• Title, Summary, Keyword: Mental Adjustment

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Correlation between Mental Adjustment to Cancer and Anxiety (암환자의 대응양식과 불안과의 관계)

  • Oh, Pok-Ja
    • Asian Oncology Nursing
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    • v.9 no.1
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    • pp.23-30
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    • 2009
  • Purpose: This study was to identify the relationship between mental adjustment to cancer and anxiety. Method: This study used a cross-sectional descriptive design. A total of 124 ambulatory cancer patients completed the Mental Adjustment to Cancer (MAC) scale and Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS). Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics, t-test, ANOVA and Pearson correlation. Results: There was a significantly negative correlation between anxiety and fighting spirit which was adaptive adjustment to cancer (r=-0.29, p<0.001). However, anxiety had significantly positive correlation with helplessness/hopelessness (r=0.38, p<0.001), anxious preoccupation (r=0.55, p< 0.001), and fatalism (r=0.22, p<0.05) to cancer. Conclusion: Cancer patients' mental adjustment is correlated with the degree of the psychosocial distress. Anxious preoccupation and helplessness/hopelessness are the most maladaptive adjustments whereas fighting spirit is one of the most adaptive adjustment to cancer.

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The Effects of Mental Health and Family Problem Solving Communication on Cancer Adjustment of Women with Cancer in Nursing Hospital (요양병원 여성 암 환자의 정신건강, 가족문제해결 의사소통이 암 적응에 미치는 영향)

  • Lim, Sunyoung;Ma, Ryewon;Park, Hyesun
    • Journal of The Korean Society of Integrative Medicine
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    • v.8 no.2
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    • pp.29-39
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    • 2020
  • Purpose : This study investigated the relationship among adjustment of cancer, mental health, and family problem solving communication of women with cancer. The purpose of this study was to determine how to improve the adjustment of cancer of women and improve women's mental health to form family problem solving communication. Methods : This correlational study was conducted among 101 women with cancer living in the Seoul region. Data collection occurred from August 1, 2018, to August 23. The data are reported as means and standard deviations and were analyzed with t tests, ANOVA, and Pearson's correlation regression using SPSS version 21.0. Results : The results of this study showed that adjustment to cancer significantly correlated with the education level of the participants (F=3.27, p<.05) and self-help group participation (F=3.156, p<.05). In this study, the mental health of female cancer patients significantly affected their adjustment to cancer (F=13.13, p<.001). These results explained 19.7% of the variance (F=13.13, p<.001) in mental health and adjustment to cancer in female cancer patients. Conclusion : In this study, mental health was significantly affected adjustment to cancer. The results suggest that adjustment to cancer can be promoted through the development and application of a nursing intervention program considering the mental health of female cancer patients. In addition, further research is required to identify the factors in consideration of various variables in addition to the sociodemographic and disease-related variables that may affect the adjustment to cancer of female cancer patients in nursing hospitals.

A Study of the Relation Between Perceived Family Support and Social Adjustment of Discharged Patients with Chronic Mental illness (퇴원한 만성 정신 질환자가 지각한 가족지지와 사회적 적응과의 관계 연구)

  • 현명선
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing
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    • v.22 no.3
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    • pp.352-361
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    • 1992
  • This study was designed to identify the relation between the perceived family support and social adjustment of discharged patients with chronic mental illnesses. The subjects for this study were 50 patients with chronic mental illnesses receiving out-patient treatment at one general hospital and one private hospital in Seoul. The data were collected during the period from April 25, 1991 to May 27, 1991. The perceived family support was measured by the Family Support Scale developed by Hyun Sook Kang. A questionnaire which was developed by Weissman was modified by the author of this study to measure the Social Adjustment. The data were analyzed by descriptive statistics and Pearson Correlation Coefficients, using the SPSS program. The results of this study can be summarized as following ; 1) For the perceived family support, the mean was 2.63 points and the source of family support was almost always the mother. 2) For the social adjustment level, the mean was 2.62 points, and the results showed the best social adjustment was in the area of parental role and family adjustment, and the poorer adjustment was in the area of work and leisure. 3) The relationship between the perceived family support and social adjustment revealed a significant correlation.(r=.38, p<.05) Therefore the hypothesis “the higher the level of perceived family support, the higher the social adjustment level” was accepted. In conclusion, the study revealed that family support is an important factor related to the social adjustment level in patients with chronic mental illnesses.

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Mediating Effects of Adult-Child Relationship and the Association between Marital Adjustment and Mental Health of Elderly Couples : An Application of the Actor-Partner Interdependence Model (노년기 부부의 결혼적응과 정신건강간의 관계에서 성인자녀관계의 매개효과 : 자기상대방효과 상호의존모형 적용(APIM))

  • Lee, Ju-Yeon;Chung, Hye-Jeong
    • Journal of Korean Home Management Association
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    • v.31 no.1
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    • pp.129-147
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    • 2013
  • The primary focus of the study assesses how individual spouses' and their partners' marital adjustment influence their own and their mental health. The study also examines whether this influence was mediated by the relationship with their adult-children. Data were collected from 271 dyads of elderly couples by using a self-report questionnaire. Marital adjustment was measured in terms of intimacy and comparison level of marriage. Mental health was measured in terms of depressive mood, anxiety, and somatization. The Actor-Partner Interdependence Model (APIM) analysis revealed that marital adjustment was positively associated with one's own mental health and with one's own relationship with their adult-children, but not with their partner's. On the other hand, the relationship with adult-children was positively associated with one's own and with their partner's mental health. Furthermore, analysis of the mediating model using APIM indicated that marital adjustment through one's own adult-children relationship had direct and indirect effects on one's own mental health. It is interesting to note that the wives' mental health were directly influenced by their partners' relationship with adult-children. However, the effect of the husbands' mental health was not significant. These findings highlight dyadic interdependence among spouses' perceptions of marital and adult-children relationship with their mental health. The results suggest implications for educators and clinicians working with elderly couples to improve their psychological and relational health.

Moderating Effects of Mindfulness on the Relationship between Mental Health and College Life Adjustment (대학생들의 정신건강과 대학생활적응 간의 관계에서 마음챙김의 조절효과)

  • Jeong, Goo-Churl;Jin, Ying-Hua
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.19 no.9
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    • pp.430-440
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    • 2019
  • This study analyzed the moderating effect of mindfulness on the relationship between college students' mental health and college life adjustment. The study subjects were 246 college students. Data were analyzed using ANOVA, Pearson's correlation analysis, and multiple regression analysis. The results of this study were as follows. First, the group with high satisfaction regarding their major showed significantly higher mindfulness and college life adjustment than the group with low satisfaction. Second, ta negative correlation was found between mental health(hypochondriasis, depression, psychopathic deviate, paranoia, schizophrenia, introversion) and mindfulness. Third, a significant negative correlation was found between mental health (depression, psychopathic deviate, paranoia, psychasthenia, schizophrenia, introversion) and college life adjustment. Fourth, mindfulness positively impacted college life adaptation. Fifth, mindfulness also had a significant moderating effect on the relationship between mental health (depression, psychopathic deviate, psychasthenia, schizophrenia, introversion) and college life adjustment. Thus, this study focused on the role and importance of mindfulness as a way to improve mental health and adjustment among college students.

The Influence of Communication, Resilience, Mental health on Military Adjustment of Soldiers in the Rear Air Force (후방 공군 병사의 의사소통, 회복탄력성, 정신건강이 군 적응에 미치는 영향)

  • AN, Hyo-Ja;Bae, Yeong-Ju;Cho, Myeong-Suk;Kim, Eun-Ha;Kim, Young-Ok;Lee, Young-Lye;Kim, Jeong
    • Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society
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    • v.17 no.7
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    • pp.694-703
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    • 2016
  • This study was designed to investigate the factors that influence soldiers' military adjustment in the rear air force. The data were collected through a survey of 160 soldiers in N city from Nov. 16th to Dec. 11th, 2015, using appropriate instruments to assess their military adjustment, type of communication, resilience and mental health, and analyzed using IBM SPSS WIN 21. The mean scores for military adjustment, resilience, mental well-being and disorder were $1.25{\pm}0.33$, $3.69{\pm}0.56$, $2.98{\pm}0.94$ and $1.24{\pm}0.36$, respectively. In the analysis of their general characteristics, there were significant differences in age, perceived health and future career. Significantly positive correlations were found between adjustment and placating, blaming and irrelevant communication and mental disorder and significantly negative correlations were found between adjustment and resilience and mental well-being. Mental disorder and blaming communication accounted for 41% of the variance in the military adjustment. The result of this study shows that soldiers' military adjustment is related to mental disorder and blaming communication.

The Influence of SNS Addiction Tendency and Mental Health on Adjustment to College life (SNS 중독경향성과 정신건강이 대학생활 적응에 미치는 영향)

  • Baek, Sun-Sook;Cho, Ju-Yeon
    • Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society
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    • v.17 no.7
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    • pp.77-85
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    • 2016
  • The present study evaluated the SNS addiction tendency, mental health, and the student's adjustment to college life to identify the correlations between each of these independent variables on the dependent variable, the adjustment to university life of undergraduate students. Data were collected from 197 subjects in K university of G city, using a self-administered questionnaire. Mental health was negatively correlated with the adaptation to university life. A significant influence of gender and mental health on the adjustment to college life was found in this sample. These findings are expected contribute to understanding and improving the adjustment to college life of undergraduate students. Based on these findings, it will be necessary to improve mental health and multidisciplinary interventions will be needed to support the adjustment to college life in undergraduate students. In addition, these findings would contribute to the development of programs for student's adaptation to college life.

Levels of and Predictors of Satisfaction with Life in Korean Adolescent (일부 지역 청소년의 삶의 만족에 영향을 미치는 요인)

  • Koo, Hyun-Young;Park, Hyun-Sook
    • Child Health Nursing Research
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    • v.11 no.3
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    • pp.322-329
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    • 2005
  • Purpose: This study was done to investigate satisfaction with life in adolescents, and to identify factors affecting satisfaction with lift for adolescents. Method: The participants were 540 adolescents. Data were collected through self-report questionnaires which were constructed to include satisfaction with life, mental health, family adaptability and cohesion, and school adjustment. The data were analyzed using the SPSS program. Results: Satisfaction with life in adolescents correlated with mental health, family adaptability and cohesion, and school adjustment. Satisfaction with lift in adolescents was significantly different according to scholastic achievement, parents being alive, economic level of family, and types of family cohesion and adaptability. Significant predictors influencing satisfaction with life in adolescents were school adjustment, family cohesion, mental health, and economic level of family, and these predictors accounted for $28.3\%$ of the variance in satisfaction with lift. Conclusion: The above findings indicate that satisfaction with life in adolescents is influenced by mental health, family function, and school adjustment. Therefore when nursing interventions are developed to improve satisfaction with life in adolescents, these factors need to be considered.

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Comparison of the Self-Care Behaviors according to Mental Adjustment to Cancer (암환자의 대응양식에 따른 자가간호행위 비교연구)

  • Oh, Pok-Ja
    • Asian Oncology Nursing
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    • v.9 no.2
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    • pp.136-144
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    • 2009
  • Purpose: This study was to compare the differences in self-care behaviors between the group with fighting spirit and the group with helplessness. Methods: This study utilized a cross-sectional descriptive design. A total of 97 ambulatory cancer patients completed the Mental Adjustment to Cancer (MAC) scale by Watson et al. (1988) and Self Care Behaviors Scale by Oh et al. (1997). The data was analysed using frequency, percentage, t-test, ANOVA, Pearson's correlation and stepwise multiple regression. Results: Fighting spirit group were found to conduct self-care behaviors more compared to the helplessness group (t=3.346, p<.0001). The score of the self-care behaviors in fighting spirit group was 4.42 out of a total score of 7 and that of helplessness group was 3.85. There was a significant difference (p<.0001) in self-care behaviors according to the level of faith and performance status. Fighting spirit ($R^2$=0.120, p<.0001), performance status ($R^2$=0.078, p=.001) were predictive of self-care behaviors. Conclusion: Cancer patients' mental adjustment is correlated with the degree of self-care behaviors. Having fighting spirit is one of the most adaptive techniques that cancer patients could use in adjustment to the life with cancer.

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Recovery of People Living with Mental Illness: A Concept Analysis (정신질환의 회복[Recovery] 개념분석)

  • Yeu, Ki-Dong;Bernstein, Kun-Sook;Lee, Mi-Hyoung
    • Journal of Korean Academic Society of Home Health Care Nursing
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    • v.19 no.1
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    • pp.46-54
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    • 2012
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study is to analyze the concept of recovery in relation to those living with mental illness and provide a better understanding to the definition, perspectives, and paradigm of recovery in phenomenon, as a conceptual knowledge. Methods: A literature review was conducted to define the concept of recovery from a mental illness by using key words, "recovery", "mental health and illness", "concept analysis" and "recovery-oriented nursing", and searching the Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature, PubMed, Cochrane library and RISS4U database. Concept analysis of recovery was done, by using the Walker and Avant's framework of concept analysis. Results: Attributes of recovery for those living with mental illness included regain, life reconstruction, hope, adjustment, and health. Antecedents of recovery from mental illness included instilling hope, recovery vision, belief, peer support, recovery-oriented services, empowerment, personal accountability, education, human rights and culture. The consequences, as meanings of recovery included self-esteem, hopeful life, positive adjustment, and healthy life. Conclusion: Concept of recovery is important for a nurse to understand when caring for a person living with mental illness. This concept of recovery from mental illness may apply to future studies to develop a recovery-oriented nursing intervention.

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