• Title, Summary, Keyword: MR16 halogen lamp

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A Study on the Heat Radiation of LED Luminaires and the Indoor Temperature Increase (LED 등기구의 발열과 실내온도 상승에 관한 연구)

  • Kim, Dong-Geon;Kil, Gyung-Suk
    • Journal of the Korean Institute of Electrical and Electronic Material Engineers
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    • v.25 no.9
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    • pp.738-742
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    • 2012
  • This paper conducted a study on how the heat radiation of light emitting diode(LED) luminaires affects the indoor temperature increase. The effect was compared with that of a 20 W compact fluorescent lamp(CFL) and a 50 W MR16 halogen lamp which are most widely used inside of cruises, a LED downlight and a 4W MR16 LED replacing each of them. We installed a luminarie inside a thermally shielded chamber, measuring the temperature changes under the same volume every 5 minutes and compared the result with theoretically calculated heat radiation. The temperature changes in the chamber was measured four times, on seven hours' period in order to keep sufficient time once the temperature reaches the thermal equilibrium state. The results showed that the temperature of the 20 W E26 CFL and the 10 W LED downlight increased by $21.1^{\circ}C$ and $10.4^{\circ}C$ respectively, while that of the 50 W halogen MR16 and the 4 W LED MR16 increased by $33.9^{\circ}C$ and $4.8^{\circ}C$ respectively. The experimental heat radiation were calculated from the results and the experimental heat radiation of the CFL and the LED downlight were 171.5 cal and 86.5 cal, and those of the halogen MR16 and the LED MR16 were 275.3 cal and 36.5 cal. Therefore, the heat radiation was reduced by 49.5% and 86.7%, respectively, by replacing conventional light source with LED. In conclusion, we can expect a reduction of power consumption in air condition system and the effect on indoor temperature increase by application of LED luminaires.

Fabrication and Performance Evaluation of MR-16 Lamp Series with Narrow Angular Distribution of Luminous Intensity Using an Aspherical Planar-convex 2×2 Fly-eye Lens Type (평면-비구면 2×2 fly-eye 렌즈형태의 2차 렌즈를 사용한 고효율의 좁은 배광각을 갖는 MR-16 램프 시리즈 제작 및 성능평가)

  • Chu, Kyung-duk;Ryu, Jae Myung;Hong, Chun-Gang;Jeong, Youn Hong;Jo, Jae Heung
    • Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society
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    • v.18 no.8
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    • pp.25-33
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    • 2017
  • This paper reports the optical design of the MR-16 lamp series with a LED second lens and an aspherical plano-convex lens suitable for a simple and rapid injection molding fabrication method. The fabrication and performance evaluation of the MR-16 lamp series, which was designed with a narrow angular distribution of luminous intensity, were conducted to replace halogen lamps with LED lamps. Four types of LED lamps were fabricated, which have angular distributions of luminous intensity of $22.4^{\circ}$, $31.1^{\circ}$, $37.3^{\circ}$, and $59.9^{\circ}$ and luminous efficiencies of 76.5 lm/W, 75.2 lm/W, 72.0 lm/W, and 77.8 lm/W, respectively, while their spreading angles with an illuminance uniformity of 81% were $3^{\circ}$, $15^{\circ}$, $22^{\circ}$, and $49^{\circ}$, respectively. After eliminating a yellow tail of the LED lamps using a diffusion sheet, the angular distributions of the luminous intensity were measured to be $20.8^{\circ}$, $31.5^{\circ}$, $37.8^{\circ}$, and $68.7^{\circ}$.

Design of Optical System for LED Lamp using MR16 (MR16용 LED 램프 조명설계)

  • Kim, Jun-Hyun;Moon, Byung-Kwon;Ryu, In-Ho
    • Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society
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    • v.13 no.10
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    • pp.4725-4732
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    • 2012
  • This paper studies MR16 that can strengthen the strength and make up for the weakness of MR16 by replacing halogen light source using multifaceted Reflector(MR16) with LED light source. To achieve this, developed MR16 for LED applying optical system that four aspheric lens is one sheet. Optical system is designed by optics software and lighting performance of the designed data is predicted lighting simulation program. Also, heatsink's heat radiation analysis program to predict the thermal performance. Finally, optical prototype system based on simulation analysis data is manufactured and the results comparing performance of the developed system and the designed data are follows: Radiation angle was around $50^{\circ}{\sim}60^{\circ}$ in results of simulation analysis and the test of the prototype system. Also, temperature measurement result indicates that the thermal equilibrium is realized after one minute and thirty seconds and heat is generated up $60^{\circ}C$ in all of simulation analysis and the test of the prototype system. Finally, simulation analysis result on light disturbance curve of MR16 is similar to that of performance of the prototype system.