• Title/Summary/Keyword: Music therapy

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The Study of Heat-Clearing Therapy as a Method of Oriental Medicine Music Therapy (청열음악요법(淸熱音樂療法)을 적용(適用)하는 한방음악치료(韓方音樂治療)에 관한 연구(硏究))

  • Lee, Seung-Hyun;Kim, Yeo-Jin
    • Journal of Korean Medical classics
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    • v.22 no.2
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    • pp.285-292
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    • 2009
  • The purpose of this study is to introduce heat-clearing music therapy[淸熱音樂療法] as one of the 17 kinds of oriental medicine music therapy. The heat-clearing music therapy[淸熱音樂療法] can be applied to certain types of syndromes. The representative syndromes are flaring-up of the heart Fire[心火], rising of the liver Yang[肝陽], and fidgetiness due to deficiency of Eum(陰, Yin). Metal-Gi[金氣] music and Water-Gi[水氣] music are mainly used in heat-clearing music therapy, The patients with the case of flaring-up of the heart Fire[心火] may listen to Metal-Gi[金氣] music. For the patient with rising of the liver Yang[肝陽], relieving constraint music therapy can be used. In other cases with patients with fidgetiness due to deficiency of Eum, replenishing vital essence music therapy can be used. This study describes the theory of heat-clearing music therapy[淸熱音樂療法] that has a good possibility as a new method of oriental medical treatment.

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Perspectives of Medical Oncologists regarding Music Therapy for Patients with Cancer in Turkey - Can Musicology be Integrated into Psycho-oncology?

  • Tanriverdi, Ozgur;Aydemir, Nil Fatma
    • Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention
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    • v.14 no.11
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    • pp.6537-6540
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    • 2013
  • Background: Music therapy is a common complementary and alternative therapy in addition to medical treatment for patients with cancer. If music therapy, which is known has a positive effect on human emotions and behaviors, is a useful additional therapy, it should be more integrated into pyscho-oncology. In this study, we aimed to determine medical oncologist attitudes to music therapy for patients with cancer and knowledge about musicology and music therapy in Turkey. Materials and Methods: This survey study included questions about participant attitudes and knowledge regarding music therapy as well as demographic characteristics. The population of the study were 402 physicians working in medical oncology in Turkey and the sample covered 112 participants in the the survey. For statistical analyses the chi-square test, Fischer exact test, and Mann-Whitney U analysis are applied. Results: In our study the rate for medical oncologists who were interested in music therapy was 28% (n=112). Some 30% (n=34) of medical oncologists recommended music therapy for their patients and 55% (n=61) recommended music therapy to prevent anxiety in patients with cancer. Conclusions: In this study, for more harmony with patients and in order to ensure management of adverse effect, it was concluded that music therapy should be regrded as an additional therapy in oncology clinics.

The Effects of Music Therapy on Cognitive Function and Depression in Demented Old Adults (음악요법이 치매노인의 인지기능과 우울에 미치는 효과)

  • Gwon, Ja-Youn;Kim, Jung-Soo
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Community Health Nursing
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    • v.9 no.2
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    • pp.336-349
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    • 1998
  • The purpose of this study was to test the effects of music therapy on cognitive function and depression in demented old adults. This study was made with one -group in a pre- and post-test design. The subjects were seven demented old adults over, sixty-five years and with mild to moderate cognitive impairment, residing at a nursing home. Music therapy was given by one researcher and one research assistant for thirty to forty minutes twice a week for 4 months. Music therapy was conducted with the subjects both listening and singing with a cassette player and a double-handed drum. In order to evaluate the effects of music, we measured the level of cognitive function and depression at the beginning and at the end of the music therapy session by means of an MMSE- K developed by Kwon and Park and the Depression Inventory developed by Chon. The Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics and a paired t - test analysis using a SPSS PC package. The results are as follows: 1) The subjects of the music therapy showed improvement in cognitive function. The MMSE-K score was significantly increased after music therapy. Especially, memory recall was very significantly. 2) The subjects of the music therapy showed a slight decrease in depression. However, there was no significant difference in the degree of depression between mean scores measured before and after music therapy. The results suggest that music therapy is effective in improving and maintaining cognitive function in demented old adults. And we suggest that long-term music therapy will be required to improve depression in demented old adults. These findings are encouraging the idea that music therapy may improve cognitive impairment.

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The Literature Review of Music Therapy in the United States (음악요법에 관한 연구)

  • Lee, Won-Yu
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Community Health Nursing
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    • v.11 no.1
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    • pp.245-261
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    • 2000
  • Based on the literature, status and role the music therapist in America was reviewed for this study. The process of developing a music therapy program in America suggests to us many things: In America, music therapists have sustained a mutually beneficial status with their clients for, over fifty years. Excellence in academic education and clinical training enable music therapists to continue to provide quality music therapy. The magnitude of change in to music therapy in the United States, however creates the challenge of providing real access to music therapy continues in the future. Music therapy is the use of music in the accomplishment of therapeutic aims: the restoration, maintenance, and improvement of mental and physical health. Music therapists work with individuals of all ages who require special services due to behavioral. social. learning, or physical disabilities. Employment may be in hospitals, clinics, day care facilities, schools, community mental health centers, substance abuse facilities, nursing homes, hospices, rehabilitation centers, correctional facilities, or private practices. The American Music Therapy Association (AMTA) was founded in 1998 as a result of a union between the American Association for Music Therapy (founded in 1971) and the National Association for Music Therapy(founded in 1950). Music therapists are highly qualified professionals who have completed approved degree programs and had clinical training in order to receive Board Certification(MT-BC), with the designation of Registered, Certified, or Advanced Certified Music Therapist(RMT. CMT - or ACMT). AMTA provides several mechanism for monitoring the quality of music therapy programs: Standards of Practice. a Code of Ethics, a system for Peer Review, a Judical Review Board, and an Ethics Board. According to the results of this study, the suggestions were as follows: 1. It is concluded that music therapy as a nursing intervention can be effective for the clients. 2. It is a great challenge to develope a music therapy program for nursing intervention however, it is also task and responsibility to further the development of nursing.

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Effects of Music Therapy on Pain and Depression in Terminal Cancer Patients (음악요법이 말기암 환자의 통증과 우울에 미치는 효과)

  • Seo, Ba-Run;Hong, Hae-Sook
    • Journal of Korean Biological Nursing Science
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    • v.12 no.1
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    • pp.48-57
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    • 2010
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study was to examine the effect of music therapy on pain, depression in terminally-ill patients. Methods: The subjects for this study were collected from 44 patients who were admitted in F hospital, located in D city from July 1 to July 31 in 2008. The subjects were divided into two groups: 23 experimental group members and 21 control members. While the control group was not received any additional intervention, the experimental group was received music therapy intervention. Data analysis were performed by the chi-square test, t-test and ANCOVA with SPSS/WIN 12.0 Program. Results: The 1st hypothesis is, "the experimental group who received music therapy would have less pain score than the control group who did not receive music therapy", was rejected (F=2.33, p=.14). The 2nd hypothesis is, "the experimental group who received music therapy would have less depression score than the control group who did not receive music therapy", was supported (F=11.616, p=.001). These results demonstrated that music therapy to terminally patients was an effective method in decreasing depression. Conclusion: Based on the results of this study, Music therapy can be utilized as an effective nursing intervention for the terminally ill.

The Effect of Music Therapy on the State Anxiety in Ophthalmic In-patients Experiencing Momentary Visual Disturbance (일시적 시력장애를 경험하는 안과환자의 불안에 대한 음악요법의 효과)

  • Yang, Jin-Ju
    • The Journal of Korean Academic Society of Nursing Education
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    • v.6 no.1
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    • pp.36-47
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    • 2000
  • The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect of music therapy on the state anxiety and the vital signs in ophthalmic inpatients experiencing momentary visual disturbance. The patients listened to the music for or over 30 minutes a time for 3 days The subjects for this study were twenty-eights experiencing momentary visual disturbance in ophthalmic department of a hospital in Kwangju. They were assigned to two groups, fourteen to a experimental group and fourteen to a control group. The data were collected from November 22 to December 4, 1999 by means of state anxiety scale questionnaire and measurement of vital signs. The data were analyzed with SPSS programs. The results were as follows; 1. There were significant differences between the two groups on anxiety score after music therapy(t=-2.95 p=.007). 2. The first hypothesis that the experimental group who received music therapy would have less anxiety score than the control group who did not receive music therapy was supported (t=8.98, p=.000). 3. There were no significant differences between the two groups on change of vital signs after music therapy. 4. The second hypothesis that the experimental group who received music therapy would have more relived vital signs than the control group who did not receive music therapy was not supported. In conclusion, music therapy can be effective nursing intervention in decreasing anxiety of ophthalmic in-patients experiencing momentary visual disturbance.

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Effects of a Music Therapy Program on Depression, Balance, Flexibility in the Elderly (노인을 위한 음악요법 프로그램이 우울, 균형, 유연성에 미치는 효과)

  • Lee, Won-Yeu;Kwon, Seon-Suk
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Community Health Nursing
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    • v.14 no.1
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    • pp.16-23
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    • 2003
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of music therapy on depression, balance, and flexibility in the elderly. An experimental group consisting of 23 people, was given music therapy for 90 minutes per a week for 6 weeks, while a control group consisting of 21 people, was not given music therapy with quasi-experimental design. Result: The result of the study show that music therapy is effective for decreasing depression and improving flexibility in the elderly. However, this study found no significant differences in balance between the experimental and the control groups. Conclusion: Despite one part, nursing intervention of music therapy to adapt Rhythm for Life elevated the strength of the elderly's body and showed decrease in depression. Therefore the Music therapy Program improves the quality of life in the elderly.

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Music Therapy Students' Perception on the Music Therapy Education in Graduate Program (음악치료 교과과정에 대한 음악치료전공 대학원생의 인식도 조사 연구)

  • Park, Min Kyung
    • Journal of Music and Human Behavior
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    • v.7 no.2
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    • pp.47-63
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    • 2010
  • The purpose of this study was to evaluate the perception of current music therapy curriculum perceived by music therapy graduate students who are currently enrolled in the program. A total of 100 students responded. The subject 'music therapy techniques'(23.2%) was identified as highly regarded topic as important subject matter. Respondents showed different levels of skills and confidence according to their previous major areas; music vs. non-music major. Regarding the clinical practicum, students in the higher level practicum showed higher competence; however the level of competence was decreased as they entered the internship. Also 'Counseling and psychology related subjects' was the most preferred subject (19.7%) and 'professionalism as a music therapist' was the most significant factor indicated by the respondents(51.8%). Overall, general information and perception regarding music therapy curriculum was described, and the results implies the importance and needs of future music therapy curriculum development.

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Effects of Music Therapy on Pain, Discomfort, and Depression for Patients with Leg Fractures

  • Kwon In-Sook;Kim Jung-Nam;Park Kyung-Min
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing
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    • v.36 no.4
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    • pp.630-636
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    • 2006
  • Purpose. To determine the effects of music therapy on pain, discomfort, and depression for patients with leg fractures. Methods. Data were collected from 40 patients admitted in an orthopedic surgery care unit. The subjects included 20 intervention group members and 20 control group members. Music therapy was offered to intervention group members once a day for 3 days for 30-60 minutes per day. Pain was measured with a numeric rating scale and by measuring vital signs. Discomfort and depression were measured with self-administered questionnaires. Results. Patients who received music therapy had a lower degree of pain than patients who did not receive music therapy as measured by the numeric pain score (p < 0.001), systolic blood pressure (p < 0.01), diastolic blood pressure (p < 0.001), pulse rate (p < 0.001) and respiration (p < 0.001). Patients who were provided with music therapy also had a lower degree of discomfort than patients who were not provided with this therapy (p < 0.01). Effects of Music Therapy on Pain, Discomfort, and Depression for Patients with Leg Fractures Conclusions. These results demonstrate that music therapy is an effective method for decreasing pain and discomfort for patients with leg fractures.

The Effect of Music Therapy on Anxiety of Cesarean Section Wemen (음악요법이 제왕절개 임부의 수술불안에 미치는 영향)

  • Kwun Young-Sook;Kim Tae-Hee
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Fundamentals of Nursing
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    • v.7 no.3
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    • pp.466-478
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    • 2000
  • The purpose of this study was to identify the effects of music therapy on anxiety of cesarean section wemen. The research design was a nonequivalent control group non-synchronized design. The subjects of this study were 65 cesarean section wemen scheduled for surgery. The study was conducted from October 15, 1999 to January 5, 2000. Two groups consisted of subjects assigned : one the experimental group(33 wemen), and the other the control group(32 wemen). The music therapy was performed 3 times to experimental group just before surgery day, on surgery day. The level of anxiety was measured by State Anxiety Inventory, blood pressure, pulse rate, respiratory rate. The data were analyzed using descriptive statistics, $x^2-test$, t-test, Repeated measures of ANCOVA. The results of study were as fellows : 1) State anxiety scores were significantly different between the experimental group and the control group after music therapy. 2) Systolic blood pressures and diastolic blood pressures were significantly different between the experimental group and the control group after music therapy. 3) Pulse rates were significantly different between the experimental group and the control group after music therapy. 4) Respiratory rates were significantly different between the experimental group and the control group after music therapy. According to these results, music therapy can be regarded as an effective nursing intervention that relieves anxiety of cesarean section wemen.

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