• Title, Summary, Keyword: Modern Western Style Architecture

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A Study on the Better Housing Plan Competition by the Architectural Association of Chosun in 1992 (1992년 조선건축회에 의한 개선주책설계도안 현상모집에 관한 고찰)

  • 서귀숙
    • Journal of the Korean housing association
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    • v.11 no.3
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    • pp.29-41
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    • 2000
  • The main object of this research was to study the better housing business by the Architectural Association of Chosun. The Architectural Association of Chosun was founded in 1992 and it influenced great deal on the development of Korean architecture. The Architectural Association of Chosun took the first step in business by holding the Better Housing Plan Competition which was the first housing plan competition in Korea, Also, it meant the enlightenment of better cultural housing. Overall, it can be summarized as follows; 1) It could be considered that the Architectural Association of Chosun was connected with the Japanese Colonial Policy of that time. 2) The Better Housing Plan Competition indicated the way of improving better living condition. 3) Most of the prize-wining works emphasized economical and practical way of housing. 4) The wanted to get out of the old conventional way of hosing. 5) All the plans showed \" the living\" and it meant that \" the living: is the centre of family life which connected the modern housing plan. 6) Western way of life was combined with the conventional style, in other words, modernization of life was derived from the western style. 7) Better housing plan which is more suitable for the Korean weather and environment was not considered. 8) Colonial domination of Japanese style could also be found in housing. Most of the plans used Japanese style as the basic housing style. housing style.

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A Study on the HANSUN Boat Type for Development of Sailing Boat (세일링보트 개발을 위한 한선선형 연구)

  • Park, Gen-Ong;Kim, Dong-Joon
    • Proceedings of the Korea Committee for Ocean Resources and Engineering Conference
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    • pp.53-59
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    • 2003
  • The Study of Hansun(Traditional Fishing Boat of Korea) is based on Fishing Bost Investigation Report which began in 1921. The Report was completed in 1927 with the conclusion of Southern sea Region and Western sea Region studies which included the investigation of the entire region. Based on this report, this paper surveys Hansun's characteristics style of boat and performance. The First couple of chapters are possibility of combining type of Hansun and modern Sailing Boat. As a result we find out that the hull form of Hansun is very similar with that of modern sailing boats and is a good candidate for the mother ship to develop the modern sailing boats for Korean sea.

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Study on the Characteristics of Modern Hotel Interior Decorations and the Historical Meaning of Interior Design (근대 호텔 실내공간의 표현 특성과 실내디자인 사적의미에 관한 연구)

  • Oh In-Wook
    • Korean Institute of Interior Design Journal
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    • v.15 no.4
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    • pp.3-11
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    • 2006
  • The vocabulary of modern grand hotels' interior designs reflects western design patterns, showing its nostalgia for modern architecture. And it also contains the trace of past designs implanted by others then, expressing the hardships of Korean history. Like this, the past architectural style distorted under the Japanese imperialistic rule has continued to exist until now without any significant changes, because there has been little effort to figure out the history of modern interior designs. And also there has been the lack of data and aesthetic descriptions about the modern interior designs that contain the historical nature of society. Therefore, this study will review the interior design of modern buildings, which trace back to the fawning of the Korean Interior Design. And it aims to understand the hotel interior's expressive characteristics and historical meanings by paying a particular attention to its lost parts. And it also alms to have a significant meaning in taking the first step toward a clue of the history of Korean modern interiors by systematically putting in order the ever-disappearing materials of modern hotel interiors.

Relationship between Le Corbusier's Errazuris House Project and Antonin Raymond's Karuizawa Villa (르 코르뷔지에의 에라즈리스 주택계획안과 안토닌 레이몬드의 카루이자와 별장의 상관성에 관한 연구)

  • Kim, Kyoung-Yon;Jun, Byung-Kweon
    • Journal of the Architectural Institute of Korea Planning & Design
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    • v.34 no.1
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    • pp.15-22
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    • 2018
  • Raymond, who adopted Le Corbusier's Errazuris House Project, built Karuizawa Villa by incorporating Japan's aspiration for Western modern architecture and strong convictions regarding the preservation of traditional culture heritage, which were prevalent in Japan at the time. Despite the controversy over his plagiarism, Karuizawa Villa shows several unique architectural characteristics. First, in terms of the arrangement and access system, the villa has a common space that affords a view of the lake by accessing from the mountain side. Second, in terms of spatial composition, the common space is connected to the mesonnette by placing a trail to enable enjoyment of natural scenery. In particular, personal space is planned in the shape of a cross by connecting several surfaces to the outside in order to secure enjoyment of the natural environment. Lastly, in the aspect of structure and materials, both architectural buildings adopted masonry by using natural stone as well as building materials suitable for each region and climate by using logs in constructing the main columns and beams. Through Karuizawa Villa, Raymond is considered to have established his own style by combining the standard of Western modern architecture and the elements of Japanese traditional architecture while valuing local architectural technology.

A Study of the Characteristics of the Interior Space Arrangements of the Modem Bank Buildings of Korea (한국 근대은행 실내공간의 표현 특성에 관한 연구)

  • Oh, In-Wook
    • Korean Institute of Interior Design Journal
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    • v.16 no.3
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    • pp.10-20
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    • 2007
  • The materials on the development of modern architecture in Korea are being collected and organized in a systemic fashion. However, this is not the case with the materials relative to interior design. They are gradually disappearing or being lost. In particular, no serious attempt has yet been made to determine the characteristics and historic value of the interior design of the modern bank buildings. The purpose of this study is to trace the disappearing legacy of the interior design of modern bank buildings by learning the inner space arrangements of these buildings and the characteristics of modern interior design in order to determine the historic significance of modern commercial interior design. Banks of relatively large scale were selected for the purpose of this study. They consisted of: Chosun Bank(1911) and its Andong, Wonsan and Cheongjin branches; Chosun Shiksan Banks and its Busan, Daegu and Pyongyang branches; the Busan branch of the 18 Bank; Dongil Bank, Chosun Savings Bank(1935) and their branches. The study focused on the space arrangements and design characteristics of these banks. Although they aimed at modernization in designingtheir interior spaces, the modern bank buildings were not representative of any particular style of interior design. While western style designs were prevalent, eclectic designs incorporating many different styles existed. The characteristics of the interior design of banks of the time included installation of such decorations and use of high quality construction materials for interior and exterior expressing the wealth as to create an aura of credibility for the banks, while the floor arrangements were relatively stereotyped and simplified.

Craftsmanship of Non-Educated Constructors in Korean-Style Secondary Station(Gong-So) of Naepo Region (충남 내포지방의 한옥 공소에 나타난 민간 기술자의 현장기법)

  • Park, Kwang-Hyun;Kim, Tai-Young
    • Journal of the Korean Institute of Rural Architecture
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    • v.12 no.3
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    • pp.19-26
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    • 2010
  • This study is aimed to look into the craftsmanship non-educated constructors in Korean-style secondary stations(Gong-So) of Naepo region which is located in the northwestern Chungcheongnam-do. Although the area was persecuted as one of three cradles of Korean Catholicism, Catholic activities flourished there. The 13 cases of Korean-style secondary stations were selected through a survey report list about modern cultural assets of Chungcheongnam-do published in december 2004. This study examined the methods of plan layout and framework of Gong-So to look into craftsmanship of non-educated constructors, the results are as follows; The methods of plan layout are divided into three types according to existence and arrangement of inner column(Nae-Ju); 'Layout with Nae-Ju' is considered as the primary form of Korean-style Gong-So with using regular Nae-Ju. 'Layout with the different position of the center between Nae-Ju and exterior column(Oe-Ju)' and 'layout without Nae-Ju' is appeared in Korean-style Gong-So which is important to assembly and alter function. The methods of framework are appeared variously according to different plan layout for securing worship space. The unusal beam(Chung-Ryang) is used to solve different spans of altar and narthex. When space was formed widely without Nae-Ju, diagonal members and M letter type rafters are used, they are influenced by the technique of western wooden roof truss.

A Study on the Activity and its Influence of Pioneer Missionary in Korea Protestant Mission Architecture -(1) Focused on the Architectural Activities of Graham Lee- (한국미션건축에 있어서 개신교 개척선교사의 활동과 영향에 관한 연구 -(1) 그래함 리(Graham Lee)의 건축활동을 중심으로-)

  • Chung, Chang-Won
    • Journal of architectural history
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    • v.13 no.2
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    • pp.57-70
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    • 2004
  • Since Korea disclaimed to open the ports, Korean architecture has met the impetuous transformation. Although there would be various factors of this transformation, the new-coming architecture by missionary seemed to be a significant one, and many researches have been carried out on this theme in diverse viewpoints. However, because these researches have preponderated on the Catholic tradition, it is deficient for clarify the whole history of mission architecture. Therefore, this research has the meaning to enrich the history of Korean modern architecture by making balance. First of all, this paper is focused on the activities of one missionary, Graham Lee. He is a practical missionary at the beginning, his architecture made a critical influence in Korean traditional architecture. Graham Lee was born in Rock Island, Illinois, 1861, and he determined to become a missionary through grown up. He spent his boyhood by working as a plumber for his purpose and studied in a university afterward. Graduating of McComick Theological Seminary, he was nominated as a pioneer of Pyeng Yang Mission Station and set foot in Korea, September of 1892. Since then he started to erect missionary facilities in Pyeng Yang, such as Well House(1898), Pyeng Yang Central Church(1900-1901), Pyeng Yang Academy(1902). These all his works are designed with eclectic style which shows western and Korean traditional style intermingled. This unique characteristic made a profound influence to the Korean mission architecture afterwards. Especially, the L-type plan of Pyeng Yang Central Church, which is first shown by him, is recognized very unique, and this plan type had been spread all over the country. Therefore the L-type plan became the peculiar feature of the early Korean churches. Furthermore, working with Korean carpenters, he taught them new skills of modem buildings. After that, they were expanded out northern part of Korea and took the roles of master builders. According to this expansion, his particular style had got spread and had been settled as a unique eclectic style in Korean modern architecture. In the conclusion, he is evaluated to be a critical pioneer missionary, who left a big influence on the frame work of Korean modern architecture in the transitional times.

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A Study on the Expressive Characteristics of the Interior of the Kyungsung Municipal Government Building (경성부청사 실내공간의 표현 특성에 관한 연구)

  • Oh, In-Wook
    • Korean Institute of Interior Design Journal
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    • v.19 no.3
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    • pp.103-110
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    • 2010
  • As ongoing construction of a new municipal government building leads to the destruction of the interior of the Kyungsung Municipal Government Building(currentlySeoul Metropolitan City Hall) despite its enormous historic value, this study aims to identify the unique features of spatial composition and interior design of the Kyungsung Municipal Government Building, which is widely known as a typical example of public architecture of the 1920s. The primary goal is to perform a systemic arrangement of its interior data and define the modern historic implications of its interior design, thereby laying the foundation for a compilation of the history of modern interior design. From a historical perspective, the Kyungsung Municipal Government Building-an explicit symbol of Japanese colonial supremacy-has served as the administrative hub of a hugecity for 19 years during the Japanese colonial rule and for 64 years following Korea's independence from Japan. From the perspective of architectural history, it also represents modern transitional buildingsin their shift from historicism into modernism, as manifested by its reasonable placement of interior space matching well with topographical form, easy access by citizens, open office space, and, excluding decoration, a simple and non-authoritarian exterior. Its interior design style follows Western historicist architecture, whereasits simple interior decoration embodies expressive characteristics of pragmatic simplicity. Such elements are notably found in the Grand Central Hall, the Municipal Head's Reception Room, and the Grand Conference Room.

A Study on the Hassan Fathy's Contemporary Islamic Architecture with reference to the Egyptian traditionalism and its utility - (하싼 파티의 건축에 관한 연구 - 그의 건축에 있어서 이집트의 전통성과 실용성을 중심으로 -)

  • 이성아
    • Proceedings of the Korean Institute of Interior Design Conference
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    • pp.159-162
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    • 2002
  • In the middle of 1940s, Hassan Fathy, a great Islamic contemporary architect, built cheap multifamily houses, schools, mosques and public market in the village of Gourna, near Luxor, Egypt for the poor Egyptian. At that time the western style houses made of concrete materials were so expensive for the Egyptian people in the rural area, that Hassan Fathy, a young architect, challenged to build the houses for them. He considered seriously the expenses that the lower-class Egyptians in the rural area could pay for building houses. He built up gorges arch-style building and done-style building by using traditional materials, which consisted of reeds, roues and mud brick for adobe. He made the design of houses cool in summer and warm in winter. The houses in the Gourna village were, afterwards, highly evaluated, in the sense that they represented the Islamic uniqueness of architecture and its beauty. As a result, the Gourna village made him receive many of awards including the Aga Khan Award. This study tries to focus on the reviewing of modern Islamic architecture by analyzing Hassan Fathy's architectural art, on the investigation of traditional materials used for building the Gourna village, and finally on the contribution for the research of Islamic architecture

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A Study on the Introductory Process of Foreigner's Architectural Engineering in the Late Yi-Dynasty (구한말(舊韓末) 외인건축술(外人建築術)의 전래과정(傳來過程) 연구)

  • Kim, Tai-Young
    • Journal of architectural history
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    • v.1 no.1
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    • pp.117-128
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    • 1992
  • The purpose of this paper is to clarify the introduction of foreigner's architectural engineering such as building materials techniques engineers, focused on the Late Yi-dynasty. Such all kind of building materials as timber brick tile cement lime glass window furniture and so on was imported from the foreign company in opening period of ports in Cho-son. The timer of these materials was imported from Japan, the brick tile from China, and others directly from Western counteries indirectly from Japan China. As it was active in an inflow of building materials and machines about 1890's, the modern building techniques were introduced and elementarily mastered such as timber sewing, manufacturing baking of brick glass, and masonry, The above modern techniques became the direct background in the formation of Korean modern architecture. Building engineers can be divided into three classes : architect engineer apprentice. But It could be apparently not divided the relation between architect and engineer at that time. They could be classified into job-architects who were engaged by the Korean government and leaded an active life in their settlement, and missonaries, They introduced the construction and style of modern architecture in our country, And so many skilled laborers and laborers participated in the construction of their settlement.

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