• 제목/요약/키워드: Migration velocity

검색결과 120건 처리시간 0.132초

대륙붕 2광구 서해분지 북부지역의 3D전산처리 최적화 방안시 고려점 (The Consideration for Optimum 3D Seismic Processing Procedures in Block II, Northern Part of South Yellow Sea Basin)

  • 고승원;신국선;정현영
    • 한국석유지질학회지
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    • v.11 no.1
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    • pp.9-17
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    • 2005
  • 2광구의 주요 탐사지역에는 심도 1 km 내외의 부정합면 하부에 대규모 단층이 발달되어 있다. 통상 이 부정합 인근의 탄성파 속도차는 매우 큰 편으로서 강한 다중반사파가 흔하게 발달되었고 탄성파 단면도는 왜곡되어 중합단면의 질적 저하가 예상되었다. 구조 인근의 다중반사파를 제거하고 해상력을 제고하기 위해 15가지 이상의 다양한 전산처리 기법이 적용되었다. 진폭 감소보정, 미약한 F/K 적용으로 일관성 잡음을 감쇠시켰다. 중합전 예측디콘볼루션으로 페그레그 다중반사파를 제거하였고 중합속도를 구하기 위해 매 2 km 간격으로 분석되었다. 잔여 다중반사파도 parabolic 라돈 변형절차를 거쳐 제거되었다. 중합자료를 얻기 위해 곡선파 curved ray Kirchhoff형 알고리즘이 적용되었으며, MVA (migration velocity analysis)가 이용되었다. 결과적으로 자료 취득기간의 기상변화 등 취득시의 문제점으로 지적된 불량한 잡음이 섞인 트레이스는 최초로 CDP gathers에서 제거되었다. 이후 다수의 전산처리 기법을 써서 최적의 전산처리 변수가 구해졌으며 그 결과 서해대륙붕 2광구의 구조 및 층서 해석에 적합한 탄성파 단면도 획득을 위한 인자들을 얻을 수 있었다.

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Effect of Particle Migration of the Characteristics of Microchannel Flow

  • Kim Y. W.;Jin S. W.;Kim S. W.;Yoo J. Y.
    • 한국가시화정보학회:학술대회논문집
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    • pp.119-124
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    • 2004
  • Experimental study was conducted to characterize the flow effect of particle migration in a microchannel which can be used to deliver small amount of liquids, drugs, biological agents and particles in microfluidic devices. Fluorescent particles of $1\{mu}m$ diameter were used to obtain velocity profiles of the fluid in which large particles of $10\{mu}m$ diameter were suspended at different volume fraction of 0.6 and $0.8\%$. Measurements were obtained by using micro-PIV system which contains a Nd:YAG laser with a light of 532-nm wavelength, an inverted epi-fluorescent microscope and a cooled CCD camera to record particle images. The volume fraction of $\phi$ and the particle Reynolds number $Re_p$Rep were used as a parameter to assess the influence of the velocity profile of the suspensions. To expect the slip velocity between the particle and fluids, experiments were carried out at low volume fraction. It was shown that the velocity profile was not influenced by Rep but influenced by the volume fraction, which is in similar trend with the previous study.

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헤링본 조류판·브러시 겸용어도의 수리 및 어류 소상실험 (Hydraulic and Upstream Migratory Experiments on Combined Fishway of Herring-bone Bottom Baffle Type and Brush Type)

  • 이형래;김기흥
    • 한국환경복원기술학회지
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    • v.14 no.3
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    • pp.157-168
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    • 2011
  • In order to promote efficiency of upstream and downstream migration of fishes, this study has developed a combined fishway of herring-bone bottom baffle type and brush type fishways. The results obtained are as follows : 1. In a channel with constant incline, the velocity of current generally shows a distinct tendency of acceleration as it goes down the stream. But in the hydraulic experiment of herring-bone bottom baffle type fishway, the velocity reached its maximum only at 0.4m/sec, and it tended to be stable without any acceleration. 2. The velocity in the brush type fishway showed a distinct tendency of acceleration as the discharge increased. But its greatest velocity was only 0.3m/sec, and its velocity change according to the discharge increase was only 0.15m/sec at maximum. 3. The maximum velocity in the combined type fishway was less than half of the blast speed of the poorest swimmer, the juvenile eel with 90mm of body length. So any species of fishes are supposed to be able to migrate upstream from the estuary through this combined type fishway. 4. The field experiment of upstream migration showed that the combined type fishway can promote efficiency of upstream and downstream migration of any species of fishes.

심도영역 속도모델 구축을 위한 구조보정 속도분석(MVA) 기술의 탄성파 현장자료 적용성 연구 (A Study on Field Seismic Data Processing using Migration Velocity Analysis (MVA) for Depth-domain Velocity Model Building)

  • 손우현;김병엽
    • 지구물리와물리탐사
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    • v.22 no.4
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    • pp.225-238
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    • 2019
  • 최적의 심도 영역 속도를 도출하기 위한 구조보정 속도분석(MVA, migration velocity analysis) 기법을 해양에서 취득한 원거리 다중채널 탄성파 자료에 적용하여 그 효용성을 확인한다. 지금까지 통상적으로 수행된 시간 영역 자료처리 결과는 지질학적 층서해석에는 무리 없는 결과이나, 어느 정도 가능성이 있는 플레이나 리드 지역에서의 유가스 탐사에서는 저류층 지질모델 구축, 시추 설계, 매장량 계산에서 반드시 심도 영역 속도 구조와 영상이 필요하다. 데이터 영역에서 근사 방식을 사용한 공통 중간점 기반 속도 분석으로부터 도출한 속도는 처음부터 오차를 내재하여 불확실성이 높다. 반면에, 이를 보완해 줄 검층 자료가 없는 상황에서 실측 규모의 속도 구조를 도출하는데 있어 이미지 영역 구조보정 속도분석 기법은 상당히 효율적인 방법이다. 이 연구에서는 해양에서 취득한 다중 채널 탄성파자료에 대해 합리적인 결과를 도출하기 위해 시간 영역에서 신호의 품질을 최적화하고, 이 자료에 대하여 반복적으로 MVA 기법을 적용함으로써 심도영역 속도 및 구조보정 단면도를 도출하였다. 시간 영역 속도를 단순히 Dix 방정식에 의해 심도영역으로 변환한 속도를 이용하여 생성한 결과(공통 수신점 모음도 및 중합 단면도)와 MVA 기법을 이용한 심도영역 자료처리를 통해 도출된 속도를 이용하여 생성한 결과를 비교함으로써, 심도영역 결과가 보다 합리적임을 확인하였다. 심도 영역으로 도출된 속도는 중합전 심도 구조보정에 바로 사용될 수 있을 뿐만 아니라, 현장 자료의 파형역산 적용 시 초기 모델로 활용함으로써 역산 수행 과정에서 발생할 수 있는 국부 최소(local minima) 문제를 최소화할 수 있다.

PCB 전기적 신뢰성평가를 위한 이온 마이그레이션 가속시험 (Acceleration Test of Ion Migration for PCB Electronic Reliability Evaluation)

  • 이덕보;김정현;강수근;장석원;임재훈;유동수
    • 동력기계공학회지
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    • v.9 no.1
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    • pp.64-69
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    • 2005
  • In evaluation of electronic reliability on the PCB(Print Circuit Borad),electrochemical migration is one of main test objects. The phenomenon of electrochemical migration occurs in the environment of the hight humidity and the hight temperature under bias through a continuous aqueous electrolyte. In this paper, the generating mechanism of electrochemical migration is investigated by using water drop acceleration test under various waters. The waters used in the water drop test are city water, distilled water and ionic water. It found that the generated velocity of electrochemical migration depended on electrolyte quantity which included in the various waters.

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열모세관 현상에 의한 액체 슬러그 이동에 관한 연구 (A Study of Thermocapillary Migration of a Liquid Slug)

  • 김호영;김이구;강병하
    • 대한기계학회논문집B
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    • v.28 no.12
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    • pp.1521-1527
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    • 2004
  • Thermocapillary migration of a liquid slug is caused by temperature difference between the ends of a slug. The temperature difference induces the difference of the surface tension coefficient and consequently of capillary pressure between the ends of the slug. Presently available model to predict a velocity of thermocapillary migration adopts the Poiseuille equation which is valid only for a very long slug and neglects the shear stress near the contact line. In the present study, a new model has been developed to consider the shear stress near the contact line so that it can be applied to slugs or drops of general configuration. The experiments using mineral oil with the length to diameter ratio being 10 and a glass capillary were performed. It was found that the liquid slug began to move upon overcoming contact angle hysteresis when the temperature difference reached 35$^{\circ}C$. The results indicate that the new model well predicts the velocity of the liquid slug.

탄성파 간섭파를 이용한 중합전 구조보정 (Prestack migration using seismic interferometry)

  • 김영완;장성형;윤왕중;서상용
    • 한국신재생에너지학회:학술대회논문집
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    • pp.203-207
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    • 2008
  • Prestack depth migration is used to image for complex geological structure such as faults, folds, and subsalt. In this case, it is widely used the surface reflection data as a input data. However, the surface reflection data have intrinsic problems to image the subsalt and the salt flank due to the complex wavefields and multiples which come from overburden. For overcoming the structural defect of the surface reflection data in the imaging, I used the virtual sources in terms of seismic interferometry to image the subsurface and suppress the multiples using the velocity model of the lower part of the virtual sources. The results of the prestack depth migration using virtual source gathers and velocity model below receivers are similar geological interfaces to the results from shot gathers of the conventional ocean bottom seismic survey. And especially artificial interfaces by multiples were suppressed without applying any other data processing to eliminate multiples. This study results by numerical modeling can make a valuable imaging tool when it is applied to satisfied field data for specific condition.

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Effects of Electrohydrodynamic Flow and Turbulent Diffusion on Collection Efficiency of an Electrostatic Precipitator with Cavity Walls

  • 박석주;박영옥;김상수
    • 대한기계학회:학술대회논문집
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    • pp.97-103
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    • 2001
  • The effects of the electrohydrodynamic (EHD) flow and turbulent diffusion on the collection efficiency of a model ESP composed of the plates with a cavity were studied through numerical computation. The electric field and ion space charge density were calculated by the Poisson equation of the electrical potential and the current continuity equation. The EHD flow field was solved by the continuity and momentum equations of the gas phase including the electrical body force induced by the movement of ions under the electric field. The RNG $k-{\varepsilon}$ model was used to analyze the turbulent flow. The particle concentration distribution was calculated from the convective diffusion equation of the particle phase. As the ion space charge increased, the particulate collection efficiency increased because the electrical potential increased over the entire domain in the ESP. The collection efficiency decreased and then increased, i.e. had a minimum value, as the EHD circulating flow became stronger when the electrical migration velocity of the charged particle was low. However, the collection efficiency decreased with the stronger EHD flow when the electrical migration of the particle was higher relatively. The collection efficiency of the model ESP increased as the turbulent diffusivity of the particle increased when the electrical migration velocity of the particle was low. However, the collection efficiency decreased for increasing the turbulent diffusivity when the electrical migration of the particle was higher relatively.

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암염돔 하부 구조에 대한 구조보정 연구 (Imaging sub-salt structures)

  • 신창수;고승원;서영탁;편석준;김성훈;하완수
    • 한국지구물리탐사학회:학술대회논문집
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    • pp.113-117
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    • 2007
  • Sub-salt imaging is an unsolved hot issue in subsurface imaging area. We tested several important properties in imaging sub-salt structures to provide a clue to this problem. Reverse time migration using velocity models obtained by waveform inversion produced better results than that of stacking velocity analysis. Sub-salt imaging results were highly dependent on the size and shape of a salt structure. The results were not clear when the velocity of a salt structure is significantly higher than that of adjacent layers.

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RESIN TRANSFER MOLDING 공정에서의 기공 형성에 관한 3차원 모델링 (Three-Dimensional Modeling of Void Formation During Resin Transfer Molding)

  • 배준호;강문구;임성택;이우일
    • 대한기계학회:학술대회논문집
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    • pp.246-250
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    • 2001
  • In resin transfer molding (RTM), resin is forced to flow through the fiber perform of inhomogeneous permeability. This inhomogeneity is responsible for the mismatch of resin velocity within and between the fiber tows. The capillary pressure of the fiber tows exacerbates the spatial variation of the resin velocity. The resulting microscopic perturbations of resin velocity at the flow front allow numerous air voids to form. In this study, a mathematical model was developed to predict the formation and migration of micro-voids during resin transfer molding. A transport equation was employed to account for the migration of voids between fiber tows. Incorporating the proposed model into a resin flow simulator, the volumetric content of micro-voids in the preform could be obtained during the simulation of resin impregnation.

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