• Title, Summary, Keyword: NOMA

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A Spectral Efficient NOMA-based Two-Way Relaying Scheme for Wireless Networks with Two Relays

  • Li, Guosheng
    • KSII Transactions on Internet and Information Systems (TIIS)
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    • v.15 no.1
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    • pp.365-382
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    • 2021
  • This paper proposes a novel two-way relaying (TWR) approach for a two-relay wireless network based on non-orthogonal multiple access (NOMA), where two terminals exchange messages with a cellular base station (BS) via two intermediate relay stations (RSs). We propose a NOMA-based TWR approach with two relaying schemes, i.e., amplify-and-forward (AF) and decode-and-forward (DF), referred to as NOMA-AF and NOMA-DF. The sum-rate performance of our proposed NOMA-AF and NOMA-DF is analyzed. A closed-form sum-rate upper bound for the NOMA-AF is obtained, and the exact ergodic sum-rate of NOMA-DF is also derived. The asymptotic sum-rate of NOMA-AF and NOMA-DF is also analyzed. Simulation results show that the proposed scheme outperforms conventional orthogonal multiple access based transmission schemes. It is also shown that increasing the transmit power budget of the relays only cannot always improve the sum-rates.

Unipodal 2PAM NOMA without SIC: toward Super Ultra-Low Latency 6G

  • Chung, Kyuhyuk
    • International Journal of Internet, Broadcasting and Communication
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    • v.13 no.1
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    • pp.69-81
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    • 2021
  • While the fifth generation (5G) and beyond 5G (B5G) mobile communication networks are being rolled over the globe, several world-wide companies have already started to prepare the sixth generation (6G). Such 6G mobile networks targets ultra-reliable low-latency communication (URLLC). In this paper, we challenge to reduce the inherent latency of existing non-orthogonal multiple access (NOMA) in 5G networks of massive connectivity. First, we propose the novel unipodal binary pulse amplitude modulation (2PAM) NOMA, especially without SIC, which greatly reduce the latency in existing NOMA. Then, the achievable data rates for the unipodal 2PAM NOMA are derived. It is shown that for unequal gain channels, the sum rate of the unipodal 2PAM NOMA is comparable to that of the standard 2PAM NOMA, whereas for equal gain channels, the sum rate of the unipodal 2PAM NOMA is superior to that of the standard 2PAM NOMA. In result, the unipodal 2PAM could be a promising modulation scheme for NOMA systems toward 6G.

On Non-Orthogonal Multiple Access (NOMA) in 5G Systems (5G 시스템에서의 비-직교 다중 액세스(NOMA))

  • Islam, SM Riazul;Kim, Jae Moung;Kwak, Kyung Sup
    • The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences
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    • v.40 no.12
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    • pp.2549-2558
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    • 2015
  • The non-orthogonal multiple access (NOMA) is one of the fledging paradigms which next generation radio access technologies are sprouting toward. The NOMA with superposition coding (SC) in the transmitter and successive interference cancellation (SIC) at the receiver comes with many desirable features and benefits over orthogonal multiple access (OMA) such as orthogonal frequency division multiple access (OFDMA) adopted by Long-Term Evolution (LTE). In this paper, we study the recent research trends on NOMA in 5G systems. We discuss the basic concept of NOMA and explain its aspects of importance for future radio access. Then, we provide a survey of the state of the art in NOMA for 5G systems in a categorized manner. Further, we analyze the NOMA performances with numerical examples; and provide some avenues for future research on NOMA on a set of open issues and challenges.

Analyses on Achievable Data Rate for Single-User Decoding(SUD) Receiver: with Application to CIS NOMA Strong Channel User (SUD 수신기의 획득가능한 전송률 분석: 상관 정보원 비직교 다중 접속의 강 채널 사용자에 대한 응용)

  • Chung, Kyu-Hyuk
    • The Journal of the Korea institute of electronic communication sciences
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    • v.15 no.6
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    • pp.1003-1010
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    • 2020
  • This paper investigates the achievable data rate for the single-user decoding(SUD) receiver, which does not perform successive interference cancellation(SIC), in contrast to the conventional SIC non-orthogonal multiple access(NOMA) scheme. First, the closed-form expression for the achievable data rate of SUD NOMA with correlated information sources(CIS) is derived, for the stronger channel user. Then it is shown that for the stronger channel user, the achievable data rate of SUD NOMA with independent information sources(IIS) is generally inferior to that of conventional SIC NOMA with IIS. However, for especially highly CIS, we show that the achievable data rate of SUD NOMA is greatly superior to that of conventional SIC NOMA. In addition, to verify the impact of CIS on the achievable data rate of SUD, the extensive comparisons of the achievable data rates for the SUD receiver and the SIC receiver are compared for various correlation coefficients.

Achievable Sum Rate of NOMA with Negatively-Correlated Information Sources

  • Chung, Kyuhyuk
    • International journal of advanced smart convergence
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    • v.10 no.1
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    • pp.75-81
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    • 2021
  • As the number of connected smart devices and applications increases explosively, the existing orthogonal multiple access (OMA) techniques have become insufficient to accommodate mobile traffic, such as artificial intelligence (AI) and the internet of things (IoT). Fortunately, non-orthogonal multiple access (NOMA) in the fifth generation (5G) mobile networks has been regarded as a promising solution, owing to increased spectral efficiency and massive connectivity. In this paper, we investigate the achievable data rate for non-orthogonal multiple access (NOMA) with negatively-correlated information sources (CIS). For this, based on the linear transformation of independent random variables (RV), we derive the closed-form expressions for the achievable data rates of NOMA with negatively-CIS. Then it is shown that the achievable data rate of the negatively-CIS NOMA increases for the stronger channel user, whereas the achievable data rate of the negatively-CIS NOMA decreases for the weaker channel user, compared to that of the positively-CIS NOMA for the stronger or weaker channel users, respectively. We also show that the sum rate of the negatively-CIS NOMA is larger than that of the positively-CIS NOMA. As a result, the negatively-CIS could be more efficient than the positively-CIS, when we transmit CIS over 5G NOMA networks.

Performance Analysis of NOMA with Symmetric Superposition Coding

  • Chung, Kyuhyuk
    • Journal of IKEEE
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    • v.23 no.1
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    • pp.314-317
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    • 2019
  • Recently, the symmetric superposition coding (SSC) [3] is proposed for a solution for the error propagation (EP) due to the non-perfect successive interference cancelation (SIC) in non-orthogonal multiple access (NOMA). We analyze the performance of NOMA with the SSC. It is shown that the performance of the SSC NOMA is the same as that of NOMA with the normal superposition coding (NSC) for the power allocation factor less than 20%, the SSC NOMA performance is better than the NSC NOMA performance up to the power allocation factor 80%, and the SSC NOMA performs worse than the NSC NOMA for the power allocation factor greater than 80%. As a result, the SSC should be used with consideration of the power allocation.

Spectral and Energy Efficient Spatially Modulated Non-Orthogonal Multiple Access (NOMA) For 5G (5G를 위한 주파수 및 에너지 효율적인 공간 변조 비-직교 다중 접속 기법)

  • Irfan, Mohammad;Kim, Jin Woo;Shin, Soo Young
    • The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences
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    • v.40 no.8
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    • pp.1507-1514
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    • 2015
  • Non-orthogonal multiple access (NOMA) is a promising candidate for 5G networks. NOMA achieves superior spectral efficiency than conventional orthogonal multiple access (OMA), as in NOMA multiple users uses the same time and frequency resources. Multiple-input-multiple-output (MIMO) is one another promising technique that can enhance system performance. In this paper we present a spectral and energy efficient multiple antenna based NOMA scheme, known as spatially modulated NOMA. In the proposed scheme the cell edge users are multiplexed in spatial domain, which means the information to cell edge users is conveyed using the transmit antenna indices. In NOMA the performance of cell edge users are deeply effected as it treats signals of others as noise. The proposed scheme achieves superior spectral efficiency than the conventional NOMA. The number of decoding steps involved in decoding NOMA signal reduces by one as cell edge user is multiplexed in spatial domain. The proposed scheme is more energy efficient as compare to conventional NOMA. All of the three gains high spectral, energy efficiency and one step reduction in decoding comes at cost of multiple transmit antennas at base station.

Comparison Study of Performance Analysis Methods of Uplink NOMA Systems (상향링크 NOMA 시스템의 성능 해석 방법 비교 연구)

  • Kim, Nam-Soo
    • The Journal of the Institute of Internet, Broadcasting and Communication
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    • v.20 no.5
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    • pp.25-30
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    • 2020
  • Recently, non-orthogonal multiple access (NOMA) have been received considerable attention to be involved in the next generation mobile system. However, there are inherent inter-user interferences caused by the multiplexing multiple users in the same communication resource in NOMA systems. Two representative methods, the approximate white noise and random variable methods, have been adapted for the analysis of interferences in NOMA systems. In this paper, we derive the outage probabilities of an uplink NOMA system with the two analysis methods and compare the results. The numerical results of the outage probabilities versus transmitted power, distances, and power allocation are compared. We noticed that the derived functions are different each other, but the numerical results are coincident. It is shown that the two interference analysis methods can be applied to the analysis of NOMA systems.

Non-Orthogonal Multiple Access (NOMA) to Enhance Capacity in 5G

  • Lim, Sungmook;Ko, Kyunbyoung
    • International Journal of Contents
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    • v.11 no.4
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    • pp.38-43
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    • 2015
  • Non-orthogonal multiple access (NOMA) where all users share the entire time and frequency resource has paid attention as one of the key technologies to enhance the spectral efficiency and the total throughput. Nevertheless, as the number of users and SIC error increase, the inter-user interference and the residual interference due to the SIC error also increase, resulting in performance degradation. In order to mitigate the performance degradation, we propose grouping-based NOMA system. In the proposed scheme, all users are divided into two groups based on the distance between the BS and each user, where one utilizes the first half of the bandwidth and the other utilizes the rest in the orthogonal manner. On the other hand, users in each group share the spectrum in the non-orthogonal manner. Grouping users can reduce both the inter-user interference and residual interference due to the SIC error, so it can outperform conventional NOMA system, especially in case that the number of users and the SIC error increase. Based on that, we also present the hybrid operation of the conventional and the proposed NOMA systems. In numerical results, the total throughput of the proposed NOMA systems is compared with that of the conventional NOMA systems with regard to the number of users and SIC error. It is confirmed that the proposed NOMA system outperforms the conventional NOMA system as the number of users and the SIC error increase.

NOMA Transceiver Design for Highway Transportation in Mobile Hotspot Networks

  • Hui, Bing;Kim, Junhyeong;Choi, Sung-Woo;Chung, Heesang;Kim, Ilgyu;Lee, Hoon
    • ETRI Journal
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    • v.38 no.6
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    • pp.1042-1051
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    • 2016
  • The mobile hotspot network (MHN), which is capable of providing a data rate of gigabits per second at high speed, is considered a potential use case of the future enhanced mobile broadband for 5G. Because a unidirectional network deployment has been considered for an MHN, non-orthogonal multiple access (NOMA) can be employed to improve the system performance. For a practical implementation of NOMA under an MHN highway scenario where multiple pieces of MHN terminal equipment are served through the same beam simultaneously, a NOMA transceiver is proposed in this paper. For the NOMA transmitter, Gray-coded QAM constellation mapping is extended to arbitrary modulation order q. For the NOMA receiver, successive interference cancellation (SIC) is no longer necessary, and instead, a parallel demodulation is proposed. The numerical and simulation results suggest that the proposed NOMA transceiver outperforms the conventional NOMA SIC receiver and can be flexibly used for an MHN highway scenario.