• Title, Summary, Keyword: Mammary organ culture

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Morphological Changes in the Mammary Organ Culture of the Rat Treated with 7,12-Dimethylbenz[$\alpha$]anthracene and N-methyl-N-nitrosourea (7,12-Dimethylbenz[$\alpha$anthracene 및 N-methyl-N-nitrosourea를 투여한 랫드 유선 조직 배양에 대한 형태학적 변화)

  • 문지영;정자영;김옥희;이형환
    • Toxicological Research
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    • v.16 no.4
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    • pp.275-284
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    • 2000
  • The organ culture model of the whole mammary gland has many advantages for the study of branching morphogenesis and biological characteristics, including tumorigenesis. Prior to whole gland organ culture, rats were treated with 7,12-dimethylbenz[a]anthracene (DMBA) or N-methyl-N-nitrosourea (MNU) for one week. The tramdorming effect and the morphological changes were assessed by the whole mount preparations and histopathological examination in terminal end buds (TEB), terminal ducts (TD), alveolar buds (AB), alveolar lobules (AL) and hyperplastic alveolar nodules (HAN) of the mammary gland. Grossfindings of the mammary glands at dissection were higher branching morphogenesis and larger volume in carcinogen-treated groups than in carcinogen-non-treated groups. Results of the whole mount method were coincided with those of the histopathological observations. Circular TEB, normally maintained AB, AL, and high cellular density were more frequently observed in carcinogen-treated groups than in carcinogen-nan-treated groups. Histopathologically, as a preneoplastic marker, HAN was maintained only in mammary organ culture of the carcinogen-treated groups. These findings suggest that in vivo trans-formation effects by carcinogens persisted during the mammary organ culture. These results were more characteristic in DMBA than in MNU-treated group. Ducts and terminal ducts appeared to have lost morphology during their growths in case of without diethylstilbestrol (DES). The fact that in vitro organ culture without DES was resulted in abnormal ductular morphogenesis confirms that DES is a physiological regulator of ductular epithelial cell growth.

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TERT mRNA expression is up-regulated in MCF-7 cells and mouse mammary gland organ culture (MMOC) system by endosulfan treatment

  • Je, Kang-Hoon;Nam, Kung-Woo;Kim, Ki-Nam;Cho, Myung-Haing;Mar, Woong-Chon
    • Proceedings of the PSK Conference
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    • pp.184-184
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    • 2003
  • Endosulfan is one of the organochlorine pesticides, well-known endocrine disruptors (EDs). Many EDs show the estrogenic effect. Estrogen is a group of hormones that play an important role in mammary gland function and implicated in mammary carcinogenesis. In the present study. using mouse mammary gland organ culture (MMOC) system. we studied the the effects of endosulfan on nodule like alveolar lesion (NLAL) formation in the mouse mammary gland development. (omitted)

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TERT mRNA Expression is Up-Regulated in MCF-7 Cells and a Mouse Mammary Organ Culture (MMOC) System by Endosulfan Treatment

  • Je Kang Hoon;Kim Ki Nam;Nam Kung Woo;Cho Myung Haing;Mar Woong Chon
    • Archives of Pharmacal Research
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    • v.28 no.3
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    • pp.351-357
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    • 2005
  • Endosulfan is one of the organochlorine pesticides, which are well-known endocrine disruptors (EDs), and it acts as an estrogen agonist. Estrogen is a group of hormones that play an important role in mammary gland function and are implicated in mammary carcinogenesis. In the present study, we studied the effects of endosulfan on nodule like alveolar lesion (NLAL) formation in mouse mammary gland development using a mouse mammary gland organ culture (MMOC) system. Although endosulfan-treated mammary glands did not form NLALs, more alveolar buds were formed in this group than in the negative control (vehicle-treated) group. In addition, telomerase reverse transcriptase (TERT) mRNA expression levels were increased in endosulfan-treated mammary glands in a dose-dependent manner. Telomerase can be activated by estrogen, therefore, we examined the effects of endosulfan on telomerase activity, and found that the telomerase activity in estrogen receptor-positive MCF-7 cells was up-regulated by endosulfan treatment. Moreover, this activation was accompanied by the up­regulation of the TERT mRNA expression. Also, transient expression assays using CAT reporter plasm ids containing various fragments of the TERT promoter showed that this imperfect palindromic estrogen-responsive element is almost certainly responsible for the transcriptional activation by endosulfan. These results may help elucidate the endocrine disrupting mechanism of endosulfan.

Compounds Obtained from Sida acuta with the Potential to Induce Quinone Reductase and to Inhibit 7,12-Dimethylbenz-[a]anthracene-Induced Preneoplastic Lesions in a Mouse Mammary Organ Culture Model

  • Jang, Dae-Sik;Park, Eun-Jung;Kang, Young-Hwa;Su, Bao-Ning;Hawthorne, Michael-E.;Vigo, Jose-Schunke;Graham, James-G.;Cabieses, Fernando;Fong, Harry H.S.;Mehta, Rajendra-G.;Pezzuto, John-M.;Kinghorn, A.-Douglas
    • Archives of Pharmacal Research
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    • v.26 no.8
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    • pp.585-590
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    • 2003
  • Activity-guided fractionation of the EtOAc-soluble extract of the whole plants of Sida acuta using a bioassay based on the induction of quinone reductase (OR) in cultured Hepa 1c1c7 mouse hepatoma cells, led to the isolation of ten active compounds of previously known structure, quindolinone (1), cryptolepinone (2), 11-methoxyquindoline (3), N-trans-feruloyltyramine (4), vomifoliol (5), loliolide (6), 4-ketopinoresinol (7), scopoletin (8), evofolin-A (9), and evofolin-B (10), along with five inactive compounds of known structure, ferulic acid, sinapic acid, syringic acid, ($\pm$)-syringaresinol, and vanillic acid. These isolates were identified by physical and spectral data measurement. A new derivative of quindolinone, 5,10-dimethylquindolin-11-one (1a) was synthesized and characterized spectroscopically. Of the active substances, compounds 1-3 and 1a exhibited the most potent QR activity, with observed CD (concentration required to double induction) values ranging from 0.01 to 0.12 $\mu$ g/mL. Six compounds were then evaluated in a mouse mammary organ culture assay, with cryptolepinone (2), N-trans-feruloyltyramine (4), and 5,10-dimethylquindolin-11-one (1a) found to exhibit 83.3, 75.0, and 66.7% inhibition of 7,12-dimethylbenz[a]anthracene-induced preneoplastic lesions, respectively, at a dose of 10 $\mu\textrm{g}$/mL.