• Title, Summary, Keyword: Modern Western Style Architecture

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A Study on the facade Expression of the Modern Western Style Architecture in Seoul (서울시 근대 양식건축 파사드의 표현 특성에 관한 연구)

  • Lee, Wan-Geon;Jung, Rye-Hwa
    • Korean Institute of Interior Design Journal
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    • v.18 no.2
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    • pp.16-24
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    • 2009
  • Urban is made over a long period of time. In the process, architecture involves design characteristics of age and place. In the case of modem western style architecture, just depend on the economic logic, they are continuously threatened during urban changes. Therefore, the purpose of this paper is to recognize modern western style architecture as valuable things, which represents color of urban, and to seek how it can be reused. This is a process in order to find a new method for conservation and reuse of modern western style architecture. The result are as followings. Modern western style architecture must be recognized as resource, which expresses identity of urban, and found a method for conservation and reuse of facade at least. So we need to search design characteristics of facade. It has been analyzed that assigned modem western style architecture in seoul can be divided into 6 groups. Each group has individual characteristics of facade expression, which is 'dormer', 'vent', 'balustrade', 'cornice', 'dome', 'tower', etc in top part, and 'the shape of window and door', 'the element of ornament', 'finish', etc in middle part.

A Study on the Course of the Inflow of Japanese-style houses and Western-Style Architecture (부산지역 일본인 주거지내의 일식주택과 양풍건축의 유입경로에 관한 연구)

  • 허만형
    • Journal of the Korean housing association
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    • v.12 no.3
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    • pp.51-60
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    • 2001
  • This study has tried to explain the background of the inflow of western-style architecture, the influx of foreign architectural technicians, the import of building materials, the inflow of Japanese-style houses, and the course of the inflow of western-style architecture in the Busan area since 1910 so as to make the basic data of the forming course of modern architecture and the study of the modern history of architecture in Korea. The results are as follows. 1) Japanese-style houses and western-style architecture in Korea were brought in by foreigners, not by Koreans, Also, in Busan all sorts of building materials were imported by Japanese. Japanese-style house and western-style architecture were built by Japanese. 2) Japan has planned the network of roads through the expectation of increasing Japanese in the concession. And constructed houses on the rule of construction since 1877. 3) Western-style architecture in Busan was mostly constructed by Japanese carpenters, and they imitated western-style architecture.

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A Study on the Types of the Modern Architecture by the Builders in Taegu Province (대구지역(大邱地域) 근대건축(近代建築)의 건립주체별(建立主體別) 유형분석(類型分析)에 관한 연구)

  • Yoon, Jae-Woong
    • Journal of architectural history
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    • v.1 no.1
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    • pp.129-141
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    • 1992
  • The purpose of this study was to investigate type of the modern architecture in Daegu province, based on 91 buildings which were built from 1886 to 1945 in Daegu province. The results of this study could be summarized as follows : The modern buildings were built by the western missionary, Japanese, Chineses and Korean. The catholic, built Korean style cathedral and parsonage early in the missionary period, then changed to build Gothic revival and georgian style masonary buildings. The protestant built eclectic buildings. With masonary structure and Korean roof style. Then from 1930's, they started to build Gothic revival style buildings. Japanese built eclectic buildings which mixed with Western and Japan type during the first period. Then, they also started to build Western eclectic building. Chinese built only two buildings during the whole periods and those were Western eclectic style buildings. Korean started to build commercial and school buildings which were Western style from the middle of the second period by nationalist and local commercialist.

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A Study on the acceptance phase of western architecture culture in Modern East-North Asia - Focused on church architecture of Modern Korea.China.Japan - (근대 동북아시아의 서양건축문화 수용양상에 관한 연구 - 한국.중국.일본의 교회건축을 중심으로 -)

  • Kim, Seung-Bae
    • Journal of architectural history
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    • v.7 no.4
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    • pp.131-150
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    • 1998
  • Main theme of this study is the acceptance phase of western architectural culture in modern east-north asia through a series of actual survey and typological analysis of existing church buildings in modern Korea. China. Japan. For this study, 126 modern church buildings of Korea, China, Japan are selected. Also, main subject of this study has deal with the side of culture - thought which background of christianity acceptance and acceptance mind of acceptance main-body, culture adaptation and transformation based on characteristic culturalization of Korea, China, Japan. Especially, I would consistently tried to see the acceptance phase of western architectural culture according to differential acceptance mind of acceptance main-body based on characteristic culturalization of three countries. Conclusively, in the point of view of western architectural culture acceptance phase, it could be said that Korean church architecture had characterized as a blending phase of the two eclectic architectural culture. And in the case of china, as a coexistance phase of the two architectural culture with more western style-oriented. On the other hand, Japanese church architecture had characterized as a syncretism phase of the both traditional and western architectural culture, though it is eclectic style-oriented. Therefore, it is thought that different acceptance mind of western culture had main factors caused of differential acceptance phase, when the two architectural culture, the traditional and the western, encounters.

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A Study on the Modern Domestic Architecture in Taegu Area after the End of the 19th Century (개항(開港) 이후(以後) 대구지역(大邱地域) 근대주거건축(近代住居建築)에 관한 연구(硏究))

  • Yoon, Jae-Woong
    • Journal of architectural history
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    • v.1 no.2
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    • pp.85-100
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    • 1992
  • This Study is to analize the transfiguration of the domestic architecture in the process of modernization. Thirty two houses which were located in Taegu province and constructed during the period from 1886 to 1945, were surveyed and analized about the characteristic and their transfiguration. The modern domestic architecture of Taegu province had been constructed greatly by the missonaries and Japanes. The history of development of modern houses in Teagu province can be devided into three period in accordance with the economic policy, housing style and the method of construction. The first period (1886-1910) was the beginning of the modern house. Most of the mission houses of that period were made with brick structure of korean-western style or colonial style. In the second period (1911-1926), colonial, Japanese-western, Japanese housing style were co-exited in Teagu province. During the third period (1927-1945) new method of construction using reinforced concrete and mortar was introduced, therefore the houses become row house (a two or three-family house) and much simpler.

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A Study on evaluation of recognition with type of Housing landscape in Donghae Seaside (동해연안의 주택경관 유형별 인지 평가에 관한 연구)

  • Cho, Won-Seok;Kim, Heung-Ki;Kim, Yong-Ki;Sin, Jung-Sup
    • Journal of the Korean Institute of Rural Architecture
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    • v.8 no.1
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    • pp.80-89
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    • 2006
  • This study is derived from relation between the natural landscape and architectural landscape. The type of landscape in Donghae seaside consist of three; Road, Mountain, Seaside. And we selected three landscapes about individual housing; Western, Traditional, Modern. This paper is analyzed 18-simulation scenes, which evaluated with semantic differential method in using 12-bipolar adjectives. The results of this study are as follows(ref: table 6). 1)The housing of western style do not correspond with landscape of Road, but landscape of mountain and seaside were suitable to the western style. 2)Mountain in Donghae seaside harmonizes with housing of traditional style. 3)Even though the housing of modern style were marked low assessment in three landscape, we found out relation, modern housing was well-matched with load landscape.

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A Research of that Architectural Influence of Bruno Taut on Japanese Modern Architecture (건축가 브르노 타우트가 일본 근대건축에 미친 영향에 관한 고찰)

  • 김기수
    • Korean Institute of Interior Design Journal
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    • v.13 no.2
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    • pp.20-28
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    • 2004
  • This paper aims at researching the characteristics in Bruno Taut of architecture and its influence In Japanese modern architecture. We also can study how to harmonize Japanese traditional architecture with western architecture through activities of Bruno Taut in Japan. Especially, Japanese architectural society had a dispute on their national architectural style in 1910. During the 1930's, however, the rationalist architects denied this 'Jaegwan' style architecture, and insisted a different new Japanese architectural style. Thus Japanese modem architecture adapted two axis of Western and Japan, it had been developed with their conflict and harmony by turns. This activities of Bruno Taut in Japan deeply and freshly influenced on the contemporary Japanese Architectural situation.

A Study on Characteristic of the Modern Government Office (근대 공공청사 실내공간의 표현성에 관한 연구)

  • Lee, Keun-Hye;Oh, In-Wook
    • Proceedings of the Korean Institute of Interior Design Conference
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    • pp.264-269
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    • 2007
  • Modern architecture does a role in terms of connecting traditional and current architecture. In the same time, Which is important part of korean architecture history because of introduction of western architecture. Accordingly, At this meaninglessly going out and leaving of modern architecture, the purpose of this study is systematic researching of the modern Government Office interior. I progressed this study to research into the period context at construction of the modern Government Office and tendency of architecture and interior at that time. And then understand interior space organization of it. The early modern Government Office adopted Neo-Baroque style from tendency of that time. Also, showed composite order which is mixed in the Greek temple, the Renaissance and the classic style representing the power. But, after late 1920 It adopted Modern Style. This characteristic is different from current composit order, which is comprehended by our. In order to understand aesthetic value of current straight interior space, It have to be interacted the present and past. But It's averted because it was made in the period of Japanese imperialism. Therefore, We should explore history of interior design that is endowed with sociality and historicity between modern and future interior space as well as current.

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A Study on Characteristic of the Modern Government Office (근대관청건물의 실내디자인 표현 특성에 관한 연구)

  • Oh, In-Wook;Lee, Keun-Hye
    • Korean Institute of Interior Design Journal
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    • v.16 no.5
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    • pp.3-12
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    • 2007
  • Modern architecture is very Important part of korean architecture history. Because It's a role in terms of connecting traditional and current architecture and introduction of western architecture. Accordingly, At this meaninglessly going out and leaving of modern architecture, the purpose of this study is systematic researching of the modern Government Office interior. This study to research into the period context at construction of the modern Government Office and tendency of architecture and interior at that time. And understand interior space organization of it. The modern Government Office adopted Neo-Baroque style from tendency of that time. Also, showed composite order which is mixed In the Creek temple, the Renaissance and the classic style representing the power. But, after late 1920 It adopted Modern Style. This characteristic is different from current composit order, which is comprehended by our. In order to understand aesthetic value of current straight interior space, It have to be Interacted the present and past. But It's averted because it was made In the period of Japanese imperialism. Therefore, We should explore history of interior design that is endowed with sociality and historicity between modern and future interior space as well as current.

A Case of the Early American College Building Tradition in Korea

  • Kim, Young Chul
    • Architectural research
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    • v.1 no.1
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    • pp.1-10
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    • 1999
  • During the first twenty-six years of its existence from 1954 to 1980, Keimyung University established on its Daemyung Campus a unique community of Western period-style buildings which recalls an old liberal arts college in America. During the first fifteen years, Keimyung built basically in the neo-Georgian style in accordance with the visions of the first two presidents, both of American nationality. During the next eleven years when Keimyung considerably expanded its facilities, it built in the neo-Classical style. The architecture of the Daemyung Campus is not without dynamism as it shows some efforts to integrate the expressions of the historical and the modern, culminating in the Main Library. The Daemyung Campus thus presents an interesting case study of how Western period-style architecture was assimilated in a provincial Korean city with a sense of an on-going building tradition.

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