• Title, Summary, Keyword: Natural Disaster

Search Result 839, Processing Time 0.048 seconds

Investigation of Standardization for Natural Disaster Classification (자연재해 분류 표준안에 관한 고찰)

  • Han, Seung-Hee;Yang, Keum-Chul
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
    • /
    • v.7 no.11
    • /
    • pp.309-319
    • /
    • 2007
  • Right comprehension of the natural disaster could reduce the damage of human life and property by explaining the cause of the disaster and considering a counterplan to decrease or prevent it. To do this, it should precede to clarify the category of the natural disaster and classification. Also, when the disaster occurs, swift site survey and the establishment of the data by the professionals should be done for clarifying the reason. Our classification of the natural disaster is written on the Law of the Nature Disaster Relief. But, this classification is made for the management of the disaster, so it is required to review the establishment of the technical information by the professionals. Therefore, the Korean type classification is required considered by the professionals who collect and study the information of the natural disaster for the other countries. If the DB of the natural disaster is made, it is able to get various services through the internet virtual space and it will be helpful to prepare the prevent countermeasures against the disaster. In this research, the korean type classification plan of the natural disaster is suggested which is suitable to the professional technology by collecting and analyzing the domestic and the international classification of the natural disaster.

Prevention Meteorological Database Information for the Assessment of Natural Disaster (자연재해 평가를 위한 방재기상 DB 정보)

  • Choi, Hyo-Jin;Park, Jong-Kil;Jung, Woo-Sik
    • 한국방재학회:학술대회논문집
    • /
    • /
    • pp.315-318
    • /
    • 2007
  • In order to reduce the amount of damage from natural disasters, we needs prevention meteorological database classified into the cause of disaster, damage elements etc. For this, we have analyzed four data, such as Statistical yearbook of calamities issued by the National Emergency Management Agency and Annual Climatological Report issued by the Korea Meteorological Administration and Recently 10 years for natural disaster damage and Statistics Yearbook from the Ministry of Government Administration and Human affairs. Through the analysis of disaster data, we have selected input variables, such as causes and elements, occurrence frequencies, vulnerable areas of natural disaster, etc. In order to reduce damage from natural disaster, the prevention activities and forecasting based on meteorological parameters and damage datas are required. In addition, it is necessary to process meteorological information for disaster prevention activities. Through these procedure, we have established the foundation of database about natural disasters. This database will be used to assess the natural disasters and build risk model and natural disasters mitigation plan.

  • PDF

Gale Disaster Damage Investigation Process Provement Plan according to Correlation Analysis between Wind Speed and Damage Cost -Centering on Disaster Year Book- (풍속과 피해액 간 상관관계분석에 따른 강풍재해피해조사 프로세스 개선방안 -재해연보를 중심으로-)

  • Song, Chang Young;Yang, Byong Soo
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Safety
    • /
    • v.31 no.2
    • /
    • pp.119-126
    • /
    • 2016
  • Across the world, the industrialization has increased the frequency of climate anomaly. The size of damage due to recent natural disasters is growing large and fast, and the human damage and economic loss due to disasters are consistently increasing. Urbanization has a structure vulnerable to natural disasters. Therefore, in order to reduce damage from natural disasters, both hardware and software approaches should be utilized. Currently, however, the development of a statistical access process for 'analysis of disaster occurrence factor' and 'prediction of damage costs' for disaster prevention and overall disaster management is inadequate. In case of local governments, overall disaster management system is not established, or even if it is established, unscientific classification system and management lead to low utility of natural statistics of disaster year book. Therefore, in order to minimize disaster damage and for rational disaster management, the disaster damage survey process should be improved. This study selected gale as the focused analysis target among natural disasters recorded in disaster year book such as storm, torrential rain, gale, high seas, and heavy snow, and analyzed disaster survey process. Based on disaster year book, the gale damage size was analyzed and the issues occurring from the correlation of gale and damage amount were examined, so as to suggest an improvement plan for reliable natural disaster information collection and systematic natural disaster damage survey.

Effects of Risk Characteristic and Risk Perception on Risk Severity of Natural Disaster (자연재해에 대한 위험특성과 위험인식이 위험심각성에 미치는 효과)

  • Song, Hae-Ryong;Kim, Won-Je
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
    • /
    • v.13 no.4
    • /
    • pp.198-207
    • /
    • 2013
  • This study was to examine the effects of risk characteristic and risk perception on risk severity of natural disaster. The findings showed that the risk severity of natural disaster were classified into geographical disaster, storm and flood damage, drought damage. Typhoon among storm and flood damage showed high scores on risk severity of natural disaster. Moreover participants showed high scores on unfamiliar, undiscoverable, and unknown by scientific knowledge among risk characteristic of natural disaster. Second, risk characteristic was significantly correlated to risk perception. Third, risk characteristic influenced positively on risk severity of natural disaster. Especially, risk characteristic had great effect on storm and flood damage among natural disaster. Fourth, risk perception influenced positively on risk severity of natural disaster. Especially, risk perception had great effect on storm and flood damage among natural disaster.

Prevention Meteorological Database Information for the Assessment of Natural Disaster (자연재해 평가를 위한 방재기상 DB 정보)

  • Park, Jong-Kil;Jung, Woo-Sik;Choi, Hyo-Jin
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Hazard Mitigation
    • /
    • v.7 no.3
    • /
    • pp.41-49
    • /
    • 2007
  • In order to reduce the amount of damage from natural disasters and perform the natural disaster mitigation program, the prevention activities and forecasting based on meteorological parameters and disaster datas are required. In addition, it is necessary to process prevention meteorological information for prevention activities in advance. For this, we have analyzed four data, such as Statistical yearbook of calamities and Statistics Yearbook issued by the Ministry of Government Administration and Human affairs. And Annual Climatological Report issued by the Korea Meteorological Administration and Recently 10 years for natural disaster damage from the Central Disaster and Safety Countermeasures Headquarters. We analyzed the causes, elements, occurrence frequencies, and vulnerable areas of natural disaster, using the 4 disaster datas, but these datas was not consistent with their terminology and items. Through the analysis of a kind and damage of disaster, we have selected the disaster variables, such as causes and elements, the amount of damage, vulnerable areas of natural disaster, etc and made a database. This database will be used to assess the natural disasters and develop the risk model and natural disasters mitigation plan.

On the Characteristics of Damage and States of Natural Disasters for Water Resources Control at Gimhae, Gyeongsangnam-do (김해시 수자원관리를 위한 자연재해 현황과 피해특성분석)

  • Park, Jong-Kil;Choi, Hyo-Jin;Jung, Woo-Sik;Gwon, Tae-Sun
    • 한국방재학회:학술대회논문집
    • /
    • /
    • pp.94-97
    • /
    • 2007
  • This study aims to find the characteristics of damage and states of natural disasters at Gimhae, Gyeongsangnam-do from 1985 to 2004. Using the data of Statistical yearbook of calamities issued by the National Emergency Management Agency and Annual Climatological Report issued by the Korea Meteorological Administration. we have analyzed the cause, elements, and vulnerable regions for natural disasters. Major causes of natural disaster at Gimhae are four, such as a heavy rain, heavy rain typhoon, typhoon, storm snow, and storm. The cause of disaster recorded the most amount of damage is typhoon. The areas of Hallim-myeon, Sangdong-myeon, and Saengnim-myeon are classified the vulnerable region for the natural disasters in Gimhae. Therefore, it seems necessary to build natural disaster mitigation plan each cause of disaster to control water resources and to reduce damage for these areas.

  • PDF

Development of a disaster index for quantifying damages to wastewater treatment systems by natural disasters (하수처리시설의 자연 재해 영향 정량화 지수 개발 연구)

  • Park, Jungsu;Park, Jae-Hyeoung;Choi, June-Seok;Heo, Tae-Young
    • Journal of Korean Society of Water and Wastewater
    • /
    • v.35 no.1
    • /
    • pp.53-61
    • /
    • 2021
  • The quantified analysis of damages to wastewater treatment plants by natural disasters is essential to maintain the stability of wastewater treatment systems. However, studies on the quantified analysis of natural disaster effects on wastewater treatment systems are very rare. In this study, a total disaster index (DI) was developed to quantify the various damages to wastewater treatment systems from natural disasters using two statistical methods (i.e., AHP: analytic hierarchy process and PCA: principal component analysis). Typhoons, heavy rain, and earthquakes are considered as three major natural disasters for the development of the DI. A total of 15 input variables from public open-source data (e.g., statistical yearbook of wastewater treatment system, meteorological data and financial status in local governments) were used for the development of a DI for 199 wastewater treatment plants in Korea. The total DI was calculated from the weighted sum of the disaster indices of the three natural disasters (i.e., TI for typhoon, RI for heavy rain, and EI for earthquake). The three disaster indices of each natural disaster were determined from four components, such as possibility of occurrence and expected damages. The relative weights of the four components to calculate the disaster indices (TI, RI and EI) for each of the three natural disasters were also determined from AHP. PCA was used to determine the relative weights of the input variables to calculate the four components. The relative weights of TI, RI and EI to calculate total DI were determined as 0.547, 0.306, and 0.147 respectively.

The Study of Key Elements to Establish Natural Disaster Preparedness Plan in Libraries and Archives (도서관과 기록관의 자연재난 대비 계획수립 핵심 요소 고찰)

  • Lee, Sangbaek
    • Journal of the Korean BIBLIA Society for library and Information Science
    • /
    • v.30 no.1
    • /
    • pp.101-119
    • /
    • 2019
  • This study reviewed important elements that should be considered in developing natural disaster plan in libraries and archives. In Korea, research on natural disaster planning in libraries and archives was rarely conducted. Therefore, it was necessary to study and analyse overseas literature for natural disaster preparedness planning. The key elements for establishing a natural disaster preparedness plan commonly identified in overseas research can be divided into six factors. 'The disaster preparedness committee and roles of staff' should be designated for starting disaster preparedness, and 'Risks' vulnerable to disaster should be assessed and managed in advance. A 'Handbook for immediate response' should be produced for all employees to respond promptly in the event of disaster, and 'Recovery and business continuity plan' should be reviewed for strategic recovery based on disaster scale and return to work after disaster. Also, in order to strengthen the capacity of all staff related to disaster preparedness and to improve plan for disaster, 'Training' is needed, and 'Cooperation activities' between related organisations should be taken into consideration in order to obtain various perspectives for disaster preparedness and to cope with and recover from large-scale disasters. This study can help Korean libraries and archives to establish natural disaster preparedness plan for serious natural disaster that can likely occur in the future.

Two Models to Assess Fuzzy Risk of Natural Disaster in China

  • Chongfu, Huang
    • Journal of the Korean Institute of Intelligent Systems
    • /
    • v.7 no.1
    • /
    • pp.16-26
    • /
    • 1997
  • China is one of the few countries where natural disaster strike frequently and cause heavy damage. In this paper, we mathematically develop two models to assess fuzzy risk of natural disaster in China. One is to assess the risk based on database of historical disaster effects by using information diffusion method relevant in fuzzy information analysis. In another model, we give an overview over advanced method to calculate the risk of release, exposure and consequence assessent, where information distribution technique is used to calculate basic fuzzy relationships showing historical experience of natural disasters, and fuzzy approximate inference is employed to study loss risk based on these basic relationships. We also present an examples to show how to use the first model. Result show that the model is effective for natural disaster risk assessment.

  • PDF

Monitoring of The Impacts of the Natural Disaster Based on The Use of Space Technology

  • Kurnaz, Sefer;Rustamov, Rustam B.;Zeynalova, Maral;Salahova, Saida E.
    • International Journal of Aeronautical and Space Sciences
    • /
    • v.10 no.1
    • /
    • pp.98-103
    • /
    • 2009
  • The forecasting, mitigation and preparedness of the natural disaster impacts require relevant information regarding the disaster desirable in real time. In the meantime it is requiring the rapid and continuous data and information generation or gathering for possible prediction and monitoring of the natural disaster. Since disasters that cause huge social and economic disruptions normally affect large areas or territories and are linked to global change. The use of traditional and conventional methods for management of the natural disaster impact can not be effectively implemented for intial data col1ection with the further processing. The space technology or remote sensing tools offer excellent possibilities of collecting vital data. The main reason is capability of this technology of collecting data at global and regional scales rapidly and repetitively. This is unchallenged advantage of the space methods and technology. The satellite or remote sensing techniques can be used to monitor the current situation, the situation before based on the data in sight. as well as after disaster occurred. They can be used to provide baseline data against which future changes can be compared while the GIS techniques provide a suitable framework for integrating and analyzing the many types of data sources required for disaster monitoring. Developed GIS is an excellent instrument for definition of the social impact status of the natural disaster which can be undertaken in the future database developments. This methodology is a good source for analysis and dynamic change studies of the natural disaster impacts.