• Title/Summary/Keyword: Multiphysics

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Supplementation of Tire Strain Sensor Performance by FEM Simulation Program (FEM 시뮬레이션 프로그램을 이용한 타이어 변형률 센서 성능 보완)

  • Kim, JongInn;Choi, BumKyoo
    • Proceedings of the KIEE Conference
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    • pp.1237-1238
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    • 2015
  • 이 논문은 타이어 변형량을 측정하는 변형량 센서의 시제품을 modeling하여 COMSOL Multiphysics FEM 해석 프로그램을 통해 시뮬레이션을 수행한 것을 다룬 것이다. 센서의 구조 중에 센서의 성능에 큰 영향력을 미치는 구조를 변수로 잡아 각 변수에 따른 센서의 capacitance의 linearity와 sensitivity을 시뮬레이션을 통해 도출했다. 도출한 값을 토대로 센서 구조에 대한 최적의 범위를 구하고 센서의 시제품의 구조 변수의 값이 이 범위 내에 있는 것을 보여 시제품의 성능에 대한 검증했다.

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Modeling of coupled THMC processes in porous media

  • Kowalsky, Ursula;Bente, Sonja;Dinkler, Dieter
    • Coupled systems mechanics
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    • v.3 no.1
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    • pp.27-52
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    • 2014
  • For landfill monitoring and aftercare, long-term prognoses of emission and deformation behaviour are required. Landfills may be considered as heterogeneous porous soil-like structures, in which flow and transport processes of gases and liquids interact with local material degradation and mechanical deformation of the solid skeleton. Therefore, in the framework of continuous porous media mechanics a model is developed that permits the investigation of coupled mechanical, hydraulical and biochemical processes in municipal solid waste landfills.

A CFD Analysis Study on the Characteristics of Hydrogen Production by High Temperature Steam Electrolysis(HTSE) Using High Temperature Heat (고온열을 이용한 고온수증기전기분해장치(HTSE)에 의한 수소생산 특성에 관한 전산유체해석적 연구)

  • Han, Won-Hui;Choi, Jung-Sik;Yoon, Seok-Hun;Yoon, Doo-Ho;Choi, Jae-Hyuk
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Marine Environment & Safety
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    • v.17 no.4
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    • pp.419-427
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    • 2011
  • The characteristics for hydrogen production and the thermochemical properties of high temperature steam electrolysis(HTSE) device have been numerically analyzed in a two-dimension, steady-state with using the COMSOL $Multiphysics^{(R)}$. The main parameters for the calculation are applied voltage, ASR(Area-specific Resistance), temperature and pressure of the inlet gas flow. The results showed that thermal-neutral voltage was 1.2454 V and rather than the cell temperature increases or decreases with increasing applied voltage by thermal-neutral voltage starting this voltage the temperature in high voltage tended to rise and temperature in the low voltage tended to fall. And with, increasing the values of ASR, temperature inside the cell and the hydrogen production rate were decreased.

An Electrochemical Enzyme Immunochip Based on Capacitance Measurement for the Detection of IgG

  • Yi, Seung-Jae;Choi, Ji-Hye;Kim, Hwa-Jung;Chang, Seung-Cheol;Park, Deog-Su;Kim, Kyung-Chun;Chang, Chulhun L.
    • Bulletin of the Korean Chemical Society
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    • v.32 no.4
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    • pp.1298-1302
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    • 2011
  • This study describes the development of an electrochemical array immunochip for the detection of IgG. Interdigitated immunochip platforms were fabricated by sputtering gold on a glass wafer by using MEMS process and then were coated with Eudragit S100, an enteric polymer, forming an insulating layer over the working area of immunochips. The breakdown of the polymer layer was exemplified by the catalytic action of urease which, in the presence of urea, caused an alkaline pH change. This subsequently caused an increase of the double layer capacitance of the underlying electrode. Used in conjunction with a competitive immunoassay format, this allowed the ratio of initial to final electrode capacitance to be directly linked with the concentration of analyte, i.e. IgG. Responses to IgG could be detected at IgG concentration as low as $250\;ngmL^{-1}$ and showed good linearity up to IgG concentration as high as $20\;{\mu}gmL^{-1}$.

Study on Power Characteristics in the PEMFC Parallel Channel with Baffles through Numerical Analysis (전산해석을 통한 PEMFC 평행 유로에서 Baffle에 의한 출력특성 분석)

  • Kwon, Oh-Jung;Oh, Chang-Mook;Shin, Hee-Sun;Oh, Byeong Soo
    • Journal of the Korean Electrochemical Society
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    • v.17 no.3
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    • pp.193-200
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    • 2014
  • Research on flow channel designs of the separate plates is necessary to improve the PEMFC performance. On concerning the performance improvement of PEMFC, many recent studies have been made on the interdigitated flow channel using forced convection. In this paper, the interdigitated flow channel is similarly applied on the parallel flow channel with a baffle or baffles. Numerical analysis is performed by using a commercial multiphysics program, which is called COMSOL, on the parallel channel with the fully blocked baffle(FBB) and there are three variables, the position of baffle, flow direction and flow velocity. Each power of the variables is resulted from the fixed 0.5V, the voltage from 80 percents of the maximum power. Finally, based on the full factorial designs(FFD), one of the design of experiments(DOE), each factor which has several levels lead to the conclusion. The analysis of the main effects and interactions of the factors is useful to find the most influenced factor to improve the power.

A Numerical Analysis of Direct Contact Membrane Distillation for Hollow Fiber Membrane (중공사형 분리막에 대한 직접접촉식 막분리 공정의 수치해석)

  • Shin, Ho-Chul;Chung, Kun-Yong
    • Membrane Journal
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    • v.20 no.4
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    • pp.342-350
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    • 2010
  • Membrane distillation (MD) is a separation process which higher vapor pressure components are evaporated in mixed liquid solution through hydrophobic membrane with 0.1 or $0.5{\mu}m$ pore size. In this study, direct contact membrane distillation process for hollow fiber module were interpreted numerically using the "COMSOL Multiphysics" software. The variables for the system were temperatures and flow rates of lumen and shell side solutions. The permeate flux increased from 1.0 to $3.8L/m^2{\cdot}hr$ as temperature of the feed solution for lumen increased from 30 to $50^{\circ}C$. However the effect of shell solution temperature on permeate flux was relatively low. Also, the optimum velocity of lumen feed was obtained at 0.15 m/s ($Re_L=135$) by considering MD permeate flux as well as operating pressure loss.

Development of a drift-flux model based core thermal-hydraulics code for efficient high-fidelity multiphysics calculation

  • Lee, Jaejin;Facchini, Alberto;Joo, Han Gyu
    • Nuclear Engineering and Technology
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    • v.51 no.6
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    • pp.1487-1503
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    • 2019
  • The methods and performance of a pin-level nuclear reactor core thermal-hydraulics (T/H) code ESCOT employing the drift-flux model are presented. This code aims at providing an accurate yet fast core thermal-hydraulics solution capability to high-fidelity multiphysics core analysis systems targeting massively parallel computing platforms. The four equation drift-flux model is adopted for two-phase calculations, and numerical solutions are obtained by applying the Finite Volume Method (FVM) and the Semi-Implicit Method for Pressure-Linked Equation (SIMPLE)-like algorithm in a staggered grid system. Constitutive models involving turbulent mixing, pressure drop, and vapor generation are employed to simulate key phenomena in subchannel-scale analyses. ESCOT is parallelized by a domain decomposition scheme that involves both radial and axial decomposition to enable highly parallelized execution. The ESCOT solutions are validated through the applications to various experiments which include CNEN $4{\times}4$, Weiss et al. two assemblies, PNNL $2{\times}6$, RPI $2{\times}2$ air-water, and PSBT covering single/two-phase and unheated/heated conditions. The parameters of interest for validation include various flow characteristics such as turbulent mixing, spacer grid pressure drop, cross-flow, reverse flow, buoyancy effect, void drift, and bubble generation. For all the validation tests, ESCOT shows good agreements with measured data in the extent comparable to those of other subchannel-scale codes: COBRA-TF, MATRA and/or CUPID. The execution performance is examined with a mini-sized whole core consisting of 89 fuel assemblies and for an OPR1000 core. It turns out that it is about 1.5 times faster than a subchannel code based on the two-fluid three field model and the axial domain decomposition scheme works as well as the radial one yielding a steady-state solution for the OPR1000 core within 30 s with 104 processors.

Acoustic responses of natural fibre reinforced nanocomposite structure using multiphysics approach and experimental validation

  • Satankar, Rajesh Kumar;Sharma, Nitin;Ramteke, Prashik Malhari;Panda, Subtra Kumar;Mahapatra, Siba Shankar
    • Advances in nano research
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    • v.9 no.4
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    • pp.263-276
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    • 2020
  • In this article, the acoustic responses of free vibrated natural fibre-reinforced polymer nanocomposite structure have been investigated first time with the help of commercial package (ANSYS) using the multiphysical modelling approach. The sound relevant data of the polymeric structure is obtained by varying weight fractions of the natural nanofibre within the composite. Firstly, the structural frequencies are obtained through a simulation model prepared in ANSYS and solved through the static structural analysis module. Further, the corresponding sound data within a certain range of frequencies are evaluated by modelling the medium through the boundary element steps with adequate coupling between structure and fluid via LMS Virtual Lab. The simulation model validity has been established by comparing the frequency and sound responses with published results. In addition, sets of experimentation are carried out for the eigenvalue and the sound pressure level for different weight fractions of natural fibre and compared with own simulation data. The experimental frequencies are obtained using own impact type vibration analyzer and recorded through LABVIEW support software. Similarly, the noise data due to the harmonically excited vibrating plate are recorded through the available Array microphone (40 PH and serial no: 190569). The numerical results and subsequent experimental comparison are indicating the comprehensiveness of the presently derived simulation model. Finally, the effects of structural design parameters (thickness ratio, aspect ratio and boundary conditions) on the acoustic behaviour of the natural-fibre reinforced nanocomposite are computed using the present multiphysical model and highlighted the inferences.

Design and Structural Analysis of Dry Dock Gate (드라이도크 게이트의 설계 및 구조해석)

  • Park, Joo-Shin;Ahn, Hwan-Jin;Jung, Gil-Yong
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Marine Environment & Safety
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    • v.14 no.4
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    • pp.325-331
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    • 2008
  • Recently, new shipbuilding yards with medium capacity are established due to influence of prosperous condition no shipbuilding industry in Korea. These shipbuilding yards have characteristics such as high capacity facilities and followed system of dock launching just like major shipbuilding yards. The present paper explains the dry dock design and structural strength analysis by using FEM. The design stage used TRIBON M3 system while the estimation of structural strength used ANSYS Multiphysics module. The dry dock gate did not frequently open and close, it had to sustain against external wave load during building a ship. Moreover, documents related to design of dry dock gate have no guidelines about design criterion and process of structural strength calculation. It is necessary to make the guidelines about design of dry dock gate. It is expected that this paper will be a good reference to the design of dry dock gate.

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Multi-physics analysis for the design and development of micro-thermoelectric coolers

  • Han, Seung-Woo;Hasan, MD Anwarul;Kim, Jung-Yup;Lee, Hyun-Woo;Lee, Kong-Hoon;Kim, Oo-Joong
    • 제어로봇시스템학회:학술대회논문집
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    • pp.139-144
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    • 2005
  • A rigorous research is underway in our team, for the design and development of high figure of merits (ZT= 1.5${\sim}$2.0) micro-thermoelectric coolers. This paper discusses the fabrication process that we are using for developing the $Sb_2Te_3-Bi_2Te_3$ micro-thermoelectric cooling modules. It describes how to obtain the mechanical properties of the thin film TEC elements and reports the results of an equation-based multiphysics modeling of the micro-TEC modules. In this study the thermoelectric thin films were deposited on Si substrates using co-sputtering method. The physical mechanical properties of the prepared films were measured by nanoindentation testing method while the thermal and electrical properties required for modeling were obtained from existing literature. A finite element model was developed using an equation-based multiphysics modeling by the commercial finite element code FEMLAB. The model was solved for different operating conditions. The temperature and the stress distributions in the P and N elements of the TEC as well as in the metal connector were obtained. The temperature distributions of the system obtained from simulation results showed good agreement with the analytical results existing in literature. In addition, it was found that the maximum stress in the system occurs at the bonding part of the TEC i.e. between the metal connectors and TE elements of the module.

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