• Title, Summary, Keyword: Mandibular Reconstruction

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Condyle dislocation following mandibular reconstruction using a fibula free flap: complication cases

  • Kang, Sang-Hoon;Lee, Sanghoon;Nam, Woong
    • Maxillofacial Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
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    • v.41
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    • pp.14.1-14.10
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    • 2019
  • Background: Condylar dislocation can arise as a complication in patients who required mandibular and/or condylar reconstruction and were operated on with fibula free flap (FFF) using surgical guides designed using simulation surgery. Surgeons should be aware of the complications in these present cases when planning and performing reconstructions as well as predicting prognoses. Cases presentation: Two cases showed condylar dislocation in mandibular reconstruction using a FFF fixed with a reconstruction plate. Three cases showed condylar dislocation in mandibular reconstruction using a fibula free flap fixed with a mini-plate. Conclusion: Despite the lack of clinical symptoms in these cases following mandibular reconstruction using an FFF, the mandibular condyle was severely displaced away from the glenoid fossa. A surgeon must have sufficient time to consider the use of a long flap with thickness similar to that of the mandible, ways to minimize span and bending, and methods of fixation. The patient, moreover, should be educated on condylar dislocation. Customized CAD/CAM-prototyped temporomandibular condyle-connected plates may be a good alternative even if virtual simulation surgery is to be performed before surgery. These considerations may help reduce the incidence of complications after mandibular reconstruction.

Mandibular Reconstruction using Simulation Surgery after Segmental Mandibulectomy

  • Hwang, Jong-Hyun;Kim, Ji-Wan;Ahn, Kang-Min
    • Journal of International Society for Simulation Surgery
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    • v.3 no.1
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    • pp.12-15
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    • 2016
  • Functional and esthetic reconstruction after segmental mandibulectomy is one of the most challenging surgeries in microsurgical reconstruction field. Simulation surgery before free flap reconstruction has been performed for efficient surgery and successful results. Fibula free flap is the flap of the choice for reconstruction of the segmental mandibular defect. Straight nature of the fibula bone requires multiple segmentations to fit into mandible. 3D rapid prototype (RP) model gives a lot of information for mandibular reconstruction. The purpose of this study was to report mandibular reconstruction with free fibular flap using simulation surgery. A total of 30 consecutive patients were included for functional and esthetic evaluation. Among 30 patients, two flaps showed necrosis after radiotherapy. The other flaps were all survived and showed successful reconstruction in both function and esthetics.

Comparison of Mechanical Stability between Fibular Free Flap Reconstruction versus Locking Mandibular Reconstruction Plate Fixation

  • Chung, Jae-Hyun;Yoon, Eul-Sik;Park, Seung-Ha;Lee, Byung-Il;Kim, Hyon-Surk;You, Hi-Jin
    • Archives of Craniofacial Surgery
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    • v.15 no.2
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    • pp.75-81
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    • 2014
  • Background: The fibular free flap has been used as the standard methods of segmental mandibular reconstruction. The objective of mandibular reconstruction not only includes restored continuity of the mandible but also the recovery of optimal function. This paper emphasizes the advantage of the fibular free flap reconstruction over that of locking mandibular reconstruction plate fixation. Methods: The hospital charts of all patients (n=20) who had a mandibular reconstruction between 1994 and 2013 were retrospectively reviewed. Eight patients had plateonly fixation of the mandible, and the remaining 12 had vascularized fibular free flap reconstruction. Complications and outcomes were reviewed and compared between the 2 groups via statistical analysis. Results: Overall complication rates were significantly lower in the fibular flap group (8.3%) than in the plate fixation group (87.5%; p =0.001). Most (7/8) patients in the plate fixation group had experienced plate-related late complications, including plate fracture or exposure. In the fibular flap group, no complications were observed, except for a single case of donor-site wound dehiscence (1/12). Conclusion: The fibular free flap provides a more stable support and additional soft tissue support for the plate, thereby minimizing the risk of plate-related complications. Fibular free flap is the most reliable option for mandibular reconstruction, and we believe that the flap should be performed primarily whenever possible.

Fibular Free Flap Mandibular Reconstruction (유리 비골 전이술을 이용한 하악골 재건술)

  • Oh, Myung-Rok;Lee, Nae-Ho;Yang, Kyung-Moo
    • Archives of Reconstructive Microsurgery
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    • v.8 no.1
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    • pp.28-34
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    • 1999
  • The need for reconstruction of large bone, soft tissue defect of mandible has greater emphasis due to development of industry, traumatic accident and increase of tumor. The mandibular reconstruction had greatly progressed through the first and the second World Wars. The Fibular free flap by using microscope was reported in 1970 and many maxillofacial reconstructive surgeons had used. In 1988, Dr. Hidalgo first reported mandibular reconstruction by using fibular free flap. Mandibular reconstruction by using fibular free flap has several advantages. First, it provides up to 25 cm of bone, enough to reconstruct any length of mandible defect. Second, a skin island, based on a septocutaneous blood supply, is available in a size large enough to simultaneously reconstruct internal and external soft tissue defect. Third, The fibular donor site morbidity is low, fourth, it provides a esthetic effect of mandible line. And finally bone viability is good. The Fibular osteocutaneous free flap was performed after COMMANDO operation due to squamous cell cancer in oral cavity (15 cases). Therefore we report out successful operation of the mandible reconstruction by using fibular osteocutaneous free flap.

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Mandibular reconstruction with a ready-made type and a custom-made type titanium mesh after mandibular resection in patients with oral cancer

  • Lee, Won-bum;Choi, Won-hyuk;Lee, Hyeong-geun;Choi, Na-rae;Hwang, Dae-seok;Kim, Uk-kyu
    • Maxillofacial Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
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    • v.40
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    • pp.35.1-35.7
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    • 2018
  • Background: After the resection at the mandibular site involving oral cancer, free vascularized fibular graft, a type of vascularized autograft, is often used for the mandibular reconstruction. Titanium mesh (T-mesh) and particulate cancellous bone and marrow (PCBM), however, a type of non-vascularized autograft, can also be used for the reconstruction. With the T-mesh applied even in the chin and angle areas, an aesthetic contour with adequate strength and stable fixation can be achieved, and the pores of the mesh will allow the rapid revascularization of the bone graft site. Especially, this technique does not require microvascular training; as such, the surgery time can be shortened. This advantage allows older patients to undergo the reconstructive surgery. Case presentation: Reported in this article are two cases of mandibular reconstruction using the ready-made type and custom-made type T-mesh, respectively, after mandibular resection. We had operated double blind peer-review process. A 79-year-old female patient visited the authors' clinic with gingival swelling and pain on the left mandibular region. After wide excision and segmental mandibulectomy, a pectoralis major myocutaneous flap was used to cover the intraoral defect. Fourteen months postoperatively, reconstruction using a ready-made type T-mesh (Striker-Leibinger, Freibrug, Germany) and iliac PCBM was done to repair the mandible left body defect. Another 62-year-old female patient visited the authors' clinic with pain on the right mandibular region. After wide excision and segmental mandibulectomy on the mandibular squamous cell carcinoma (SCC), reconstruction was done with a reconstruction plate and a right fibula free flap. Sixteen months postoperatively, reconstruction using a custom-made type T-mesh and iliac PCBM was done to repair the mandibular defect after the failure of the fibula free flap. The CAD-CAM T-mesh was made prior to the operation. Conclusions: In both cases, sufficient new-bone formation was observed in terms of volume and strength. In the CAD-CAM custom-made type T-mesh case, especially, it was much easier to fix screws onto the adjacent mandible, and after the removal of the mesh, the appearance of both patients improved, and the neo-mandibular body showed adequate bony volume for implant or prosthetic restoration.

A two-year audit of non-vascularized iliac crest bone graft for mandibular reconstruction: technique, experience and challenges

  • Omeje, Kelvin;Efunkoya, Akinwale;Amole, Ibiyinka;Akhiwu, Benjamin;Osunde, Daniel
    • Journal of the Korean Association of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeons
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    • v.40 no.6
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    • pp.272-277
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    • 2014
  • Objectives: Non-vascularized iliac crest bone graft (NVIBG) is a known treatment option in mandibular reconstruction following jaw resection, but no documented review of patients treated with NVIBG exists for northern Nigeria. The experience and technique from a Nigerian tertiary hospital may serve as baseline data for comparison and improvement of practice for other institutions. Materials and Methods: A retrospective review of medical records and patient case files from January 2012 to December 2013 was undertaken. All case files and other medical records of patients who had reconstruction with NVIBG for benign or malignant lesions with immediate or delayed reconstruction were selected for review. Results: Twenty patients had mandibular reconstruction with NVIBG during the study period. Two patients were excluded because of incomplete medical records. Eighteen patients' (male=14, female=4) records were reviewed. Their ages ranged from 13 to 62 years (mean $26.0{\pm}10.6years$). Indications for NVIBG included jaw tumors (n=16; 88.3%), jaw cyst (n=1; 5.6%) and gunshot injury (n=1; 5.6%). Jaw tumors seen were ameloblastoma (n=15; 83.3%) and osteosarcoma (n=1; 5.6%). Treatments done were mandibular resection with condylar resection (n=7; 38.9%), mandibular segmental resection (n=10; 55.6%) and subtotal mandibulectomy (n=1; 5.6%). Patients' postoperative reviews and radiographs revealed good facial profile and continued bone stability up to 1 year following NVIBG. Conclusion: NVIBGs provide an acceptable alternative to vascularized bone grafts, genetically engineered bone, and distraction osteogenesis for mandibular reconstruction in resource-limited centers.

RESTORATION OF MANDIBULAR CONTINUITY USING MANDIBULAR TRANSPORT DISTRACTOR GUIDED BY RECONSTRUCTION PLATE (재건용금속판을 따라 하악골편 전이 골신장기를 이용한 하악골 연속성의 회복)

  • Kim, Soung-Min;Chung, Ji-Hun;Kim, Han-Seok;Kim, Ji-Hyuck;Park, Young-Wook;Lee, Jong-Ho
    • Maxillofacial Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
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    • v.29 no.5
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    • pp.429-438
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    • 2007
  • Transport distraction osteogenesis has been introduced recently to correct skeletal malformations and discrepancies in the maxillofacial area. To reconstruct 3-dimensitonal mandibular shape, this transport distraction can be considered with the use of reconstruction plate. A 23-years-old male having unilateral mandibular body and angle defects, who had been operated of partial mandibular resection due to unicystic ameloblastoma, was treated by transport distraction procedures with ThreadLock transport $distractor^{(R)}$ (KLS Martin Co., Germany) through the rail of reconstruction plate (Osteomed Co., USA). After being distracted 35 mm defect from mandibular angle to body, and consolidated for 16 weeks, allogenic bone graft on docking site was performed with removal of transgingival pin. For more than 13 weeks follow up period after consolidation period, gradual increase of radiopacity in the radiographic examination was shown, and the curved mandibular continuity according to the reconstruction plate was made firmly. These transport distraction osteogenesis in the mandible was able to be considered as the good and minimally invasive technique for the reconstruction of mandibular discontinuity. Young patient was also very satisfactory for these results.

Mandibularl Reconstruction with Various Methods Including Iliac and Fibular Osteocutaneous free Flaps (유리 피판술을 포함한 다양한 방법의 하악골의 재건술)

  • Kim, In Chul;Minn, Kyoung Won;Kim, Chin Whan;Park, Chul Gyoo;Lee, Yoonho;Kim, Suk Wha;Kwon, Sung Tack;Kim, Ji Hyuk;Lee, Min Goo
    • Archives of Reconstructive Microsurgery
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    • v.9 no.1
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    • pp.6-14
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    • 2000
  • Reconstruction of the composite mandibular defect resulting from ablative resection of tumor involved jaw has been challenging task to the plastic surgeon. A wide variety of different techniques were used with limited success until the advent of microsurgery. The high success rate of microsurgical procedures has allowed for significant improvement in both functional and aesthetic results. A variety of free flap donor sites have been used successfully for mandibular reconstruction. Between April of 1991 and August of 1998, 20 mandibular reconstructions were performed for oncologic defects. 4 patients underwent mandibular reconstruction with pectoralis major flap, 3 patients with free nonvascularized bone graft, 1 patient with metal plate. 12 patients underwent microvascular mandibular reconstruction(8: fibula, 4: ilium). The type of free flap was determined by the requirements of the defect. Satisfactory aesthetic and functional results were achieved in all cases without significant complications. So microvascular mandibular reconstruction should be considered as primary choice in all mandibular defect without hesitation.

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Mandibular Reconstruction Using the Free Vascularized Fibula Graft: An Overview of Different Modifications

  • Kokosis, George;Schmitz, Robin;Powers, David B.;Erdmann, Detlev
    • Archives of Plastic Surgery
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    • v.43 no.1
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    • pp.3-9
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    • 2016
  • The reconstruction of the mandible is a complex procedure because various cosmetic as well as functional challenges must be addressed, including mastication and oral competence. Many surgical techniques have been described to address these challenges, including non-vascularized bone grafts, vascularized bone grafts, and approaches related to tissue engineering. This review summarizes different modifications of the free vascularized fibula graft, which, since its introduction by Hidalgo in 1989, has become the first option for mandibular reconstruction. The fibula free flap can undergo various modifications according to the individual requirements of a particular reconstruction. Osteocutaneous flaps can be harvested for reconstruction of composite defects. 'Double-barreling' of the fibula can, for instance, enable enhanced aesthetic and functional results, as well as immediate one-stage osseointegrated dental implantation. Recently described preoperative virtual surgery planning to facilitate neomandible remodeling could guarantee good results. To conclude, the free fibula bone graft can currently be regarded as the "gold standard" for mandibular reconstruction in case of composite (inside and outside) oral cavity defects as well as a way of enabling the performance of one-stage dental implantation.

A 20-year experience of immediate mandibular reconstruction using free fibula osteocutaneous flaps following ameloblastoma resection: Radical resection, outcomes, and recurrence

  • Chai, Koh Siang;Omar, Farah Hany;Saad, Arman Zaharil Mat;Sulaiman, Wan Azman Wan;Halim, Ahmad Sukari
    • Archives of Plastic Surgery
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    • v.46 no.5
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    • pp.426-432
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    • 2019
  • Background The mandible is an important structure that is located in the lower third of the face. Large mandibular defects after tumor resection cause loss of its function. This study assessed the outcomes and tumor recurrence after immediate mandibular reconstruction using a free fibula osteocutaneous flap following radical resection of ameloblastoma. Methods This is a retrospective non-randomized study of outcomes and tumor recurrence of all patients diagnosed with mandibular ameloblastoma from August 1997 until August 2017 (20 years) requiring free fibula osteocutaneous flap reconstruction at a single institution. The patients were identified through an electronic operative database; subsequently, their medical records and photo documentation were retrieved. Results Twenty-seven patients were included in this study. Eighteen patients were male, while nine were female. The majority of the patients (48.1%) were in their third decade of life when they were diagnosed with ameloblastoma. All of them underwent radical resection of the tumor with a surgical margin of 2 cm (hemimandibulectomy in cases with a large tumor) and immediate mandibular reconstruction with a free fibula osteocutaneous flap. Two patients required revision of a vascular anastomosis due to venous thrombosis postoperatively, while one patient developed a flap recipient site infection. The flap success rate was 100%. There was no tumor recurrence during a mean follow-up period of 5.6 years. Conclusions Mandibular ameloblastoma should be treated with segmental mandibulectomy (with a surgical margin of 2 cm) to reduce the risk of recurrence. Subsequent mandibular and adjacent soft tissue defects should be reconstructed immediately with a free fibula osteocutaneous flap.