• Title/Summary/Keyword: Management area

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A Study on the Previous Evaluation Model for Safety Performance of Construction Companies (건설회사의 사전 안전성 평가모델에 관한 연구)

  • 손창백;홍성호
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Safety
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    • v.18 no.2
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    • pp.73-78
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    • 2003
  • In order to improve the safety performance oi construction projects, effective and corporative safety management program between head office and job site must be implemented. And its performance must be measured and analyzed for the identification of the problems in the safety management area. This study proposes a previous evaluation model of safety performance for the large construction firm in order to enhance their safety level. The fundamental data for proposed model is based on the past research(Son 2002), which is structured of evaluation criteria. weighted factor. statistical evaluation formula. The model would help the firm management in identifying the weak areas of safety performance in terms of the degree performing certain safety tasks. It is expected that the model could contribute to achieving the "zero accident" level.ot; level.

A Design of Process Model for Web-based Requirements Management (웹 기반의 요구사항 관리를 위한 프로세스 모델 설계)

  • 황만수;민태홍
    • Journal of the Korea Computer Industry Society
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    • v.4 no.4
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    • pp.517-522
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    • 2003
  • As the Software development condition is changed into enlargement and complex, requirements generated in each step of Software development life cycle has important effects on the technique and management area. In this thesis, We propose so engineering approach for effective and systematic process and activities including Requirements acquisition and management based on activities proposed with Requirements Engineering and CMM that my special emphasis is putted on Software qualify improvement through the reduction of software development cost and danger.

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An Analysis of Test Trends for Landscape Structure Construction and Management in Engineer Landscape Architecture Examination (조경기사 필기시험 중 조경시공구조 및 관리학 분야의 출제경향 분석)

  • Jung, Yong-Jo
    • Journal of the Korean Institute of Landscape Architecture
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    • v.46 no.4
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    • pp.76-83
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    • 2018
  • The purpose of this study is to analyze people who applied for and passed engineer landscape architecture examination that had been conducted from 2007 to 2016, the test frequency and trends by the question types in the landscape structure construction and management area, and the test tendencies and features by question types, and thereby to find the test trends for landscape structure construction and management in engineer landscape architecture examination. the analysis results are presented as follows: The people who applied for and passed engineer landscape architecture examinations that had been conducted from 2007 to 2016 were analyzed. as a result, the numbers of applicants and those who passed the examination have been on the decrease from 2011 and from 2012, respectively. the 10-year average rate of successful applicants for engineer landscape architecture examination was 11.2%. The test frequency and trends by the question types in the landscape structure construction area, and the test tendencies and features were analyzed. as a result, based on the key words in the seven categories (construction plan & process management, landscape materials, landscape planting foundation, work classification based construction, landscape estimation, basic structural mechanics, and survey), the questions about work classification based construction accounted for the largest, or 25.2%, and the questions about landscape planting foundation accounted for 3.3%. therefore, landscape planting foundation had lower test frequency and was less important than other categories. The test frequency and trends by the question types in the landscape management area, and the test tendencies and features were analyzed. as a result, based on the key words in the nine categories (operation and use & maintenance, pruning management, fertilization management, weed management, irrigation and drainage management, wintering management, pest management, and lawn management, and landscape facility management), the questions about operation and use & maintenance accounted for the largest, or 37.2%, and the numbers of the questions about fertilization management and irrigation & drainage management and of the questions about waterscape facility of landscape facility management have been on the increase from 2011 and from 2015, respectively. According to the analysis on the test tendencies for landscape structure construction and management areas in the examination there have been questions in a wide range and variety of categories. in terms of the landscape structure construction area, the frequency of questions in work classification based construction, landscape materials, and excellent quality in terms of the landscape management area, the frequency of questions in fertilization management, irrigation & drainage management, and waterscape facility of landscape facility management tends to increase because of environmental factors like climate change.

Environmental Characteristics of Seawater and Sediment in Mariculture Management Area in Ongjin-gun, Korea (옹진군 어장관리해역의 수질 및 퇴적물 환경 특성)

  • Kim, Sun-Young;Kim, Hyung-Chul;Lee, Won-Chan;Hwang, Dong-Woon;Hong, Sok-Jin;Kim, Jeong-Bae;Cho, Yoon-Sik;Kim, Chung-Sook
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Marine Environment & Safety
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    • v.19 no.6
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    • pp.570-581
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    • 2013
  • To improve productivity of aquaculture animals with management of culturing grounds, survey of mariculture management area in Ongjin-gun about water quality and sedimentary environment had been conducted on June, August and November in 2011. Water temperature in surface and bottom waters ranged from 9.49 to $24.14^{\circ}C$. Salinity and dissolved oxygen concentrations were in the range of 23.19~31.49 and 5.48~9.36 mg/L, respectively, depending on the variation of water temperature. The average concentration of COD was 1.57 mg/L and the concentrations of DIN and DIP showed entirely low level. As the result of grain size analysis, sand(56.66 %) and silt(34.60 %) were predominated. The Mz of sediment showed a variation of 2.59 to $6.62{\O}$ and sorting appeared to be poorly sorted. The concentrations of COD and IL in surface sediment ranged from 1.00 to $11.03mg/g{\cdot}dry$ and 0.72 to 5.29 %, respectively, which showed relatively good positive correlations. On the environmental assessment of trace metals in surface sediment, geoaccumulation index ($I_{geo}$) class indicated that sediments were not contaminated by most of metallic elements except Cr and As. Our result implies that this study area showed good water quality and sediments were not polluted by organic matters and metallic elements.

Basin Ecosystem Management Plan for Water Quality in the Agricultural Reservoir (농업용 저수지의 수질관리를 위한 유역생태계 관리방안)

  • Lee, Soo-Dong;Hong, Suk-Hwn;Kim, Tae-Kyun
    • Korean Journal of Environment and Ecology
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    • v.26 no.2
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    • pp.233-246
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    • 2012
  • We need to analyze the ecological characteristics in the basin of agricultural reservoir that include urbanized area, agricultural area and fringe area, etc. The purpose of this study is not only that presenting the methods of basin ecosystem management but also suggesting ecosystem management plan proposals for the water quality based on analysis of ecological characteristics. As the results of analysis, the urbanized area(the ratio of area(ROA): 14.0%) is most likely to possibility of water pollution, then followed by paddy fields(ROA: 65.5%) where a wide spread up-basin(or up-stream), farmlands(ROA: 11.3%), farm buildings(ROA: 5.7%) and orchard(ROA: 3.9%). According to those, we investigated the impact degree of water pollutants. Thus, we were able to classify 5 types through considering the biotope assessment and the hydrosphere basin assessment, i.e. the level of priority control for source pollution. As a result, the source pollution intensive management area(11.3%) where are adjacent waterfront has caused water pollution, however, most importantly, it is necessary to control in source pollution management area(0.6%) that are away from waterfront. In conclusion, according to the these results, the plan of basin ecosystem management for the water quality should be included the plan of ecosystem conservation and restoration such as improving inhabitants function, controling environmentally sound basin management, promoting biodiversity.

A Methodology for Selection of Habitat Management Areas for Amphibians and Reptiles Considering Soil Loss (토양유실을 고려한 양서파충류의 서식지 관리지역 선정방법)

  • Kim, Ji-Yeon;Lee, Dong-Kun;Mo, Yong-Won
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Environmental Restoration Technology
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    • v.21 no.6
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    • pp.55-69
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    • 2018
  • As disaster risk and climate change volatility increase, there are more efforts to adapt to disasters such as forest fires, floods, and landslides. Most of the research, however, is about influence of human activities on disaster and there is few research on disaster adaptation for species. Previous studies focusing on biodiversity in selecting conservation areas have not addressed threats of disaster in the habitats for species. The natural disasters sometimes play role of drivers of ecological successions in the long run, but they might cause serious problems for the conservation of vulnerable species which are endangered. The purpose of this study is to determine whether soil loss (SL) is effective in selecting habitat management areas for amphibians and reptiles. RUSLE model was used to calculate soil loss (SL) and the distribution of each species (SD) was computed with MaxEnt model to find out the biodiversity index. In order to select the habitat management area, we estimated the different results depending if value of soil loss was applied or not by using MARXAN, a conservation priority selection tool. With using MARXAN, conservation goals can be achieved according to the scenario objectives, and the study has been made to meet the minimum habitat area. Finally, the results are expressed in two; 1) the result of soil loss and biodiversity with MATRIX method and 2) the result of regional difference calculated with MARXAN conservation prioritization considering soil loss. The first result indicates that the area with high soil loss and low species diversity have lower conservation values and thus can be managed as natural disturbances. In the area where soil loss is high and species diversity is also high, it becomes where a disaster mitigation action should be taken for the species. According to the conservation priorities of the second result, higher effectiveness of conservation was obtained with fewer area when it considered SL in addition to SD, compared to when considered only biodiversity. When the SL was not taken into consideration, forest area with high distribution of species were important, but when SL considered, the agricultural area or downstream of the river were represented to be a major part of habitats. If more species data or disaster parameters other than soil loss are added as variables later, it could contribute as a reference material for decision-making to achieve various purposes.

Network Analysis of Enterprises' Cooperated Collaboration Research for Disaster and Safety Management (재난안전분야 기업협력 공동연구에 대한 네트워크 분석)

  • Lee, Hyang-ee;Lim, Soojeong;Park, Dugkeun
    • Journal of Korea Technology Innovation Society
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    • v.21 no.1
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    • pp.300-330
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    • 2018
  • Enterprises' participation in the collaboration research is one of the effective and typical methods through which technologies go into the market or are transferred to other sectors. This study reviews enterprises' participated collaboration research and analyzes their network for disaster and safety management area. From 2005 to 2016, 786 technical papers from four representative journals for disaster and safety management in Korea are compiled based on the authors whose affiliations are from enterprises. During the research period, collaboration research is found to be in an increasing trend in general. However, the number of technical papers with three or less authors is in a decreasing trend, whereas that with four or more authors is in an increasing trend. This fact implies that the range of enterprises' collaboration research is widening. Technical paper productivity and each entity's collaboration network are evaluated using participation-weight based author score. Over the research period, a few universities, which attract most of the enterprises, are found to have higher productivities and centralities. Public enterprises show higher participation weights. Also, sectors such as construction, engineering, and electronics demonstrate higher weights. This study is particularly meaningful because enterprises' participation status in collaboration research for disaster and safety management area is systematically analyzed for the first time in Korea. The network analysis result from this study will be especially helpful in establishing technology transfer strategy.

Analysis of Effect of Ditch Restoration on Soil Loss Reduction in Highland Agricultural Fields (고랭지밭의 구거복원에 따른 토양유실저감 효과분석)

  • Sung, Yunsoo;Kim, Dong Jin;Lee, Suin;Ryu, Jichul;Kim, Jonggun;Lim, Kyoung Jae;Kim, Ki Sung
    • Journal of Korean Society on Water Environment
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    • v.36 no.5
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    • pp.385-391
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    • 2020
  • Soil loss is a serious problem frequently caused by local torrential rainfalls due to climate change. In particular, soil loss is occurring in agricultural areas rather than urban areas, and many pollutants are introduced into rivers, causing environmental problems. To reduce soil loss, the Ministry of Environment has designated and managed non-point source management areas. The Jaun-district in Hongcheon-gun, which was designed as a non-point pollution source management area in Gangwon-do, is located in the upper stream of Soyang Lake. Most of the agricultural fields are composed of highland agriculture fields. The highland agricultural fields in the Jaun-district are also composed of large-scale farming areas, and the ditches located near the agricultural fields have been illegally used for farmland. Therefore, the local government in Hongcheon-gun is conducting a project to restore the ditches occupied by agricultural fields. However, an analysis of the amount of soil loss that can be reduced by the restoration of the ditches has not been conducted yet. Thus, the purpose of this study was to analyze the effect of reducing the soil loss from the restoration of the ditches used as agricultural fields in the Jaun-district. The SATEEC L Module was used to analyze the reduction in soil loss by ditch restoration. The SATEEC L Module was constructed to estimate the LS factor using Moore and Burch's method after calculating the slope length using the digital elevation model and the maximum allowable slope length. The LS factor and the USLE formula were used to estimate the amount of soil loss that could be reduced by ditch restoration. The analysis showed that the ditch restoration could reduce about 16.6% of the soil loss in the Jaun-district. The results of this study will contribute to the study of methods to reduce soil loss in non-point pollution management areas.

A Study on the Relations Between a Health Promoting Daily Life Style and Self-Efficiency in University Students (대학생의 건강증진행위와 자기효능감과의 관계연구)

  • Huh, Eun Hee;Chung, Yeon Kang;Yeoum, Soon Gyo
    • Journal of the Korean Society of School Health
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    • v.11 no.2
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    • pp.203-215
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    • 1998
  • The purpose of this study is to inquire into the degree of health promotion activity in university students, and to find out the relationship between self-efficiency and health promotion behavior, Thus, we can offer basic data for developing an educational method or program for health promotion. For this research, data was collected from university men and women through a questionnaire from February 18 to March 20, 1998. A measuring instrument was based on lating reviews of health promotion behavior in chronic disease protection, perceived self efficiency, demographic factors, biological factors, and circumstatial factors. The content validity of the instrument was authenticated by two professors of nursing, and reliability was confirmed by 'cronbach' (${\alpha}^{\prime}$ after mortifying content through a pre-test on 30 students. 475 persons were analyzed in terms of average, percentage, t-test, ANOVA, Pearson's Correlation Coefficient, and Multiple Stepwise Regression by 'SPSS-PC'. The analyzed data is as follows: 1. Higher self-efficiency, as a cognitive-perceptual factor, has a beneficial effect on health promotion behavior (r=.479, p=.000). The result of analyzing the differences among a low group, a middle group, a high group in terms of self-efficiency reveals that the relationship between self-efficiency and health promoting behavior is meaningful. 2. The degree of health promoting behavior is 3.26 out of 6. Other figuresrelating to health promoting behavior, are as follows. self-actualization area (4.62), interpersonal area (4.60), stress management area (4.01), nutrition area (3.68), responsibility of health area (3.11), liquid and cigaret area (2.85), and exercise area (2.33). 3. The degree of self-efficiency was 6.81 out of 10. Other figures relating to self-efficiency are as follows. interpersonal area (7.89), self-actualization area (7.84), liquid and cigarette area (7.72), exercise area (6.88), stress management area (6.84), responsibility of health area (6.35), and nutrition area (6.34). 4. The different lerels of health promoting behavior according to a subject's general factos are following: age (p=0.003), sex (p=0.000), health concern of parents (p= 0.000), taking health programs (p=0.007), case history of familes (p=0.048). Health promoting behavier is also positirely affeted by the following: higher age, social sciences focus, religion, living the relatives', and the higher health concerns of parents. 5. The difference of self-efficiency according to a subject's general factors is positirely affected by sex (p=.008), the health concerns of parents (p=.004), body indexes (p=.001), and the higher health concerns of parents. 6. As the result of analyzing major factors, the most powerful factor appears to be self-efficiency, 26.6% of health promoting behavior. Suggestions: 1. Results of this study point to self-efficiency as a major factor in the health promoting behavior of university students. It is crucial, therefore, to develop a health program to promote self-efficiency and to study how to promote prerention of certain diseases. 2. That health promoting behavior appears low in this study shows that health education should be taken into the university class, with a focus on the daily life of students as its goal.

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