of Ni-base self fluxing alloy sprayed onto the SS400 mild substrate were 473K of substrate temperature and 250mm of spraying distance.

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Design of Nickel Alloys Using the Theoretical Values Calculated from the Electronic State Energies (에너지 전자상태 계산으로 도출된 이론값을 이용한 니켈 합금 설계)

  • Baek, Min-Sook;Kang, Pub-Sung;Baek, Kyeong-Cheol;Kim, Byung-Il;Yoon, Dong-Joo
    • Korean Journal of Materials Research
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    • v.25 no.11
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    • pp.642-646
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    • 2015
  • Super alloys, which can be divided into three categories, i.e. Ni-base, Co-base, and Fe-base alloys, are widely used for high temperature applications. Since superalloys contain many alloying elements and precipitates, their chemistry and processing parameters need to be carefully designed. In this study, we designed a new Ni alloy to prevent corrosion due to water vapor and gases at high temperatures. The new alloy was designed using the theoretical value of the resulting energy electronic state calculation($DV-X{\alpha}$ method). The components that were finally used were Cr, Mo, and Ti, with Ni as a base. For these alloys, elements were selected in order to compare their values with that of the average theoretical basis for an Inconel 625 alloy. Finally, two kinds of Ni alloy were designed: Ni-28Cr-4Mo-2Ti and Ni-20Cr-10Mo-1Ti.

Effect of Heat Treatment on the Microstuctures and Mechanical Properties of TiC Dispersed Ni-base Alloy (TiC 분산된 니켈기 합금의 미세조직 및 기계적 특성에 미치는 열처리 영향)

  • Hong, Seong-Hyeon;Hwang, Keum-Chul;Rhee, Won-Hyuk;Chin, Eog-Yong
    • Journal of Korean Powder Metallurgy Institute
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    • v.9 no.6
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    • pp.455-462
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    • 2002
  • The microstructures and properties of TiC dispersed nickel-base alloy were studied in this work. The alloy prepared by powder metallurgical processing was solution treated, 1st-aged at $880^{\circ}C$ for 16 hours, and then 2nd-aged at $760^{\circ}C$ for 4 hours. Microstucture of sintered specimen showed that TiC particles are uniformly dispersed in Ni base alloy. In the specimen aged at $880^{\circ}C$ for 8 hours, the fine $\gammaNi_3$(Al,Ti) precipitates with round shape are observed and the very fine $\gammaNi_3$(Al,Ti) particles with round shape are precipitated in the specimen aged at $760^{\circ}C$ for 4 hours. The presence of ${\gamma}$precipitates in TiC/Ni base alloy increased the hardness and wear resistance of the specimen. The hardness and wear resistance of the Ni-base with TiC are higher than those of conventional Ni-base superalloy X-750 because of dispersion strengthening of TiC particles. The hardness, transverse rupture strength and resistance of the specimen 2nd-aged at $760^{\circ}C$ for 4 hours are higher than those of 1st-aged specimen due to ultrafine $\gammaNi_3$(Al,Ti) precipitates.

Effects of Alpha Phase on the Fatigue Properties of Fe-29%Ni-17%Co Low Thermal Expansion Alloy (Fe-29%Ni-17%Co 저열팽창 합금의 피로 특성에 미치는 알파상의 영향)

  • Kim, Min-Jong;Gwon, Jin-Han;Cho, Kyu-Sang;Lee, Kee-Ahn
    • Korean Journal of Materials Research
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    • v.24 no.9
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    • pp.481-487
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    • 2014
  • The effect of alpha phase on the fatigue properties of Fe-29%Ni-17%Co low thermal expansion alloy was investigated. Two kinds of alloys (Base alloy and Alpha alloy) were prepared by controlling the minimal alloy composition. Microstructure observation, tensile, high-cycle fatigue, and low-cycle fatigue results were measured in this study. The Base alloy microstructure showed typical austenite ${\gamma}$ phase. Alpha alloy represented the dispersed phase in the austenite ${\gamma}$ matrix. As a result of tensile testing, Alpha alloy was found to have higher strengths (Y.S. & T.S.) and lower elongation compared to those of the Base alloy. High cycle fatigue results showed that Alpha alloy had a higher fatigue limit (360MPa) than that (330MPa) of the Base alloy. The Alpha alloy exhibited the superior high cycle fatigue property in all of the fatigue stress conditions. SEM fractography results showed that the alpha phase could act to effectively retard both fatigue crack initiation and crack propagation. In the case of low-cycle fatigue, the Base alloy had longer fatigue life in the high plastic strain amplitude region and the Alpha alloy showed better fatigue property only in the low plastic strain amplitude region. The fatigue deformation behavior of the Fe-29%Ni-17%Co alloy was also discussed as related with its microstructure.

PFM APPLICATION FOR THE PWSCC INTEGRITY OF Ni-BASE ALLOY WELDS-DEVELOPMENT AND APPLICATION OF PINEP-PWSCC

  • Hong, Jong-Dae;Jang, Changheui;Kim, Tae Soon
    • Nuclear Engineering and Technology
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    • v.44 no.8
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    • pp.961-970
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    • 2012
  • Often, probabilistic fracture mechanics (PFM) approaches have been adopted to quantify the failure probabilities of Ni-base alloy components, especially due to primary water stress corrosion cracking (PWSCC), in a primary piping system of pressurized water reactors. In this paper, the key features of an advanced PFM code, PINEP-PWSCC (Probabilistic INtegrity Evaluation for nuclear Piping-PWSCC) for such purpose, are described. In developing the code, we adopted most recent research results and advanced models in calculation modules such as PWSCC crack initiation and growth models, a performance-based probability of detection (POD) model for Ni-base alloy welds, and so on. To verify the code, the failure probabilities for various Alloy 182 welds locations were evaluated and compared with field experience and other PFM codes. Finally, the effects of pre-existing crack, weld repair, and POD models on failure probability were evaluated to demonstrate the applicability of PINEP-PWSCC.

Determination of ECM parameter Base on surface Roughness for Ni base Heat Resistant Alloy (Ni기 내열합금의 표면조도에 의한 전해가공조건의 설정)

  • 이상준;정윤교
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society of Machine Tool Engineers Conference
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    • pp.256-262
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    • 1999
  • By development of heat resistant alloy, there are much improvement of gas turbine engines. But heat resistant alloy has difficulty of machining. therefore, ECM (Electrochemical Machining) is used for Machining of 3 dimensional curved surface of Ni-base alloy. The purpose of this paper is to investigate ECM parameters that make tile good surface for Ni-base alloy blade. For this purpose, we have been investigated that center line average surface roughness(R$\sub$a/), average R$\sub$a/, Maximum R$\sub$a/ and Standard deviation of R$\sub$a/ for measuring positions is influenced on ECM parameters such as electrolyte types, dwell time, electrolyte pressure and sort of electrolyte for Inconel 718 and Waspaloy.

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A Study on the Characteristics of the Ni base Super Alloy Overlay Layer by Plasma Transferred Arc (PTA) Method (Ni 계 초내열합금의 PTA 오버레이 층 특성에 관한 연구)

  • Kim Young-Sik;Choi Young-Goog;Lee Kwang-Ryeol
    • Journal of Welding and Joining
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    • v.24 no.3
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    • pp.49-54
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    • 2006
  • The Plasma Transferred Arc (PTA) overlaying method is lately introduced as one of the most useful surface modification method of the engine component. In this paper, the characteristics of the Co-base and Ni-base super alloy overlay layers by PTA method were investigated through the metallurgical, abrasive and cavitation erosion test. Experimental results showed that the abrasive wear resistance of the Co-base Stellite 6 overlayer was the most superior and followed in order of Nimonic 80A, Inconel 625 and Inconel 718. However, the cavitation erosion characteristic of the Stellite 6 overlayer was the most inferior and it was better in order of Inconel 625, Inconel 718 and Nimonic 80A.

Computer-Aided Alloy Design of Insert Metal for Transient Liquid Phase Bonding of High Aluminum Ni-base Superalloys

  • Nishimotd, Kazutoshi;Saida, Kazuyoshi
    • Proceedings of the KWS Conference
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    • pp.803-808
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    • 2002
  • A computer-aided alloy-designing technique to develop the insert metal for transient liquid phase (TLP) bonding was applied to high aluminum Ni-base superalloys. The main procedure of a mathematical programming method was to obtain the optimal chemical composition through rationally compromising the plural objective performances of insert metal by a grid-search which involved data estimation from the limited experimental data using interpolation method. The objective function Z which was introduced as an index of bonding performance of insert metal involved the melting point, hardness (strength), formability of brittle phases and void ratio (bonding defects) in bond layer as the evaluating factors. The contour maps of objective function Z were also obtained applying the interpolation method. The compositions of Ni-3.0%Cr-4.0%B-0.5%Ce (for ${\gamma}$/${\gamma}$/${\beta}$ type alloy) and Ni3.5%Cr-3.5%B-3%Ti (for ${\gamma}$/${\gamma}$ type alloy) which optimized the objective function were determined as insert metal. SEM observations revealed that the microstructure in bond layers using the newly developed insert metals indicated quite sound morphologies without forming microconstituents and voids. The creep rupture properties of both joints were much improved compared to a commercial insert metal of MBF-80 (Ni-15.5%Cr-3.7%B), and were fairly comparable to those of base metals.

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