• Title, Summary, Keyword: Mass culture

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Optimization of Outdoor Cultivation of Spirulina platensis and Control ofContaminant Organisms (Spirulina platensis의 옥외배양 최적화 및 오염생물 구제)

  • Kim, Choong-Jae;Jung, Yun-Ho;Choi, Gang-Guk;Park, Yong-Ha;Ahn, Chi-Yong;Oh, Hee-Mock
    • ALGAE
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    • v.21 no.1
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    • pp.133-139
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    • 2006
  • Outdoor cultivation of cyanobacterium Spirulina platensis was carried out for 40 days in a batch mode. A half concentration of the SOT based on the underground water was used as culture medium. Working volume was 5.7 tons with 0.2 m depth. During cultivation, mean water temperature, DO and light intensity were all in proper conditions for the S. platensis growth. The adjustment of pH to over 10 with Na2CO3 and addition of the 1.5% natural salt were very effective to delete contaminant organisms, Chlamydomonas moewusii and Chlorella minutissima occurred one after the other in the culture. The mean productivity of the biomass based on the dry cell weight from 14 to 25 days, after the contaminants were deleted, was 7.8 g ·m–2· d–1, which was relatively high productivity in that a half concentration of the SOT was used for the culture. Underground water used in the culture minimized contaminants invasion and addition of the 1.5% natural salt was effective to delete contaminants as well as acted as mineral supplement in outdoor cultivation of S. platensis. Harvesting using the floating activity of S. platensis was effective from mass floating in day time after overnight without agitation and illumination.

Investigation of interference current distribution in a long line scallop cage aquaculture (수하식 큰가리비 양식의 채롱간 조류의 흐름 간섭현상 규명)

  • Kim, Hyun-Young;OH, Bong-Se;Cha, Bong-Jin;Park, Mi-Seon
    • The Korean Journal of Malacology
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    • v.30 no.3
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    • pp.273-279
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    • 2014
  • The mass mortalities have been occurring of Korean scallop Patinopecten yessoensis from 1997's to now in Korea east sea. Cages behavior and interference effect (common name; curtain effect) between scallop cages were investigated in culture grounds on the eastern coastal waters of Korea for understand to mechanism of rising about mass mortalities of Korean scallop quickly. The first experiment was carried out in circulating water channel to assess inclination angel from relationship between velocity and cages interval, velocity with culture cages position. An angle of inclination of scallop culture cages were 94.6 to 92.3 degree under a several velocity which were from 0.1 m/s and 131.9 to 118.1 degree under 0.5 m/s with cages interval were 1 m, 94.3 to 91.0 degree under velocity is 0.1 m/s and 133.2 to 122.4 degree under 0.5 m/s with cages interval were 1.5 m and 94.6 to 96.4 degree under velocity is 0.1 m/s and 131.7 to 131.8 under 0.5 m/s with cages interval were 2 m. The second experiment was designed to prove the tank test. Velocities were measured inside and outside of the scallop culture ground at eastern sea of Korea. The velocity of inside of the culture was the slowest as 0.1m/s. In this result, interference between former cage and after cage was occurred.

A Critical Review on the use of Media Platform in Dance: Focused on popularization strategy (무용의 미디어 플랫폼 활용에 대한 비판적 고찰: 대중화 전략을 중심으로)

  • YIM, Sujin
    • Trans-
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    • v.5
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    • pp.29-48
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    • 2018
  • This study examines the popularization strategy of domestic dance field through media platform and examines it based on the interaction of cultural participants. What does popularization of dance ultimately mean? What are the characteristics of media-based popularization strategies? Can all of these attempts be understood as popularization strategy with same attributes? The purpose of this study is to examine the characteristics of broadcasting media, which are used as the main medium of dance popularization strategy, and the online platform that recently attracts attention, and to focus on the communication process of cultural participants related to each media. Through this approach, media based activities turns out to be Mass Culture, controlled by businessman, capital, making it impossible for the creator to communicate directly with the audience, and producing the cultural products planned by the businessman. On the other hand, an online community platform is classified as Popular Culture since it allows creator to communicate and interact with audience without the direct involvement of the businessman and guarantees the rights of creation. Thereby it function as appropriate media platform and expand the discourse on popularization of dance in Korea.

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Effects of Temperature and Salinity on Productivity and Growth of Five Copepod Species (수온과 염분에 따른 5종 요각류의 성장과 생산력)

  • LEE Kyun Woo;PARK Heum Gi
    • Korean Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences
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    • v.38 no.1
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    • pp.12-19
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    • 2005
  • This study investigated the productivity and growth of copepods, Sinocalanus tenellus 2 strains, Paracyclopina nana 3 strains, Apocyclops royi 2 strains, Tachidius triangularis 1 strain and Tigriopus sp. 1 strain at different temperatures $(24,\;28\;and\;32^{\circ}C)$ under 15 psu and various salinities (10, 20, 30 psu) at $28^{\circ}C$ for an individual culture. And the mass culture was carried out to evaluate the production of these copepods in the 500 mL vessel. For an individual culture of copepod, survival period of a brood female tended to increase with the decrease of temperature, but was not significantly influenced by salinity. With an increase of temperature and a decrease of salinity, maturation period of nauplii in all species tended to decrease. Total nauglii production from a broodo female at $24^{\circ}C$ was higoher than that from a brood .female at either 28 or $32^{\circ}C$ for S. tenellus and at $32^{\circ}C$ than either 24 or $32^{\circ}C$ for A. royi Haenam stram, but was not influenced by temperature for another copepods. And total nauplii production from a brood female at 10 and 20 psu tended to be higher than that from a brood female at 30 psu, expect for Tigriopus sp. and P. nana Hwajinpo strain. Total nauplii production from a brood female was the highest in Tigriopus sp. (350 nauplii) at $28^{\circ}C$ under 20 psu, followed by A. royi Haenam strain (187 nauplii) at $32^{\circ}C$ under 15 psu and P. nana Hwajinpo strain (152 nauplii) at $24^{\circ}C$ under 10 psu. In the mass culture of each copepod, P. nana was the most productive (26.6 mg dry weight) and this value was two and four times higher than productivity of Tigriopus sp. and A. royi, respectively.

Growth conditions of symbiosis for production of single cell protein (단세포단백질 생산을 위한 혼합배양의 생육조건)

  • Lee, Hae-Kyoung;Chung, Yung-Gun;Kwon, Oh-Jin
    • Applied Biological Chemistry
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    • v.39 no.5
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    • pp.343-348
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    • 1996
  • Experiments were carried out to find possibility of economic production of SCP in mixed culture by Cellulomonas sp. KL-6 and E. coli LI-10. The best cell growth was obtained at the ratio of 1 : 1(v/v) in mixed culture. When these strains were mixed culture, cell growth was increased to about 63%, compared with those of single culture of strain KL-6. It was found that the majority of the population during growth in mixed culture consisted of strain KL-6. $CaCO_3$ added to the medium as the ratio of 0.1% was enhanced medium pH. Cell growth increased in that circumstances. These strains produced much amounts of cellobiose, but glucose was not detected in filter paper medium. When these organisms were cultured under the optimal medium for 4 days, cell mass was produced $1.0\;g/{\ell}$. The results showed the increase of cell mass up to 53% than those produced in CMC medium.

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The ecosystem modelling for enhancement of primary productivity in Kamak Bay (가모만에서의 기초생산력 향상방안에 관한 생태계모델링)

  • Lee, Dae-In;Jo, Eun-Il;Park, Cheong-Gil
    • Journal of Environmental Science International
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    • v.8 no.5
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    • pp.575-586
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    • 1999
  • From the environmental aspects, primary productivity of phytoplankton plays the most improtant role in enhancement of marine culture oyster production. This study may be divided into two branches; one is estimation of maximum oyster meat production per unit facility(Carrying Capacity) under the present enviromental conditions in Kamak Bay, the other is improvement of carrying from increase of primary productivity by changing the environmental conditions that cause not ot form an unfavorable environment such as the formation of oxygen deficient water mass using the eco-hydrodynamic model. By simulation of three-dimensional hydrdynamic model and ecosystem model, the comparison between observed and computed data showed good agreement. The results of sensitivity analysis showed that phytoplankton maximum growth rate was the most important parameter for phytoplankton and dissolved oxygen. The estimation of mean primary productivity of Wonpo, Kamak, Pyongsa, and Kunnae culture grounds in Kamak Bay during culturing period were 3.73gC/$m^2$/d, 2.12gC/$m^2$/d, 1.98gC/$m^2$/d, and 1.26gC/$m^2$/d, respectively. Under condition not ot form the oxygen deficient water mass, four times increasing of pollutants loading as much as the present loading from river increased mean primary productivity of whole culture grounds to 4.02gC/$m^2$/d. Sediment N, P fluxes that allowed for 35% increasing from the present conditions increased mean primary productivity of whole culture grounds to 3.65gC/$m^2$/d. Finally, ten times increasing of boundary loadings from the present conditions increased mean primary productivity of whole culture grounds to 3.95gC/$m^2$/d. The maximum oyster meat production per year and that of unit facility in actual oyster culture grounds under the present conditions were 6,929ton and 0.93ton, respectively. This 0.93ton/unit facility is considered to be the carrying capacity in study area, and if the primary productivity is increased by changing the environmental conditions, oyster production can be increased.

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Chlorella cultivation for mass culture of rotifer, Brachionus Plicatilis I. Selection of suitable Chlorella species (Rotifer (Brachionus Plicatilis) 사육을 위한 Chlorella의 배양 1. 적종 Chlorella의 선택)

  • HUR Sung Bum;KIM Hyun-Jun
    • Journal of Aquaculture
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    • v.1 no.2
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    • pp.135-143
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    • 1988
  • Rotifers became an important live food for fish larvae, especially for marine fishes, and Chlorella has been used as a very useful food for the mass culture of rotifer. However, not many tests for suitable Chorella species for the mass culture of rotifer were done and many of Chlorella sp. have been used without consideration of species for this purpose. There-fore, two species of marine Chlorella and four species of freshwater Chlorella were tested to select suitable species for the mass culture of a rotifer, Brachionus plicatilis. These Chlorella species were cultured in five different culture media; f/2, Erdschreiber, Complesal for marine species and S$\cdot$K, Wai and Complesal for freshwater species. Proximate analyses were done to see the protein, lipid and ash contents of a marine species, C. ellipsoidea and a freshwater species, C. vulgaris. Amino acids content of these species were also tested. C. ellipsoidea and C. vulgaris showed better growth than the other species. For marine Chlorella sp., f/2 media was better than Erdschreiber and Complesal. But for the freshwater species, Complesal showed the best result in growth. By the proximate analyses, C. ellipsoidea has higher lipid contents whereas C. vulgaris has higher protein and ash. In the analysis of amino acid of Chlorella, it was remarkable that freshwater Chlorella, C. vulgaris, has high content of $NH_3$ comparing with marine Chlorella, C, ellipsoidea. According to the above results, C. vulgaris seems have higher possibilities for mass culture of rotifer but further studies are needed.

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A Declaration of Love all the Same: Chicago and Modern Boy

  • Lee, Yujung
    • Cross-Cultural Studies
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    • v.20
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    • pp.241-274
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    • 2010
  • Due to the remarkable changes in the early twentieth century, the new invention and technology impacted peoples' everyday lives and people started to use the word, modern, to apply specifically to what pertained to present times and to designate a movement in what was new and not old-fashioned-a condition of newness. In the present day, however, the fantastic cultural changes of a century ago have now become commonplace, and what was once considered radically new is no longer a reason to marvel. This paper considers what it mean to be modern, once the new is no longer new. This question seems to remain as complicated and inappropriate to ponder because the consideration and impact of modernity cannot simply end with the end of an era. This paper investigates how the interconnected nature of popular culture provides apt illustrations to reveal the ambivalent nature of modernity and postmodernity. In doing so, first of all, this paper pays attentions to the notion of modernity and popular culture which emerged together in the early twentieth century when technology and mass consumer culture were promoted over the world. Also, it examines how popular culture represents a complex of mutually-interdependent perspectives and values that influence society and its institutions in various ways as the image of modernity continues to build in a postmodern era. That is, popular culture is identified as a large amount of intertextuality or collective experiences due to its intermingling of complementary distribution sources and techonology. Thus, this paper explores that popular culture devotes itself other images or narratives instead of referring to the real world and its output revisits the contemporary or past times in other places, being a means to produce and reproduce the accumulated images of the modern which shapes ceaseless simulacra of modernity over complexities of modernity. In order to find a critical juncture of the complex networks of modernity and popular culture, this paper considers two places, Chicago and Gyeongsung in the 1920s and 1930s in which the rapid modern experience took place and the modern movement forced the two societies to join the mass consumer culture whether willingly or not. Next, this paper considers two movies released in 2002 and 2008 that exemplify the complexities of modernity in Chicago and Gyeongung of the 1920s and 30s: Chicago and Modern Boy. Both films have common themes of the 1920s and 30s such as violence, adultery, femme fatal, and criminal themes with the forms of musical, dance, drama, and romance. Through the textual analysis of both Chicago and Modern Boy, two films are compared in observing the similar and different ways in which two films deal with the theme of modernity when they are represented from the contemporary perspectives. More specifically, this paper questions how modernity is present in contemporary cultural forms such as commercial and hybrid genre films; and how these movies create a new image of modern by embodying the double coding. Ultimately, this paper aims at realizing the paradox of double edged modernity and its ongoing discourse that controls people's consciousness through the medium of popular culture.

Mass Customization and the Level of Customers' Needs for Beauty Salon (미용실 고객의 매스 커스터마이제이션 요구 수준)

  • Kwon, Tae-Shin;Kim, Yong-Sook
    • The Research Journal of the Costume Culture
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    • v.20 no.1
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    • pp.1-17
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    • 2012
  • The purposes of this study were to analyze factors of mass customization for hair salon's customers and to identify the differences among groups segmented by mass customization level. The self-administered questionnaire was used for data collection. The respondents were 423 women using hair salons. Factors of hair salon's mass customization implementation were sanitary condition & hair salon's staff, hair styling technique, communication service, tangible service, monetary support, convenience service, and visible service. Hair salon's customers were categorized into the high-level of needs group, the middle-level of needs group, and the low-level of needs group. The high-level of needs group consisted of university students or women with a higher education or higher income. This group selected beauty salons by the promotion or advertisements, preferred their own unique hair style or a little-fashionable hair style, and showed a lower level of patronage. The middle-level of needs group consisted of university students or women with a higher education or higher incomes. They selected hair salons by service prices, preferred a basic hair style, and showed a midium level of patronage. The low-level of needs group consisted of women with lower education or lower income. They selected beauty salons by career of hair dressers or the promotion or advertisement, preferred highly fashionable hair style, and showed high level of patronage.

A Study on the Use of MTM CAD Program for Mass Customization of Men′s Suit (남성정장의 대량맞춤생산을 위한 MTM CAD시스템 활용실태연구)

  • 천종숙;임호선
    • The Research Journal of the Costume Culture
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    • v.11 no.5
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    • pp.647-656
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    • 2003
  • Mass customization utilizes the new computer technologies, supply chain management, product information management, and some level of customization of the product for the individual customer. This study aimed at grasping the actual conditions of mass customization of domestic men's suit industry and the use of MTM CAD program. The MTM apparel production programs that are used by five leading men's suit manufacturers in Korea were compared. The results of the study showed that most of the manufacturers produced mass customized men's suits to supply extraordinarily large or small size suit based on the individual order. The information listed on an order sheet used at shops was not necessarily corresponding to the information in the MTM CAD program that is use for production of suit ordered from the shop. The pattern data base on the MTM CAD program are constructed based on the sizing system of individual manufacturer. The most manufacturers translated the customer's body dimensions into difference between the standard pattern and the customer's needed adjustment.

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