• Title/Summary/Keyword: Migration velocity

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The Consideration for Optimum 3D Seismic Processing Procedures in Block II, Northern Part of South Yellow Sea Basin (대륙붕 2광구 서해분지 북부지역의 3D전산처리 최적화 방안시 고려점)

  • Ko, Seung-Won;Shin, Kook-Sun;Jung, Hyun-Young
    • The Korean Journal of Petroleum Geology
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    • v.11 no.1
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    • pp.9-17
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    • 2005
  • In the main target area of the block II, Targe-scale faults occur below the unconformity developed around 1 km in depth. The contrast of seismic velocity around the unconformity is generally so large that the strong multiples and the radical velocity variation would deteriorate the quality of migrated section due to serious distortion. More than 15 kinds of data processing techniques have been applied to improve the image resolution for the structures farmed from this active crustal activity. The bad and noisy traces were edited on the common shot gathers in the first step to get rid of acquisition problems which could take place from unfavorable conditions such as climatic change during data acquisition. Correction of amplitude attenuation caused from spherical divergence and inelastic attenuation has been also applied. Mild F/K filter was used to attenuate coherent noise such as guided waves and side scatters. Predictive deconvolution has been applied before stacking to remove peg-leg multiples and water reverberations. The velocity analysis process was conducted at every 2 km interval to analyze migration velocity, and it was iterated to get the high fidelity image. The strum noise caused from streamer was completely removed by applying predictive deconvolution in time space and ${\tau}-P$ domain. Residual multiples caused from thin layer or water bottom were eliminated through parabolic radon transform demultiple process. The migration using curved ray Kirchhoff-style algorithm has been applied to stack data. The velocity obtained after several iteration approach for MVA (migration velocity analysis) was used instead or DMO for the migration velocity. Using various testing methods, optimum seismic processing parameter can be obtained for structural and stratigraphic interpretation in the Block II, Yellow Sea Basin.

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Effect of Particle Migration of the Characteristics of Microchannel Flow

  • Kim Y. W.;Jin S. W.;Kim S. W.;Yoo J. Y.
    • 한국가시화정보학회:학술대회논문집
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    • pp.119-124
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    • 2004
  • Experimental study was conducted to characterize the flow effect of particle migration in a microchannel which can be used to deliver small amount of liquids, drugs, biological agents and particles in microfluidic devices. Fluorescent particles of $1\{mu}m$ diameter were used to obtain velocity profiles of the fluid in which large particles of $10\{mu}m$ diameter were suspended at different volume fraction of 0.6 and $0.8\%$. Measurements were obtained by using micro-PIV system which contains a Nd:YAG laser with a light of 532-nm wavelength, an inverted epi-fluorescent microscope and a cooled CCD camera to record particle images. The volume fraction of $\phi$ and the particle Reynolds number $Re_p$Rep were used as a parameter to assess the influence of the velocity profile of the suspensions. To expect the slip velocity between the particle and fluids, experiments were carried out at low volume fraction. It was shown that the velocity profile was not influenced by Rep but influenced by the volume fraction, which is in similar trend with the previous study.

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Hydraulic and Upstream Migratory Experiments on Combined Fishway of Herring-bone Bottom Baffle Type and Brush Type (헤링본 조류판·브러시 겸용어도의 수리 및 어류 소상실험)

  • Lee, Hyeong Rae;Kim, Ki Heung
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Environmental Restoration Technology
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    • v.14 no.3
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    • pp.157-168
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    • 2011
  • In order to promote efficiency of upstream and downstream migration of fishes, this study has developed a combined fishway of herring-bone bottom baffle type and brush type fishways. The results obtained are as follows : 1. In a channel with constant incline, the velocity of current generally shows a distinct tendency of acceleration as it goes down the stream. But in the hydraulic experiment of herring-bone bottom baffle type fishway, the velocity reached its maximum only at 0.4m/sec, and it tended to be stable without any acceleration. 2. The velocity in the brush type fishway showed a distinct tendency of acceleration as the discharge increased. But its greatest velocity was only 0.3m/sec, and its velocity change according to the discharge increase was only 0.15m/sec at maximum. 3. The maximum velocity in the combined type fishway was less than half of the blast speed of the poorest swimmer, the juvenile eel with 90mm of body length. So any species of fishes are supposed to be able to migrate upstream from the estuary through this combined type fishway. 4. The field experiment of upstream migration showed that the combined type fishway can promote efficiency of upstream and downstream migration of any species of fishes.

A Study on Field Seismic Data Processing using Migration Velocity Analysis (MVA) for Depth-domain Velocity Model Building (심도영역 속도모델 구축을 위한 구조보정 속도분석(MVA) 기술의 탄성파 현장자료 적용성 연구)

  • Son, Woohyun;Kim, Byoung-yeop
    • Geophysics and Geophysical Exploration
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    • v.22 no.4
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    • pp.225-238
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    • 2019
  • Migration velocity analysis (MVA) for creating optimum depth-domain velocities in seismic imaging was applied to marine long-offset multi-channel data, and the effectiveness of the MVA approach was demonstrated by the combinations of conventional data processing procedures. The time-domain images generated by conventional time-processing scheme has been considered to be sufficient so far for the seismic stratigraphic interpretation. However, when the purpose of the seismic imaging moves to the hydrocarbon exploration, especially in the geologic modeling of the oil and gas play or lead area, drilling prognosis, in-place hydrocarbon volume estimation, the seismic images should be converted into depth domain or depth processing should be applied in the processing phase. CMP-based velocity analysis, which is mainly based on several approximations in the data domain, inherently contains errors and thus has high uncertainties. On the other hand, the MVA provides efficient and somewhat real-scale (in depth) images even if there are no logging data available. In this study, marine long-offset multi-channel seismic data were optimally processed in time domain to establish the most qualified dataset for the usage of the iterative MVA. Then, the depth-domain velocity profile was updated several times and the final velocity-in-depth was used for generating depth images (CRP gather and stack) and compared with the images obtained from the velocity-in-time. From the results, we were able to confirm the depth-domain results are more reasonable than the time-domain results. The spurious local minima, which can be occurred during the implementation of full waveform inversion, can be reduced when the result of MVA is used as an initial velocity model.

Acceleration Test of Ion Migration for PCB Electronic Reliability Evaluation (PCB 전기적 신뢰성평가를 위한 이온 마이그레이션 가속시험)

  • Lee, D.B.;Kim, J.H.;Kang, S.K.;Chang, S.W.;Lim, J.H.;Ryu, D.S.
    • Journal of Power System Engineering
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    • v.9 no.1
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    • pp.64-69
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    • 2005
  • In evaluation of electronic reliability on the PCB(Print Circuit Borad),electrochemical migration is one of main test objects. The phenomenon of electrochemical migration occurs in the environment of the hight humidity and the hight temperature under bias through a continuous aqueous electrolyte. In this paper, the generating mechanism of electrochemical migration is investigated by using water drop acceleration test under various waters. The waters used in the water drop test are city water, distilled water and ionic water. It found that the generated velocity of electrochemical migration depended on electrolyte quantity which included in the various waters.

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A Study of Thermocapillary Migration of a Liquid Slug (열모세관 현상에 의한 액체 슬러그 이동에 관한 연구)

  • Kim, Ho-Young;Kim, Yi-Gu;Kang, Byung-Ha
    • Transactions of the Korean Society of Mechanical Engineers B
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    • v.28 no.12
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    • pp.1521-1527
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    • 2004
  • Thermocapillary migration of a liquid slug is caused by temperature difference between the ends of a slug. The temperature difference induces the difference of the surface tension coefficient and consequently of capillary pressure between the ends of the slug. Presently available model to predict a velocity of thermocapillary migration adopts the Poiseuille equation which is valid only for a very long slug and neglects the shear stress near the contact line. In the present study, a new model has been developed to consider the shear stress near the contact line so that it can be applied to slugs or drops of general configuration. The experiments using mineral oil with the length to diameter ratio being 10 and a glass capillary were performed. It was found that the liquid slug began to move upon overcoming contact angle hysteresis when the temperature difference reached 35$^{\circ}C$. The results indicate that the new model well predicts the velocity of the liquid slug.

Prestack migration using seismic interferometry (탄성파 간섭파를 이용한 중합전 구조보정)

  • Kim, Young-Wan;Jang, Seong-Hyung;Yoon, Wang-Jung;Suh, Sang-Yong
    • 한국신재생에너지학회:학술대회논문집
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    • pp.203-207
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    • 2008
  • Prestack depth migration is used to image for complex geological structure such as faults, folds, and subsalt. In this case, it is widely used the surface reflection data as a input data. However, the surface reflection data have intrinsic problems to image the subsalt and the salt flank due to the complex wavefields and multiples which come from overburden. For overcoming the structural defect of the surface reflection data in the imaging, I used the virtual sources in terms of seismic interferometry to image the subsurface and suppress the multiples using the velocity model of the lower part of the virtual sources. The results of the prestack depth migration using virtual source gathers and velocity model below receivers are similar geological interfaces to the results from shot gathers of the conventional ocean bottom seismic survey. And especially artificial interfaces by multiples were suppressed without applying any other data processing to eliminate multiples. This study results by numerical modeling can make a valuable imaging tool when it is applied to satisfied field data for specific condition.

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Effects of Electrohydrodynamic Flow and Turbulent Diffusion on Collection Efficiency of an Electrostatic Precipitator with Cavity Walls

  • Park, Seok-Joo;Park, Young-Ok;Kim, Sang-Soo;McMurry, Peter H.
    • Proceedings of the KSME Conference
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    • pp.97-103
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    • 2001
  • The effects of the electrohydrodynamic (EHD) flow and turbulent diffusion on the collection efficiency of a model ESP composed of the plates with a cavity were studied through numerical computation. The electric field and ion space charge density were calculated by the Poisson equation of the electrical potential and the current continuity equation. The EHD flow field was solved by the continuity and momentum equations of the gas phase including the electrical body force induced by the movement of ions under the electric field. The RNG $k-{\varepsilon}$ model was used to analyze the turbulent flow. The particle concentration distribution was calculated from the convective diffusion equation of the particle phase. As the ion space charge increased, the particulate collection efficiency increased because the electrical potential increased over the entire domain in the ESP. The collection efficiency decreased and then increased, i.e. had a minimum value, as the EHD circulating flow became stronger when the electrical migration velocity of the charged particle was low. However, the collection efficiency decreased with the stronger EHD flow when the electrical migration of the particle was higher relatively. The collection efficiency of the model ESP increased as the turbulent diffusivity of the particle increased when the electrical migration velocity of the particle was low. However, the collection efficiency decreased for increasing the turbulent diffusivity when the electrical migration of the particle was higher relatively.

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Imaging sub-salt structures (암염돔 하부 구조에 대한 구조보정 연구)

  • Shin, Chang-Soo;Ko, Seung-Won;Seo, Young-Tak;Pyun, Suk-Joon;Kim, Sung-Hoon;Ha, Wan-Soo
    • 한국지구물리탐사학회:학술대회논문집
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    • pp.113-117
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    • 2007
  • Sub-salt imaging is an unsolved hot issue in subsurface imaging area. We tested several important properties in imaging sub-salt structures to provide a clue to this problem. Reverse time migration using velocity models obtained by waveform inversion produced better results than that of stacking velocity analysis. Sub-salt imaging results were highly dependent on the size and shape of a salt structure. The results were not clear when the velocity of a salt structure is significantly higher than that of adjacent layers.

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Three-Dimensional Modeling of Void Formation During Resin Transfer Molding (RESIN TRANSFER MOLDING 공정에서의 기공 형성에 관한 3차원 모델링)

  • Bae, Jun-Ho;Kang, Moon-Koo;Lim, Seoug-Taek;Lee, Woo-Il
    • Proceedings of the KSME Conference
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    • pp.246-250
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    • 2001
  • In resin transfer molding (RTM), resin is forced to flow through the fiber perform of inhomogeneous permeability. This inhomogeneity is responsible for the mismatch of resin velocity within and between the fiber tows. The capillary pressure of the fiber tows exacerbates the spatial variation of the resin velocity. The resulting microscopic perturbations of resin velocity at the flow front allow numerous air voids to form. In this study, a mathematical model was developed to predict the formation and migration of micro-voids during resin transfer molding. A transport equation was employed to account for the migration of voids between fiber tows. Incorporating the proposed model into a resin flow simulator, the volumetric content of micro-voids in the preform could be obtained during the simulation of resin impregnation.

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