• Title, Summary, Keyword: Natural Environment Conservation Act

Search Result 34, Processing Time 0.049 seconds

The Study of Current Status of Conservation and Management Policy on Wetlands in Korea (우리나라 습지 보전 현황과 향후 관리방향에 대한 연구)

  • Lee, Sang-Don
    • Journal of Wetlands Research
    • /
    • v.5 no.1
    • /
    • pp.1-13
    • /
    • 2003
  • Conservation of wetlands are important because wetlands are hatcheries for fishes and habitat for migratory birds and mammals. Wetlands also function as a filter for polluted water and material and transition zone for harboring numerous species of plants and animals. This paper reviewed the importance of wetland conservation and policy on management of wetlands in Korea. Wetland Conservation Act(1999) and Maritime Management Act(1999) are two legislation for conservation of wetlands. Wetland Conservation Act is issued by both Ministry of Environment and Ministry of Maritime Affairs and Fisheries. The definition of wetlands are so diverse, but this paper categorized wetlands as both natural and man-made lakes, mud flat areas and inland wetlands. Management application was considered for each wetland categories.

  • PDF

Comparison Between Conservation System of a Coastal Type of National Park of Korea and Japan - Focused on Taean-Haean National Park - (해안형 국립공원의 보전체계에 대한 한.일 비교 - 태안해안 국립공원을 중심으로 -)

  • Jo, Tae-Dong;Okano, Takahiro
    • Journal of Environmental Science International
    • /
    • v.12 no.2
    • /
    • pp.151-155
    • /
    • 2003
  • The resources conservation system is comprehended, making Taean-haean National Park a research material by applying the fact of landowning, designating an LOP and Korea and Japan's Natural Park Act. Following conclusions were obtained in this study; Most of land areas of the National Park are privately owned; Only a few have been designated as Natural Reservation, a core reserved area on LOP, and a sandy beach, a sand dune, a sand spit, a tidal flat, a wetland, etc are distributed in the natural environment area so they were exposed to development; As seen in most of coastal type of National Parks, 13 commercial beaches are established. The annual rush to the beaches appears in July and August; Sand dune areas that have to be managed in terms of conservation, are turned into beaches. Moreover, the collective facilities areas are randomly developed. So they fail to function originally; The current Natural Park Act has no systematic devices for conservation of the natural resources on the seashore or offshore.

A Legal Approach for Preservation and Management of Natural Landscape (자연경관 보존 및 관리를 위한 제도적 접근)

  • Lee, Sang-Moon;Choi, Hyung-Seok;Park, Chang-Sug;Joo, Shin-Ha;Shin, Ji-Hoon
    • Journal of Korean Society of Rural Planning
    • /
    • v.13 no.3
    • /
    • pp.23-32
    • /
    • 2007
  • In Korea, a regulation of visual impact evaluation on development plan in natural environment is provided at the Natural Environment Conservation Act, but it was difficult to obtained the effectiveness enough to conserve natural landscape. So, the visual impact review on development plan is introduced to the act, through the revision of the Natural Environment Conservation Act in 2005. The basic directions of visual impact review are preservation, restoration, view protection, and harmony. The items of review are as follows; (1) development alternations for the provided plan, (2) executive reduction plan of visual impacts including consideration of growth of plants, (3) deliberation process between persons or parties concerned, etc. For rapid settlement of visual impact review system, it needs that the validity, the reliability, and the objectivity should be confirmed through steady research about reasonable guidance of review.

Status and Development of National Ecosystem Survey in Korea (우리나라 전국자연환경조사 현황과 발전방안)

  • Kim, Chang-Hoe;Kang, Jong-Hyun;Kim, Myungjin
    • Journal of Environmental Impact Assessment
    • /
    • v.22 no.6
    • /
    • pp.725-738
    • /
    • 2013
  • The National Ecosystem Survey in Korea provides information to policy makers for preservation of natural environment and implementation of international agreement. The 1st and 2nd National Ecosystem Survey were carried out between 1986 and 1990, and between 1997 and 2005, respectively. The 3rd National Ecosystem Survey began in 2006 and ended in 2012. In 2013 the pilot survey for the 4th National Ecosystem Survey is ongoing. The 4th National Ecosystem Survey due to the revision of the Natural Environment Conservation Act which has been done every 10 years would change into every five years. It is planned to be conducted from 2014 to 2018. The survey method of the 4th National Ecosystem Survey has been modified to obtain more accurate data for many taxa. The survey for a nocturnal animals will be introduced. In addition, monitoring by setting the grid will get quantitative data seasonally. The vegetation survey will be conducted with a mobile device contained files of aerial image maps including classified vegetation map. National Ecosystem Survey will be improved as follows. First, each survey methods suitable for the purpose should be developed. Second, monitoring methods for obtaining quantitative data should be developed. Finally, the research using the data should be developed in the field of not only ecosystem and biological diversity but also habitat assessment.

Paradigm Shift in Policy of Soil Environment Conservation in Korea (우리나라 토양환경보전 정책의 패러다임 전환)

  • Park, Yong-Ha;Yang, JaeE
    • Journal of Soil and Groundwater Environment
    • /
    • v.23 no.3
    • /
    • pp.10-26
    • /
    • 2018
  • This paper reviews the soil conservation policies (SCP) in the global community and suggests the improved options in SCP in Korea. Soil Environment Conservation Act in Korea states soil is a valuable natural resource and it's value should be enhanced to provide the benefits that soil ecosystem can offer to people. However, SCP in Korea limits its application to not only the scope of soil environment but also the issues on soil pollution. The SCPs in the advanced countries have shifted their scopes from soil environment to soil ecosystem, put emphasis on the conservation of soil health rather than soil quality, and set the goals to optimize the soil ecosystem services to people while minimizing the soil threats. In this context, the soil security initiative was recently proposed to accomplish this goal while employing the nexus concept to bridge the soil ecosystem services with water, atmosphere, climate and biodiversity. Therefore, the key policies in soil conservation in Korea should expand the scope from soil environment to soil ecosystem, focus on soil health management, and develop the holistic governance among diverse stakeholder to maximize the soil ecosystem services. Soil ecosystem should be secured by national soil policies for human health.

Analysis of Land Suitability and Ecological Environment Using GIS Focused on the Evaluation Model for Designating of Natural Ecological Preservation Zone (지리정보체계를 이용한 생태환경분석 및 적지분석: 자연생태계 보전지역 설정 및 평가 모형을 중심으로)

  • Lee, Myungwoo
    • Journal of Environmental Impact Assessment
    • /
    • v.6 no.2
    • /
    • pp.61-80
    • /
    • 1997
  • This study tried to propose the guidelines for the ecological preservation zoning in Korea. So some related laws and regulations were inspected, which were Natural Environment Preservation Act, Nature Park Act, Cultural Asset Conservation Act, Forest Act and Urban Planning Act. In these acts, I could find several concepts related to the ecosystem that are described as the protection area. But there aren't detailed and practical characteristics in those concepts. So for making the practical concept of ecosystem preservation, I considered Multiple Use Module, Wildlife habitat model, and Environmental evaluation model. Thorough this step, the process and methodology was established for evaluating and analysing. The potentiality of the GIS system was inspected. So the TM5 scene of the site was acquired and processed by ER-Mapper, Idrisi, Arc/Info and Arcview. And several digitized data were input by scanning and vecterizing. The Erdas format was mostly exchangeable to any program. The site is the Byonsan Peninsula National Park. The forest stand information and topographic data were digitized, types of which are forest year, DBH, density, slope, aspect etc. And also the watershed boundary, roads and paths, natural and cultural resources were mapped and analysed. Modelling of preservation suitability found the dispersed patterns for the best suitable zone through all the site. And the development potential areas were checked on downwatershed. This patterns are thought to result from the forest location for the wildlife habitat and the low altitude and no-steep slopes for developing. And Early warning system concept was introduced by overlapping these two patterns on the both potential area. As the conclusions, I proposed that the preservation zone be assigned according to the watershed unit as the main ecosystem zone. This main area should be linked by the eco-corridor through the point type eco-system. Finally, I thought the comprehensive information system should be established for making the rational and efficient decision making in natural area.

  • PDF

Management Strategy for Soil and Groundwater Conservation (토양 및 지하수 보전을 위한 토양관리 및 대책방안)

  • 김경숙;정재춘
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society of Soil and Groundwater Environment Conference
    • /
    • /
    • pp.221-224
    • /
    • 1998
  • Environmental pollution is continuously increasing with the economic growth and industrial development. With this trend, soil and groundwater pollution problem has been surfaced as important social issues. Recently, Korean government promulgated the Soil Environment Conservation Act. But there are many problems to control sound soil quality management. Anthropogenic source of pollution such as waste landfill, pesticides, fertilizer, underground storage oil tanks is important as well as natural source such as acid rain and forest fire. The regulation should be expanded to include groundwater preservation as well as soil quality, because soil pollution is closely related to groundwater pollution. Therefore, legal regulations must be expanded to these facilities and take into account technical feasibility and finance.

  • PDF

Cooperative Model within Local Community for the Conservation of the Endangered Plant Species, Corylopsis coreana (멸종위기종, 히어리의 보전을 위한 지역사회 협력 모델)

  • Lim, Dong-Ok;Choung, Heung-Lak
    • Journal of Environmental Impact Assessment
    • /
    • v.18 no.1
    • /
    • pp.51-57
    • /
    • 2009
  • Corylopsis coreana Uyeki is endemic species in the Korean peninsula and is designated a Category Endangered Plant Species by the Wildlife Protection Act of South Korea. We developed the plan and cooperative model within the local community for the species conservation. In order to carry out this plan we first investigated the ecological characteristics of the species. The species shows patterns of discontinuous distribution and is coupled with the unusual feature of only growing on northern exposed slopes. Although Corylopsis coreana is cut the stem every year, many new sprouts are still grown from the root. Natural germination of the seed occurs only on north-facing slopes, but not on south-facing slopes at spring. That is, the species is highly influenced by soil moisture until the seedling stage has been reached. This factor limits the distribution of the species. When saplings are planted on south-facing slopes, they grow well. The information we gathered greatly helped with efforts to draw up conservation plans. In addition, when the information was shared with the local community, builders and residents showed great interest and displayed a will to help with conservation efforts. Therefore, a cooperative model within the local community was drawn up for the conservation of the species. Accordingly this model could be applied at mitigation measure at environment impact assessment.

Co-occurrence Patterns of Bird Species in the World

  • Kim, Young Min;Hong, Sungwon;Lee, Yu Seong;Oh, Ki Cheol;Kim, Gu Yeon;Joo, Gea-Jae
    • Korean Journal of Ecology and Environment
    • /
    • v.50 no.4
    • /
    • pp.478-482
    • /
    • 2017
  • In order to identify key nations and bird species of conservation concern we described multinational collaborations as defined using network analysis linked by birds that are found in all nations in the network. We used network analysis to assess the patterns in bird occurrence for 10,422 bird inventories from 244 countries and territories. Nations that are important in multinational collaborations for bird conservation were assessed using the centrality measures, closeness and betweenness centrality. Countries important for the multinational collaboration of bird conservation were examined based on their centrality measures, which included closeness and betweenness centralities. Comparatively, the co-occurrence network was divided into four groups that reveal different biogeographical structures. A group with higher closeness centrality included countries in southern Africa and had the potential to affect species in many other countries. Birds in countries in Asia, Australia and the South Pacific that are important to the cohesiveness of the global network had a higher score of betweenness centrality. Countries that had higher numbers of bird species and more extensively distributed bird species had higher centrality scores; in these countries, birds may act as excellent indicators of trends in the co-occurrence bird network. For effective bird conservation in the world, much stronger coordination among countries is required. Bird co-occurrence patterns can provide a suitable and powerful framework for understanding the complexity of co-occurrence patterns and consequences for multinational collaborations on bird conservation.

Improvement of Cooperation Charge on Conservation of Ecosystem Reflected Natural Capitals Valuation - Focused on Forest Area - (자연자산의 가치를 반영한 생태계보전협력금 제도 개선 방안 - 산림지역을 중심으로 -)

  • Park, Jin-Han;Lee, Dong-Kun;Tanaka, Riwako;Kim, Jung-Taek;Jeon, Seong-Woo;Lee, Woo-Kyun;Kim, Joon-Soon;Jung, Tae-Yong
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Environmental Restoration Technology
    • /
    • v.17 no.1
    • /
    • pp.203-213
    • /
    • 2014
  • In Korea, a cooperation charge on conservation of ecosystem is imposed to prevent indiscriminate development. The total amount of this charge is determined by multiplying the size of the destroyed area by a value per unit area and the area index within 5 billion won. Since 2001, the charge per unit area has been determined to be $250won/m^2$. In this study, we estimated the unit value of ecosystem services per year using benefit transfer method, with a focus on forest resources. According to our results, forest resources have a value of about $3,500won/m^2$ per year. When the non-use value is subtracted, that figure becomes approximately $1,300won/m^2$. If this value incorporates the unit value of the cooperation charge on conservation of ecosystem, it will increase. To comply with the original intent of the cooperation charge on conservation of ecosystem, the fund must be used to improve ecosystem services, including the restoration of a destroyed area or the purchase of new land.